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with him, as before, at Cardington. the felons had received his Majesty's free He had travelled, since quitting pardon, on condition of going to sea : but home, about 4500 miles. He conti- the clerk of assize wrote on the letter nued, however, to makean occasional

which enclosed that pardon, 'The secre

tary of state's fee is 1l. 7s., and my fee visit of inspection to some of our

Il. 1., which you'll take care to receive own prisons; and availed himself

on the back of the pardon from the officer for this purpose of a journey which who receives him ;' but as no officer would he took to Nottingham, to place his take him on condition of paying these and son under the care of the Rev, Mr. the jailor's and under-sheriff's fees of Walker, of that place. We have 19s. 4d., Mr. Howard found this poor felt disposed occasionally to express wretch still languishing in prison on his astonishment in passing over the pound of bread a day, more than eight pages of this memoir, at the vast

months after this free pardon had been resums of money which Mr. Howard

ceived." pp. 346, 347. must have expended in these tours Mr. Howard soon set off on of benevolence, and in the payment another tour to Ireland, visited of the fees of numberless debtors again the jails, and afterwards some confined for small debts, and others of the Protestant charter-schools detained after trial and acquittal for there. The effect of this visit was the jailor's fees. But then it has the rectification of various abuses, cccurred to us, that probably far and the passing of a bill in Parlialarger sums than these are annually ment for the discharge of prisoners spent by multitudes in our fashion- then in custody for their fees. He able circles on their own gratifica excited such a sense of the value of tion and amusement; and our asto- his services in the University of nishment at Howard, who had mo- Dublin, that that learned body contive and reason enough for all his ferred on him the honorary degree self-denial, and labour, and expen- of doctor of laws, a mark of respect diture of money, and whose end that he said he should always reflect was worthy of his pains to accom- upon with pleasure. On his return plish it, is thus diverted into another to England, we find him again haschannel, and rests on those who, tening all over the country, and with any power of reflection at all, then through Scotland, discovering or any taste for the pleasure of be- fresh miseries and unjustifiable senevolence (to take no higher ground) verities, and correcting and dimican be content to lavish the talent nishing them all. He did, indeed, and wealth for which they are as justify the eulogium of Burke, responsible to the God who made comparing and collating the disthem as their own stewards are to tresses of all men in all countries;" themselves, on giddy vanities and and when the year 1782 closed, he airy nothings, which not only perish had travelled for these purposes of in the using, but even frequently mercy 8,165 miles. excite disgust in the very enjoy

(To be continued.) ment. Ob, that for their own sakes, they knew the pure pleasure of doing good; the luxury, as has been Morning Thoughts in Prose and quaintly said, of seating with many Verse, on single Verses in the mouths at once."

successive Chapters in the Gospel We have mentioned the cases of of St. Matthew. By J. W. CUNthose who were confined in prison NINGHAM, M. A. Vicar of Harfor small debts and jailors' fees. row, &c. &c. Second edition. One instance occurs in the memoir, Hatchard: London. 1824. so truly disgraceful that we must mention it for the sake of the warn- We are much indebted to Mr. Cuning.

ningham for this addition to the " In the city jail at Coventry, one of "Golden Treasuries” of former ages.

We know nothing in which minds of the reproach of Christians in these the best feeling and richest struc- later ages, that the present plan of ture can be more worthily employed scriptural meditation has not been than in concentrating, not necessa- more familiar than it is. The derily reducing, their powers to mi- vout reflections of the humble nute but effective efforts for the Christian upon the words of Scripinstruction and consolation of man- ture, and in the attitude of prayer kind. The same quarry which sup- or adoration, can never fail to be plies the grandest masses for the attended with appropriate feelings construction of palaces and tem-s of sacred delight. His meditations ples, may also furnish the most on God are “sweet;" he “delights valuable fragments for the polisher in the Lord.” At the same time, and the statuary; and the present to conduct these meditations to a author, whose mental stores might profitable conclusion, is a work wbich suffice for the construction of more requires much abstraction, and habiextensive works, is not less worthily tual separation in heart and spirit employed in adorning and furnishing from the world; and hence we are not our Christian temple with smaller surprised to find them flourish most vessels, of value at once for use and among the sainted worthies of forbeauty.

