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James Barron.
Charles Stewart.
Charles Morris.
L. Warrington.
John Downes.
Stephen Cassin.
A. S. Wadsworth.
George C. Read.
H. E. Ballard.
Jesse Wilkinson.
T. Ap C. Jones.
W. B. Shubrick.
Charles W. Morgan.
L. Kearny.
Foxhall A. Parker.
E. R. McCall.
David Connor.

Captains. 68.
John D. Sloat.
John Percival.

Uriah P. Levy.
Matthew C. Perry. John H. Aulick. Charles Boarman.
C. W. Skinner. W. V. Taylor.

French Forrest.
John T. Newton. Bladen Dulany.

William Jamesson.
Joseph Smith.
S. H. Stringham.

Charles Gauntt.
L. Rousseau.
Isaac Mayo.

William Ramsay.
George W. Storer. William Mervine.

Henry Henry.
F. H. Gregory.

Thomas Crabbe. Samuel W. Downing.
Philip F. Voorhees. Thomas Paine. Henry W. Ogden.
David Geisinger.
James Armstrong.

Thomas A. Conover.
Isaac McKeever. Joseph Smoot.

John C. Long.
J. P. Zantzinger. Samuel L. Breese. John H. Graham.
William D. Salter. Benjamin Page. James M. McIntosh.
Charles S. McCauley. Thomas W. Wyman. Josiah Tattnall.
T. M. Newell.
Andrew Fitzhugh.

Hugh N. Page.
E. A. F. Lavellette. W. K. Latimer.

William Inman.
T. T. Webb.

Hiram Paulding. Stephen Champlin.

Commanders. - 97.

Joel Abbot.

Joshua R. Sands. Wm. M. Armstrong. John Stone Paine. Lewis E. Simonds. John J. Young William F. Shields. Joseph Morehead. John M. Dale.

Charles H. Bell. G. J. Pendergrast. Thomas Petigru. Harrison H. Cocke. Abraham Bigelow. William C. Nicholson. John S. Chauncey. William J. McCluney. Frederick Varnum. James B. Cooper. John Kelly. John B. Montgomery. Joseph R. Jarvis. Ed. W. Carpender. Edmund Byrne. Horace B. Sawyer. Sam'ı W. Le Compte. John L. Saunders. William H. Gardner. Cornelius K. Stribling. Charles T. Platt. | Joseph B. Hull.

David G. Farragut.

Richard S. Pinckney. George N. Hollins. Charles Wilkes. Timothy G. Benham.
Stephen B. Wilson. Duncan N. Ingraham. Elisha Peck.

A. G. Slaughter.
Edward C. Rutledge. John Marston. Thomas J. Manning. Oscar Bullus.
T. Aloysius Dornin. Henry Bruce.

William Pearson. Charles H. Jackson. Rob. B. Cunningham. Henry A. Adams. William L. Howard. Andrew A. Harwood. James Glynn. James D. Knight.

Thomas J. Leib. Theodorus Bailey. Joseph Myers. Joseph Mattison. Thomas 0. Selfridge. Hugh Y. Purviance. Thomas R. Gedney. William S. Walker. Henry Eagle. George Adams. Victor M. Randolph. George F. Pearson. Andrew K. Long. Cadwalader Ringgold. Frederic Engle. James T. Gerry

G. J. Van Brunt. Wm. F. Lynch. John Rudd.

John S. Nicholas. William M. Glendy. Henry W. Morris. Robert Ritchie.

Samuel F. Du Pont. George P. Upshur. Isaac S. Sterett. William W. McKean. William L. Hudson. George S. Blake. Francis B. Ellison. Franklin Buchanan. George A. Magruder. Z. F. Johnston. Edw. B. Bout well. Samuel Mercer. John Pope.

William Green. Sidney Smith Lee. Charles Lowndes. Levin M. Powell. Samuel Barron.

Wm. C. Whittle. L. M. Goldsborough.

· 4,000

at sea,

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6. PAY OF THE Navy, per annum.
Pay.

Pay. CAPTAIN3, 68, senior in service, $4,500 ASSISTANT SURGEONS, 43, waiting on leave, 3,500

orders,

$ 650 Captains of Squadrons,

after passing, &c., 850 Other Captains on duty, 3,500

950 on leave, 2,500

after passing, 1,200 COMMANDERS, 97, in sea service, 2,500

at navy yards,

950 at navy yards, or on

after passing, 1,150 other duty, 2,100 PURSERS, 64, from

$1,500 to 3,500 on leave, &c.,

1,800 CHAPLAINS, 24, in sea service, 1,200 LIEUTENANTS, 327, commanding, 1,800

on leave, &c.,

800 on other duty,

1,500 PROFESSORS of Mathematics, 12, 1,200 waiting orders, 1,200 Passed MIDSHIPMEN, 255, on duty, 750 SURGEONS, 69, 1st 5 years in com., 1,000

waiting orders, 600 in navy yards, &c., 1,250 MIDSHIPMEN, 183, in sea service,

400 in sea service, 1,333

on other duty, 350 of the fleet, 1,500

on leave, &c.,

300 2d 5 years, on leave, 1,200 MASTERS, 21, of ship of the line at sea, 1,100 at navy yards, &c., 1,500

on other duty,

1,000 in sea service,

1,600
on leave, &c.,

750
of the fleet,
1,800 TEACHERS, 2,

480 3d 5 years, on leave, 1,400 BOATSWAINS, 39 of a ship of the line, ?

