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That professional jealousies are proverbial, whether they be those of general competition in a metropolis, or particular competition in a country town, but that those of the latter are from the closeness of the competitorship, the most bitter, and most likely to lead to detraction.

That all public characters, when brought into immediate collision, are more especially exposed to feel envy, and be guilty of detraction, as the result of particular competition.

That it is not necessary to be in particular competition to feel envy; that a general desire for notice is sufficient to cause it, and I give anecdotes of Dr. Goldsmith to prove this.

That the jealous rivalry of women on the score of personal charms is notorious: and lastly, we must do as others do, and live as others live,” is a powerful but dangerous rule of action.




The competition between party and ball giving ladies is every where known and acknowledged, whether they reside in a metropolis or in the country, in a city or a villagewhether the giver of the entertainment be a dutchess, or only the wife of a country gentleman or a rich tradesman; hut, even on these occasions, the bitterness of the rivalry must be in proportion to the closeness of the competition.

66 When Greek meets Greek then comes the tug of war. The peeress will be, comparatively, indifferent to the consciousness that her entertainment was inferior in splendour and excellence to that of her country or city rivals; nor will the latter be mortified at hearing of the superior attractions of the fête given by the peeress.

But, if the peeress be outshone by a rival peeress, and the country lady and rich citizen's wife be eclipsed by party givers of their own rank in life, then the unsuccessful competition leads to particular envy, and

that envy, most probably, vents itself in detraction.

But, though particular as well as general competition as certainly takes place in a metropolis as in a provincial residence, it is more common in the narrow circle of a country town, and its neighbourhood.

Competition in giving a dinner, and in the excellence as well as number of the dishes, is never so powerful perhaps as in a bounded circle, and it is rarely that professed dinnergivers there admit that they ever see, or eat, an elegant and good dinner any where but at their own table; not that they are at all to be pitied on this occasion; for the pain of eating ill-dressed viands is not to be weighed in the balance against the satisfaction with which the dinner-giver utters, “ it was certainly not such a dinner as I should have given!” This is however one of the most innocent detractions, and I mention it merely to show how immediately, even in trifles, detraction is the result of competition; " And little things are great to little men," says the poet, as the following anecdote of a gentleman who lived many years in a country town in — will, I trust, amusingly exemplify. This gentleman piqued himself on giving good dinners, and equally so on entertaining, sometimes, at his well filled table, the noblemen and other great personages residing in the neighbourhood. The day after one of these occasions, and when he thought that he and his cook had exceeded themselves, he called on a friend who lived near him to describe

to her his conscious success, and give her a detail of the feast; but just before he had begun it, one of his late guests knocked at the door. 6. There is Mrs. such a one,” exclaimed he, “I dare say she will talk of my dinner. Let me hide myself behind the skreen, I should so like to hear what she says of it.” Accordingly, not waiting for leave, the dinner-giver took possession of his hiding-place. He was right in his conjectures, for the lady (a dinner-giver herself probably) was full of the entertainment of the preceding day, and as soon as the ques. tion of " but what dishes were in the first course?” was asked, she regularly and rapidly mentioned them all, till she came to the fourth corner dish, which, after many attempts, she was still unable to remember, and was just saying, "I really do not know what that dish was, when the impatient dinner-giver burst from his concealment regardless of exposure, and throwing down the skreen in his eagerness to do his dinner justice, exclaimed, “ Hot lobsters, ladies! hot lobsters!This story may appear to others perhaps trifling and absurd, but had the censurers heard it, as I did, told by a lady who possesses, amongst many far higher and more valuable gifts, l'art de raconter in the highest perfection, they would probably have been as much amused by it as

In a country town, when those who have hitherto

gone on foot, set up a close carriage, a sense of mortification is often felt, because the circumstance tells a tale of increased and


increasing opulence in the parties who do it; and if they were below their fellow citizens, at one period of their lives, in rank and expectations, a long time must elapse before they are allowed to enjoy their well-earned wealth, without being the objects of petty detraction. But this new carriage will tempt some few individuals to particular competition with its possessor, and if, ultimately, prudence prevails, and they dare not yield to the temptation of keeping a carriage themselves, then the newly aggrandized become probably to them, provocations to constant satire and derision: the reality of their opulence is doubted, and their right to keep this evidence of riches is denied, while the detractors are wholly unconscious, that if the objects of their censure had not launched out into a style of living, in which they dared not follow them, they would still have remained in their eyes, industrious, thriving, excellent people.

But, less prudent than the above-mentioned detractors, how many a John Nokes has set up his carriage, built or hired, a country house merely because Tom Stiles had just done so before him; and because his wife's or children's jealousy of being outshone by those who were once perhaps their inferiors, in consequence, is really the impelling motive to the indulgence, though the ostensible plea be that of health and convenience. How many diamond ear-rings have shone on the ears of even unpretending matrons, merely because those of a friend or relation have thus been decorated, or


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