mer and more simple ages. From Bogatzki's “ Golden Treasury" St. Austin to St. Anselm, or St. bas, for many long years, been highly Alcuin, if we may attribute to them prized in sacred literature: it con- the saintship, which, though far tains matter most congenial to the from claiming, they would by no feelings of every Christian mind; means have despised, we find the and it has been thought worthy to richest specimens of similar effube enlarged, as it would seem, by sions--not to mention those of the many successive hands. It is conseraphic Archbishop of Cambray, structed much on the same plan with his prototypes, à or dè Kempis, which Mr. Cunningham has adopt- or the admirably pathetic and truly ed; containing, for every day in the evangelical effusions, in a similar year, what Mr. Cunningham's book form, of Quesnel, and his Port-Royal does for every chapter in St. Mat- brotherhood and sisterhood. The thew, a verse as a text; a little run- fact is, that seclusion at least, if not ning, practical, and devotional com- depression, and a large experience ment on the words; and an appro- of the trials of this our earthly pil- . priate stanza or two of versicles at grimage, with a small share of its the end, which, in the case of Mr. occasional prosperity, will be found Cunningham's work, rise to the dig- to be the soil where these fruits nity of a hymn or sonnet. We are chiefly grow. It is in the escape not aware that any imitation was from the shadows of time, to use intended of the former production Mr. Cunningham's frequent expresin the latter ; and indeed the plan sion, into the rays of a hoped and is sufficiently obvious to any longed for eternity; it is in that . pious and reflecting mind, whether, state of life, to which deep devotion like Mr. Cunningham, discoursing very often led the pious Catholic of in “ Morning Thoughts" with Him old, though with many misconcepwho “ maketh the outgoings of the tions as to the nature of religious morning and evening to rejoice;" or retirement, but to which we may whether, like the authors of the Gol. fashion a resemblance, and indeed den Treasury, circling the live-long a far superior counterpart, in volunyear with expressions of praise, and tary seclusion from the noise of vafeelings of trust and devout adora- nity, folly, and vice; that such metion towards Him who " crowneth ditations spring up most favourably the year with his goodness.”

in a devout and sensitive mind. InIt has been, perhaps, too much deed it may shew the wisdom and CHRIST. OBSerr. No. 270.

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mercy of Him who does far better rious forms, is marked out for the for us than we for ourselves, that worldly aspirant. More especially, the seclusion, which in those in- it separates the Christian minister stances was voluntary, is in others from what is often his greatest forced upon us, at least occasion- snare, a desire to make his feelings ally, by the allotments of Divine and expressions on religious subjects Providence. So far from modern subservient to the end of rearing up Christians retiring too much from the fabric of his earthly fortunes. the world, it were well if they did An English clergyman, modeso more: too often they wait till the rately but not profusely beneficed, inworld retires from them, as it will deed (if we may venture a further reinevitably do if their conduct com- mark, now that we seem to be conports with their principles. Spiri- ducted to that point), is, or ought tual duties and secular views mu. to be, above all men favourably situally repel each other; and which- tuated in these respects. His subever of the two may happen to sistence depends neither on courtmake the first move, if both dispo- ing the popular voice, often most sitions are maintained in character- tyrannical, nor on following any istic liveliness, a separation must humanly prescribed course of incertainly ensue. Then, perhaps, struction, except so far as not to without intending it, the devout oppose the doctrines and discipline Christian finds himself in the situa- of his church, which will usefully tion most favourable to the exercise assist and regulate his conduct of his spiritual feelings. He has not without fettering his conscience. monastically, it might have been In general, he is placed equally disproudly, separated himself from tant from poverty and affluence ; other men; but still he is separated. and is thus favourably circumstanced He is less under the sway of worldly for the cultivation of those retired examples and principles. He finds habits and silent exercises of Chrishimself gradually emerging from the tian piety from which the meditacurrent of worldly fashions and tions in question most readily grow. feelings, of worldly honours and Beyond this competency all is, geemoluments. He may think him- nerally speaking, bustleg and busiself for a moment overlooked, dis- ness, and publicity, if not worse; esteemed, dishonoured. He may and this in the getting, and often in turn even with some reluctance to the using. With such a giddy seculathose spiritual exercises to which his rity the man of truly Christian spirit circumstances conduct him ; but he would willingly have nothing to do. finds them, at last, to be just the Circumstances may happen to force point to which his Heavenly Father him into it; but, for the most part, intended he should be led ; and the mutual repulsion above menthey become “the joy and rejoicing tioned here takes place, and the of his heart.” This state of things faithful follower of his Saviour may affords, though necessarily a more often expect full leisure to meditate rare, yet still a more valuable mode in private, while the road to honours of religious devotion, perhaps, than and preferments will be trodden by any other. It exhibits the proper persons of less opportunity for his general result of true Christianity. pursuits. From these last, indeed, It places a man just in accordance may often originate what shall inform with the allotment of his Saviour: the head, reform the manners, and “ I pray not that thou shouldest even assist the faith of believers ; take them out of the world; but but from the other class we should that thou should keep them from most fitly expect whatever may the evil.” It separates him from awaken the slumbering conscience, that incessant round of ambition or heal the broken heart. “ Si vis and covetousness, which, under va. me flere;" and we may carry on the remark to the effects and benefits “ Is not the Lord giving me fresh of Christian sorrow ; " dolendum occasion every morning to subscribe primum est ipse tibi."

