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specified ; but they are all represented, as only a chain, or connexion of effects, of which the divine agency is the ultimate origin. And when the influences of the heavens and the earth are combined to promote the destruc. tion, as well as the preservation of man, the same agency is the origin of their power. Fire and kail, snow and vapour, and stormy winds fulfil his word.* He reserves “ against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and of war, the treasures of the snow and the bail: he lifts up his voice to the clouds that the abundance of waters may cover the earth: he sendeth lightnings, and they go, and say unto him, Here we are..". I pp. 9, 10.

The whole sermon is worthy of attention: the exhortations which close it are judicious and devout. Art. XX. A Topographical History of England; Exhibiting the

Names of the several Cities, Town's, Parishes, Tythings, Townships, and Hamlets, with the County and Division of the County to which they respectively belong, &c. &c. &c. &c. 4to. pp. 1900. Price 51. 5s.

bds. Longmen and Co. 1808. THE 'HESE enormous tomes may be considered as an alphabetical di

gest of all the dry, parochial information of the county, histories and other works of local detail and antiquarian research ; and also of the returns of population and poors' rates, under the late Parliamentary Inquiry. The official opportunities of the author, who assisted in arranging these returns, enabled him to supply many deficiencies of preceding writers, in other branches of the work, and to render it very nearly complete, according to the plan which he adopted, and of which the following extract from his preface contains the detail.

"1. The Orthography of every name has been determined with the utmost attention ; 2,after the name appears the Hundred or-other Subdivision, and County, in which the place is situate ; 3, if a Parish, the Valuacion in the King's Books, and other Ecclesiastical Information, is next given ; 4, then the Population ; 5, Poors’ Rate, [the amount and proportion in 1803] ; 6, and the Distance and Bearing of each [every] place from the nearest Post Office Town, from the County. Town, or the Me. tropolis. Other Information, applicable only to places of some importance, is then given in the following oder ; 7, Markets and Fairs ; 8, Members of Parliament and Corporations ; 9, Free Schools ; 10, Petty Sessions, and Assizes. Finally, 11, is given Miscellaneous information of Monastic Foundations, and other matters of local History, not reducible to any head of the above classification.' p. xi.

The comprehensiveness and general accuracy of the work will doubtless obtain it a place, as a book of reference, in the libraries of such opulent and professional persons, as must be acquainted with these particulars; but its price, and barrenness of amusement, will necessarily withhold it from geberal circulation. To point out the imperfections and errors that have occurred to us, would be a mode of occupying our pages, very far from agreeable either to our readers pr to Mr. Carlisle. * Psalm cxlviii. 8.

+ Job xxxviii. 22. 23.

Art. XXI. The Duty and Advantage of remembering deceased Ministers.

being the Substance of a Funeral Sermon, preached at the Church of St. Mary, Wallingford, for the Rev. Thomas Pentycross, A. M. during more than Thirty Years Vicar of that Parish. By Thomas Scott, Rector of Aston Sandford, Bucks. pp. 35. Price 1s. Buckingham,

Seeley ; Seeley, Hatchard. 1808. IT is a melancholy part of our duty to record those solemn events, which

not only make " a breach” among the faithful ministers of Christ, but infringe on the circle of our personal friendships. An event of this description is the occasion of this venerable author's re-appearance before the public; and to those who are acquainted with his valuable labours, a formal recommendation of this sermon will appear superfluous.

We shall not object to that interpretation of Heb. xiii. 7, 8. which Mr. Scott adopts, and which represents "them which have the rule over you” to be deceased pastors, “the end (exfreis) of their conversation” to be their deliverance or escape from this world to a better, and the following clause as a consolatory adaronition, (but) Jeşue Christ (is) the same, yesterday, to-day, and for ever.” Instead of entering into the biography of the worthy, and now immortalized minister, whose moral and mental excellence is honourably acknowledged, or into the detail of this judicious anl impressive sermon, we shall close the article with an extract.

• Some, in this large assembly, may be merely occasional hearers ; and some may perhaps wonder what it is, which renders, the death of one clergyman so much more noticed, than that of many others. I shall here only observe, that decidedly preaching man a lost sinner : Emmanuel, God manifested in the flesh, a divine, all-sufficient, most gracious Saviour

