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THE FINANCES OF THE STATES.

States.

Amount

of School Fund.

Other
Productive
Property.

Ordinary annu. Other Property al Expenditure not now

exclusive of

Debts and Productive,

Schools.

$

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Maine, .
350,000 700,000

150,000 New Hampshire, None. None.

80,000 Vermont, None. None.

100,000 Massachusetts, .

904,340 10,728,217 | 1,315,000 450,000 Rhode Island, 300,000

50,000 Connecticut, 2,076,602 406,000

115,000 New York, 6,524,050 33,214,568

750,000 New Jersey,

377,413 262,397 764,670 90,000 Pennsylvania,

32,152,754

350,000 Delaware, 225,000 190,000

11,000 Maryland,

5,292,235 15,495,451 170,000 Virginia,

1,561,560 7,379,455 4,475,359 570,000 North Carolina,

75,000 South Carolina,

4,910,030

115,000 Georgia,

262,300 10,000 15,635 131,000 Florida,

45,000 Alabama, 995,220 2,876,907

100,000 Mississippi,

2,000,000 130,000 Louisiana,

2,416,938 515,000 Texas,

100,000 Arkansas,

76,121 Tennessee,

1,346,068 4,837,430 1,101,390 165,000 Kentucky, 1,299,268 3,520,500

250,000 Ohio, 615,625 18,000,000

200,000 Michigan, 500,000 889,229

125,000 Indiana, 715,748

80,000 Illinois,

125,000 Missouri, 575,668

110,000 lowa, 132,909

25,000 Wisconsin, 2,780,912

20,000 California,

500,000 Total,

21,542,683 125,369,722 27,584,443 5,673,121 Total, near Jan.1,1849, 21,420,275 118,508,448 28,236,755 5,258,652 Total,

“ 1848, 20,338,246 111,638,746 31,498,469 5,062,310 " 1847, 17,631,553 108,643,384 30,660,945 5,435,285

“ 1846, 16,608,719 | 110,396,552 23,232,715 5,455,186 several States to communicate such errors as they may detect in these ta. bles, as they will be republished in the volume for 1852 in a revised and perfect condition. The object here is to give only a summary of the facts, so as to afford the means of comparing the States with each other. Their financial condition is shown at much greater length under the head of “ Individual States.' Official returns published in this work for 1843 (page 135) show that the total of the debts of the States in 1842 was $ 198,818,736. It is apparent, then, that there has been no great reduction of these debts.

Total, Total, “

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INDIVIDUAL STATES.

I. MAINE.

.

Government for the Year ending the 1st Wednesday in January, 1852.

Salary. John HUBBARD, of Hallowell, Governor (term expires on the first Wednesday in January, 1852),

$1,500 John G. Sawyer, of Augusta, Secretary of State,

900 Samuel Cony, of Limerick, Treasurer,

900 Alfred Redington,

of Augusta,
Adjutant-General,

200 Elisha M. Thurston, of Charleston, Sec. of Board of Education, 1,000 Anson P. Morrill, of Readfield, Land Agent,

1,000 William Bennett, of Ellsworth, Warden of State Prison, 700 James Bates,

of Augusta, Sup't of Insane Hospital, 800 John Hodgson, Moses Sherburne,

, Paulinus M. Foster, of North Anson, President of the Senate, $4 per day. Albert H. Small, of Newry,

Secretary of the Senate.
Samuel Belcher, of Farmington, Speaker of the House, 4“ 6
Edmund W. Flagg, of East Corinth, Clerk of the House.
Edward S. Osgood,

of Fryeburg, Leander Valentine,

of Westbrook, John Babson,

of Wiscasset, John Harriman,

of Wiscasset, Councillors. John Wilshire,

of St. Albans, Benjamin Wiggin,

of Bangor, Henry Partridge,

of Orland,

of Houlton, } Bank Commissioners.

JUDICIARY.

Ether Shepley, John S. Tenney, Samuel Wells, Joseph Howard, Henry Tallman, Asa Redington,

Supreine Judicial Court.
of Portland, Chief Justice,
of Norridgewock, Justice,
of Portland,
of Portland,
of Bath,

Attorney-General,
of Augusta, Reporter,

$1,800

1,800 1,800 1,800 1,000 1,000

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District Courts.

Salary. Joseph G. Cole,

of Paris, Western District, Judge, $1,200 Richard D. Rice, of Augusta,

Middle

1,200 Joshua W. Hathaway, of Bangor, Eastern

1,200 Municipal and Police Courts. Luther Fitch, of Portland; Jacob Smith, of Bath; Spencer A. Pratt, of Bangor; Frederic Greene, of Saco; Benj. A. G. Fuller, of Augusta ; Geo. W. Batchelder, of Gardiner; and J. C. Crocker, of East Thomaston, are Judges in these places respectively. Some are paid by salaries, others by fees.

Probate Courts.
Sal-

Sal. Counties. Judges. Residences.

Registers. Residences. ary.

ary. York, Wm. C. Allen, Alfred, $ 400 Joshua Herrick, Kennebunk, $ 620 Cumberland, Josiah Peirce, Gorham, 500 F. Bradford, Portland,

905 Lincoln, Arnold Blaney, Bristol, 350 Edwin S. Hovey, Thomaston, 650 Hancock, Parker Tuck, Sedgwick, 300 Warren King, Trenton, 300 Washington, J. C. Talbot, E. Machias, 300 Albert G. Lane, Machias, 400 Kennebec, Daniel Williams, Augusta, 450 Wm. R. Smith, Augusta, 700 Oxford, Lyman Rawson, Rumfo 200 W. H. Kimball, Paris,

350 Somerset, Charles Greene, Athens, 200 Albert Moor,

N. Anson,

3001 Penobscot, E. G. Rawson, Bangor, 275 Jas. F. Rawson, Bangor,

550 Waldo, Joseph Miller, Lincolnville, 200 Charles Palmer, Belfast,

300 Franklin, Moses Sherburne, Phillips, 200 Jos. A. Linscott, Phillips, 150 Piscataquis, Ephraim Packard, Blanchard, 135 Sherb, W. Elliot, Dover,

125 Aroostook, S. G. Tuck, Haynesville, 160 Theodore Cary, Houlton, 165

FINANCES. (Extracted from the Report of the State Treasurer.] Amount of receipts from May 1, 1849, to April 30, 1850, inclusive, 8525,688.26 Balance of cash in the Treasury, May 1, 1849, .

79,039.26

604,726.52 Amount of expenditures from May 1, 1849, to April 30, 1850, inclusive, 478,892.45 Leaving a balance in the Treasury, April 30, 1850, of

125,924.07

604,726 52 Principal Items of Expenditure, Agricultural Societies,

2,202.90 Pay of the Legislature, $41,690.00 County taxes,

24,479.92 Expenses of the Executive, . 5,007.93 Furniture and repairs,

1,100.00 Salaries,

25,163.02 Contingent fund of Treasurer, 1,000.00 Clerks, 2,800.00 State Prison, .

3,300.00 Roll of accounts, 13,044.30 Public debt paid,

124,250.00 Printing, binding, and stationery, 2,500.00 Interest on debt,

61,574.29 Costs in criminal prosecutions, . 23,578.66 Temporary loan,

82,350.00 Officers of the State Prison, . 4,756.25 Insane Hospital,

1,519.50 Chief Sources of Income. Deaf, dumb, and blind, . 9,750.09 Direct taxes, •

190,976 60 School fund, No. 16, . 24,435.56 Land-office,

132,340.95 Teachers' Institute, 2,600.00 Permanent school fund,

2,009.30 Board of Education, . 785.00 School fund, No. 17,

27,230.27 Penobscot Indians fund, 4,187.33 County taxes,

14,508.14 Agricultural products to Indians, 219.80 Interest on U. S. loan,

8,100.00 Indian annuities,

1,500.00 Premium on U. S. stock sold, 7,725.00 Staté roads and bridges, 1,800.00 Interest,

3,678.08 Militia pensions, 2,123.00 Bank dividends,

700.00 *Yine Reports, 1,560.00 Duties on commissions,

2,170.00 nan's Digest of do.,

1,875.00

.

.

.

The resources of the State are estimated at

8819,267.39 Among which are enumerated, besides cash on hand and the proceeds of annual taxes, 100 shares in the Augusta Bank,

10,000.00 U. S. six per cent. stock due 1856,

20,000.00 Whole amount of public debt,

$ 854,750.00 Interest on the same, about

55,000.00 Banks in Maine. - In November, 1849, there were 32 banks in operation, with a capital stock of $3,148,000; circulation, $2,136,394 ; deposits, $1,076,288; profits undivided, $216,913; loans, $5,044,906; due from other banks, $678,355; foreign bills, $ 171,614 ; specie, $ 388,219. Average rate of dividends, 8 per cent. Average expenses per bank, exclusive of rents, $ 1,950.

State Prison, Thomaston. William Bennett, Warden ; Daniel Rose, Physician; Daniel Small, Chaplain. Number in prison, April 30, 1849, 67; received since, 31 ; total, 98. There were discharged, by expiration of sentence, 17; by pardon, 5; 1 died, and 75 remain, April 30, 1850. 4 were committed for arson, 5 for burglary, 2 for forgery, 49 for larceny, 5 for murder, 1 for passing counterfeit money. The whole number received into the prison since July 2, 1824, is 981.

Maine Insane Hospital, Augusta. - Dr. James Bates, Superintendent ; Joshua S. Turner, Steward and Treasurer. There were in the hospital, March 31, 1849, 127 patients ; received during the year, 126; total, 253, of whom 142 were males, and 111 females. There were discharged during the year, recovered, males 38, females 28; improved, males 10, females 10; unimproved, males 8, females 8; died, males 8, females 7. Of the 126 admitted during the year, 64 were married, males 35, females 29; 50 were single, 28 males, 22 females ; and 12 were widows. 97 had been diseased less than one year, and 29 more than one year. The expenses of board, washing, medical attendance, &c., in ordinary cases, will not exceed, per week, $ 2.50 for males, and $2.25 for females.

Common Schools, for the year ending April 1, 1850. - Number of persons in districts returned (about f of the towns), between 4 and 21, 194,095; average attendance in summer, 110,609; in winter, 102,485. Number of school districts returned, 3,350; of school. houses, 3,063; average length of schools for the year, 19.2 weeks. Whole number of teachers, 5,989 (2,454 males, 3,535 females); average wages of males, $ 16.66 a month; of females, $5.84. Amount raised by taxes for support of schools, $ 221,923.55, being $ 52,384.23 more than the lowest amount required by law.

Reform School. - Under resolves of the last Legislature (1850), Hugh J. Anderson, of Belfast, John W. Dana, of Fryeburg, and Henry Carter, of Portland, have been appointed commissioners to establish a reform school, and construct buildings therefor.

An amendment of the Constitution, authorizing the restoration of the winter sessions of the Legislature, was submitted to the people in September, 1850, and passed by a large ma. jority. The present legislative year extends to January, 1852.

II. NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Government for the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday of June, 1851.

Salary. SAMUEL Dinsmoor, of Keene,

Governor,

$1,000 John L. Hadley,

of Weare,
Secretary of State,

800 Jesse A. Gove, of Concord, Deputy Sec. of State,

Fees. Edson Hill,

600 of Concord, Treasurer,

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