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love and knowledge of literature, and he took part in many of the philanthropic movements in that city. His intellect was singularly acute and logical, his reading was full and general, and his memory retentive. Of a brilliant imagination and sparkling wit, his social qualities endeared him to his numerous friends, and by them will his name be held in fond remembrance.
July 9. – In Philadelphia, Adam Ramage, aged 80. He was a native of Scotland, but had been in this country more than fifty years. His name is identified with an improvement in the printing-press, the first successful experiment to advance the utility of that powerful engine as it existed a century ago. The printing machine then in general use was the old English box or screw press. By a modification of the shape of the screw, Mr. Ramage made this more expeditious in its work, and less laborious for the workman. His press was generally adopted in this country, and by common consent denominated the Ramage press. For many years but few other printing-machines were in use, and even to this day, for some purposes, it is the best that has been invented.
Jan. 20. – In London, Eng., 0. Rich. He was for many years Consul of the United States at Valencia and Port Mahon, where he was also naval storekeeper. He was well known to the literary community as a collector of rare books and manuscripts.
May 11. – In Charleston, S. C., Hon. John S. Richardson, aged 73, an Asso. ciate Judge of the Courts of General Sessions and Common Pleas of the State of South Carolina, and Presiding Judge of the Law Court of Appeals. Judge Richardson had been a member and Speaker of the House of Representatives of South Carolina, Attorney-General of the State, in which latter office he was the prede. cessor of the eloquent and gifted Hayne, and a member of its judiciary for thirty
He was elected a member of Congress from the Sumter District in 1820, but, owing to some unforeseen exigency in his private affairs, he declined to qualify, and retained his seat on the bench.
May. - In Louisiana, M. M. Robinson, Esq., a distinguished lawyer and reporter of the Supreme Court of that State. The sixteen volumes of reports which he has published evince great labor and fidelity, and his marginal notes are models of exactness.
Jan. 7. - In Richmond, Va., Hon. John Scott, aged 68. He was a prominent member of the Senate of Virginia from 1811-13, and of the Convention which in 1829 formed the present constitution of the State. His labors were especially directed, with indefatigable zeal, to the preservation of the independence of the judiciary. In the first session of the Assembly under the new constitution, in 1830 – 31, he was appointed Judge of the Sixth Circuit, Third Judicial District, and a Judge of the General Court. In the new construction of this last court, and the establishment of the Special Court of Appeals, in March, 1848, he was constituted one of the five members of those two courts, and so remained until his death. In the discharge of all his judicial duties he displayed an exemplary uprightness, ability, and dignity, which rank his name among the most illustrious judges who have adorned the judicial history and illustrated the jurisprudence of Virginia.
Dec. 5. - In Philadelphia, William Short, aged 91. He was a native of Vir. ginia, and graduated at William and Mary's College in the same class with Chief Justice Marshall, and was distinguished by the highest collegiate honors. He was a member of the Executive Council of Virginia at an early age, and on the appointment of Mr. Jefferson as Minister to France by the Congress of the Confederation, in 1784, was joined with him as Secretary of Legation. He possessed in a high degree the respect and friendship of that great statesman, although their sentiments on some public questions were not always the same; and their intimacy and correspondence continued until the close of Mr. Jefferson's life. On the organization of the present government of the United States, Mr. Short was appointed Chargé d'Affaires to the French Republic by President Washington ; and he had the honor of holding the first executive commission signed by him, and of being the first citizen of the United States nominated and appointed to a public office under the Federal Constitution. During the administration of General Washington, who evinced for him high personal regard, he was successively appointed Minister Resident at the Hague, and Commissioner, and subsequently Minister, to Spain. The state papers of which he was the
author, and especially those connected with the very important negotiations relative to the Spanish boundaries and rights, in connection with Florida and the Mississippi, which resulted in the treaty of 1795, are marked by great clearness, ability, good temper, and research.
July 1. – In Salem, Mass., Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, aged 77. Mr. Silsbee was a distinguished and successful merchant, and in the course of his long life enjoyed the respect and confidence of his fellow-citizens. He often occupied a seat in each of the branches of the Massachusetts Legislature, and was President of the Senate from 1823 to 1826. He represented one of the districts of Essex County in Congress from 1816 to 1820. In the spring session of 1826, on the resignation of Hon. James Lloyd, Mr. Silsbee was elected to supply his place in the Senate, and was afterwards reëlected for a full term. He continued in the Senate until 1835. Mr. Silsbee was the firm supporter of the administration of John Quincy Adams, and the moment after the election was over, and Mr. Adams defeated, Mr. Silsbee offered to give up his seat in the Senate, that Mr. Adams might take his place; but Mr. Adams absolutely declined it.
