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are completely disfranchised. the moon, and are angry that They cannot send to West- it does not descend to light minster one single representa- them on their way home. They tive, save only those who are see in the world nothing but chosen by the universities, who

" class.”

The working - class, hold their seats by an unsafe their own, can do no wrong. tenure, and may be expelled That is their motto. They at any moment that it suits the believe in the right of the “people ” to expel them. It sovereign “people ” to go its might be thought that the own road, and to push out of working-classes, having elected its path anybody who is rash those who seem good to them, enough to impede its progress would be satisfied with their towards anarchy. If it suit achievement. Not a bit of it. the "people's ” whim to hold They at once busy themselves the country up to ransom, at least the extremists among then he is the enemy of manthem do—in attempting to curb kind who dares to defend the power which they have himself and his class against delegated. They talk loudly its cruel and wanton attacks. of enrolling an army of defence. The soldier and the sailor, it Of defence against what? pretends, owe no allegiance to Against the policy which their their King and their country : own representatives initiate. their one duty is to protect They cannot bear the burden the “ people ” when it pleases it of law, even though they im- to break the law. Wherefore pose it themselves. It is a it does its best to corrupt the strange paradox, which throws soldier and the sailor, hoping a flood of light upon their imprudently to find in their lack of intelligence. No one treachery an easy support for shall govern us, they cry, its own wickedness. whom we have not ourselves Lacking intelligence, the exelected. And when the poor tremists among the workinginstrument of their will is classes do not know how to chosen, he is our enemy, they accommodate the means which cry again, because he dares they employ to the end which to discharge the office of a they keep in view. They degovernor.

light to use a sledge-hammer With such men as the ex- to crack a nut. If they think tremists it is useless to reason. they want an extra bob a day, They don't know what their they would willingly drag down purpose is. They don't want the whole fabric of civilisation anything. They only want to to gratify their whim. Ignowant it. If we may put faith rant of economics and history, in their noisy utterances, we they still believe that there is may assume that they despise somewhere or other an imjustice, they despise law, they mense hoard of gold, which is despise order. They cry for being kept infamously from

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them; they are unable to shevism. And what has the profit by the experience of Government done since its acothers-even the lessons taught cession to power to stop the by the Russian Revolution are activities of the Russian Bolbeyond their acquisition. But sheviks, who are preaching seditheir ignorance makes them tion up and down the manudangerous. They have the facturing districts! If ever a same power of harm which a mandate from the electors were savage, armed with a crow- neglected, it was the mandate bar, possesses ; they can sbatter given at the last General Elecat a blow a work of art which tion to restore order to a disit has taken many a year of tracted kingdom, and our pressleepless toil to fashion.

ent Ministers are likely to pay Ever since a vast subsidy a heavy price for their inaction. was given to the miners under Meanwhile, they know, or ought the threat of a general strike- to know, what will confront a threat which those stalwart them when the months of truce patriots, Messrs Thomas and are over. The situation will Clynes, hastened to echo,—the repeat itself; we shall listen extremists have been talking once more to threats of a very loudly and very often. general strike; the moderates, They have threatened not only such as Messrs Thomas and to enrol an army of their own, Clynes, will be ready once more but to corrupt the forces of to sacrifice the country to the the Crown. They have shown sympathy ” which they feel themselves guilty of treason on for the irreconcilable miners ; many platforms. And the Gov- and if the Government has not ernment has done nothing to arranged such measures as will check their pestilent activity. enable us to feed ourselves and Now, our present Government to carry on our proper business, came into power with an im- it will be sent into the wildermense majority, cause th ness, from which it will never paradoxical working - classes dare to return. wanted, for the moment, peace For the moment there are and tranquillity. The very signs that a wiser policy may excuse for the last General be adopted. The signs may Election was the withdrawal easily prove delusive, and they of the prosecution of a certain should not be permitted to lull Mr Campbell, who was guilty us to a dangerous confidence. of the same corruption of the The great Mr Cook, who not military forces which Mr Bald- long since envisaged himself as win's Government has condoned the master not only of England, in others. Again, Mr Bald- but of Europe, has suffered a win's majority was a proof that series of rebuffs. Cleon has England's only effective voters been worsted not by a sausagewere determined just then to seller, but by those who have shake off the influence of Bol. some respect for law and order.