; yea, the only Saviour, for condemned sinners : the love, the cross, the resurrection of Jesus : his ascension, intercession, present glory, and future coming to judgement: and the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit: in short, preaching Christ " the Way, the Truth, and the Life," " our Wisdom, Righteousness, Sanctification and Redemption ;”, is alone efe fectual to interest the feelings and win the hearts of the hearers. This preaching, connected with a suitable conduct, while the work of the mi. nistry is evidently the great business and the pleasure of a man's life, and the minister is the friend and counsellor, as well as the teacher, of the people, and their servant for Christ's sake ; secures affection from many, and respect from almost all, except determined persecutors. But nothing. short of this, can produce the same effects on the hearts, minds, and consciences of mankind. The ministers, thus briefly described, are the ser. vants of God, who teach men the

way

of salvation. • Some among you may consider the whole of this day's solemnities, as a matter of course ; and be ready to say in your hearts, I see no peculiar reason for mourning on the occasion, as many do.--My fellow sinners, the unconscious babe, the thoughtless child, or the rebellious son who wickedly covets his father's property, may not mourn at the decease of a wise and good parent, which tills the heart of his elder, more prudent, and more dutiful brethren, with overwhelming sorrow. But the loss is far the greatest to those, who least lament it.

Pp

32-34.

ART.

XXII: The Objects accomplished by the Abolition of the Slave Trade. A Şermon preached at Launceston, May 1, "1807. By Richard Cope.

8vo. pp. 16. Price 6d. Williams and Smith. 1807. THIS brief and cheap discourse expresses the honest exultation of a

pious and humane mind, on the exoneration of our country from a load of guilt and disgrace, by the abolition of the traffic in human fesh. From the proclamation of liberty to the captives, Ișaiah lxi. 1. 'the preacher takes occasion to discuss the subject announced by the title, and to excite attention to the more glorious liberty which'is proclaimed by the Gospel. The sentiments manifested are honourable to the preacher's principles ; and the manner in which they are developed, bring no discredit on his talents. With fewer apostrophes, and less poétical quotation, his style would have been more coherent ; but, as we do not recollect to have before seen the author's name in print, we doubt not that superfluities of this kind will be sufficiently retrenched by experience. Art.XXIII. (A) Dissertation on Gifseys: representing their Manner of Life,

Family Economy, Occupations and Trades, Marriages and Education, Sickness, Death and Burial, Religion, Language, Sciences, Arts, &c. With an Historical Enquiry concerning their Origin and first Appear. ance in Europe. From the German of H.M. G. Grellmann. 8vo.

pp. xiii. 210. Price 4s, 6d. bds. Wilson. 1807. THIS publication, curious as it is, can only be acteptable to superficià

readers : as it is not “ burthened" with any of the notes and references which are to be found in the original, and in the translation published some years ago by Mr. Matthew Raper. The work contains a copious and amusing account of this singular people, who have penetrated into almost all countries, and especially abound in the frontier states of Europe and Asia. The author contests the hypotheses which have been offered concerning their primary seat, and labours to prove that they are of Hindoostanee origin He furnishes many instances of strong simifarity between their dialect and the Shānscreet tongue. He takes much Deedless and fruitless pains, to ascertain in what century of the Christian era, they entered into those countries, which Herodotus assures (Terps. 9) they inhabited many centuries before. We have no doubt that the Sigynæ of this historian, and the Zigeuner of the Germans, Scla. vonians, &c. are the same people. He says that their name signified Merchants, which they still are in a low degree; and that they derived their descent from the Medes. So Strabo describes the Siginni or Siggini of Mount Taurus, as resembling the Persians. The subject of the performance, deserves an extended examination, which the plan of this edition precludes; but the information it contains is amusing, and the greater part of it we believe to be authentic. Art. XXIV. Thoughts on Reason and Revelation, particularly the Revela

tion of the Scriptures. By Joseph Gurney Bevan. Second Edition,

8vo, pp. 23. Price ls. Phillips and Fardon, Hatchard. THE objection we should have been disposed to make

against this neat and judicious tract, that it is " deficient in duly developing the grand

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Scripture System of Christian redemption," is anticipated and superseded in the preface.

It is intended, we imagine, and adapted, for a superior class of readers, who have but little regard for religion, and can spare but little time to think of their final and eternal destiny. It is clear, rational, and argumentative, and is written with much purity and amenity of style with these recommendations, and especially as the production of a highly respectable layman and Friend, it may possibly obtain the notice of such Teaders, and awaken their reflections. The sections are intitled, On Reason, Revelation in general, Infidelity, Scripture, Faith, Experience.

Is Mr. B. under no apprehension that these alarming words, and the preface also, may indispose the fastidious worldling to read much farther? We applaud the logical and well-articulated plan of the performance, but are inclined to think the author's purpose would be better served by omitting, or at least only subjoining, the enumeration of its parts.