to this? I awake-I find myself a * If the dignified, and at the same monument of God's sparing mercy. time devout and exquisitely elegant, I feel I am indulged with the conBishop Horne affords an illustrious tinuance of the use of the members exception to the above remarks, we of my body: and when I reflect are happy to say, that he but led how often I have made them the inthe way to an illustrious series of wri- struments of unrighteousness unto ters among the later members of our sin, I admire the grace of God in Protestant Establishment, and that his mercy to me a sinner, and that in all ranks, who have wiped off the what I have forfeited all right and reproach above alluded to. Who title to, should be thus continued, is not acquainted with the Christian thus preserved to me. I see the Remembrancer of Searle amongst light again surrounding me ; and I our devout Jaymen? And who consider, how many less sinful than ought not to be acquainted with myself" have closed their eyes in two very spiritual and edifying little everlasting night, and died the chilworks, which we should be glad to dren of darkness. The thought bring under the notice of our read- speaks, Why art thou spared, but ers, by the devout Dr. Peers, an that thou mayst live more to the aged clergyman in Surrey ? one en- glory of God, and, redeeming time titled “ Minutiæ, addressed to the out of the service of thine enemies, Poor of Christ's Flock;" the other, devote it to God; be serving the “ Short Introductory Observations Lord with fear; and be rejoicing on the Collects,” headed by a text, before him with trembling? 'I hear and closed with the collect itself, the cock crow ; I think of him who in the place of Mr. Cunningham's denied his Master ; I see myself in hymn. If Mr. Cunningham justly him, self-confident, self-deceived, recommends the perusal of a chap- and falling. I think of Him who ter in St. Matthew each morning, turned and looked upon this diswith the devotional use of his own ciple ; and I feel a secret hope that short commentary on one text in I am not rejected, that my Saviour's the chapter, we should as warmly eye is upon me, and I weep. The recommend the same pious use of sun rises, and I behold nature smilthe other excellent work just men- ing under his reviving beams: I tioned, on the morning of each Sun- look to Jesus, the Sun of Righteousday ; to which day we cannot think ness, that he would arise and shine of a more appropriate opening for a upon my soul, and comfort my churchman than the use of his own heart with the beam's of his love. scriptural collect, thus brought He gives me a hope that in the back, as it were, to its primitive morning of the resurrection I shall source, the Bible, to catch fresh shine forth in the kingdom of my warmth and sweetness from such re- Father. Then shall the righteous newed contact. From Dr. Peers's shine forth as the sun in the kingMinutiæ, perhaps, we may be dom of their Father." allowed to extract a " morning Mr. Cunningham, in “ committhought," as an introduction to ting his little volume to the care and those not less devout Morning blessing of that most compassionate Thoughts, befitting Mr. Cunning- Being who can give efficacy to the ham's 66 Sweet hour of Prime," very simplest and humblest instruto which we shall then return. ments," would have done well to