800

and at certain yards, } at navy yards, &c., 1,750 GUNNERS, 45

on other duty, 700 in sea service, 1,866 CARPENTERS, 43

on leave, 1st 10 years, 500 of the feet, 2,100 SAILMAKERS, 35

2d 10 years, 600 4th 5 years, on leave, 1,600 CHIEF ENGINEER, on duty, 1st 5 years, 1,500 at navy yards, &c., 2,000

after 5 years, 2,000 in sea service, 2,133

on leave, 1st 5 years, 1,200 of the fleet, 2,400

after 5 years, 1,400 20 years and upwards, First ASSISTANT ENGINEER, on duty, 1,000 on leave, 1,800

on leave, 850 at navy yards, &c., 2,250 SECOND ASSISTANT ENGINEER, on duty, 800 in sea service, 2,400

on leave, 600 of the fleet,

2,700 THIRD ASSISTANT ENGINEER, on duty, 600 PASSED AssistANT SURGEONS, 38.

on leave, 400 Note. One ration per day only is allowed to each officer when attached to vessels for sea service, since the passage of the law of the 3d of March, 1835, regulating the pay of the navy. Teachers receive two rations per day, at 20 cents each.

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7. VESSELS OF WAR OF THE UNITED STates Navy. — August 5, 1850. [The officers marked thus (*) have the rank of Commanders; thus (t), Lieutenants ;

the rest are Captains.)

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Name and Rate. Where and when built. Commanded by Where stationed. Ships of the Line. 11.

Guns.
Pennsylvania, 120 Philadelphia, 1837 *S. Barron,

Rec’g ship, Norfolk. Franklin,

74
1815 *Jas. T. Gerry,

Boston. Columbus,

74 Washington,
1819

Norfolk.
Ohio,
74 New York, 1820

Boston. North Carolina, 74 Philadelphia, 1820 *Stephen B. Wilson, Rec'g ship, N. York. Delaware, 74 Gosport, Va., 1820

Norfolk. Alabama, 74

On stocks, Ports'th. Vermont,

74 Boston,
1848

Boston.
Virginia,
74

On stocks, Boston. New York, 74

Norfolk. New Orleans, 74

Sac. Har.
Independence, Razee, 54 Boston, 1814 George S. Blake, Mediterranean.
Frigates, Ist Class. 12.
United States, (guns) 49 Philadelphia, 1797

Norfolk.
Constitution, 44 Boston, 1797 Thomas A. Conover, Mediterranean.
Potomac,
44 Washington, 1821

Norfolk.
Brandy wine, 44

1825 Charles Boarman, Coast of Brazil. Columbia,

44
1836

Norfolk.
Congress,

44 Portsmouth, 1841 Jas. M. McIntosh, Coast of Brazil. Cumberland, 44 Boston,

1842 W. K. Latimer, Mediterranean. Savannah,

44 New York, 1842 *Z. F. Johnston, Pacific Ocean. Raritan,

44 Philadelphia, 1843 Chas. Gauntt, South Pacific. Santee, 44

On stocks, Ports'th. Sabine, 44

N. York. St. Lawrence, 44 Norfolk, 1847 Hiram Paulding, Baltic Sea. Frigates, ad Class. 2. Constellation, 36 Baltimore, 1797

Norfolk.
Macedonian, 36 Capt'd 1812, reb’t 1836

New York.
Sloops of War. 22.
Saratoga,

20 Portsmouth, 1842 *Wm. S. Walker, East Indies. John Adams, 20 Charleston, S.C.,1 1799 *L. M. Powell, Coast of Africa. Vincennes,