March 22. - In Jackson, Miss., Col. Samuel Stamps, Secretary of State. He had been twice elected to that office, and he enjoyed the public confidence in a high degree, and his sterling qualities secured to him numerous friends in private life.
July 28. — In Boston, suddenly, Capt. Josiah Sturgis, aged 56, commander of the revenue cutter Hamilton, and a well-known citizen.
April 28. — In Washington, D. C., Capt. G. W. Taylor, aged 42, the proprietor of the famous diving-bell, and the inventor of the India-rubber camels.
July 9. – At 10 o'clock and 35 minutes, P. M., in Washington, D. C., Zachary Taylor, President of the United States, aged 65.
Zachary Taylor, the third son of Colonel Richard Taylor, was born in Orange County, Virginia, on the 24th of September, 1784. His father removed to Kentucky the following year. On the 3d of May, 1808, he received from President Jefferson a commission as First Lieutenant of the seventh regiment of the United States Infantry, being then in the 24th year of his age. In 1810, he married Miss Margaret Smith, of a highly respectable family in Maryland. On the breaking out of the war of 1812, Taylor, then a captain, was placed in command of Fort Harrison, a stockade fort on the Wabash River, and named for Brigadier-General, afterwards President, Harrison. His gallantry during the attacks of the hostile Indians on that post is a part of history, and gave the first promises of the military renown which he afterwards achieved. For his heroic defence of this fort, he was brevetted Major. Throughout the war he distinguished himself in several actions with the Indians. He was with General Hoj kins in the attack on the Prophet's Town, and was complimented by him as one who had rendered“ prompt and effectual support in every instance."
On the reduction of the army, after the war, he was reduced from a majority to a captaincy, a step backward that he could not consent to, and he resigned his commission. He was, however, reinstated as a Major by President Madison, in the course of the year, and in 1816 was placed in command of the post at Green Bay, on Lake Michigan. On the 20th of April, 1819, he received the commission of Lieutenant-Colonel, and in 1832 was made Colonel by President Jackson. He served gallantly under Scott in the Black Hawk war of 1832, and subsequently held the command of Fort Crawford, at Prairie du Chien, where he remained till 1836. The Seminole war then took him to Florida, in which harassing duty he acquired a fame only surpassed by that which he won during the Mexican campaign. The battle of Okeechobee, fought on the 25th of December, 1837, gained for him the rank of Brigadier-General by brevet; and in 1838, the command of all the troops in Florida was assigned to him, General Jesup being relieved at his own request. Here he remained until April, 1840, when he was relieved by General Armistead.
General Taylor was then appointed to the command of the Southwestern division of the army, and in 1841 he was ordered to relieve General Arbuckle at Fort Gibson. He removed his family about this time to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where he had purchased an estate. He had little leisure, however, for domestic enjoyments; and in 1845, on the annexation of Texas, he was ordered to place his troops in such a position as to defend Texas against a threatened Mexican in
vasion. In August of that year, he concentrated his troops at Corpus Christi, where he remained until the 11th of March, 1846, when he broke up his encampment and moved westward the army of occupation, a small force of some 4,000 regulars. On the 20th of March he reached the Colorado, which he passed without resistance, and arrived at the Rio Grande, opposite Matamoras, on the 29th of that month. On the 8th of May of the same year, he gained the victory of Palo Alto; on the 9th of May, the victory of Resaca de la Palma; on the 21st, 22d, and 23d of September, the victory of Monterey; and on the 22d and 23d of February, 1847, the glorious victory of Buena Vista, in which 6,000 men, mostly volunteers, repulsed with terrible loss the Mexican army of 20,000 men under General Santa Anna. During the autumn of 1847, he returned to his residence in Baton Rouge. On the 1st of June, 1848, he was nominated for the Presidency by the Whig Convention in Philadelphia. On the 7th of November, 1848, he was elected President of the United States, and on the 4th of the fol. lowing March was inaugurated.
The administration of President Taylor is still fresh in the recollections of all, and has become a part of history. Its chief characteristics were the desire to cultivate peaceful and friendly relations with foreign powers, so far as was consistent with 'national honor and dignity, and to maintain the union and prosperity of the States at home.
General Taylor leaves a widow, one son, and two daughters; one married to Dr. Wood, surgeon of the United States army, and the other to Colonel W. W. S. Bliss, of the army. Another daughter, now dead, was married to Colonel Jefferson Davis, Senator from Mississippi.
Feb. - In Chicago, Hon. Isaac B. Thomas, of the Supreme Court of Illinois.
