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Henry_W. Hilliard, u.

XX. MEDICAL SCHOOLS.

Foun

Grad
Name.

Place.

Prof. Stu. Lectures commence. ded.

uates. Maine Medical School, Brunswick.Me. 1820 5 74

596 February 15th. N. H. Medical School, Hanover, N.H.

1797 7

52

758 1st or 2d Th. in Aug. Castleton Medical College, Castleton, Vt. 1818 7 104 555 4th Thurs. in Aug. Vermont Medical College, Woodstock, Vt. 1835 7 90 332 Ist Th. in March. Medical School, Harv.Univ., Cambridge, Ms. 1782 6 117 575 ist Wed. in Nov. Berksh Medical School, Pittsfield,

5 103 473 Ist Th. in Sept. Medical Inst. Yale College, N. Haven, Ct. 1810 6 41 861 7w ks af.last Th.Jul. Coll. Phys. & Surg., N. Y., N. York, N.Y. 1807 6 219 852 Ist Mon. in Nov. Med. Inst. Geneva Coll., Geneva,

1835 6 60 98 Ist Tues. in Oct. Med. Faculty, Univ. N. Y., N. York, 1837 6 421 597 Last Mon, in Oct. Albany Medical College, Albany,

1839 8 114 .58 1st Tues. in Oct. Med. Dep. Univ. Penn., Philadel., Pa. 1765 7 433 5,130 Ist Mon. in Nov. Jefferson Medical College,

1824 7 516 1,809 Ist Mon. in Nov. Med. Dep. Penn. College,

1839 7 106 36 October 14. Philadelphia Coll. of Med.,

69 220 Med. School, Univ. Md., Baltimore, Md. 1807 6 100 909 October 31st. Washington Med. College,

1827 6 25 Ist Mon. in Nov. Med. School, Columb. Coll., Washington, 1825 6

40 81 1st Mon. in Nov. Med. School, Univ. Va., Charlottesville, 1825

45 Ist Mon. in Oct. Richmond Med. College, Richmond, Va. 1838 6 75 14 Ist Mon. in Nov. Winchester Med. College, Winchester,"

Ist Mon. in Oct. Med. Coll. State of S.C., Charleston, S.C. 1833 8 158 2d Mon. in Nov. Med. College of Georgia, Augusta, Ga. 1830 7 115 124 2d Mon. in Nov. Med. College of Louisiana, N. Orleans, La. 1835 7 30 3d Mon. in Nov. Meinphis Medical College, Memphis, Ten.

7 Med. Dep. Transylv. Univ., Lexington, Ky. 1818 7 214 1,351 Ist Mon. in Nov. Med. Dep. Univ. Louisville, Louisville, 1837 7 376 53 Ist Mon. in Nov. West'n Reserve Med. Coll., Cleveland, Oh. 1844 6 256 355 Ist Wed. in Nov. Medical College of Ohio, Cincinnati, 1819 8

130

331 Ist Mon. in Nov. Indiana Medical College,

Laporte, Ind.

7 104 19 Ist Mon. in Nov. Indiana Central Med. College, Indianapolis, 1849 9 49 10 October 28th, 1850. Rush Medical College,

Chicago, III. 1842 6 70 16 Ist Mon. in Nov. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor,

1849

September 12. Med. Dep. of St. Louis Univ., St. Louis, Mo. 1836 112 68 October 15th. Med. Dep. of Missouri Univ., Columbia,

1840 7 92 Ist Mon. in Nov. XXI. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTE.

CORPORATION, ex officio. Millard Fillmore,

Nathan K. Hall, Wm. R. King,

J. J. Crittenden, Daniel Webster,

Roger B. Taney, Thomas Corwin,

Thomas Ewbank, Charles M. Conrad,

William W. Seaton. Wm. A. Graham,

BOARD OP REGENTS. Wm. R. King, Vice-President,

Graham N. Fitch, U. S. Representative, Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice United States, Rufus Choate, Mass., W. W. Seaton, Mayor of Washington,

Gideon Hawley, N. Y., James A. Pearce, U. S. Senator,

Richard Rush, Penn.,
James M. Mason,

William C. Preston, S. C.,
S. Representative, A. Dallas Bache, Members of
Wm. F. Colcock,

Joseph G. Totlen, Nat. Inst.
OFFICERS.

WM. R. KING, Chancellor.
Executive Committee.

Building Committee,
W. W. Seaton,

Joseph G. Totten,
A. Dallas Bache,

W. W, Seaton.
James A. Pearce,

Joseph Henry, LL. D., Secretary. "
Spencer F. Baird, Assistant Secretary.,
Charles C. Jewett, Librarian.

