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tie M. Schabacker, Hospitality, Central High; W. E. Dimorier, Hotel Accommodations, Academy High; Charles B. Cross, Information, Wayne School; C. W. McNary, Meeting Places, Academy High; Edward J. Grant, Music, Central High; L. H. VanHouten, Places of Interest and Transportation, Washington School; Carl C. Radder, Publicity, Academy High; P. L. Cressman, School Exhibits, Library Building; W. E. Coon, Registration, East High; and C. F. Brockway, Commercial Exhibits, Roosevelt High.

The Board of Education is co-operating whole-heartedly and has appropriated $500 to care for local expenses of the convention.

THE WASHINGTON CONVENTION The sixty-second annual meeting of the National Education Association will be held in Washington, D. C., June 29 to July 4. The general plan of the programs was published p. 550 of our May number. The following additional information will be of value to Pennsylvanians who attend the convention.

Railroad Rates

Round trip tickets may be had at one and one-half fare. Identification certificates entitling members to these special rates may be had from the State Director for Pennsylvania, 10 S. Market Square, Harrisburg or from Secretary J. W. Crabtree, 1201 Sixteenth Street, Northwest, Washington, D. C.


1. Headquarters for the Association's meetings will be in the Central High School of Washington, D. C. and the stadium. The Representative Assembly will meet in the auditorium of the Central High School. Registration and commercial exhibits will be in other parts of the building.

2. Pennsylvania Headquarters will be in rooms 219 and 220, Washington Hotel. Every Pennsylvanian_should register there and secure a Pennsylvania badge.

On Monday evening at 5:00 o'clock all Pennsvlvania delegates are requested to meet at Pennsylvania Headquarters to organize as a delegation and to transact important business.

Pennsylvania Dinner

The annual Pennsylvania Dinner will be held Wednesday evening, July 2 at 6:00 o'clock in the Spanish Garden, Washington Hotel. Price $3.00. Tickets should be secured in advance from the State Director, 10 South Market Square, Harrisburg.

Delegates' Official Credentials

State Delegates should present the card, mailed them April 24, to Miss Harriet M. Chase, Assistant to the Secretary, at the office of the Committee on Credentials, Central High School as soon as possible after reaching Washington and receive official credentials for the convention, the delegate's badge, the program, a copy of the Charter and By-Laws, an

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At the meeting of the State School Employes' Retirement Board held on Monday, April 28, the Board arranged for the employsment of George B. Buck, the New York City Actuary, who planned the Pennsylvania Teachers' Retirement Act, to conduct the actuarial investigation and valuation of the Retirement System which is to be made during the year 1924.

Mr. Buck is planning to begin his investigation and valuation immediately after the close of the present school year on July 1, 1924, and the Retirement Board will have the result of his work in addition to that of Mr. Forster, the regular Actuary of the Retirement System, available for use when presenting the situation in regard to the Retirement System to the 1925 State Legislature.-H. H. Baish, Secretary School Employes' Retirement Board.

The Following Members of the State School Employes' Retirement Association were Recently Retired by the Retirement Board with a Superannuation or Disablility Retirement




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In a fifteen page opinion in which he goes into the subject most comprehensively, Attorney Herbert J. Hartzog, solicitor for the Board of School Directors of Bethlehem, states that the Board cannot remove the Superintendent without preferring charges, giving him a hearing and substantiating the charges preferred in accordance with the provisions of the School Code. On April 19, Mr. Harry C. Cope, President of the Board of School Directors, submitted to the solicitor several questions, among which occurred these: 1. Has the Board of Directors authority, under the law, summarily to remove the superintendent of our schools at the pleasure of the Board and without assigning any reason therefor? 2. Must the Board first present definite charges against him and hold a hearing on such charges? 3. What legal effect, if any, has the fact that the Superintendent of Public Instruction has duly issued a commission to James N. Muir as District Superintendent? 4. If the Superintendent be legally removed from office before his term has expired, can he recover against the school district for his salary for the remainder of his unexpired term?

After stating in detail reasons for his conclusions, Mr. Hartzog stated his formal opinion, as follows: "It is my opinion that the Board of Directors of the School District of the City of Bethlehem may not summarily remove the superintendent of schools of the said district without a hearing and notice thereof in the manner provided for the school code. The fact that a commission has been issued by the Superintendent of Public Instruction to the district superintendent will not, in my opinion, prevent the removal of the district superintendent, provided the superintendent be adjudged guilty of one or more of the statutory charges in Section 1138 of the School Code, constituting a prerequisite for such removal; nor can the said superintendent recover from the district his salary for the remainder of the term named in his commission, if legally removed prior to the expiration thereof."