Aug. 14. - In Nashville, Tenn., Dr Gerard Troost, for a long period a Professor in the University of Nashville, and for a number of years Geologist of the State of Tennessee.
In Philadelphia, Commodore Daniel Turner, U. S. N. Commodore Turner was a native of New York. His first commission bore date January 1st, 1808, and his rank as Captain was reached March 30, 1835. During the battle of Laké Erie, in 1814, he commanded the Caledonia, and materially aided the gallant Perry in gaining that decisive victory. In testimony of his services on that day, the State of New York presented him with a sword.
Feb. 13. At Fort Constitution, Portsmouth, N. H., Brevet Lieut.-Col. Richard D. A. Wade, of the third regiment of U.S. Artillery, a brave officer, whose gallantry in the Florida and Mexican wars gained for him a brevet in each. He was badly wounded at the battle of Churubusco.
Aug. 29. — In Kentucky, Robert Wickliffe, Jr., late Chargé d'Affaires to Sardinia. April 19.
- In Savannah, Ga., Edward Wiley, Esq., a native of New York, but for more than thirty years a resident of Savannah. In the year 1842, Mr. Wiley had the misfortune to fail in business. He made a compromise with his creditors, paying all of them some fifty cents on the dollar, and obtaining a full release. About two years since, having repaired his losses, he voluntarily came forward and paid up the entire balance.
July 25. - In New York City, John Wood, aged 60, an eminent merchant and a distinguished friend of many of the philanthropic institutions of that city.
CHRONICLE OF EVENTS.
Aug. 20. – By letter of this date, Major Emory informs Colonel Abert of the Topographical Engineers that a river of forty feet wide, and more than waist deep with good, drinkable water, broke forth from the desert between the Gila River and the mountains (probably) between the 20th of June and 1st of July of
Aug. 21. – A meeting of the citizens of Santa Fé County, New Mexico, is held, to consult upon the question of the organization of a proper territorial govern
Señor Amaral, Governor of Macao, is assassinated by six China-men. Aug. 22.
The fortress of Moultan is destroyed by a freshet,“ remaining an island of mud in the expanse of waters.”
Aug. 23.- A public meeting is held in St. Augustine, Fa., and continued by adjournment to August 25, in relation to Indian outrages in that State, and the petitioning the general government for the removal of all Indians from the State.
De Tromelin, the French admiral, takes possession of, and dismantles, the fort, &c., at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, the government of the Islands refusing to comply with his demands. After three days he gives back possession to the government.
Aug. 29. - The Russians, after a siege of four months, carry by assault the fortress of Achulga, the residence of Schamyl, the celebrated Circassian chief.
Sept. 1. -- Mr. Gavan Duffy publishes a new series of the Nation newspaper, the
Sept. 1. - The convention for framing a constitution for California meets at
- The California convention is organized by the choice of officers. Robert Semple is elected President of the convention.
Sept. 12. — General Mariano Paredes, Ex-President of Mexico, dies in the city of Mexico, after a long and painful illness.
Sept. 12. -- Eighteen American citizens in Paris, France, address a letter to Dabney S. Carr, the American Minister at Constantinople, urging him to exert the most strenuous interference to assist in saving the Hungarian refugees in Turkey.
Sept. 12. -- Pope Pius IX., from Naples, issues a manifesto to his well-beloved subjects, promising certain reforms in government, and a limited amnesty to political offenders. Sept. 13.
:-- Marshal Radetzky is received at Vienna with great rejoicings. Sept. 14. - Copies of an Abolition circular are received at Pendleton, South Carolina, directed to members of the Committee of Vigilance. They are demanded of the postmaster, and, on his refusal to deliver, are taken from him and burned.
Sept. 15. - The Sultan formally refuses to deliver up Kossuth and his colleagues on the demand of Austria and Russia, and diplomatic relations with the ambassadors of those powers are broken off.
Sept. 15. - At Vienna, Strauss, the famous musical composer, dies.
Sept. 18. — The Council of State at Rome, in accordance with the manifesto of the Pope of September 12th, announce pardon to political offenders in the last revolution, excepting the members of the Triumvirate; of the government of the Republic; of the Provisional Government; active members of the Constituent Assembly'; chiefs of military corps, and those who have forfeited their word of honor in joining the late political movements. It is said that not fewer than 13,325 persons are thus excluded from the amnesty.
Sept. 19. — The convict ship Neptune arrives in Simon's Bay, C. G. H., and causes great excitement. Sept. 22.
General Twiggs has an interview with the chiefs of the Florida Indians at Charlotte Harbour. They promise to surrender the perpetrators of the recent outrages.
