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of routes.

Newspaper and Pamphlet Postage. On each newspaper sent between Great Britain and the United States, except by the Bremen line, (see p. 155,) the postage is 4 cents, -2 cents to be paid in each country. On each newspaper sent to or from a foreign country, through Great Britain, the postage is 4 cents, - to be paid by the party sending or receiving it. There must be prepaid on each newspaper to Čuba by the Charleston and New York steam-packets, 4+ cents ; to Chagres, Panama, any South American port on the Pacific, or to the Sandwich Islands, by steamer from Charleston, 4f cents; and to Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Upper or Lower Canada, 14 cents. On each periodical and pamphlet between Great Britain and the United States, the United States postage is 2 cents, if not over 2 ounces in weight, and 1 cent. per ounce or fraction of an ounce over 2 ounces, always to be prepaid. An additional British postage of the same rate, when not exceeding 2 ounces, must be paid in England; but the third ounce raises the British charge to 6 pence, with 2 pence additional for each additional ounce. 7. Table of Mail Service for the Year ending June 30, 1849.*

Annual Transportation.
Length

Total
States.

Transpor- Total
Mode not

In
In

In

tation. Cost. specified. Coaches. Railroad. Steamboat.

Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Maine, 4,284 3,410 780

94

1,255,835 43,136 New Hampshire, 2,213 1,119 962

132

744,048 26,961 Vermont, 2,519 1,422 1,027

170 761,427 26,613 Massachusetts, 3,241 840

1,443

850 108 2,003,264 110,413 Rhode Island,

431
240
146
48

172,610 9,498 Connecticut,

1,780
1,160 374

246

780,473 46,754 New York,

13,548 7,976 3,567 901 1,104 5,198,487 238,530 New Jersey, · 2,172 901 1,033 210

28

902,392 56,730 Pennsylvania,

10,744
6,517 3,882 315

3,113,224 137,405 Delaware,

482
272
210 1

165,672 8,607 Maryland, 2,271 1,279 576

416

976,248 131,702 Virginia, 11,634 8,917 1,907 296

514 2,501,518 166, 136 North Carolina, 7,798 5,733 1,536 247

282 1,641,680

152,145 South Carolina, 5,349 3,551 671

247

880 1,136,460 108,904 Georgia, 6,5231 4,966 591

605
358 1,522,454

137,720 Florida,

1,204
-392

280 308,360 26,160 Ohio, 12,042 7,390 3,548 280

824 3,419,606 152,429 Michigan, 4,419 3,034 867

344

124 1,067,875 54,422 Indiana, 6,964 5,851 1,026

1,361,532 57,009 Illinois, 8,970 5,787 3,1831

2,249,624 107,046 Wisconsin, 3,823 3,242 581

567,920 21,767 Iowa,

3,254
2,808
446

383.952 14,680 Missouri, 9,163 6.378 1,329

$1,456 1,747,772

56,491 Kentucky, 8,535 5,677 1,091

111,767 2,464,290

100,372 Tennessee,

7,126
5,285 1,841

1,409,844 62,518 Alabama, 7,107 5,541 1,204 103

TT259 1,704,212

147,485 Mississippi, 4747 3,933 693

46

75 980,944 69,561 Arkansas, 5,463 4,720

278) 783,623 51,350 Louisiana,

3,888
2,256
137

1,195 573,696 55,252 Texas, 5,334 4.527 727

80 641,992 50,656 Total, . 167,703 116,286 36,233 5,497 9,632 42,544,069 2,428,515 Mail Agencies,

61.513 Foreign mails, . 11,109

255,692 (178,812 116,206 36,23 5,497

9,652 12,544.069 2,745,720 * The entire service and pay of the route are set down to the State under which it is numbered, though extending into other States, instead of being divided among the States in which each portion of it lies.

This is for express service; the regular steamboat service on Lake Champlain being performed by a New York route.

1 The Baltimore, Wilmington, and Philadelphia Railroad is under a Maryland number. $ This embraces the steamboat service from St. Louis to New Orleans.

|| This embraces the steamboat service from Louisville to Cincinnati, and from Louisville to New Orleans.