During the recent conference at the Indiana Normal School, representatives of the trustees from a number of the normal schools in the State met and took action toward the forming of a State association of normal school trustees.

F. L. Harvey, President Clarion Normal School Board of Trustees, was named chairman of a committee to further the project.

The feeling was that such an association would do much to strengthen the program of the normal schools by offering opportunity for an exchange of ideas, the discussion of problems that arise in the different schools and by giving State-wide interest to the problem of teacher training.




April 25 and 26, the Education Association of Western Pennsylvania in conjunction with various other professional bodies held its spring meeting in Pittsburgh. The officers are W. W. Lantz, President, Union High School, Turtle Creek; E. C. Noyes, First Vice President, Assistant Superintendent of Allegheny County; Mary McArdle, Second Vice President, Irwin Avenue Junior High School, Pittsburgh; Charles W. Hunt, Secretary, University of Pittsburgh; and J. H. Bortz, Treasurer, South High School, Pittsburgh. Among the organizations participating were The Classical Association of Pittsburgh and Vicinity, President, Mary L. Breene, Peabody High School; The Langley Science Teachers' Association, President, Charles H. Korns, Langley High School; The Modern Language Association, President, Gaston Louis Malecot, Washington and Jefferson College; The National Council of Teachers of the Social Studies, President, C. R. Young, South High School, Pittsburgh; The English Association, Percival Hunt, President, University of Pittsburgh; The Vocational Guidance Association, President, Edward Rynearson, Fifth Avenue High School, Pittsburgh; and fifteen other sections of the Association.


The Administration and Supervision Section, Ben G. Graham, Chairman, New Castle, in the program on April 25 dealt especially with the Platoon School organization. speakers were W. F. Kennedy, Director of Platoon Schools, Pittsburgh: Ralph Radcliffe, Superintendent of Schools, Dormont; William M. Davidson, Superintendent of Schools, Pittsburgh; and Alice Barrows, Bureau of Education, Washington, D. C. Charles W. Hunt, University of Pittsburgh, arranged both luncheon and dinner for the section at the Faculty Club, Oak Manor, University of Pittsburgh.

The following members of the Department of Public Instruction participated in the section programs: J. A. Foberg. Director of Mathematics; J. Lynn Barnard, Director of Social Studies; C. Valentine Kirby, Director of Art; Erna Grassmuck, Director of Geography; and Edna M. Kugler, Supervisor of Special Education.

The general session, April 26, was devoted to a consideration of Progress in Curriculum Making with Harold Ordway Rugg, Director of Experimental Work, Lincoln School and Professor of Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, as principal speaker.

Other out-of-state speakers were: J. Paul Goode, University of Chicago; Samuel S. Wyer, Smithsonian Institution; Alexander Green, D. C. Heath and Company, New York City; and M. R. Van Cleve, President of the American Nature Study Society, Cleveland, Ohio.

I have seen school loans fail once, twice, thrice, but I do not know one that was ever completely abandoned.-Dr. J. George Becht.




The Pennsylvania Academy of Science was organized at a meeting held in Harrisburg on April 18, 1924. Representatives of the faculties of various universities and colleges, officials of certain State departments and high school instructors adopted a temporary constitution and elected officers for the current year. The aim of the organization, according to the constitution, is to "promote scientific research and the diffusion of knowledge concerning the various departments of science; to promote intercourse among men engaged in scientific work, especially in Pennsylvania; to assist by investigation and discussion, in developing and making known the material, educational and other resources and riches of the Commonwealth; to arrange and prepare for publication such reports of investigation and discussion as may further the aims and objects of the Academy as set forth in this article."

Three classes of membership were provided in this constitution: active, for anyone actually engaged in scientific work; associate, for those interested in science who are not qualified for active membership; and honorary, for those who have attained special prominence in sciThe fee for the first year is $2.00 and annual payment thereafter is $1.00. Those qualified for membership who were not able to be present at this meeting may become charter members by making payment to the treasurer and having their names approved by the executive committee.


The next meeting will probably be held in November with an annual meeting next spring, when a constitution will be regularly adopted. Advisory Council

The Governor, ex officio, Hon. Gifford Pinchot.

Dr. Edgar Fahs Smith, Provost Emeritus of the University of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Henry S. Drinker, President Emeritus of Lehigh University.

Dr. W. J. Holland, Director Emeritus of Carnegie Museum.

President, Dr. O. E. Jennings, University of Pittsburgh; Vice President, Dr. C. E. McClung, University of Pennsylvania; Secretary, Joseph Illick, State Department of Forests and Waters; Assistant Secretary, T. L. Guyton, State Department of Agriculture; Treasurer, Dr. Frank Kern, State College; Editor, Dr. George H. Ashley, State Geologist, Department of Forest and Waters; Press Secretary, Dr. J. P. Kelley, State College.

