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1823.1.
Antiquarian Researches.

855 God, Lespected to be compensated by him in the history of those whose lives have rea with happiness hereafter! What rewards sembled mine. I have wished only for the have I not a right to expect, who have run glory, the power, the greatness of France.

career so extraordinary, so tempestuous as All my faculties, all my efforts, all my momine has been, without committing a single ments, were directed to the attainment of crimes, and yet how many might I not have that object. These cannot be crimes"; to been guilty of? I can appear before the me they appeared acts of virtue! What tribunal of God. I can await his judgment then would be my happiness, if the bright without fear. He will not find my con- prospect of futurity presented itself to science stained with the thoughts of murder, crown the last moments of my existence'." and poisonings, with the infliction of violent and premeditated deaths, events so common

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ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.

SIDE OP A STREET at POMPEII. -191

(Extracted from the Second Number of Fosbroke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities.) basano sila Cano

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A. Shops.--The Roofs and Rails are modern. << Shops. The shops at Pompeii have of Paratus, called Pansa's, were probably signs fixed in the wall, and stone-counters ; slaves, who sold goods of their master's the other parts being open, like those of manufacture. brokers, butchers, and poulterers. The “ Shops at Pompeii are frequent; some shops at Rome, as well as the taverns, were of them being under an arcade ; there being distinguished by pillars, projecting into the above a terrace with others, and part of a streets; and on the bookseller's columns house. In the shop represented in the were inscribed the titles of the works which Engraving (given alove], the counter was of they had to sell; the books being kept in the form of the letter L. In this were sunk nidi, the best in the upper, the worst in and fixed large jars to hold the materials the lower. Plutarch mentions the show- sold. In front of the counter the shutters board over the gate, and Petronius calls it were slipped in a groove, and the door, the Venalitium, upon which were written when closed, met the edge of the last, and the names of the goods to be sold. Parti- being fastened, kept all secure. The door cular trades lived in distinct streets. Shut- turned on pivots, and of course opened to ting the shops, as now upon Sundays, was the left. Other shops appear by the rethe Roman Justicium in times of mourning. mains of their stair-cases, seen on the sides, Plutarch notes, that tradesmen attended to have had apartments above. In them their shops, while other persons walked are dwarf walls, against which were ranged abroad. Bankers and others had shops and oil jars and other goods. The shops have bronze stands in the forum. Martial adds, stone seats before them, and over the doors, that the streets of Rome and fronts of houses emblems of their trade in relievo, but the were choked up with sheds and stalls, which Phallus upon one of them is no proof of a Domitian removed. The rich used to keep brothel. No attention was paid to uniartisans for the purpose of making various formity in building, some houses advancing, goods. Thus Antony branded Augustus, others receding. on-aceount of his father having been a rope- “ The first house on the right hand was maker, and the tradesmen abont the house thought to have been an inn. Chequers

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256
Antiquarian Researches.

(March, apo exhibited on the sides of the door-way, that the vessels were common. The landand rings for tying horses were excavated. lady wore a succinct (tucked up) dress, and The bones of horses were also found in the brought the wine in vases for the visitors to stables, and in the cellar large earthen taste. The landlord had also a particular vessels for wine. Another shop had marks costume. Vendors of unguents and perof cups remaining on the marble counter. fumes (whence the Uncta Popina of Horace) The first was an inn, the second an Oinopo- also attended, and addressed the guest with lium or Thermopolium, answering to our Dominus and Rer, if he hoped for custom. coffee-house."

In the inns on the roads there were both HERCULANEUM.

hot and cold meats ; hut Plutarch mentions

a Spartan who brought his own meat, and (Extracted from the same.)

gave it to the host to dress. Tiberius pro« Publick-houses. Nothing is a stronger hibited their selling any baker's goods. proof of the size and populousness of Hercu- Nero , permitted only boiled vegetables, laneum, than its nine hundred públick- though every kind of delicacy was common houses. These houses, as appears by the before. Juvenal describes the company as Herculanean placard *, contained not only usually consisting of thieves, sailors, artibaths, but Pergulæ--galleries at the top officers, drunken Galli, &c. and these places the houses, or balconies, but more com- then, as now, were considered as permitting monly, green arbours, most probably the freer behaviour than elsewhere. sense here, -and Cænacula, dining-rooms deemed mean to buy wine from a tavern. in the upper story of the house. A kind of The bill is the Locarium of Varro, and the counter appears at Pompeii, because sign of the chequer is an acus or chessRomans did not recline, but sat, when they board, made oblong, because that was the refreshed themselves at these places. Flag- Roman fashion. It showed that the play gons were chained to posts. Juvenal adds, was there used.”

