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66 Assayer,

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Salary. Wm. Van Voorhies, of San José,' Secretary of State, $7,000 John S. Houston,

Comptroller,

8,000 Richard Roman,

Treasurer,

9,000 E.J.C. Kewen, of Sacramento City, Attorney-General, 7,500 Chas. J. Whiting, of San José,

Surveyor-General, 7,500 J. Winchester, of San Francisco, State Printer,

Fees. Joseph S. A. Scult, of San José,

66 Translator,

8,000 P. D. Kohler, of Sacramento City,

Per cent. 0. P. Sutton, P. P. Lee, of Monterey, Adjutant-General,

2,000 Joseph C. Morehead, of San José, Quartermaster-General, 1,000

Supreme Court. S. C. Hastings, of San Francisco, Chief Justice, $ 10,000 H. A. Lyons,

Associate,

10,000 Nath. Bennett,

10,000 E. H. Tharp,

Clerk,

Fees. Henry Norton,

Reporter,
District Courts.

Residence.
Judge.

Salary. District Attorney.

Residence. Salary. 0. S. Witherby, San Diego, $7,500

W. C. Ferrill, San Diego,

$ 2,000 Henry A. Tefft, San Luis Obispo, 7,500

2,000 John H. Watson,

San José,

7,500 Fred. H. Sanford, San José, 2,000 Levi Parsons, San Francisco, 7,500 Calhoun Benham, San Francisco, 2,000 Charles M. Creaner, Stockton, 7,500

2,000 Jas. P. Thomas, Sacramento City, 7,500

Wallace, Sacramento City, 2,000 Robert Hopkins, Sonoma, 7,500

2,000 Wm. R. Turner, Marysville, 7,500

Watkins, Marysville, 2,000 W. S. Sherwood, Mountains, 7,500 Jas. W. McCorkie, Yateston City, 2,000

Superior Court of San Francisco. P. A. Morse, Chief

Justice.

J. C. Smith,

Assistant Justice.
H. C. Murray,
Assistant do.

Edward Jones, Clerk.

State Militia. Div. Officers. Residence.

Div. Officers. Residence. 1. Thos. J. Green, Oro, Maj.-Gen. 3. Jno. E. Addison, San Francisco, Brig.-Gen. " Thos. B. Eastman,

Brig.-Gen.“ D. P. Baldwin, Stockton, " A. M. Winn, Sacram. City,

4. Josh. H. Bean, San Diego, Maj.-Gen. 2. J. E. Bracketh, Sonoma, Maj.-Gen. " Thos. H. Bowen,

Brig.-Gen. " Robert Semple, Benicia, Brig.-Gen.“ J. M. Covarrubias, San Barbara, McDonald, Sonoma,

" P. Per Lee,

Monterey, Adj't-Gen. 3. David P. Douglass, Stockton, Maj. Gen. “ J. C. Morehead, San José, Quarterm..Gen.

Chief Sources of State Revenue. (Estimated.) I. State tax of 4 per cent. on $200,000,000 worth of real and personal property,

$1,000,000.00 II. Poll tax of $5 each on 50,000 inhabitants,

250,000.00 III. Miners' tax of $ 20 per month on 25,000 foreign miners, which may net 250,000.00 IV. Duties on auction sales,

25.000.00 $1,525,000.00

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Whole value of taxable property,

8 200,000,000.00 Whole amount of absolute State debt,

390,000.00 Monthly interest on State debt,

8,000.00 Ordinary annual expenditure, inclusive of State debt,

600,000.00 Recapitulation. Whole amount of revenue from all sources,

$1,525,000.00 Whole amount of annual expenses of State government, including interest on State debt,

700,000.00 Balance remaining in the Treasury after deducting entire expenses of State government,

$825,000.00

.

Post-Offices and Postmasters in California.
Special Post-Office Agent for California, R. T. P. ALLEN.
Places.

Names.
Places.

Names.
Benicia,
C. H. Hayden,

San José,

J. D. Hoppe, Colloma, J. J. Little,

Santa Barbara, S. Barney,
Los Angelos,
T. W. Hope,

Santa Clara,

Hector Cooper, Monterey, Andrew Randall, Santa Cruz, Alex. McLean, Sacramento, S. B. Freeland, Sonoma,

L. W. Boggs, Salls Creek,

J. D. Powers, Stockton, G. R. Buffmun, San Diego, R. Rust,

Vernon,

G. A. Grunt. San Francisco, Jacob B. Moore,

The first mails despatched to California left New York the 2d of October, 1848, and were sent by way of Cape Horn. The subsequent mails have been sent by the Isthmus of Panama. The first mail was contained in a single bag. The one on the 23d of June, 1850, filled 160 bags.

The cost of the mail service to and in California is as follows: Contract Laws Line, New York to Chagres, per annum,

8 290,000 Aspinwall's, Panama to San Francisco,

190,000 Mail agents, and freight of mails over the Isthmus,

20,000

$500,000 These contracts were authorized by Congress, and made for ten years, for semi-monthly service on the east, and monthly on the west.

The contracts made for interior service in California by the special agent are as follows: San Francisco to Sacramento, $ 14,000 San Francisco to Monterey,

$ 9,000 to Stockton, 22,040 Benicia to Sonoma,

1,800 Sacramento to Marysville, 12,000 San José to Santa Cruz,

3.000 to Colloma, 5,000

$ 66,340 Charges of postage between any points in California and Oregon, 124 cents, and to any other place in the United States, 40 cents.

Population. From the best data, the emigration since January 1st, 1849, up to July 1st, 1850, by sạiling vessels and steamers, is about

40,000 Americans over land from last year's emigration,

15,000 Up to date over land of this year's emigration,

9,000 From Oregon,

3,000

67,000 Of this number there have returned at least

7,000 Total now in the State,

60,000

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The amount of foreign arrivals by sea up to date, about

12,000 by land,

18,000

30,000 The number returned, about

2,000 Total now in the State,

28,000 The remaining population up to this date, Americans and foreigners, is, Natives and residents before January 1st, 1849,

15,000 Americans, up to date,

60,000 Foreigners, up to date,

28,000

103,000 Meteorological Table for Monterey, California. Lat. 36° 38' N. Long. 121°

W. Alt. of Bar. above the level of the Pacific, 140 feet. By A. Randall. 1849 Barometer.

Therm. Attached. Therm. Detached. and Sun. 9 3 9 Sun: 9 3 9 Sun 9 3 9

1850. rise. A. M. P. M. P. M. rise. A.M. P. M.P.M. rise. A.M.P.M.P.M.
July, 29.995 29.984 29.956 29.929 58.3 62 6 63.6 61.0 52.0 61.0 71.0 60.0 62.0

August, 29.991 29.963 29.907 29.917 | 54.9 60.4 65.8 61.5 50.0 56.0 69.0 55.0 59.9
Sept., 29.981 29.958 29.952 29.972 54.9 59.2 62.6 59.5 51.8 57.4 66.0 57.0 60.0

29.979 29.975 29.981 29.971 56.8 59.0 64.1 60.7 51.0 58.0 69.0 56.0 60.5
30.077 30.072 30.103 30.106 57.1 58.2 61.660.8 48.0 55.0 62.0 53.0 56.5 0.62
29.996 29.951 29.973 29.982 52.1 53.1 57.6 58.2 43.0 50.0 61.0 45.0 53.2 3.45

29.989 30.052 29.724 29.798 51.0 53.4 57.7 55.0 40.0 50.0 61.0 46.0 51.6 2.95 Feb.,

30.075 30.105 30.100 30.107| 16.6 55.3 58.0 49.2 ||41.5 50.5 65.0 45.6 47.7 2.00 March, 30.076 30.740 30.018 30.04338.8 52.8 52.8 50.0 42.0 51.0 62.0 46.8 || 47.2 4.22 April, 29.971 29.987 30.039 30.004 53.1 56.6 60.9 56.5 50.0 50.0 59.0 51.0 54.9 .33 May, 29.978 29.976 29.991 29.98154.3 57.1 60.3 56.1 51.0 58.0 61.0 51.0 56.5 June, 29.821 29.815 29.833 29.83654.6 58.2 61.0 58.7 151.0 59.0 62.0 53.0 56.9

Mean.

Rain. quan'y.

Oct., Nov., Dec., Jan.,

Slight earthquake at 84 A. M. on the 10th of July. At 9 P. M. on the 18th of August, very quick fashes of lightning. Foggy every evening through the month of September. Light rain on the 7th and 30th of October. Frost on the 24th of November; rained 10 days during the month. Rained 11 days in December, and violent storm on the 17th; heavy frost on the 4th and 29th. Rained 10 days during January; hail-storm on the 22d. 12th of February, at 3 P. M., thermometer 1220 in the sun; 6 rainy days; hail-storms on the 21st, 25th, 26th, and 27th. 9 days' rain in March. 2 days' rain in April. The general flowering-time of fruit-trees along the coast is the middle of March, peaches generally taking the lead, but the interval between them and the pear and apple being less marked than in the States.

XXXII. OREGON TERRITORY.
Government for the Year 1851.

Term expires. Salary. John P. Gaines, of Oregon City, Governor and Superintend

ent of Indian Affairs, 1853, $3,000 Knitzing Pritchett,

Secretary,

1853, 1,500

JUDICIARY. William P. Bryant, of Oregon City, Chief Justice, 2,000 0. C. Pratt,

Associate Justice, 2,000 Amory Holbrook,

Attorney, Fees and 200 Joseph L. Meek,

Marshall,

Fees. D. B. St. John,

Collector,

Fees.

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XXXIII. MINESOTA TERRITORY.

This Territory was organized by act of Congress of March 3, 1849, a full abstract of which act, containing boundaries, constitution, &c., is found in the Almanac for 1850, p. 145.

Government for the Year 1851.

Term ende. Salary. ALEXANDER RAMSEY, of St. Paul, Governor and Sup't of

Indian Affairs, 1853, $ 2,500 C. K. Smith,

Secretary,

1,800 David Olmsted, of Long Prairie, President of Council. Joseph W. Furber, of Cottage Grove, Speaker of the House. Joseph R. Brown,

Clerk of the Senate. William D. Phillips,

Clerk of the House.

JUDICIARY. Aaron Goodrich, of St. Paul, Chief Justice, 1853, $ 2,000 David Cooper,

Associate Justice,

2,000 Benj. B. Meeker,

2,000 Henry L. Moss, of Stillwater, Attorney,

Fees. Alexander M. Mitchell, of St. Paul, Marshal,

Fees. The Territory of Minesota embraces an area of 150,000 square miles, and by the census taken in June, 1849, there were about 4,500 free white male inhabitants in the Territory.

XXXIV. UTAH TERRITORY.

For the act establishing a territorial government in Utah, see post, Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 23. Government for the Year 1851.

Term ends. Salary. BRIGHAM Young,

Governor and Sup't of
Indian Affairs,

1854, $ 2,500 Broughton D. Harris,

Secretary,

1,800 JUDICIARY. Joseph Buffington,

Chief Justice, 1854.
Perry E. Brocchus,

Associate Justice,
Zerubbabel Snow,
Seth Blair,

Attorney,

Fees. Joseph L. Haywood,

Marshal,

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XXXV. NEW MEXICO TERRITORY. For the act establishing the territorial government of New Mexico, see post, Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 25. By this act it will be seen that the territorial officers are not to be appointed until the law establishing the territorial government takes effect.

XXXVI. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. The District of Columbia is under the immediate government of Congress. The city of Washington became the seat of the government of the United States in 1800, and it is the residence of the President, and the other chief executive officers of the national government. By an act of Congress, in 1846, which was subsequently accepted by the people of Alexandria, the city and county of Alexandria were retroceded to the State of Virginia, andt he District is now confined to the Maryland side of the Potomac.

JUDICIARY.
Circuit Court of the District.

Salary William Cranch, of Washington, Chief Judge, $ 2,700 James T. Morsel, of Georgetown,

Associate Judge, 2,500 James Dunlop,

2,500 Philip R. Fendall, of Washington, Attorney,

Fees and 200 Richard Wallach,

Marshal,

Fees John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees. Criminal Court for the District. Thomas H. Crawford,

Judge,

$ 2,000 John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees. Orphans' Court. W. F. Parcell, of Washington Co., Judge,

$1,000 Edward N. Roach,

Register,

Fees.

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AMERICAN STATES.
Governments of South America.
Area in

When
Square
Popula-

Capitals. Governors, &c. inaug-
Miles.
tion.

urated. |1,450,000 1,000,000 Caraccas, JoséTadeo Monagas, Pr 1847

380,000 1,687,000 Stafé de Bog. José Hilaro Lopez, do. 1849 325,000 600,000 Quito, Gen. Ascasubi,

do. 1849 318,000 1,700,000 Chuquisaca, Gen. Belxer, do. 1849 524,000 1,373,000 Lima, Ramon Castilla, do, 1845 144,000 1,200,000 Santiago, Manuel Bulnes, do. 1841 726,000 675,000 Buenos Ayres, Juan M. de Rosas, Gov. 1829 120,000 140,000 Montevideo, Joaquin Suarez,

1843 74,000 250,000 Acençion, Lopez, Dictator. 1841 2,300,000 7,500,000 Rio de Janeiro Pedro II., Emperor. 1831

76,000 96,500 Georgetown, Barklay, Gov. 1844 38,500 6,500 Paramaribo,

Gov.-Gen.
21,648 18,000 Cayenne, M. de Mestro, Gov. 1849
80,000 80,000

(Native Chiefs.)
6,577,148 16,326,000
14,547,531153,995,816

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