He carried his noisy tongue and of this opinion, which would blatant thoughts to Germany, have ensured a perpetual state which very soon sent him home of war between the Trade again, chastened, let us hope, Unions and the rest of the and depressed. For the Ger- community. Nor was the monmans, being still inspired by a strous resolution tamely relove of their country, still hop- jected by the delegates. It ing by industry and self-denial was discussed with warmth and to restore prosperity to a beaten acuteness, and there is no doubt land, hooted at the arrogant upon which side lay the diademagogue, who boasted that lectic victory. he was one of “the big five,” Mr Cook, wholly disingenuand told him frankly that they ous, told the Congress that he never wanted to see him again did not want a conflict. At on German soil. And Mr Cook home among the miners he came home, no doubt despising has been screaming aloud that the Germans, who cherished a conflict is precisely what he so vile a virtue as patriotism, wants. We have heard not a to encounter at the Trade little lately of smashing the Union Congress a defeat yet industry, of proving the failmore desperate than that which ure of capitalism by making he faced in Germany.

it impossible that capitalism At Scarborough Mr Cook and should do its work. At Scarhis friends suffered a severe borough there was more rebuff. They thought that they modest appeal to the comfort would turn into a habit the of “the women and children,” wicked policy adopted by Messrs though it is not clear how “the Clynes and Thomas on what Mr women and children” would be Cook is pleased to call Red fed and comforted by a sucFriday. Nothing less, indeed, cession of general strikes. Mr was proposed at the Congress Timberlake put this objection than that this Trade Union in a sentence. “He mainCongress is of opinion that the tained that unions should safetime is now ripe for definite guard themselves and not be powers to be given to the led away by the 'stunt' cry General Council as follows: of ‘Fall in one big union and (1) to have power to levy all down tools,' and stop the proaffiliated members ; (2) to call duction of everything, includfor a stoppage of work by an ing their own food and drink.” affiliated organisation or part Messrs Thomas and Clynes for thereof to assist a union defend- the moment got down upon ing a vital trade union prin- the right side. Mr Clynes ciple ; and (3) that this Con- pointed out that much that gress calls on all organisations Mr Cook had said had nothing to make such alterations as to do with the present case. will regularise the above posi- “ He was not,” said Mr Clynes, tion.” The Congress was not “in fear of the capitalist class :


the only class that he feared Mr Thomas. “Do not try to was his own." Long may he build a foundation which is continue in this creditable fear! not solid at the bottom." And But it was Mr Thomas, whose then in a few parting words adaptability enables him al. he admonished the fire-eater: ways to let his audience make “ If we can help each other his speech, that carried off the we will do it, but don't make honours of the debate. “No the mistake of assuming that sentiment or claptrap,” said he, you are the best judge of all “will get over the fact that if that the world requires.” It we want to strengthen the is to be noted that Mr Thomas hands of the Council, the Coun- spoke throughout with the voice cil must know that when it of the sectarian. He betrayed acts, it acts in the name of no zeal for the welfare of the those who can give it authority. community. Nor was the vexed Notwithstanding what Cook question of solidarity answered says, that the miners have once and for always. It was considered this, I say that sent back for further discussion. the miners have not.” He It must not therefore be thought agreed with what Mr Cook that we are out of danger. The had said about power. “Power Trade Unions may still think it is essential,” said Mr Thomas; useful to “stop the production “but common-sense also is of everything, including their sometimes necessary.” And own food and drink.” And then in a peroration he treated then it will be for the GovernMr Cook as that gentleman, ment to show itself prepared, with a vastly swollen head, and to insist, with courage and deserves to be treated. "Do wisdom, that the fight shall not not misuse your power,” said be all on one side.

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OFF a narrow alleyway that mentary pause to reassure the straggles southward from Fleet nursery, he entered the comStreet there is an unkempt parative dusk of a huge incourtyard formed by the junc- terior, which, if purely utilition of three flat-faced buildings tarian in structure and use, whose only attraction is their attained to a certain dignity age. It is a backwater of the of atmosphere. commercial torrent that rushes In the premises where he past a few yards distant, and worked this portion alone, to its corners, a-clutter with wisps Emmet's mind, possessed deof straw, scraps of paper, and finite character. A curious other playthings of the city smell of printed matter, paste, winds, serve as a crêche for the cordage, and stale tobacco, mewling offsprings of sundry compounded by time into a lean and mangy cats. One of not unpleasant snuff-like odour, these feline drabs, intent upon filled his nostrils, and in his the toilet of a numerous fam. ears rang the syncopated tap ily, abandoned the niceties of of hammers and the sullen tongue and paw to glare up squeal of straining wood. Confiercely as Paul Sleive Emmet scious that these things soothed turned the corner and ap- rather than jarred upon his proached a doorway under a nerves, he stared about him sign which read in gilt letters : at the great beams of the ceil"Joseph Herman, Publisher, ing ebonised through age, at Shipping Dept.” With a mo- the recesses where long shadows VOL. CCXVIII.-NO. MCCCXXI.

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