Executive Committee

The executive committee is to consist of the officers and former presidents. Since there are no former presidents to serve, the following names were added to the Executive Committee: J. B. Miller, Lehigh University, (4 yrs.); W. V. Bingham, Carnegie Institute of Technology, (3 yrs.); John A. Miller, Swarthmore College, (2 yrs.) and S. H. Derickson, Lebanon Valley College, (1 yr.).

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Name The name of this organization shall be The Pennsylvania State School Directors' Association.

Object-(1) The suggestion and discussion of questions for the improvement of the public schools. (2) The advocacy of needed legislation and the scrutiny of all bills proposed. (3) The promotion of efforts to increase the efficiency and secure the best results in the management of the schools.

Members-Any Board of School Directors or Board of Public Education or any public 1 School Director whose Board is not a member of this Association shall be eligible for membership, and may become a member by sending the name of the applicant to the SecretaryTreasurer and paying the dues. All past presiIt dents of the Association are life members of the Association.

Dues-For first-class districts, $12.00; second-class districts, $8.00; third-class districts, $5.00; fourth-class districts, $3.00; individual members, whose Boards are not members, $2.00. Membership by a Board entitles all the members of that Board to attend the convention without extra membership fees.

Officers President, three Vice Presidents, Secretary-Treasurer and five Directors. The officers compose the Executive Committee. Vacancies-To be filled by appointment by the President.

Meetings-Annually, in February at Harrisburg. Special meetings may be called by the Executive Committee or by the President.

Quorum-Majority of the members registered as present at a meeting.

Executive Committee-President is Chairman of the Committee. The committee shall have power and authority over affairs of the Association during interim between meetings of the Association. Shall also arrange program for annual meeting.

Other Committees Credentials, Resolutions, Legislative, Nominations and Necrology. Their duties are similar to like committees in other organizations.

Auxiliary-The Chairmen of the Legislative Committees of the County Directors' Associations shall compose a Legislative Council as an auxiliary to the Legislative Committee of the State Directors' Association.

Amendments-The Constitution may be revised or amended at any annual meeting of the Association by a two-thirds vote.-Jesse K. Townsend.


The U. S. Civil Service Commission at Washington calls for the following:

Teachers for the Indian Service, $760 plus increase granted by Congress of $20 a month. Physicist, $3,800-$5,000.

Associate Physicist, $3,000-$3,600.
Assistant Physicist, $2,400-$3,000.



J. K. Townsend, President of the Pennsylvania State School Directors' Association, has appointed the following committees:

Legislative-Three-year term-O. R. Brownfield, Chairman, Fairchance, Fayette County and Mrs. E. Grace McCauley, Beaver, Beaver County; two-year term-A. W. Sandeen, Bradford, R. D. No. 1, McKean County and Mrs. E. C. Griffith, Parkers Landing, Armstrong County; one-year term-C. M. Butler, Thompson, Susquehanna County; W. E. Schnee, Montgomery County and Mrs. Margaret Garner, Norristown, Montgomery County.

Resolutions-J. D. Evans, Chairman, McKeesport, Allegheny County; J. W. Johns, Davidsville, Somerset County; Edwin P. Young, Towanda, Braddock County; Mrs. Anna L. Lingelbach, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County; Charles Thrasher, Star Junction, Fayette County; Robert R. Hays, Hickory, Washington County; Frank D. Barnhart, Mt. Pleasant, Westmoreland County; Mrs. Sarah M. Snyder, Eldersville, Sullivan County; W. A. Callan, Cresson, Cambria County; T. I. Mairs, State College, Center County; F. A. Bittner, Meyersdale, Somerset County; Mrs. Nellie Clark, Shippensville, Clarion County.

Necrology-Mrs. Mary K. Eves, Chairman, Millville, Columbia County; M. M. Clark, Townville, Crawford County; F. E. Matthews, Summerville, Jefferson County; Mrs. Belle W. Aumsent, Strasburg, Lancaster County; George W. Harrison, St. Clair, Schuylkill County.


The National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations held its 28th annual convention May 5 to 10 at St. Paul, Minnesota with the president, Mrs. Arthur H. Reeve, presiding. Hotel St. Paul was headquarters. More than four hundred delegates attended the opening banquet at which Ella Ruth Boyce, President of the International Kindergarten Union and Anna Steese Richardson of the Bureau of Good Citizenship of the Woman's Home Companion were guests of honor.

