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PENNSYLVANIA

SCHOOL JOURNAL

.

VOLUME XXX VI.

That which makes a good Constitution must keep it, viz. : Men of wisdom and virtue ;

qualities that, because they descend not with worldly inheritance, must be carefully
propagated by a virtuous education of youth.-WM. PENN.

E. E. HIGBEE, EDITOR.

LANCASTER, PA.:
INQUIRER PRINTING AND PUBLISHING COMPANY.

1887.

THE

THE truth that music is for religion is equally evident in the fact that nothing

calls for it like religion. Men fight better under the stir of music but they can fight well without it. Business does not require it. Business does not require it. Pleasure craves it, but the

, voice and the zest of young life supply its lack. It is not needed in the enacting of laws, nor in the pleadings of courts. It might be left out in every department of life save one, and nothing would be radically altered; there would be lack, but not loss of function. But religion as an organized thing and as worship could not exist without it. When song dies out where men assemble for worship, the doors are soon closed. When praise is repressed and crowded aside for the sermon, the service sinks into a hard intellectual process, for which men do not long care. Eloquence and logic will not take its place—why, it is difficult to say until it is recognized that music is the main factor of worship—a fact capable of philosophical statement, namely: Worship being a moral act of expression, it depends upon the rhythm and harmony of art for its materials; they are the substances—so to speak -ordained by God and provided in nature out of which worship is made. And 90 the Church in all ages has flowered into song. It takes for itself the noblest instrument and refuses none. It draws to itself the great composers whom is first attunes to its temper and then sets to its tasks which invariably prove to be their greatest works. In no other field do they work so willingly and with so full exercise of genius. There is a freedom, a fulness and perfection in sacred composition to be found in no other field. In all other music there is a call for more or for something different, but the music of adoration leaves the spirit in restful satisfaction. Dryden, the most tuneful of poets, divided the crown between old Timotheus and the divine Cecilia, but surely it is greater to “draw an angel down” than “lift a mortal to the skies."

The fact that all religious conviction and feeling universally run to music for their full and final expression certainly must have some philosophical explanation. In rough and crude form it may be stated thus; music is the art-path to God in whom we live and move and have our being. We may get to God by many ways-by the silent communion of spirit with Spirit, by aspiration, by fidelity of service, but there is no path of expression so open and direct as that of music. The common remark that music takes us away from ourselves, is philosophically true. When under its spell we transcend our ordinary thought and feeling and are carried—as it were-into another world; and if it be sacred music, that world is the world of the Spirit. When the spell ends and we come back to this present world, we do not cease to believe in that into which we were listed. While there, lapped in its harmonies and soaring in its adorations, we felt how real that world is and how surely it must at last be eternally realized. Towards that age of adoring harmony humanity is struggling, and into that upper world where the discords of time and earth are resolved into tune, every earnest soul is steadily pressing.

Rev. Dr. T. T. Munger.

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DR. E. E. HIGBEE, SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.

AS THOSE MEN KNOW HIM WHO KNOW HIM BEST.

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OSTS of friends were outraged in the break the line of the enemy where it was

fury of persecution to which, for many reckoned strongest, and spike a half-dozen months, Dr. E. E. Higbee was subjected of their noisiest guns so that these have not because of his proper but—as the sequel since fired an effective shot. showed—impolitic method of administering They then saw an ex parte investigation, the civil service in the office of the Depart- conducted wholly in the interest of the ment of Soldiers' Orphan Schools. They enemy, with slanderous reports emanating knew what a trifling matter had thrown wide almost daily from the hostile camp, and open the flood-gates of calumny, namely, i spread far and wide by the telegraph and unwillingness to appoint an unskilled man through the columns of scores of the newsas chief clerk, in the vain hope that Gov. paper press, by many of whose editors they Pattison would consent to his appointment were innocently accepted and published as as financial clerk. They saw with amaze- the truth. They saw the sentiment of the ment a well-organized and patriotic charity great mass of the reading public harden represented in such odious coloring, by a cruelly upon the side of wrong, and awaited newspaper expert in the work of defamation

with some degree of apprehension the final specially adapted to the task, that what had assault. been the pride was made to appear the As the Merrimac bore down upon the litshame of Pennsylvania. They knew, be- tle Monitor so came the Record craft, with yond all doubt or question, that it was done | John Norris in command-confident of vicnot to redress wrong, but to wreak vengeance tory. His guns were very noisy; they filled upon an upright man by wrecking his repu.. the air with the smoke and thunder of battation and driving him from office humili- tle; and they hammered hard. But the ated and disgraced. With the keenest in- sturdy Monitor got in a heavy solid shot terest, as though themselves beset by a through the port-hole of “Clothing Acrelentless foe, they watched the progress of counts,” which so damaged the machinery this campaign of vilification and falsehood, I of the Record's arithmetic and book-keepunexampled in the educational or humani- ing—to say nothing of some other effective tarian history of the State.

shots in the way of Col. Paul's retention in They saw this man endure with heroic office fully explained, minute inspection of fortitude, for months, when struggle would the schools carefully reported, and their have been of no avail; but also fight gallantly generally excellent condition clearly prefor the truth with all the courage and skill of sented, challenging contradiction or replythe trained soldier when the hour was come that the Record aforesaid, though clad like for battle. They saw him, at his first onset, its compeer, the Merrimac, in panoply of

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