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III. The troops comprised in the suspension of arms hall take up their cantonments in the Venetian territory of Brescia, Cremo, and Bergamo.
IV. The said suspension of arms shall take place at sea between the squadrons of the two powers, and the ships of the King of Naples shall separate themselves as soon as posible from the Engo lith squadron.
V. A free passage Mall be granted to the couriers of the two powers, both on the French territory, the territory occupied by French troops, and the territories of the King of Naples. (Signed)
BELMONTE PIGNATELLI. Done at Brescia, 17 Prairial, June 5.
Treaty of Peace concluded between the French Republic and His
Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies.
Sicilies, equally animated with the desire to make the advantages of peace succeed to the miseries infeparable from war, have named, viz. the Executive Directory, in the name of the French Republic, the citizen Charles Delacroix, minister for foreign affairs; and his Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies, the Prince Belmonte Pignatelli, gentleman of the chamber, and his envoy ex. trordinary and minister plenipotentiary to his Catholic Majesty, to treat, in their name, the clauses and conditions proper to reestablish good understanding and friendship between the two powers, who, after having exchanged their respective full powers, have agreed on the following articles :
1. There shall be peace, friendship, and good understanding, between the French Republic and his Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies: in consequence, all hostilities fhall definitively cease, reckoning from the day of the exchange of the ratification of the present treaty. Meanwhile, and till that period, the conditions ftipulated by the armistice concluded on the 17th Prairial of the 4th year (5th of June, 1796) fhall continue to have full power and effect.
II. Every interior act, engagement, or convention, on the one part or the other of the two contracting parties, which are contrary to the present treaty, are revoked, and shall be regarded as null
, and of no effect ; in consequence, during the course of the present war, neither of the two powers shall furnish to the enemies of the other, any fuccours of troops, ships, arms, warlike ftores, provisions, of money, under whatever title or denomination that may be.
III. His Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies shall obfèrve the most ftriat neutrality towards all the belligerent powers; in confequence, he pledges himself to prevent indiscriminately access to his ports to all armed ships of war belonging to the said powers, which shall exceed four, according to the regulations acknowledged by the said neutrality. All stores or inerchandise, known by the name of contraband, shall be refused them.
IV. All security and protection shall be granted against all persons whatever, in the ports and roads of the Two Sicilies, to all French merchantmen, of whatsoever number they may be, and to all the thips of war of the Republic, not exceeding the number fpecified in the above article.
V. The French Republic and the King of the Two Sicilies engage to take off the sequestration from all effects, revenues, goods ftized, confiscated, and kept from the citizens or subjects of both powers, in consequence of the present war, and to admit them respectively to the legal exercise of all civil rights that may belong to them.
VI. All prisoners made on one side or the other, comprising mariners and sailors, shall be reciprocally restored within a month, reckoning from the exchange of the ratification of the present treaty, paying the debts which they may have contracted during their captivity; the sick and wounded thall continue to be taken care of in their respective hospitals, and fhall be restored upon their recovery.
VII. To give a proof of his friendship for the French Rea, public, and of his fincere desire to maintain the most perfect har. mony between the two powers, his Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies consents to set at liberty every French citizen who may have heen arrested and detained in his states, on account of his political opinions respecting the French revolution ; all goods and property, moveable or immoveable, which may have been fequestrated on the fame account, shall be restored to them.
VIII. From the same motives which dictated the preceding articles, his Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies engages to cause all proper search to be made for discovering, by legal means, and for giving up to the rigour of the laws, the persons who stole, in 1795, the papers belonging to the late minister of the French Republic.
ix. The ambassadors or ministers of the two contracting powers shall enjoy, in their respective states, the same prerogatives and precedence which they enjoyed before the war, excepto ing those which were allowed them as family ambassadors.
X. Every French citizen, and all persons belonging to the household of the ambailador or minister, or to that of the consuls and other authorised and acknowledged agents of the French Republic, thall enjoy, in the states of his Majesty the King of the
Two Sicilies, the same freedom of religious worship as is enjoyed by the individuals of those nations, not Catholics, which are the moft favoured in that respect.
XI. There shall be negotiated and concluded, without delay, a treaty of commerce between the two powers, founded on the basis of mutual utility, and such as shall insure to the French nation advantages equal to all those which are enjoyed in the kingdom of the Two Sicilies by the most favoured nations. Until the completion of this treaty, the commercial and confular relations shall be reciprocally re-established on the same fuoring as before the war.
XII. In conformity with the sixth article of the treaty concluded at the Hague on the 27th Floreal, in the third year of the Republic (16th of May, 1795, old style), the fame peace, friendShip, and good understanding, that are stipulated in the present treaty between the French Republic and his Majesty the King of the Two Sicilies shall subsist between his Majesty and the Bata. vian Republic.
XIII. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged, within forty days froin the date hereof, Done at Paris 19th Vendemiaire, in the 5th year of the French
Republic, one and indivisible, corresponding with the 10th
Conditions of the Armistice concluded between the Commander in Chief
of the Army of Italy and M. Frederick, Plenipotentiary of the Duke of Modena.