66

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XXII. RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS.
According to returns made 1844 - 50, and by Estimate.
Names.

Churches. Ministers. Communicants. Roman Catholics,

1,073

1,081 1,233,350 Protestant Episcopalians,

1,232
1,497

67,550 Preshyterians, Old School,

2,512
1,860

200,830 Presbyterians, New School,

1,651 1,551

155,000 Cumberland Presbyterians,

480
350

50,000 Other classes of Presbyterians,

530
293

45,500 Dutch Reformed,

282
299

33,980 German Reformed,

261
273

70,000 Evangelical Lutherans,

1,604

663

163,000 Moravians,

22
24

6,000 Methodist Episcopal,

5,042 1,112,756 Methodist Protestant Church,

740

64,313 Reformed Methodists,

75

3,000 Wesleyan Methodists,

600

20,000 German Methodists (United Brethren), 1,800

15,000 Allbright Methodists (Evangel. Associa’n), 600

250

15.000 Mennonites,

400
250

58,000 Orthodox Congregationalists,

1,971 1,687

197,196 Unitarian Congregationalists,

245
250

30,000 Universalists,

1,194
700

60,000 Swedenborgians,

42
30

5.000 Regular Baptists,

8,406 5,142 686,807 Six-Principle Baptists,

21
25

3,586 Seventh-Day Baptists,

52
43

6,243 Free-Will Baptists,

1,252 1,082

56,452 Church-of-God Baptists,

97
128

10,102 Reformed Baptists (Campbellites),

1,848

848

118,618 Christian Baptists (Unitarians),

607
498

3,040 Anti-Mission Baptists,

2,035

907

67,845

500

XXIII. Table exhibiting the Seats of Government, the Times of the Election of State Officers, and the Meeting of the Legislatures, of the several States. Seats of

Times of Holding Times of the Meeting of States. Government. Elections.

the Legislatures. Maine, Augusta, 24 Monday in September, 20 Wednesday in May. N. Hampshire, Concord, 2d Tuesday in March, 1st Wednesday in June. Vermont, Montpelier, 1st Tuesday in September, 2d Thursday in October. Massachusetts, Boston,

2d Monday in November, 1st Wednesday in January. Rhode Island, Providence, 1st Wednesday in April,

1st Tuesday in May. Newport,

Last Monday in October. Connecticut,

Hartf'd & N. Hav., 1st Monday in April, Ist Wednesday in May. New York, Albany,

Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 1st Tuesday in January. New Jersey, Trenton,

Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 2d Tuesday in January. Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, 20 Tuesday in October, Ist Tuesday in January. Delaware, Dover,

2d Tuesday in November, 1st Tues in Jan., biennially. Maryland, Annapolis, Ist Wednesday in October, Last Monday in Dec., bienn. Virginia, Richmond, 4th Thursday in April, 1st Monday in December, N. Čarolina, Raleigh,

Ist Thursday in August, 3d Monday in Nov., bienn. S Carolina,

Columbia, 2d Monday in October, 4th Monday in November. Georgia, Milledgeville, 1st Monday in October, 1st Monday in Nov., bienn. Florida, Tallahassee, Ist Monday in October, Ist Monday in Nov., bienn. Alabama, Montgomery, Ist Monday in August, 2d Monday in Nov., bienn. Mississippi, Jackson,

Ist Mon. and Tu. in Nov. 1st Monday in Jan., bienn. Louisiana, Baton Rouge, 1st Monday in November, 3d Monday in Jan., bienn. Texas, Austin,

Ist Monday in August, December, bienn. Arkansas, Little Rock, Ist Monday in August, 1st Monday in Nov., bienn. Tennessee, Nashville, 1st Thursday in August, 1st Monday in Oct., bienn. Kentucky, Frankfort, 1st Monday in August, Ist Monday in December. Ohio,

Columbus, 20 Tuesday in October, 1st Monday in December. Indiana, Indianapolis, 1st Monday in August, 1st Monday in December. Mlinois, Springfield, Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 2d Monday in Jan., bienn. Missouri, Jefferson City, 1st Monday in August, Last Mon. in Dec., bienn. Michigan, Lansing,

Ist Tuesday in November, 1st Monday in January. Iowa, Iowa City,

Ist Monday in August, 1st Monday in Dec., bienn Wisconsin, Madison, Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 1st Monday in January. California, San José,

Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 1st Monday in January.