T This includes the route from Mobile to New Orleans.

1,876

87

465

8. Number of Post-Offices, Extent of Post-Routes, and Revenue and Ex-,

penditures of the Post-Office Department; with the Amount paid to Postmasters and for Transportation of the Mail, since 1790.

Year.

No. of

PostOffices.

Extent of Post-Routes.

Revenue

of the Department.

Expenditures Amount paid for

of the Compen. of Transport'n Department. Postmast'rs. of the Mail.

1790 1795 1800 1805 1810 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819

1820 1821

1822 1823 1824 1825

1826 1827

1828 1829 1830

75 453

903 1,558 2,300 3,000 3,260 3,459 3,618 4,000 4,500 4,650 4,709 4,043 5,182 5,677 6,150 7,003 7,530 8,004 8,450 8,686 9,205 10,127 10,693 10,770 11,091 11,767 12,519 12,780 13,468 13,778 13,733 13,814 14,103 14,183 14,601 15,146 16,159 16,749

Miles.

1,875 13,207 20,817 31,076 36,406 43,748 48,673 52,089 59,473 67,586 72,492 78,808 82,763 84,860 84,860 94,052 94,052 105,336 105,336 115,000 115,176 115,486 104,466 119,916 119,916 112,774 118,264 141,242 134,818 133,999 155,739 155,026 149,732 142,295 144,687 143,940 152,865 153,818 163,208 163,703

$ 37,935
160,620
280,804
421,373

551,684
1,043,065

961,782 1,002,973 1,130,235 1,204,737 1,111,927 1,059,087 1,117,490 1,130,115 1,197,758 1,306,525 1,447,703 1,524,633 1,659,915 1,707,418 1,850,583 1,997,811 2,258,570 2,617,011 2,823,749 2,993,356 3,408,323 4,236,779 4,238,733 4,484,657 4,543,522 4,407,726 4,546,849 4,296,225 4,237,288 4,289,841 3,487,199 3,955,893 4,371,077 4,905, 176

$32,140
117,893
213,994
377,367
495,969
748, 121
804,422

916,515 1,035,832 1,117,861 1,160,926 1,184,283 1,167,572 1,156,995 1,188,019 1,229,043 1,366,712 1,468,959 1,689,945 1,782,132 1,932,708 1,936,122 2,266,171 2,930,414 2,910,605 2,757,350 3,841,766 3,544,630 4,430,662 4,636,536 4,718,236 4,499,528 5,674,752 4,374,754 4,296,513 4,320,732 4,084,297 3,979,570 4,326,850 4,479,049

$8,198 30,272 69,243 111,552 149,438 241,901 265,944 303,916 346,429 375,828 352,295 337,599 355,299 360,462 383,804 411,183 447,727 486,411 548,049 559,237 595,234 635,028 715,481 826,283 897,317 945,418 812,803 891,352 933,948

980,000 1,028,925 1,018,645 1,147,256 1,426,394 1,358,316 1,409,875 1,042,079 1,060,228

$ 22,081

75,359 128,644 239,635 327,966 487,779 521,970 589, 189 664,611 717,881 782,425 815,681 788,618 767,464 768,939 785,646 885,100

942,345 1,086,313 1,153,646 1,274,009 1,252,226 1,482,507 1,894,638 1,925,544 1,719,007 1,638,052 1,996,727 3,131,308 3,285,622 3,296,876 3,159,375 3,087,796 2,947,319 2,938,551 2,905,504 2,716,673 2,476,455 2,394,703 2,577,407

1831 1832

1833

1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843

1844 1845 1846 * 1847 1848 1849

1,320,921

* The returns for 1846, 1847, 1848, and 1849 are for the first four years under the new law, passed March 3, 1845.

X. REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

[From a Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, December 24, 1849.] 1. Statement of Duties, Revenues, and Public Expenditures during the Fis

cal Years ending June 30, 1848, and June 30, 1849. The receipts into the Treasury were as fol

Year ending Year ending lows:

June 30, 1848. June 30, 1849. From customs, viz. : During first quarter,

11,106,257.41 $8,991,935.07 During the second quarter,

5,379,152.74 5,181,870.56 During the third quarter,

9,383,092.92 8,378,676.79 During the fourth quarter,

5,888,567.89 5,794,256.40 Total customs,

31,757,070.96 28,346,738.82 From sales of public lands,

3,328,642.56 1,688,959.55 From miscellaneous sources,

351,037.07 1,038,649.13 Total receipts, exclusive of loans, &c., 35,436,750.59 31,074,347.50 Balance in the Treasury, July 1, 1847 and '48, 1,701,251.25 153,534.60 Total, exclusive of loans, &c.,

37,138,001.84 31,227,882.10 Avails of Treasury-notes issued under act of July 22, 1846,

250,000.00 Avails of Treasury-notes issued under act of Jan. 28, 1847,

11,956,950.00 1,794,000.00 Stock issued for specie deposited under act of July 22, 1846,

111,000.00 Stock issued for specie deposited under act

1,858,372.00 360,800.00 Stock issued for special deposits under aet

15,600,950.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes in

1,735,050.00 265,800.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes der act of Jan. 28, 1847,

5,252,500.00 10,547,550.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes under acts prior to July 22, 1846,

92,828.00 19,650.00 21,256,700.00 28,588,750.00

58,394,701.84 59,816,632.10 The expenditures, exclusive of trust funds, were as follows:

Civil List. Legislature,

953,392.75 1,105,421.57 Executive,

953,170.80 1,065,044.85 Judiciary,

593,654.81 595,925.22 Governments in the Territories,

39,730.56 8,649.54 Surveyors and their clerks,

61,907.00 43,227 97 Officers of the Mint and branches,

42,600.000 43,877.78 Commissioner of the Public Buildings,

2,000.00 2,043 95 Secretary to sign patents for public lands,

1,500.00 1,425.00 Total civil list,

2,647,955.92 2,865,615.88 Foreign Intercourse. Salaries of Ministers,

36,500.00 47,566.09 Salaries of Secretaries of Legation,

9,062.32 11,701.93 Salaries of Chargés d'Affaires,

64,037.51 69,950.90 Salary of Minister Resident to Turkey,

6,000.00 4,500.00 Outfits of Ministers and Chargés d'Affaires, 29,250.00 13,500.00 Salary of Dragoman to Turkey and contingencies,

2,900.00 2,312.50

un

Total means,

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Contingent expenses of all the missions abroad,
Renewal of diplomat. intercourse with Mexico,
Contingent expenses of foreign intercourse,
Salary of the Consul at London,
Clerk-hire, office-rent, &c., to American Con-

sul, London,
Salary of Consul at Beyrout,
Salary of Consul at Alexandria,

Relief and protection of American seamen, Commissioner to reside in China, Secretary,

and Interpreter, Certain diplomatic services, and tobacco agent, Commissioner to Sandwich Islands, Intercourse with Barbary powers, Interpreters, guards, &c., at the Consulates in

Turkish dominions, Payments under Art. 9 of treaty with Spain, Outstanding claims of missions to China, French seamen killed or wounded at Toulon, Payments of claims of late Republic of Texas, Payment of instalment due May 30, 1848, un

der Art. 12 of treaty with Mexico, Payment,&c., of instalment due May 30, 1849, Payment of liquidated claims against Mexico,

under act July 29, 1848, Expenses of commission under treaty with Mexico, Total foreign intercourse,

Miscellaneous. Surveys of public lands, Support and

maintenance of light-houses, &c., Building light-houses, &c., . Marine hospitals, Building marine hospitals, Public buildings in Washington, &c., Furniture for President's house, Improving grounds south of President's house, Bringing electoral votes to Washington, Support of the penitentiary in Dist. Columbia, Patent fund,

Distribution of the sales of public lands, Building custom-houses and warehouses, Survey of the coast of the United States, Mint establishment, Relief of sundry individuals, Auxiliary watch in the city of Washington, Expenses incidental to loans and Treas. notes, Support of lunatics of the Dist. of Columbia, Three

per cent. to Illinois,
Three per cent. to Indiana,
Five per cent. to Michigan,
Five per cent. to Arkansas,

