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troops or thips thall be on the territory or in the ports of the bequiring power, it thall furnish from its magazines or arsenals whatever may be necesary to thein, in the same way and at the lame price as it supplies its own troops and thips.

X.' The power called on thall immediately replace the ships it furnishes, which may be lost by accidents of war or of the sea. It thall also repair the lofles the troops it suppties may suffer.

XI. If the aforesaid succours are found to be, or fliould become insufficient, the two contracting powers Thall put on foot the greatest forces they potlibly can, as well by sea as by land, against the enemy of the power attacked, which shall employ the aforesaid forces, either by combining them, or by causing them to act separately, and this contorınably to a plan concerted between them.

XII. The fuccours stipulated by the preceding articles shall be furnished in all the wars the contracting powers may have to maintain, even in those in which the party called on may not be directly interested, and may act merely as a simple auxiliary,

XIII. In the case in which the motives of hoftilities being prejudicial to both parties, they may declare war with one common affent against one or several powers, the limitations established in the preceding articles (hall cease to take place, and the two contracting powers thall be bound to bring into action against the common enemy the whole of their land and sea forces, and to concert their plans so as to direct them towards the most convenient points, either separately or by uniting them. They equally bind ihemselves, in the cases pointed out in the present article, not to treat for peace unless with one common consent, and in fuch way as that each thall obtain the fatisfaction which is its due.

XIV. In the case in which one of the powers shall act merely as an auxiliary, the power which alone thall find itfelf attacked may treat of peace separately, but to as that no prejudice may refult from thence to the auxiliary power, and that it inay even turn as much as pollible to its direct advantage. For this purpose advice thall be given to the auxiliary power of the mode and time agreed on for the opening and fequel of the negociations.

XV. Without any delay there thall be concluded a treaty of commerce on the most equitable batis, and reciprocally advantageous to the two nations, which thall secure to each of them, with Its ally, a marked preference for the productions of its foil or manufactures, or at leait advantages equal to those which the most favoured nations enjoy in their relpective states. The two powers engage to make inttantly a common cause to repress and annihilate the maxims adopted by any country whatever, which may be Subversive of their present principles, and which may bring into danger the safety of the neutral flag, and the respect which is duc


to it, as well as to raise and re-establish the colonial system of Spain on the footing on which it has subsisted, or ought to subant, conformably to treaties.

XVI. The character and jurisdiction of the confuls shall be at the fame time recognized and regulated by a particular convention. Those anterior to the present treaty thall be provisionalle executed.

XVII. To avoid every dispute between the two powers, they shall be bound to employ themselves immediately, and without delay, in the explanation and developement of the VIlth article of the treaty of Bafle, concerning the frontiers, conformable to the inftrudions, plans, and memoirs, which shall be communicated through the medium of the plenipotentiaries who negotiate the present treaty.

XVIII. England, being the only power against which Spain has direct grievances, the present alliance shall not be executed unless against her during the present war; and Spain shall remain nouter with respect to the other powers arıned against the Res public.

XIX. The ratifications of the present treaty shall be exchanged within a month from the date of its being signed. Done at Ildephonso, 2 Frudidor, (Aug. 19) the 4th year of the French Republic, one and indivisible. (Signed) PERIGNON, and the


The Executive Directory resolves on and signs the present offensive and defensive treaty of alliance with his Catholic Majesty, the King of Spain, negotiated in the name of the French Repuba lic by Citizen Dominique Catherine Perignon, general of divifion, founded on powers to that effect by a resolution of the Exeeutive Directory, dated 20 Meslīdor, (Sept. 6) and charged with its instructions. Done at the National Palace of the Executive Directory, the

fourth year of the French Republic, one and indivisiblc. Conformable to the original.

(Signed) REVEILLIERE LEPEAUX, president. By the Executive Directory,

LAGARDE, secretary general.

This treaty was ratified on the 26 Fructidor, (Sept. 12.) by the Council of Elders.

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Conditions of the Suspension of Arms between the French Republic and

the Pope.

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WISHING to give a proof of that respect which the

French government entertains for his Majesty the King of Spain, the commander in chief and the civil commissioners of the army of Italy grant a fufpenfion of arms to his Holiness, counting from this day till five days after the close of the negociation which thall be opened at Paris: for the conclusion of a definitive peace betin een the two ftates.

Il. The Pope Thall send with all poflible expedition to Paris a plenipotentiary, in order to obtain from the Executive Directory a definitive peace, by offering the neceffary reparations for the outrages and insults which the French endured in his states, and particularly for the murder of Bafleville, and the recompenfe due to his family.

III. The individuals detained in the territories of the Pope for their political, opinions thall be immediately set at liberty and re-enter into the poflellion of their effects. ' IV. The ports belonging to the Pope's states shall be. shut to all vessels belonging to the powers at war with the French Res public, and open to the French ships.