XXIV. GOVERNORS OF THE SEVERAL STATES AND

TERRITORIES, With their Salaries, Terms of Office, and the Expiration of their respective

Terms; the Number of Senators and Representatives in the State Legislatures, with their respective Terms.

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Governor,
Term years.

Term expires.

Senators.
Term years.
Representa-

tives. Term years.

$1,500

Maine, John Hubbard,

I May 1851 31 151 N. Hampshire, Samuel Dinsmoor, 1,000 i June 1851 12 1 236 1 Vermont, C. S. Williams,

750 1 Oct. 1851 30 1 230 1 Massachusetts, George N. Briggs, 2,500 1 Jan. 1851 40 1 356 1 Rhode Island, Henry B. Anthony, 400 1 May 1851 311 69 1 Connecticut, Thomas H. Seymour, 1,100 1 May 1851 21 12151 New York, Hamilton Fish,

4,000 2 Jan. 1851 32 2 128 1 New Jersey, Daniel Haines,

1,600

3 Jan. 1851 18 3 581 Pennsylvania, Wm. F. Johnston, 3,000 3 Jan. 1852 33 3 100 1 Delaware, William Tharp,

1,333} 3 Jan, 1851 94 212 Maryland, Philip F. Thomas, 3,600* 3 Jan. 1851 21 6 82 2 Virginia, John B. Floyd,

3,333; 3 Jan. 1852 32 4 134 1 N. Carolina, David S. Reid,

2,000 2 Jan. 1853 50 2 120 2 S. Carolina, W. B. Seabrook,

3,500

2 Dec. 1850 45 4 124 2 Georgia, George W. Towns, 3,000 2 Nov. 1851 47 1 130 1 Florida, Thomas Brown,

1,500 4 Oct. 1853 194 402 Alabama, Henry W. Collier, 2,500 2 Dec. 1851 33 4 1002 Mississippi, John A. Quitman,

3,000 2 Jan. 1852 32 4 922 Louisiana, Joseph Walker, 6,000 4 Jan. 1854 32 4 98 Texas, P. Hansborough Bell, 2,000 2 Dec. 1851 21 4 662 Arkansas, John S. Roane,

1,800 4 Nov. 1852 25 4 75 Tennessee, William Trousdale, 2,000 2 Oct., 1851 25 275 2 Kentucky,

John L. Helm, Act., 2,500 4 Sept. 1852 38 4 1002 Obio, Seabury Ford,

1,200 2 Dec. 1850 36 2 721 Michigan, John S Barry,

1,500 2 Jan. 1852 22 2 661 Indiana, Joseph A. Wright, 1,300 3 Dec. 1852 50 3 1001 Illinois, Augustus C. French, 1,500 4 Jan. 1853 25 4 75 2 Missouri, Austin A. King,

2,000* 4 Nov. 1852 184 492 Iowa, Ansel Briggs,

1,000 4 Dec. 1850 1941 392 Wisconsin, Nelson Dewey,

1.250 2 Dec. 1851 182 54 California, Peter H. Burnett, 10,000 2 Dec. 1851 16 2 36 1 Oregon Ter., John P. Gaines, 3,000+ 4 Aug. 1852 92 181 Minesota Ter., Alexander Ramsey,

2,5001 4 Mar. 1853 92 181 New Mexico " $

2,500+ 4

132 261 Utah Ter.,

Brigham Young, 2,5001| 4 Sept. 1854 132 261 In all the States, except Virginia and South Carolina, the Governor is voted for by the people ; and if no one has a majority of all the votes, in the States in which such a majority is required, the Legislature elects to the office of Governor one of the candidates voted for by the people.

* With the use of a furnished house.
† Including $ 1,500 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
1 Including $1,000 as Superintendant of Indian Affairs.

S A Governor for New Mexico will not be appointed until the act establishing the Terri. tory takes effect. See Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 23.

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XXV. RAILROADS IN THE UNITED STATES.
The following list of Railroads in Massachusetts and the adjacent States, and in New York, is very complete and accurate, being compiled from official returns made
near January, 1850. But the remainder is quite imperfect, though more full than any thing which has been given before. We insert it in the hope, that, by the kindness
of our correspondents in the several States, and of the officers of the railroad companies, we may obtain materials for a far more perfect enumeration in our next volume.

