Gravity's Shadow: The Search for Gravitational Waves
University of Chicago Press, 15 օգս, 2010 թ. - 864 էջ
According to the theory of relativity, we are constantly bathed in gravitational radiation. When stars explode or collide, a portion of their mass becomes energy that disturbs the very fabric of the space-time continuum like ripples in a pond. But proving the existence of these waves has been difficult; the cosmic shudders are so weak that only the most sensitive instruments can be expected to observe them directly. Fifteen times during the last thirty years scientists have claimed to have detected gravitational waves, but so far none of those claims have survived the scrutiny of the scientific community. Gravity's Shadow chronicles the forty-year effort to detect gravitational waves, while exploring the meaning of scientific knowledge and the nature of expertise.
Gravitational wave detection involves recording the collisions, explosions, and trembling of stars and black holes by evaluating the smallest changes ever measured. Because gravitational waves are so faint, their detection will come not in an exuberant moment of discovery but through a chain of inference; for forty years, scientists have debated whether there is anything to detect and whether it has yet been detected. Sociologist Harry Collins has been tracking the progress of this research since 1972, interviewing key scientists and delineating the social process of the science of gravitational waves.
Engagingly written and authoritatively comprehensive, Gravity's Shadow explores the people, institutions, and government organizations involved in the detection of gravitational waves. This sociological history will prove essential not only to sociologists and historians of science but to scientists themselves.
What people are saying - Write a review
Այլ խմբագրություններ - View all
40-meter team analysis antenna apparatus argued argument astrophysical Barish believe big science Blair build calibration Caltech chapter claim coincidences Collins core group cryogenic cryogenic bars device discussion Drever effect emitted energy evidential experiment experimental explained field Frascati Frascati group frequency funding Garwin going gravitational radiation gravitational wave detection Hamilton helium high-energy physics idea interactional expertise interferometer Joe Weber journals kind Kip Thorne laboratory laser LIGO LIGO project LIGO’s look Maryland methodological relativism mirrors NAUTILUS neutrino neutron stars noise paper Physical Review physicists Pizzella problem publication published reason resonant bar respondents scientific scientists seen sensitivity signal Sinsky social sociologist sociology sources sphere program spheres statistical supernova tacit knowledge talk theory there’s things threshold told transducer turn Tyson upper limit vacuum vibrations VIRGO Vogt wave detector Weiss zero-delay