Sept. 24. – Robert Murphy, Deputy Sheriff, while engaged in serving process, is shot near Rensselaerville, N. Y., by a person in disguise, and dies soon after. After being wounded, he is refused' help by some females because he is a sheriff.
Sept. 27. — A large fire at Owego, Tioga County, N. Y., destroys 75 buildings, leaving but three shops in the village standing.
Sept. 27. - The fortress of Comorn surrenders to the Austrians.
Sept. 28. — All the Opera-House rioters in New York that were arraigned are convicted.
Sept. 28. Sir John Richardson arrives at the Sault Ste Marie, on his way back to England from his fruitless search after Sir John Franklin.
Oct. 1.- The convention for remodelling the constitution of Kentucky assembles at Frankfort.
Oct. 4. - A communication from the Secretary to the Admiralty, England, is made public, announcing the receipt of intelligence that Sir John Franklin's ships had been seen in the ice at Prince Regent's Inlet, and those of Sir James Ross on the south of Prince Regent's Inlet, as late as March last, and that the vessels of both expeditions were safe. The news is brought by the whaler Truelove, Captain Parker, arrived at Hull, October 3d, from Davis's Straits.
Oct. 7. — Count Louis Batthyanyi, late Prime Minister of Hungary, is shot at Pesth, at the sole urgency of Haynau.
Oct. 8. -A meeting is held in London to elicit public opinion as to the loan of 7,000,0001., advertised for by the Austrian government in the English papers. Oct. 9 and 10. — A riot in Philadelphia breaks out on the evening
of the 9th, is quelled, is renewed on the morning of the 10th, and again put down. The quarrel is between a set of whites called “Killers,” and negroes. The military are called in. Four persons are killed and eleven are wounded. Four houses are burned.
Oct. 10. - An annexation memorial at Montreal, in five hours, receives the signature of 300 merchants, land-owners, and professional men.
Oct. 10. — The “initial point” of the boundary line between the United States and Mexico is settled, and a monument with inscriptions erected, in N. Lat. 32° 31' 59".58, and in Long. 1190 35'0“.15 west from Greenwich.
Oct. 15. — A protest against annexation to the United States is drawn up at Montreal, and signed by 15 members of the Legislature.
Oct. 15. — - By a Treasury circular of this date, and by a letter of October 12th, dated Washington, and addressed to Messrs. Barclay & Livingston of New York, the Secretary of the Treasury states, that after January 1st, 1850, British vessels from British or other foreign ports will be allowed to enter our pórts with cargoes, the produce of any part of the world, on the same terms as to duties, imposts, and charges as vessels of the United States and their cargoes.
Oct. 16. - A convention of delegates from 14 States, unanimously in favor of a central national railroad from the Mississippi to the Pacific, assembles at St. Louis, Mo., and issues an address in favor of that project. Hon. Stephen B. Douglass of Illinois presides.
Oct. 16. — Mr. Chatfield takes possession, under cover of an armed force, of the island of Tigre, in the Gulf of Fonseca and State of Honduras, “ in the name of the British Queen."
Oct. 16. — Captain Chapel, of the whaling bark McLellan, this day arrived at New London, Conn., brings telligence that, about the 1st of August last, while the McLellan was in Pond's Bay, the natives of the coast came on board the Chieftain, an English whaler, and gave information by signs that two large ships were then lying in Prince Regent's Inlet, and had been there fast in the ice for four seasons, and that the crews were well.
Oct. 19. — The chiefs of the Florida Indians meet General Twiggs in council, and deliver up to him three of those who had committed the recent murders in Florida, and the hands of a fourth whom they had killed in capturing. The fifth, a nephew of one of the chiefs, escaped.
Oct. 19. – A convention of the friends of public education meets at Philadelphia, and Hon. Horace Mann of Massachusetts is elected President. Delegates from fifteen States are in attendance. Oct. 20th. -- The convention adjourns to meet at Philadelphia on the fourth Wednesday in August, 1850.
Oct. 22. — A special session of the Legislature of Illinois meets to elect a United States Senator, and to consider the question of the construction of a railroad across that State, from the Wabash to the Mississippi, opposite St. Louis.
Oct. 27. - A violent earthquake is noticed by Mr. Squier in Leon de Nicaragua. One shock lasted two minutes, and there were seven shocks in ten minutes. Oct. 28. - By a letter of this
date, it is announced in the Quebec Mercury, that the Governor-General of Canada, in council, had determined to acquiesce in the desire of the Legislative Assembly, expressed in their address of May 19th, 1849, that the seat of government should be held alternately at Toronto and Quebec; and that, in consequence, the government will be immediately removed to Toronto, there to remain till the expiration of the present Parliament, after which it will be transferred to Quebec for the four following years.