Reports of national officers and chairmen of departments occupied the day's session May 6. The evening session was addressed by Alma Binzel of the Federation for Child Training on "Training for Parenthood," the convention topic. Miss Binzel pointed out that time, money and energy are being expended as never before in the history of the nation in child development problems. She emphasized the pre-natal and infantile periods of children as the formative periods and said that the making or marring of character was a first responsibility of parenthood. Bird T. Baldwin, Director of Child Welfare Research Station, Iowa, presented a graphic résumé of his ex


tensive research by means of an illustrated lecture on "Child Development."

The session of May 7, held in conjunction with the Second Annual Home Education Conference, under direction of United States Commissioner, John J. Tigert, and the International Kindergarten Union, covered the topics of Extension Service for Home Education, the Library in the Home Education Movement, The Part of Press and Publicity in Home Education and Practical Methods of Co-operating for Education of Parents. W. Carson Ryan, Professor of Education at Swarthmore College and Mrs. A. H. Reeve led discussions. The big opportunity of the Parent-Teacher Association was recognized by these leaders as the medium for carrying on successful extension work in fields of rural and adult education.

The place of intelligent recreation in education was recognized by an evening session devoted to the presentation of a film, "Playing for Health," by C. Ward Crampton of New York City, National Chairman of Physical Education. The Crampton film will be released in the fall by Pathé in seven consecutive weekly exhibitions.

Business sessions and Round-Table conferences were the order of May 8. Among expert educators taking part were Julia Wade Abbot of the National Child Welfare Association; Mrs. B. F. Langworthy, National Chairman of Social Standards; and Charl O. Williams, National Chairman of School Education.

Evening addresses by Florence Hale on Parents' Problems in the Country, and by W. D. Owen of Chicago Normal College, former President of the N. E. A., on the "High School Age" presented viewpoints of greatest value to P. T. A. workers. Miss Hale stressed the importance of community activities in rural sections and the idealization of country life if we would preserve the American rural spirit. The trend toward general secondary education through vocational channels, opportunity schools and fundamental understanding of the real scope of education was elaborated by Dr. Owen. Friday was Presidents' Day.

An attractive feature of the convention was the co-operative educational exhibit to which twenty national child welfare organizations contributed. Literature, posters, book exhibits and material from all organizations published free or at small cost were shown. More than 600 registered for the convention. Thirtyseven states were represented by one or more voting delegates. Forty-six states are now organized with state branches. The national membership is 630,000.

Austin, Texas, was chosen as the next annual meeting place.

Among the resolutions adopted by the convention was one aiming to promote improved juvenile courts and methods of procedure; another, advocating hot lunches and supervised noon hour in all rural schools; and a third, endorsing the establishment of consolidated schools.

PRIZES AND SCHOLARSHIPS Ursinus College Offers Five Scholarships Five scholarships of $250 each are offered by Ursinus College to young men. The appli-r cants must be graduates of first class high schools. Selection for the scholarships will be based on personality, scholastic ability and physical vigor. The scholarships will be renewed during the four years providing that the holder continues to fulfil the requirements. For further information and application blanks write to The Committee on Scholarships, Ursinus College, Collegeville, Pa.

Carnegie Institute of Technology Fellowships Four fellowships, each paying a yearly stipend of $750 have been established by the Carnegie Institute of Technology for metallurgical research. The fellowships will be awarded to college graduates registering as candidates for the degree M. S. Investigation of problems will begin August, 1924.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Scholarship

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad will award a scholarship of $100 to the boy or girl who does the most outstanding club work in 1924 in any of the 17 counties of Pennsylvania traversed by the B. and O. Railroad. The money may be used for a course at Pennsylvania State College or for an educational trip to the International Livestock Exposition in Chicago.

Lincoln Essay Contest

The Illinois Watch Company offers annually a medallion struck in government bronze to the high school or junior high school student in every recognized or accredited high school in the United States who writes the best essay on Abraham Lincoln as judged by the English Department of that school, or by any committee of local judges selected by the high school authorities. On one side of the medal is cast the bust of Abraham Lincoln, the years of his birth and death and the name "Lincoln." On the reverse side is a wreath with the legend, "Lincoln Essay Awarded to

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The original intention was to have the medallions awarded on February 12 each year, but delays make it necessary to continue the time of the contest so as to include commencement day this year. Further information may be secured from the Illinois Watch Company, Springfield, Illinois.

Emblem Prize Contest

A State-wide contest is being launched in the public schools of Pennsylvania to secure an appropriate emblem for the Public Charities Association of Pennsylvania. C. Valentine Kirby, State Director of Art, is chairman of the committee of judges. The prizes will be some form of art-a picture or a piece of sculpture the first prize worth $25, the second, worth $15. The regulations are: 1. The drawing should be small in design and very distinctive in appearance, done in India or wash. 2. The emblem should be so arranged that it may be encased perhaps in a circle, a diamond

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