THE commander in chief of the army of Italy grants to the
Duke of Modena an armistice, for the purpose of giving bim time to send to Paris, to obtain from the Executive Directory a definitive peace, on the conditions hereinafter mentioned, which M. Frederick, plenipotentiary of the Duke of Modena, promises to fulfil.
1. The Duke of Modena shall pay to the French Republic the fum of seven millions five hundred thoufand livres, French money, of which three millions shall be immediately fent to the army chelt; two millions more shall be paid in fifteen days into the hands of M. Balbi, banker for the Republic of Genoa ; and the remaining two millions five hundred thousand livres into the hands of the same banker, within a month.
II. The Duke of Modena shall besides furnish to the value of 2,500,000 livres, in commodities, such as powder and other artiVol. V.
cles of ammunition of war, which the commander in chief thall describe, together with the periods at which these payments thalt be made.
III. The Duke of Modena fhall be bound to deliver twenty pictures, to be taken from his gallery, or within his dominions, at the option of the citizens who Thall be sent to choose them.
Provided the above conditions are fulblled, the troops of the Republic, passing through the states of the Duke of Modena, Shall make no requilltions: the provisions of which they may stand in need thall be furnished and paid for as may be agreed on. (Signed)
Offensive and Defensive Treaty of Alliance between the French Re.
public and Spain. TH HE Executive Directory of the French Republic and his
Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, animated by the wish to strengthen the bonds of anity and good understanding happily re-established between France and Spain by the treaty of peace concluded at Bafle on the 4th Thermidor, and the third year of the Republic, (July 22, 1795) have resolved to form an offensive and defensive treaty of alliance for whatever concerns the advantages and common defence of the two nations; and they have charged with this important negotiation, and have given their full powers to the under-mentioned persons; namely, the Executive Directory of the French Republic to Citizen Dominique Cathesine Perignon, general of division of the Republic, and its ambasfador to his Catholic Majesty the King of Spain ; and his Catho. lic Majesty the King of Spain, to his Excellency Don Manuel de Godoi, Prince of Peace, Duke of Alcudia, &c. &c. &c. who, after the respective communication and exchange of their full powers, have agreed on the following articles: i I. There shall exist for ever an offensive and defensive alliance between the French Republic and his Catholic Majelty the King of Spain.
II. The two contracting powers shall be mutual guarantees, without any reserve or exception, in the most authentic and abfelute way, of all the states, territories, islands, and the places which ihcy possess, and shall respectively possess. And if one of the two powers shall be in the sequel, under whatever pretext it may bė, menaced or attacked, the other promises, engages, and binds itself to help it with its good offices, and to fuccour it on iis requisition, as thall be ftipulated in the following articles :
lil. Within troops
11. Within the space of three months, reckoning from the mos ment of the requisition, the power called on shall hold in 'readiness, and place in the disposal of the power calling, 15 fhips of the line, three of which shall be three-deckers, or of 80 guns, twelve of from 70 to 72, fix frigates of a proportionate force, and four Noops or light vefsels, all equipped, armed, and vidtualled for fix months, and stored for a year. These naval forces thall be 'affembled by the power called on in the particular port pointed out by the power calling,
IV. In case the requiring power may have judged it proper for the commencement of hostilities to confine to the one-half the succour which was to have been given in execution of the preceding article, it may, at any epoch of the campaign, call for the other half of the aforesaid succour, which shall be furnished in the mode and within the space fixed. This space of time to be reckoned from the new requisition.
V. The power called on shall in the same way place at the disposal of the requiring power, within the space of three months, reck. bning froin the moment of the requisition, eighteen thousand infantry, and six thousand cavalrý; with a proportionate train of artillery to be readily employed in Europe, and for the defence of the colonies which the contracting powers poffefs in the Gulf of Mexico.
VI. The requiring power shall be allowed to send oneor se veral commissioners for the purpofe of afluring itself whether, conformably to the preceding articles, the power called on has put itself in a state to commence hostilities on the day fixed with the land and sea forces.
VII. These fuccours Masl be entirely placed at the disposal of the requiring power, which may leave thein in the ports and on the territory of the power called on, or employ them in expeditions it may think fit to undertake, without being obliged to give an account of the motives by which it may have been determined.
VIII. The demand of the succours ftipulated in the preceding articles, made by one of the powers, shall suffice to prove the need it has of them, and shall bind the other power to dispose of them, without its being necessary to enter into any disculsion relative to the question whether the war it proposes be offensive or de fenfive; or without any explanation being required, which may tend to elude the most speedy and exact accomplishment of what is stipulated.
IX. The troops and ships demanded Mall continue at the disposal of the requiring power during the whole duration of the war, without its incurring in any case any expence. The power called on shall maintain them in all places where its ally shall cause them to act, as if it employed them directly for itself. It is finply agreed on, that during the whole of the time when the aforelaid