Two per cent. fund to Mississippi,
Five per cent. to Florida,
Five per cent. to Louisiana,
Five per cent. to Iowa,
Two per cent. to Alabama,

169,902.63 419,277.80 182,169.88 140,995.50 23,376.07 36,325.05

7,389.46 46,708.28

192,008.71 377,433.79 141,203.01 103,167.65 37,564.80 27,126.12 5,535.93 6,000.00 14,804.00

6,283.80 81,372.28

23,246.55 235,837.47 165,000.00

88,050.00 229,234.71

6,204.50 39,076.87 6,075.54 10,863.44 23,000.00

7,737.35) 10,196.73

92,140.481 146,000.00 76,850.00 66,340.30

7,333.33 25,532.02

3,700.00 43,383.40

1,649.15 2,609.28 5,039.83 1,930.92 6,567.75

2,218.26 15,950.47 16,422 32,80

Year ending June 30, 1849. $ 8,435.15

16,140.00

113,662.27 294,521.82

11,520.16 12,075.28 140,464.62

1,117.70

48,241.62 40,788.20 25,784.52

164.87 30,753.00

20,000.00 20,000.00 20,000.00 113,409.02

30,910.14

Year ending

June 30, 1848. Three per cent. to Alabama,

$ 21,574.56 Three per cent. to Missouri,

31,997.96 Three per cent. to Mississippi,

13,049.86 Relief of the cities of the Dist. of Columbia, 113,350.98 Debentures and other charges,

252,000.00 Additional compensation to officers of customs, 4,238.58 Payment of horses, &c., lost,

6,166.09 Duties refunded under protest,

301,783.76 Refunding duties paid by colleges, &c., Refunding duties paid on foreign merchandise

act, Aug. 8, 1848, Refunding duties collected in Mexico, Repayment for lands erroneously sold,

22,669.12 Refunding purchase-money for land sold in the Greensburg district, Louisiana,

1,547.71
Results and acct. of the Exploring Expedition, 20,000.00
Making indices to manuscript papers of Wash-
ington,

1,256.00
Purchase of manuscript papers of Washington,
Purchase of manuscript papers of Monroe,
Purchase of manuscript papers of Jefferson,
Payment of books ordered by Congress,

11,849.69 Postages of the departments,

22,221.96 Additional compensation to judges in Missouri, 2,000.00 Smithsonian Institution, act of Aug. 10, 1846, 30,910.07 Payments of sundry certificates,

392.17 Documentary history of American Revolution, Discriminating tonnage duties,

1,745.72 Certain duties refunded, .

53,566.28 Expenses of mineral land service,

45,606.17 Salaries of assistant treasurers and clerks, act of August 6, 1846,

24,589.80 Contingencies under said act,

11,806.08 Compensation of special agents to examine accounts, &c.,

2,793.60 All other items of a miscellaneous nature, 3,779.59 Refunding duties collected contrary to terms of Convention of 1815,

2,202.35 Refunding duties collected by act Aug.30,1842, 87.16 Consular receipts,

609.66 Building revenue-cutters,

6,000.00 Purchase of manuscripts of James Madison, 25,000.00 Historical paintings for the Capitol,

2,000.00 Repairs of the Potomac Bridge,

2,200.00
Completing synopsis of Treas. instructions,&c. 2,000.00
Compensation to designated depositories,
Lighting Pennsylvania Avenue, (in part)
Grading streets and gas for public buildings,
Purchase of bridges over East Branch,
Library for Territory of Oregon,
Library for Territory of Minesota,
350 copies compend. Revenue Laws,
350 copies debates of Senate,
Special examiners of drugs, &c.,
Donation and exchange of documents,
Boundary line, United States and Mexico,

24,316.80

38,631.86

23,431.07 9,189.92

7,206.40 5,900.01

665.14

5,278.83 73,998.67

2,000.00 1,200.00

5,014.61

2,514.00 39,179.81 30,000.00 2,000.00 2,000.00 4,270.00 2,500.00 2,302.17 2,000.00 23,475.00

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