1. Railroads in Massachusetts.

y'rs. miles. $

p.ct. per cent. $ Berkshire,t 1841 21.141 600,000 600,000 31,325 13,146 17,579 51,555

42,000

7
Boston and Lowell, 1835 25.76 1,830,000 1,945,646 247,522 159,514 71,428, 593,828 278,313 179,789 230,174 416,488 266,287 8 1114 86,652
Boston and Maine, 1843 74.26 3,715,869 3,930,057 387,159 272,764 71,646 1,205,007 102,485 332,214| 168,974 522,335 283,510 54 77 45,293
Boston and Providence, 1835 41.00 3,160,000 3,370,269 244,850 181,670 60,080 573,360 96,642 225,639 119,441 354,331 169,905 6 1013 36,351
Boston and Worcester,

1835 44.62 4,500,000 4,908,332 460,988 269,609 145,934 959,557 248,768 330,606 331,338 703,361 429,443 6 994
Cape Cod Branch, 1848/ 27.80 377,750 616,759 53,568 34,805

17,403 66,825 21,247 35,430 14,972 51,282 31,145

2 Cheshire,

1849 53.65 1,508,419 2,618,069 163,234 68,200 65,554 94,988 50,999 72,863 92,240 172,106 120,412 24 24 26,090 Connecticut River, 1846 50.00 1,283,210 1,766,678 164,394 111,450 45,550 325,521 125,116 106,261 79,818 192,072 95,090 3 24 36,624 Eastern, 1 1840 54.11 3,342,500 3,612,348 278,573 232,505 33,804 1,049,114 70,348 404,071 70,402 517,929 209,686 8

162,850 Essex, 1848/ 19.86 283,267 484,947 46,497 35,406

4,291 97,919 10,746 19,937

8,527

28,465 26,783 Fall River, 1846 42.24 1,050,000 1,146,003 144,537 90,763 52,884 252,767 62,554 102,638 65,543 174,043 119,712 3

124

7,255
Fitchburg,

1845 50.93 3,269,780 3,445,791 347,872 226,973 102,157 875,410 287,032 213,067 262,161 493,060 255,1608 44 58,606
Lowell and Lawrence, 1848 12.35 200,000 321,998 39,910 32,552 6,838 131,607 9,104 32,901 9,156 42,532 23,668 4 4 7,865
Nashua and Lowell, 1838 14.58 600,000 641,082 62,670 28,050 29,070 258,865 181,623 67,097 79,736 156,434 99,456 10 1091

1,978
New Bedford and Taunton, 1840 20.13 400,000 498,476 40,164 27,160 12,544 97,742 15,404 81,639 46,076 134,390 90,817 6 66 90,293
Norfolk County,

1849 25.96

505,946 950,605 30,545 20,665 9,880 35,002 7,450 18,272 7,977 26,249 15,714 Norwich and Worcester, || 1839 66.00 1,688,500 2,095,508 216,511 129,044 76,194 171,998 53,372 104,398 114,144 236,197 159,661

255,487 Old Colony, 1845 37.25 1,956,230 2,292,400 234,918 174,558 34,525 773,124 85,541 184,669 55,632 275,066 235,772

20 46,702 Pittsfield & North Adams, 1846 18.65 450,000 446,543 25,185

34 011 16,185 15,712 15.466 31,358 11,833 6 Providence & Worcester, 1847 43.41 1,457,500 1,939,666 131,768 95,773 31,334 306,739 61,837 118,219 93,921 217,253 101,231 3

56,749
Taunton Branch, 1836 11.10 250,000 306,390 79,604

57,320 21,932 100,287 36,546 62,782 42,848 108,398| 85,0448 931 30,084
Vermont& Massachusetts, 184969.00 2,237,454 3,078,349 171,620 95,694 50,094 146, 306 81,266 71,464 92,733 145,117/115,407
Western,

1842 156.00 5,150,000 9,926,951 730,491 234,878 460,941 435,805 273,608 561,575 745,393 1,343,810 588,322 8 38 290,855
Worcester and Nashua,** 1848 45.69 1.132,472 1,361,527 102,990 75,702 27,374 145,405 28,979 70,007 35.703 108,125 91,645
Total,

1025.49
* The cars began to run on sections of the various roads as they were finished, and dividends were declared, in some cases, before the road was completed.
Leased to the Housatonic Road at seven per cent. net on the capital of $ 500,000.

This includes Eastern Railroad in New Hampshire. Length 16 miles. Capital paid in $ 492,500 ; cost $493,082.
$5.33 miles in New Hampshire.
|| Includes branch from Norwich to Allyn's Point, seven miles.

1 This includes the Albany and West Stockbridge Railroad, from Albany to the State line. Length 38.25 miles; built at a cost of $1,930,895, and leased by the
Western Railroad.

** 6.62 miles in New Hampshire.

The following roads are also completed :

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