“ Lam. iii. 23.— They are new have abstained from the use of so every morning: great is thy faith- important a word as that of comfulness,

mentary;" particularly in giving us

the agrecable promise of similar of perfectness ?' Shall they not rememcommentaries on the other Evange- ber they are 'brethren,' and see that they lists. His reflections are not com- ‘fall not out by the way?" "To those who mentaries, but Thoughts on single

are thus cherishing the graces of the Spirit,

the Sanctifier' will become a Comforter.' Verses : and it would have been un

As the dove brought to Noah the intelligence reasonable to have departed so far

of the subsiding of the waters, so will the from the spirit of the verse, as to

Heavenly Dove convey to the soul the glad have embraced the substance of the tidings that the tempest of eternal wrath no chapter which contains it: while it longer sweeps over her path.-Oh, may he may contribute much to the inno- bring us the olive-branch of hope and cent interest kept up, in previously peace! May He “bear witness with our reading the chapter, to conjecture spirit, that we are the children of God! May on what verse, or what topic, it will

He shake from his 'wings' of silver' every

gift and blessing which the soul desires or have happened to the author to have

needs! And may all men see that He is been meditating. We shall not an

with us, by the seal of the Spirit imprest ticipate the satisfaction of that dis

on our lives and tempers! Almost every covery, by giving any hint beyond object or individual, brought under some what we actually quote. We ear- new and powerful influence, discovers, by nestly hope, that the fable of the a corresponding change, the force of the agriculturalist digging all over his instruments to which it is subjected. The farm for a hidden treasure, and find- desert awakes to life and beauty under the ing the treasure only in the effects

beam of the sun. The heavenly bodies of his own labour, inay be realised

obey the law of gravity, and move on in

uninterrupted harmony and unclouded by many, who shall be directed by

lustre. The poor wandering prodigal anticipation to “ thoughts" of their

softens under the influence of a mother's own on particular verses of each love. The slave discovers a thousand new chapter, which they may afterwards energies and sympathies and powers as find were not the verses selected by his chains fall from him. And thus, in the author. In chapter third, from the case of every man really brought under which we begin our selection, Mr.

the influence of the Spirit, the desert of Cunningham prefers the hoverings

the mind is clothed with new verdure ;

the wandering heart is brought back again of the gentle dove to the stern

to God; the slave to his corruptions (of message and awful threats of the

corruption] breaks from his terrible bonpreacher in the wilderness.

dage, and walks abroad in all the glorious « Chap. üi. ver. 16.-_ And lo. the liberty of the children of God. The moral heavens were opened unto him, and he change, figuratively described by the saw the Spirit of God descending like a Prophet, is accomplished : The eyes of dove, and lighting upon him.'

the blind shall be opened, and the ears of “When the Holy Spirit descended upon the deaf shall be unstopped: then shall the Son of God, he borrowed the sem the lame man leap as an hart, and the blance, not of a bird of prey, but of the totgue of the dumb sing; for in the wilmourning and tender 'dove.' And thus, derness shall waters break out, and streams when he now descends to stamp his sacred in the desert.' A new man, in fact, arises image on the soul, the impression which under this new and sanctifying influence, he leaves is not that of fierceness and in- clothed in the righteousness and reflecting tolerance, but of gentleness, and tender- the image of his Redeemer. ness, and love. He is the Spirit, not of contention, but of order, and of a sound « Celestial Visitant, herald of peace, . mind, and of the charity which never Who com'st when the waters of trouble faileth'--the Spirit which maketh men to decrease, be of one mind in an house.' Shall not 0 say to my heart that the tempest of those, therefore, who profess to follow his wrath guidance, be harmless as doves?: Shall Nolongero'erhangs and endangers my path. they not cultivate the tenderness and gen- Oh! come with the olive-branch, Spirit of tleness of Him to whom the Spirit was love; given without measure? Shall they not With thy train of sweet graces descend put on that charity' which is the bond from above;

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