Page images

Would a vain man consult his own heart, he. would find, that if others knew his weakness as he. himself does, he would not have the impudence to, expect the public esteem.

As words which are opposed to one another are always emphatic, and as emphasis controls all inflexion, it causes exceptions to almost all the general rules.

If we have no regard for religion in yoùth, we ought to have some for it in agé.

If we have no regard for our own character, we ought to have some regard for the character of: óthers.

3d, When the first part of a sentence forms perfect sense, but is modified, or determined in its, meaning by the latter, it is called an inverted perie od. This sentence is to be read with the rising: innexioring accompanied with the longest pause, at the clause immediately preceding the modifying member.


Persons of good taste expect to be pleas'ed, at: the same time they are informed.

Man, in his highest earthly glory, is bụt a reed floating on the stream of time, and forced to follow every new direction of the current,

A temperate spirit, and moderate expectations, are the best safe-guard of the mind, in this uncertain and changeable state.

4th, A sentence forming perfect sense, with an: additional member, which does not affect what has: gone before, is a loose period. This sentence is to Be read with the falling inflexion at the completion of the sense : i. e. immediately preceding the loose member.


all ex

Moderate and simple pleasures relish high with the temperate : in the midst of his studied refinements, the voluptuary languishes.

The happiness of every man depends more upon the state of his own mind, than upon any one external circumstance : nay, more than upon ternal things put together.

That gentleness which is the characteristic of a good man, has, like every other virtue, its seat in the heart; and, let me add, nothing except what flows from the heart, can render even external manners truly pleasing.

5th, When a sentence is constructed in such a manner, as to have words or clauses corresponding to one another, so as to form an antithesis ; the opposite parts must always have opposite inflexions.


We take less pains to be happy, than to appear so..

We judge of men, not from the mer'it which distinguishes thém, but from the interest which

governs us.

As it is the characteristic of great wits, to say much in few words, so small wits, scem to have the gift of speaking much and saying little.

6th, The last member but one of a sentence, called the penultimate, except when affected by emphasis, must have the rising inflexion.


He who pretends to great sensibility towards men, and yet has no feeling for the high objects of religion, no heart to admire and adore the great Father of the univers'e, has reason to distrust the truth and delicacy of his sensibility.

If they do not acquiesce in his judgement, which, I think, never happened above once or twice at mòst, they appeal to me.

7th, Interrogative sentences are of two kinds, definite and indefinite. When the question is formed without an interrogative word, it is called definite. This question must be read with the rising inflexion.


Would it not employ a beau prettily enough, if, instead of eternally playing with his snuff-box, he spent some part of his time in making one?

Is it not wonderful, that the love of the parent among brute animals should be so violent while it lasts, and that it should last no longer than is necessary for the preservation of the young ?

Suppose a youth to have no prospect either of sitting in parliament, of pleading at the bar, appearing upon the stage, or in the pulpite does it follow, that he need bestow no pains in learning to speak properly his native lan'guage? Will he never have occasion to read in a company of his friends, a copy of verses, a passage of a book or news paper ?

Was he not a great and distinguished orator, who confounded the Jews at Damas'cus ? who made a prince, before whom he stood to be judged, confess, that he had almost persuaded him to become a convert to a religion every where spoken' against ? who threw another into a fit of trembling, as he sat upon his judge'ment seat? who made a defence before

the learned court of Areopagus, which gained him for a convert, a member of the court itself? who struck a whole people with such admiration, that they took him for the god of elóquence ? and who gained a place among Longinus's list of famous or ators ?

8th, When the question is made with an interrogative word, it is called indefinite, and must be read with the falling infexion, like a declarative sentence, but not so low..


Who can deny, but that flattery is a sort of bad money, to which our vanity gives currency ?

How many have had reason to be thankful, for being disappointed in desings which they earnestly pursued, but which, if successfully, accomplished, they have afterwards seen, would have occasioned their ruin?

On whom does time hang so heavily, as on the slothful and lazy? to whom are the hours so lingering? who are so often devoured with spleen, and obliged to fly to every expedient, which can help them to get

rid of themselves? Who is here so base, that would be a bondman'? if any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so rude, that would not be a Rom'an ? if

any, speak ; for him have I offended. Who is here so vile, that will not love his coun'try ? if any, speak ; for him have I offended.

'Tis done! dread winter spreads his fatest glooms, And reigns tremendous o'er the conquer'd year.. How dead the vegetable kingdom lies ! How dumb the tuneful! Horror wide extends His desolate domain. Behold, fond man ! See here thy pictur'd life : pass some few years, Thy flowering spring, thy summer's ardent strength,

Thy sober autumn fading into age,
And pale concluding winter comes at last,
And shuts the scene. Ah! whither now are fled,
Those dreams of greatness ? those unsolid hopes
Of happiness? those longings after fame?
Those restless cares ? those busy bustling days ?
Those gay-spent, festive nights ? those veering thoughts
Lost between good and ill, that shar'd thy life?
All now are lost! Virtue sole survives,
Immortal never-failing friend of man,
His guide to happiness on high.-

Exceptions on account of Emphasis, which affect

both the Definite and Indefinite question. Simply, Why did you not study? with emphasis, Why' did you not stud'y ? simply, When do you go to col'lege ? with emphasis, When do you go to college simply, Have you prepared your task'? with emphasis, Have you prepared your task'? simply, Are you going to college ? with emphasis, Are you going to college ?

9th, Exclamation is a mark used by grammarians, to point out, that some passion or emotion of the mind is contained in the words to which it is annexed. Great care should be taken by readers, to ascertain when this note is properly applied. It is often mistaken by printers, for the note of interrogation, and vice versa ; and also by bad readers, from their not perceiving the import of the author..The manner of reading it; if the exclamation point is placed after a member that would have the rising inflexion in ther sentence, it ouglit to have the rising in this ; if after a member that would have the falling inflexion, the exclamation ought to have the same. But this, rule is very general..


EXAMPLES: How many clear marks of benevolent intention appear every where around us ! What a profusion of

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »