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763,334 } Toronto,

British,

Danish America (Greenland,&c.) 330,000 65,000 Reikiavik.
French Possess'ns (St.Pierre,&c.) 18 100 St. Pierre.
Russian America,

394,000 6,000 N. Archangel. New Britain,

2,000,000 162,686 YorkFactory, SirGeo.Simpson, Mana. Canada West,

(147,000 723,087

Lord Elgin, Gov.-Gen. Canada East,

1847 209,690

3

of British N. Amer. New Brunswick,

27,700 220,000 Frederickton, Sir E.W.Head,Bt.,Lt.G. 1844 Nova Scotia, &c.,

19,630

278,905 Halifax, Sir John Harvey, do. Prince Edward's Island,

2,134

62,678 Charlotte T'n, Sir D. Campbell, do. Newfoundland,

57,000 91,264 St. John's, SirJ.G. LeMarchant,do. United States of America, 3,260,07322,500,000 Washington, MILLARDFILLMORE, Pr. 1850 United States of Mexico, 1,100,000 7,200,000 Mexico, J. J. de Herrera, do. 1848 Guatemala, 28,000 935,000 N.Guatemala, Mariano Paredes, do.

1849 San Salvador,

24,000 363,000 San Salvador, Doroteo Vasconcelos,do. 1848

Central Nicaragua, 40,000 400,000 Leon, Norberto Ramirez, do.

1849 Costa Rica, America,

23,000
198,000 Cartago, Signor Mosa, do.

1849 Honduras,

81,000 308,000 Chiquimala, Juan Leado, do. 1846 Mosquitia, 23,000 4,000 Blewfields, Jamaso (Indian), King.

1844 Balize (British),

62,740
3,000 Balize,

C. St. John Francourt.
Total,

17,898,985 33,989,054

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Area in

When
Popula
Square

Capitals. Governors, &c. inaug
tion.
Miles.

urated. 11,000 700,000 Cape Hayı'n, Faustin I, Emperor. 1849 18,000 200,000 San Domingo, BuenaventuraBaez, Pr. 1849 43,380 1,315,796 Havana, Conde d'Alcoy, Cpt.Gn. 1849 3,865 359,086 San Juan,

J. Pezuela, do.
5,468 360,000 Spanish Town SirChas Grey,Gov.Gen. 1848
2,400 47,000 Puerta d'Esp. Lord Harris, God. 1847
187
15,000 Scarboro',

Lt. Gov.
155
49,000 St. George's,

Hamilton, do.
131
28,500 Kingston,

do.
166

115,000 Bridgetown, SirWm.Colebrook,Gov.
225
16,000 Castries,

Darling, Lt. Gov.
275
20,000 Roseau,

Mackintosh,do.
168
56,980 St. John's,

Higginson, do.
278

33,000 Basseterre,
4,440
20,000 Nassau,

Gov.
14 700

do. 47 14,000 Hamilton, Elliott, Lt. Gov. 1849 309 135,000 Basseterre,

Gov. 290 119,700 Port Royal, - Bruat,

do. 1849 375 14,000 Wilhemstadt,

do. 200 44,000 Christ'nstadt, Oxholm, do. 25 15,000 La Carenage,

do. 91,398 3,630,762

do.

} French, {

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Oscar I. King Sweden and Norway July 4, 1799 Mar. 8, 1844 45 Lutheran Nicholas I. Emperor Russia

July 6, 1796 Dec. 1, 1825 29 GreekChurch Frederic VII. King

Denmark

Oct. 6, 1808 Jan. 20, 1848 39 Lutheran Victoria Queen

Great Britain May 24, 1819 June 20, 1837 18 Prot. Episc. William III. King

Holland orNetherlands Feb. 19, 1817 Mar. 17, 1849 32 Reformed Leopold

Belgium

Dec. 16, 1790 July 21, 1831 10 Lutheran* Fred. Wm. IV.

Prussia

Oct. 15, 1795 June 7, 1840 45 Evangelical Fred. Augustus

Saxony

May 18, 1797 June 6, 1836 39 Catholic* Ern. Augustus

Hanover

June 5, 1771 June 20, 1837 66 Evangelical Fred. Francis Grand Duke Mecklenburg-Schwer. Feb. 28, 1823 Mar. 7, 1842 19 Lutheran George

Mecklenburg-Strelitz Aug. 12, 1779 Nov. 6, 1816 37 Augustus

Oldenburg

July 13, 1783 May 21, 1829 46 William Duke

Brunswick

A pr. 25, 1806 Apr. 25, 1831 25 Adolphus

Nassau

July 24, 1817 Aug. 20, 1839 22 Evangelical Ch. Frederic Grand Duke Saxe-WeimarEisen Feb. 2, 1783 June 14, 1823 45 Lutheran Ernest II. Duke Saxe-Coburg-Gotha June 21, 1818 Jan. 29, 1844 26 Berard

Saxe-Meiningen Dec. 17, 1800 Dec. 24, 1803 3 Joseph

Saxe-Altenburg Aug. 27, 1789 Sep. 29, 1831 45 Leopold

Anhalt-Dessau Oct. 1, 1794 Aug. 9, 1817 22 Evangelical Alexander

Anhalt-Bernberg Mar. 2, 1805 Mar. 24, 1834 29 Augusta Duchess Anhalt. Cöthen Aug. 3, 1794 Nov. 23, 1847 53 Reformed Gunther Prince Schwarzburg-Rudolst. Nov. 6, 1793 A pr. 28, 1807 13 Lutheran Gunther

Schwarz'g-Sonder'n, Sept. 24, 1801 Sept. 3, 1835 34 Henry XX.

Reuss, Elder Line, June 29, 1794 Oct. 31, 183642 Henry LXII.

Reuss, Younger Line, May 31, 1785 Apr. 17, 1818 33 Leopold

Lippe-Detmold Nov. 6, 1796 Apr. 4, 1802 5 Reformed George

Lippe-Schaumburg Dec. 20, 1784 Feb. 13, 1787 2 George Victor

Waldeck

Jan. 14, 1831 May 15, 1845 14 Evangelical Ferdinand Landgrave

Hesse-Homburg

Apr. 26, 1783 Sept. 7, 184865 Reformed Leopold Grand Duke Baden

Aug. 29, 1790 Mar. 30, 1830 40 Evangelical Frederic Wm. Elector Hesse-Cassel

Aug. 20, 1802 Nov. 20, 1847 45 Reformed Louis III. Grand Duke Hesse-Darmstadt June 9, 1806 June 16, 1848 42 Lutheran CharlesAntony Prince Hohenzol’n-Sigmar'n, Sept. 7, 1811 Aug. - 1848 37 Catholic Frederic

Holien zol’n Hechin'n, Feb. 16, 1801 Sept. 13, 1838 37 Aloys

Liechtenstein May 26, 1796 Apr. 30, 1836 40 William

Wurtemberg Sept. 27, 1781 Oct. 30, 181635 Lutheran MaximilianII.

Bavaria

Nov. 28, 1811 Mar. 21, 184837 Catholic Fran.Joseph. I. Emperor

Austria

Aug. 18, 1830 Dec. 2, 1848 18 Chas. Louis

President N. Bonaparte

France

Apr. 20, 1808 Dec. 20, 1848 40 Isabella II. Queen Spain

Oct. 10, 1830 Sept. 29, 1833 3 Maria II.

Portugal

Apr. 4, 1819 May 2, 18267 Victor Emanuel King

Sardinia

Mar. 14, 1820 Mar. 25, 1849 29 Leopold II. Grand Duke Tuscany

Oct. 3, 1797 June 18, 1824 26 Ferd'ndCharles Duke

Parma

Jan. 14, 1823 April, 1849 26 Francis V.

Modena and Massa June 1, 1819 Jan. 21, 1846 26 Pius IX. Pope

States of the Church May 13, 1792 June 21, 1846 54 Ferdinand II. King

Two Sicilies

Jan. 12, 1810 Nov. 8, 1830 20 Otho

Greece

June 1, 1815 May 7, 1832 17 Catholic* Abdul Medjid Sultan Turkey

May 6, 1822 July 1, 1839 17 Mahometan Florestan Prince Monaco

Oct 10, 1785 Oct. 2, 181156 Catholic

King

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* The King of Belgium is a Protestant, though his subjects are mostly Catholics; the King of Saxony is a Catholic, though the greater part of his subjects are Protestants; and the King of Greece is a Catholic, though most of his subjects are of the Greek Church.

STATES OF EUROPE.

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With the Form of Government, and Square Miles, according to McCulloch's

Geographical Dictionary, with Corrections, and the Population (chiefly) from the
Almanach de Gotha for 1849.

Square Popu Date of
Form of Government.
States and Titles.

Miles. lation. Enum'n. Andorre, Pyrenees, Repub. With two syndics and a council,

190 7,000 *Anhalt-Bernberg, Duchy, States having limited powers,

336 48,844 1846 *Anhalt-Cothen,

310 43,120 *Anhalt-Dessau,

337 63,082 1846 *Austria, Empire, Constitutional monarchy,

255,226 35,879,152 1842 *Baden, Grand Duchy, Limited sovereignty; two chambers, 5,712 1,349,930

1846 *Bavaria, Kingdom, Limited monarchy;

28,435 4,504,874 1846 Belgium,

12,569 4,335,319 1846 *Bremen, Free City, Republic ; senate and convention,

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72,908 1842 *Brunswick, Duchy, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 1,525 269,301 1846 Church, States of, Popedom, Unsettled,

17,048 2,908,115 1846 Denmark, with Schleswig- Absolute monarchy; with prov. states, 59,762 2,239,077 1845

Holstein, Kingdom,
France,
Republic; with one chamber,

202,125 35,401,761 1846 *Frankfort, Free City, Republic; senate and legislative body, 91 68,240 1846 Great Britain, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; lords and commons, 116,700 27,019,555 1841 Greece, Limited monarchy,

10,206

637,700 *Hamburg, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 149 188,054 *Hanover, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 14,600 1,773,711 1845 *Hesse-Cassel, Electorate, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 4,386 754,590 1846 *Hesse-Darmstadt, G. Duch., Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 3,198 852,679 1846 *Hesse-Homb'g, Landg'o'te, Absolute sovereigniy,

154 24,433

1846 *Hohenzol. Hechingen, Pr. Limited; one chamber,

136 20,143 *Hohenzol.-Sigmaringen,

383 45,431 1845 Holland, with Luxemburg, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 13,890 3,236,741 1848 Ionian Islands, Republic, Under Brit. protec.; council and chamb., 998 219,797 1844 *Liechtenstein, Principal., Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 52 6,351 1842 *Lippe-Detmold,

432 108,236 1846 *Lippe-Schaumburg,“

205 31,870 1846 *Lubec, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 142 47,197 1845 *Mecklen.-Schwerin, G. Du. Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 4,701 524,042 1847 *Mecklenburg Strelitz, “

1,094 94,406 1845 Modena and Massa, Duchy, Revolutionary,

2,073 515,343! Monaco, Principality, Absolute monarchy,

50 7,000 *Nassau, Duchy,

Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 1,736 424,817 1816 *Oldenburg, Grand Duchy, Unsettled,

2,470 278,909 1846 Parma, Duchy,

2,184 496,803 1846 Portugal, Kingdom, Lim. monarchy; one chamber of rep., 34,500 3,412,500 1841 *Prussia, Limited monarchy,

106,302 16,330,186 1850 *Reuss, Principalities of, Limited sovereignty ; one chamber, 588 112,175 1846 Russia (in Europe). Empire, Absolute monarchy,

2,041,809 60,303,266

1846 San Marino, Republic, Senate and council of ancients,

21 7,600 Sardinia, Kingdom, Constitutional monarchy,

28,830 4,650,368 1839 *Saxony,

Limited monarchy; two chambers, 5,705 1,836,433 1846 *Saxe-Altenburg, Duchy, Limited monarchy; one chamber,

491 129.589 1846 *Saxe-Coburg & Gotha,

790 147,195 1846 *Saxe-Mein.-Hildburg.,"

880 160,515 1846 *Saxe-Weim.-Eisenach,

1,403 257,573 1846 *Schwarzburg-Rudolst., Pr.

331 68,711 1846 *Schwarzburg-Sondersh.,

328 58,682 1816

1845 Sicilies, The 'I'wo, Kingdom, Limited monarchy ; with two chamb., 41,521 8,423,316 Spain,

Limited monarchy; with a legislature, 176,480 12,386,841 1833 Sweden,

1840

$ 170,715 3,135,884 Lim. monarchy; with a diet & storthing, Norway,

121,725 1,167 766 1845 Switzerland, Republic, Confederation of republics; a diet, 17,208 2,365,286 1850 ITurkey, Empire, Absolute monarchy,

183,140 9,545,000 STuscany, Grand Duchy, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 8,712 1,786,875 1844 *Waldeck, Principality, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

455 58,753 1843 *Wurtemberg, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 7,568 1,743,827

Total,

3,708,871 * Member of the Confederation of Germany.

† Including Poland and Finland. 1 Including Wallachia, Moldavia, and Servia.

Ś With Lucca, Garfagnana, Massa, and Lunigiana. The cessions made by Tuscany in favor of Parma and Modena, viz. Pontremoli and the Tuscan territory in Lunigiana, with the exception of Borga, Pietra Santa, and Seravezza, have not been completed.

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GREAT BRITAIN.

THE ROYAL FAMILY.

The Queen. Alexandrina Victoria, born May 24, 1819; succeeded her uncle, William IV., June 20, 1837; married, Feb. 10, 1840, to Prince Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emanuel of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, born Aug. 26, 1819.

Princess Royal. Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, born Nov. 21, 1840.
Prince of Wales. Albert Edward, born Nov. 9, 1841.
Princess Royal. Alice Maud Mary, born April 25, 1843.
A Royal Prince. Alfred Ernest Albert, born August 6, 1844.
A Royal Princess. Helena Augusta Victoria, born May 25, 1846.
A Royal Princess. Louisa Caroline Alberta, born March 18, 1848.
A Royal Prince. Arthur Patrick Albert, born May 1, 1850.

Her Majesty's Mother. Victoria Maria Louisa, Princess Dowager of Leiningen, Duchess of Kent, born August 17, 1786.

Royal Princes and Princesses. Ernest Augustus (King of Hanover), Duke of Cumberland, born June 5, 1771; married, May 29, 1815, țo Frederica Carolina Sophia Alexandrina, daughter of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and widow of Frederick William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels, born March 2, 1778. Issue, George Frederic, born May 27, 1819.

Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, born April 25, 1776, married, July 22, 1816, her cousin, Prince William Frederic, second Duke of Gloucester (who died Nov. 30, 1834). MINISTRY. — Formed July, 1846.

alary. Lord John Russell, First Lord of the Treasury,

£6,000 Baron Truro, Lord High Chancellor,

14,000 Marquis of Lansdowne, Lord President of the Council,

2,000 Earl of Minto, Lörd Privy Seal,

2,000 Rt. Hon. Sir George Grey, Bart., Secretary of State, Home Dep, 5,000 Viscount Palinerston, Secretary of State, Foreign Dep., 5,000 Earl Grey,

Secretary of State, Colonial Dep., 5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir Chas.Wood, Bart., Chancellor of the Exchequer, 5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir F. T. Baring, Bart., First Lord of the Admiralty, 4,500 Sir John C. Hobhouse, Bart., President of the Board of Control, 3,500 Earl of Carlisle,

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 4,000 Lord Seymour, Woods and Forests,

2,000 Marquis of Clanricarde, Postmaster-General,

2,500 Rt. Hon. Henry Labouchere, President of the Board of Trade.

* The above form the Cabinet. Duke of Wellington, Commander of the Forces,

3,460 Sir Wm. M. Somerville, Bart., Chief Secretary for Ireland,

5,500

Salary. Earl of Fortescue,

Lord Steward of the Household, £2,000 Duke of Norfolk,

Earl Marshal and Master of the Horse, 2,500 Sir John Romilly, Attorney-General,

5,500 Alexander E. Cockburn, Solicitor-General,

1,500 Earl of Dalhousie,

Godernor-General of India. Earl of Clarendon,

Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, 20,000 Rt. Hen. Fox Maule, Secretary at War,

2,580 Earl Granville, Paymaster-General and V. Pres. of the Board of Trade.

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JUDICIARY.*

England. High Court of Chancery.— Baron Truro (b. 1782, ap. 1850), Lord High Chancellor, salary, £ 14,000; Lord Langdale (b. 1783, ap. 1836), Master of the Rolls, £7,000 ;

Vice-Chancellor of England ; Sir J. L. Knight Bruce (ap. 1841), and Sir James Wigram (b. 1793, ap. 1841), ViceChancellors, £6,000 each.

Court of Queen's Bench. Lord Campbell (b. 1779, ap. 1850), Lord Chief Justice, £8,000 ; Sir J. Patteson (b. 1790, ap. 1830), Sir J. T. Coleridge (b. 1790, ap. 1835), Sir Wm. Wightman (ap. 1841), and Sir William Erle (b. 1793, ap. 1845), Judges, £5,500 each.

Court of Common Pleas. — Sir John Jervis (ap. 1850), Lord Chief Justice, £ 8,000 ; Sir W. H. Maule (ap. 1840), Sir C. Creswell (ap. 1842), Sir Edw, Vaughan Williams (ap. 1847), and Thomas Noon Talfourd (b. 1795, ap. 1849), Judges, £5,500 each.

Court of Exchequer. — Sir Frederic Pollock (b. 1783, ap. 1844), Lord Chief Buron, £7,000; Sir James Parke (b. 1782, ap. 1834), Sir E. H. Alderson (b. 1787, ap. 1834), Sir R. M. Rolfe (b. 1790, ap. 1839), Sir Thomas Joshua Platt (ap.

), Barons, £5,500 each.

*

Scotland. Court of Sessions : Inner House. 1st Division. * David Boyle (b. 1772, ap. 1841), Lord President, £ 4,300. * J. H. Mackenzie (b. 1777, ap. 1822), Lord Mackenzie ; J. Fullerton (ap. 1829), Lord Fullerton; Thomas Maitland (ap. 1850), Judges, £2,000 each.

2d Division John Hope (b. 1794, ap. 1844), Lord President, £4,000. * J. H. Forbes (b. 1776, ap. 1825), Lord Medwyn ; * Sir J. W. Moncrieff (b. 1776, ap. 1829), Lord Moncrieff; * H. T. Cockburn (ap. 1834), Lord Cockburn, Judges, £2,000 each. Those of the judges who are also judges of the Criminal Court have an additional £ 600 a year.

Outer House : Permanent Lords Ordinary, attached equally to both Divisions of the Court. – J. Cunninghame (b. 1782, ap. 1837), Lord Cunning

* The new Judiciary Bill proposes to separate the political and judicial duties of the Chancellor; that one person shall be Lord Keeper, and preside in the House of Lords, with a sal. ary of £8,000 ; and that another shall preside over the Court of Chancery, with a salary of £6,000. Information that the change had taken effect had not reached America when ihis sheet wont to press.

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