V. The French army shall remain in possesion of the legations of Bologna and Ferrara, and shall occupy that of Ancona.

VI. The citadel of Ancona thall in six day be put into the posseflion of the French troops, with its artillery, ftores, and provisions.

VII. The city of Ancona fhall continue under the civil government of the Pope.

VIII. The Pope thall yield to the French Republic a hundred pictures, busts, vases, and ftatues, at the choice of commissioners to be sent to Rome, amongst which are specifically comprised the bufts in bronze of JUNIUS BRUTUS, and that in marble of MARCUS BRUTUS, both placed in the capitol. The Pope shall also deliver up five hundred manuscripts, at the choice of the said commiflioners.

IX. The Pope fhall pay to the French Republic twenty-one millions of French money ; of which fifteen millions five hundred thousand livres shall be in specic or ingots, the remaining five millions five hundred thousand livres in goods, merchandize, horfes, &c.

X. The fifteen millions five hundred thousand to be paid in three instalments; five millions in fifteen days, five millions in the following month, and the remainder within three months.

XI. The five millions five hundred thousand livres in goods thall be faithfully delivered according to the demands made from



the parts of Genoa, Leghorn, and those places occupied by the army, which fhall be pointed out.

Xll. Those twenty-one millions shall be independent of the contributions which ihall be levied on Bologna, Ferrara, and Faenza.

XIII, The French troops shall have a free passage through all the territories of the Pope.

Correspondence between the French Commissioners and the Pope's

Plenipotentiary relative to Peace,

Letter from the French Commisioners-Gurrau and Suliceti to Monsignor Galeppi, the Pope's Plenipotentiary at Florence,


In the name of the French Republic. THE HE French commissioners of the Executive Directory with

the armies in Italy and the Alps being especially charged, by a decree of the Executive Directory, dated the ist day of Fructidor, to negociate with the Pope, Pius Sextus, on the conditions on which the French Republic consents to grant peace to his Holiness, do hereby transmit to Monsignor Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, the annexed compilation of

ist. The Treaty of Peace, containing 21 articles. 2dly. The Secret Conditions, containing 8 articles.

3dly. The Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, containing 5 articles; and

4thly. The Convention respecting the Jurisdiétion of the Consuls, forming 3 articles.

The commissioners are instrated by the Executive Directory to declare to Monsignor Galeppi, that the terms of these conditions must eithes be açcedes to gr refused absolutely by the Pope or They delire that Monsignor Galeppi will inform them if he

"\ consents to sign these conditions, and should particular inftruetions impose on him the obligation of communicating thein 19 the Pope, they observe that they can agree to a delay of fix days puly; should no answer be received at the expiration of the above period, the circumstance will be considered as a refusal on the part of his Holiness to issue the necessary powers for the acceptation of the said conditions; and, in pursuance of their orders they will report the fame :o the Executive Directory.


Done at Florence, the 2;d Fructidor, in the 4th year of
the French Republic, one and indivible.


SALICETI. (TRUE COPY.) His Holiness Pope Pius Sextus having fewn a desire to reestablish mutual union, friendthip, and harmony with the French Republic, the Executive Directory have named citizens Garrau and Saliceti, their commissioners with the army of Italy, to treat with Monsignor Lorenzo Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, on the clauses and conditions of peace, and have determined on the following articles :

1. There shall be a peace for the future between the Republic and the Pope.

II. The Pope shall withdraw himself from the coalition, and from every offensive and defensive alliance against France. He obliges himself not to provide for any of the enemies of France.

III. The Pope shall never grant a paffage through his territory to the enemies of France, either in this or in any future war, He shall always allow it to French troops, who will conform to what is due to neutral or friendly countries.

IV. His Holiness acknowledges, in the most pointed terms, that the common enemy have abused his confidence, and imposed on his religion as a plea for isfuing, publishing, and diffeminating, in his name, different edicts, of which the principle and the effect are equally contrary to his true intentions, and to the respedive laws of nations. His Holinefs, therefore, disapproves, revokes, and annuls all such bulls, briefs, apoftolical mandates, circular or other letters, monitors, instructions from the pastoral staff, and in general all other writings issued from the authority of the holy chair, and from every other authority, as relate to the affairs of France, from the year 1789 to this day.

V. The Pope Thall, through the means of his ambassador at Paris, express his difapprobation of the affaffination of Basville, and shall pay 500,000 livres, which payment shall be made up by those who were concerned in that transaction.

VI. All the French who have been expelled or imprisoned fince the year 1788, or deprived of their property on account of political opinions, shall be set at liberty, and all such property Thall be restored to them. The goods or effects already fold Thall be valued by commiflioners from both parties, and the amount Ihall be paid to them by his Holiness.

VII. The preceding article shall extend to individuals of every other nation, and particularly to those of the Pope's states who have suffered for the same cause. They shall be allowed to enter

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