Merchant Marine Studies: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, United States Senate, Eighty-third Congress, First Session Pursuant to S. Res. 41 on Merchant Marine Studies (maritime Subsidies)
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1953 - 1199 էջ
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active addition Admiral Wilson Alaska American believe building built BUTLER capacity cargo carried carriers CLARK coast commerce Commission committee companies competition Congress consideration considered construction continue contract cost countries Dead defense Department domestic DREWRY economic effect emergency existing exports fact flag fleet follows foreign foreign trade future give going Government gross tons handling hearings important increase industry interest lines Maritime Maritime Administration matter means meet ment merchant marine military million necessary operation Pacific Panama passenger percent period ports possible practices present problem production question rates reason represent requirements result Senator MAGNUSON Senator POTTER shipbuilding ships shipyards situation speed statement Steamship subcommittee subsidy tankers thing tion tonnage trade tramp transportation United vessels weight yards
Էջ 438 - ... owned and operated under the United States flag by citizens of the United States insofar as may be practicable, and (d) composed of the best-equipped, safest, and most suitable types of vessels, constructed in the United States and manned with a trained and efficient citizen personnel. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to foster the development and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine.
Էջ 432 - It is necessary for the national defense and development of its foreign and domestic commerce that the United States shall have a merchant marine (a) sufficient to carry its domestic waterborne commerce and a substantial portion of the waterborne export and import foreign commerce of the United States...
Էջ 606 - ... types of vessels sufficient to carry the greater portion of its commerce and serve as a naval or military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency, ultimately to be owned and operated privately by citizens of the United States; and it is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to do whatever may be necessary to develop and encourage the maintenance of such a merchant marine...
Էջ 607 - ... and the corporation itself is organized under the laws of the United States or of a State, Territory, District, or possession thereof...
Էջ 596 - ... act in a manner consistent with the general principles of non-discriminatory treatment prescribed in this Agreement for governmental measures affecting imports or exports by private traders.
Էջ 696 - In the light of our present situation, the establishment of easy and speedy communication by sea between the Atlantic and the Pacific presents itself not simply as something to be desired, but as an object to be positively and promptly attained. Reasons of convenience have been superseded by reasons of vital necessity, which do not admit of indefinite delays. To such delays the rejection by Colombia of the HayHerran treaty directly exposed us.
Էջ 586 - France will take the measures which it deems appropriate, and will cooperate with other participating countries, to prevent, on the part of private or public commercial enterprises, business practices or business arrangements affecting international trade which restrain competition, limit access to markets or foster monopolistic control...
Էջ 406 - ... as may not be inconsistent with the express provisions of this Act, the United States Shipping Board shall, in the disposition of vessels and shipping property as hereinafter provided, in the making of rules and regulations, and in the administration of the shipping laws keep always in view this purpose and object as the primary end to be obtained.
Էջ 438 - Marine (A) sufficient to carry its domestic waterborne commerce and a substantial portion of the waterborne export and import foreign commerce of the United States and to provide shipping service on all routes essential for maintaining the flow of such domestic and foreign waterborne commerce at all times...