The author begins with complaining that the faculty of Reason has been injudiciously disparaged by some " religious person,” whom he excuses nevertheless as censuring “ not the use, but the abuse, of this faculty.” He proceeds to state, that Reason is often biassed by Custom, the Passions, and the Temperament, and remarks the desirableness of superior information, and the real nature of that infidelity which objects to it: he then alludes to the imperative evidence for the authenticity of the Christiani Scripture, refers to its internal evidence in proof of its divine authority, and establishes the Old Testament on the recognition of it in the New. He then briefly refers to the principal doctrines, and the necessary consequence of a genuine faith. The justness of this faith, he observes, will be confirmed by experience ; "the manifest is then accepted ; and no attempt is made, with unhallowed hands to rend the veil from that which is more mysterious ; or, failing in this, to consign it to the catalogue of the apocryphal.”

We earnestly hope that the just views and pious sentiments of this very estimable writer, will continue to prevail and increase in the Society of which he is an ornament. Art. XXV. An Essay on the Education of Youth, intended to unfold the

relativeImportance of the different Branches of Literature;--to point out the best Methods of communicating Instruction ;--and to impress on the Mind the Necessity of habitual Reflection. By Robert Goodacre, Master of Standard-Hill Academy, Nottingham. Svo. pp. 80. Price

2s. 6d. bds. Johnson. 1808, THE chief design, and indeed the chief use, of this book, appears to be

to advertise the author's school. It explains his opinions and plan of tuition, in regard to the various branches of education; they are, for the most part, judicious, and in some instances deserve consideration from conductors of similar establishments. One of the author's main principles, the propriety of forming the mind to habits of thought, in preference to over charging the memory, is highly important. His objection to teaching the principles of book-keepin; at school, for want of examples, is not consistent with the general tenor of the plan ; this study might be prosecited rationally, as well as any other. Neither do we approve the sua perficial and indulgent mode of teaching the languages. On the important subject of religion, the performance is not very explicit ; and we stronyly

VOL. IV.

Uu

suspect that we should like it still less if it were. The young people over whose destiny we have any influence, will be committed to the care of instructors who are not quite so indifferent as Mr. G. to“ tenets deemed essential by particular sects and denominations,” and who will not confine their religious instructions to a metaphysical demonstration of a First Cause and his necessary attributes, and a calm investigation of the evidence for admitting the authenticity of Scripture. Art. XXVI. Letters on Affliction, by various Christians ; intended as a suitable Present to Individuals or Families in Amiction.

Collected by John Campbell. 18mo. pp. 150. Price bound 1s. 6d. fine 28. Burditt. 1808. THE plan of this useful collection seems to have been suggested by Dr.

Erskine’s publication on the death of children. The letters are thirty-five in number, and, for the most part, have not hitherto been published. The authors whose names are given, stand high in the public esteem; the writings of Newton, Cadogan, and Cowper, could not be indebted to our praise. The exquisite poetical Epistle by the latter, to a Protestant Lady in France, is an ornament to the volume. Some of the anonymous letters, we have reason to think, are the production of living writers who occupy no inferior rank in the Christian world. The work is neat and convenient; it may doubtless find access to those who are most absorbed in sorrow and unwilling to be comforted, when a visitor would not be endured, nor a large volume read. It will also be a good companion in benevolent visits to the sick, and a suitable present to the poor.

An elegant letter of condolence by Sir W. Temple, and a very meagre one by Dr. Reid, are subjoined by the editor, as impressive contrasts to the rest of the work ; and they cannot fail to answer his intention, by exhibiting the futility of all consolations in distress but those which are supplied by genuine Christianity. Art. XXVII. Lessons for Young Persons in Humble Life, calculated to

promote their Improvement in the Art of Reading ; in Virtue and Piety: and particularly in the Knowledge of the Duties peculiar to their Station. 8vo. pp. 326. Price 3s. 6d. boards. York, Wilson and Spence; Longman and Co. 1808. IN appearance, cheapness, and moral tendency, this compilation resembles

those of the excellent Lindley Murray. It includes Sentences and Paragraphs, authentic Narratives, Descriptions (of character,) Dialogues, and Miscellaneous Pieces, both in Prose and Verse. It inculcates the most useful sentiments in a very suitable form, and well deserves patronage. If the author were to introduce rather more freely, in another edition, approved extracts, developing the essential principles, as well as the duties and spirit of Christianity, we think the utility of the book would be much increased. The Cheap and Religious Tracts would afford unexceptionable materials. Art. XXVIII. A Sermon, preached at the Spring-Garden Chapel, Feb.

17, 1808, being the day appointed for a General Fast. Published at the Request of the Congregation. By Edmund Cartwright, D.D. Rector of Goadby Murwood, Leicestershire ; and Prebendary of

Lincoln. pp. 16. Price 1s. Longman and Co. 1808. THIS Sermon is a collection of just and profitable, but not striking re

Werks. The text is Prov. xxi. 31; froni which Dr. C. deduces the

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