20 New York, 1826 *W. L. Hudson, Pacific Ocean. Warren,

20 Boston,

1826 Ch. W. Pickering, Falmouth,

20

1827 *Thomas Peligru, Fairfield,

20 Vew York,
1828

Norfolk.
Vandalia,

20 Philadelphia, 1828 *Wm. H. Gardner, Pacific Ocean. St. Louis,

20 Washington,

1828 *H. H. Cocke, Coast of Brazil. Cyane,

20 Boston,
1837

Norfolk.
Levant,

20 New York, 1837 Portsmouth, 20 Portsmouth, 1843 *Elisha Peck, Coast of Africa. Plymouth,

20 Boston,

1843 *Thomas R. Gedney, East Indies. St. Mary's, 20 Washington,

Norfolk.
Jamestown,

20 Norfolk,
1844

Filling for sea, Norf’k. Albany,

20 New York 1846 *Victor M. Randolph, Home Squadron. Germantown,

20 Philadelphia, 1846 *Charles Lowndes, Ontario,

18 Baltimore, 1813 *H. Y Purviance, Rec'g ship, Baltimore. Decatur, 16 New York, 1839

Portsmouth. Preble,

16 Portsinouth, 1839 *James Glynn, Erst Indies. Yorktown,

16 Norfolk,

1839 *John Marston, Coast of Africa. Marion,

16 Boston,

1839 *W. M. Glendy, East Indies. Dale,

16 Philadelphia, 1839 *Wm. Pearson, Coast of Africa. Brigs. 4. Dolphin,

10 New York, 1836 +Thomas J. Page, East Indies. Porpoise,

10 Boston, 1836 James L. Lardner, Coast of Africa. Bainbridge,

10
1842

New York.
Perry,

10 Norfolk,
18431A. H. Foote,"

Coast of Africa.
Schooners. 5.
Flirt,

2 Transf'd from W. D. Ebenezer Farrand, Home Squadron.
Wave,
1

Coast Survey. Phenix,

2 Petrel,

1Purchased,

1846
• Rebuilt in 1320.

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1844

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Name and Rate. Where and when built. Commanded by Where stationed.
Taney,
Transf'd from T. D. AJ. C. Walsh,

Special Service.
Steamers. 14.
Mississippi, 110 Philadelphia, 1841 John C. Long, Mediterranean.
Susquehannah,

On stocks, Philadel'a. Powhatan,

Norfolk. Saranac, Portsmouth, 1848 Josiah Tatınall

, Repairing at Norfolk. San Jacinto,

On stocks, New York. Fulton, 4 New York, 1837

New York. Union,

4 Norfolk, 1842 *S. F. Du Pont, Philadelphia. Michigan, 1 Erie, Pa., 1843 *Oscar Bullus,

Lakes. Alleghany, 2 Pittsburg, Pa., 1846

Washington. Vixen,

3 Purchased, 1846 +William Smith, Home Squadron. General Taylor, Transf'd from W. D.

Pensacola.
Water Witch,

1 Washington,
1845

Washington.
Engineer,
Purchased, 1846

Norfolk.
Massachusetts. Transf'd from W. D. S. R. Knox, Pacific Ocean.
Storeships f Brigs. 6.
Relief,

6 Philadelphia, 1836 +B. J. Totten, Refitting at N. York. Erie,

4 Baltimore,

1813 +William D. Porter, Mediterranean. Lexington,

6 New York, 1825 J. K. Mitchell, Southampton, 4 Norfolk, 1845 |E. L. Handy, Pacific Ocean. Supply,

4 Purchased, 1846 *C. H. A. Kennedy, Fredonia,

4

1846' F. A. Neville, 1 Paixhan.

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V. THE MARINE CORPS. The marine corps has the organization of a brigade. The pay and allowances of the officers of the marine corps are the same as those of officers of the same grades in the infantry of the army, except the adjutant and inspector, who have the same pay and allowances as the paymaster of the marines. The marine corps is subject to the laws and regulations of the navy, except when detached for service with the army by the order of the President of the United States. The head-quarters of the corps are at Washington." 1 Archibald Henderson, Colonel-Commandant.

General Staff
# Parke G. Howle,

Adjutant f. Inspector.
# George W. Walker, Paymaster.
# Aug. A. Nicholson,

Quartermaster.
George F. Lindsay,

Assistant Quartermaster.
Lieutenant-Colonel.

Thomas A. Linton,
Samuel Miller.

James Edelin,
Majors.

William Dulany.
John Harris,

* Those officers who were dropped from the roster of the corps on the 18th of August, 1848, under the act of March 20, 1847, were restored to their former rank and pay by the act of March 3, 1849. † Brigadier-General by brevet. * With the rank of Major. $ With the rank of Captain.

VI. CONGRESS. The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and H se of Representatives, and must assemble at least once every year, on the first Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.

The Senate is composed of two members from each State ; and, of course, the regular number is now 62. They are chosen by the Legislatures of the several States, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially.

The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the Senate.

The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several States, elected by the people, for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different States according to population. The 31st Congress is chosen according to the act of Congress of 1842, i he ratio being “one Representative for every 70,680 persons in each State, and one additional Representative for each State having a fraction greater than one moiety of the said ratio, computed according to the rule prescribed by the Constitution of the United States.” The law of 1842 also requires, that the Representatives of each State “shall be elected by districts composed of a contiguous territory, equal in number to the number of Representatives to which said State may be entitled, no one district electing more than one Representative.” The present number of Representatives is 232, and there are two Delegates, one each from Oregon and Minesota, who have a right to speak, but not to vote.

Since the 4th of March, 1817, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government. The compensation of the President of the Senate pro tempore, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $ 16 a day.

THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. THE SENATE.

William R. King, Alabama, President.
(The figures denote the expiration of the terms of the Senators.)
Maine.

Vermont.
Hannibal Hamlin, Hampden, 1851 Samuel S. Phelps, Middlebury, 1851
J. W. Bradbury, Augusta, 1853 William Upham, Montpelier, 1855
New Hampshire.

Massachusetts. John P. Hale, Dover, 1853 * Robt. C. Winthrop, Boston, 1851 Moses Norris, Jr., Manchester, 1855 John Davis, Worcester, 1853

* Appointed by the Governor to hold office until the Legislature fills the vacancy.

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