It was

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LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. ÇAMBRIDGE, Feb. 28.-The subjects for racles, Parables, Doctrines, and Duties ; the present year are, for the Senior Bache

and a.comparison of Christianity with HinLORS: Quænam sunt Ecclesiæ Legibus Sta- duism, &c. In seven vols. 8vo. By Wilbilitæ Beneficia et quâ Ratione maximè pro- LIAM BENGO COLLYER, D.D. &c. &c. movenila? - Middle BacheLORS : Qui Fruc- Martin Luther on the Bondage of the tus Historiæ Ecclesiastice Studiosis perci- Will. Faithfully translated from the origipiendi sunt ?—Porson Prize: The passage nal Latin. . By the Rev. Edward T. fixed upon for the present year is : Shak- VAUGHAN, Vicar of St. Martin's, Leicester. speare, Henry VIII. Act v. Scene 6, begin- A Treatise on the Genius and Objeet of ning with “ This Royal Iufant,” &c.; and the Patriarchal, the Levitical, and the Chrisending with “ And so stand fix'd.” The tian Dispensations. By the Rev. G. S. metre to be Tragicum Iambicum Trimetrum FABER, Rector of Long Newton. Acatalecticum.

The Words of the Lord Jesus; or the

Doctrines and Duties of the Christian ReliReady for Publication.

gion, as delivered in the Discourses and Lectures on Scripture Comparison, or Conversations of the Son of God, during his Christianity compared with Hinduism, Mo- personal Ministry upon Earth ; arranged hammedanism, the ancient Philosophy, and from the records of the Four Evangelists. Deism ; forming the seventh volume of a By John READ. series of Lectures on the Evidences of Di- An Appeal for Religion, to the best Senvine Revelation, which comprise an exami- timents and Iuterests of Mankind. By the nation of Scripture Facts, Prophecies, Mi- Rev. EDWARD IRVING, A.M.

“ It is an inscription which has preserved the publication of a lease of one of these houses. It was placed upon the wall of a house, from whence it was removed to Portici ; and is properly a bill for letting the baths and publick-houses. As it is unique in its kind, it shall be here given. IN PRÆDIS JULIÆ SP. FELICIS-LOCANTUR-BALNEUM VENERIUM ET NONGENTUM-TABERNÆ--PERGULÆ CONACULA EX IDIBUS AUG. PRIMIS IN IDUS-AUG. SEXTAS-ANNOS CONTINUOS QVINQUES. Q. D. L. E. N. C.-A. SUETTIUM VERUM AED. As Winckelman reads the sigles, s. Q. D. &c. by Si Quis Dominum Loci Ejus Non Cognoverit Adeat Suettium Verum Edilem, I think that he is mistaken. Otto (de Ædilibus, c. vii. S. 5. p. 219,) speaking of baths, &c. says, that when baths were let by private persons, the Ædiles, “ locationis conditiones publicis tabulis proponebant, i. e. proposed the terms of the lease in publick inscriptions. It may, therefore, perhaps be more properly read “ Si quis dubitaverit locationis edictum nobis concessum adeat, &c.” It is absurd to think it necessary to apply to the Ædile for the address of a person of course known."

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1923.)
Literary Intelligence.

257 TO

The History of Enfield. By W. Robin- lain to the Earl of Caledon, and Curate of SON, LL.D.

Mere and West Knoyle. This Work will be Life of W. Davison, Secretary of State to published under the Patronage of Sir Richard Queen Elizabeth. By N. H. Nicolas, Esq. Colt Hoare, Bart.

Rev. Dr. Rudge's Lectures on Genesis. The English Flora. By Sir Jas. Edw.

Horæ Romanæ, a New Translation of St. Smith, President of the Linnæan Society. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By Clericus. A reprint of Southwell's Mary MagdaAn Appeal to the Gentlemen of England,

lene's Funeral Tears for the Death of our in Behalf of the Church of England. By

Saviour. AUGUSTUS CAMPBELL, A.M. Rector of Wal- A Poem entitled Coronation, addressed lesey, in the county of Chester.

to the King, by WM. BUNCE, Esq. of NorA Vindication of the Church and Clergy thiam in Sussex, has been recently presentof England, from the Misrepresentations of ed in MS. to his Majesty at Brighton, and the Edinburgh Review. By a Beneficed very graciously received. It is descriptive CLERGYMAN.

of that splendid and national Ceremony, A Vindication of the Right Reverend the with notes of reference to every distinct Lord Bishop of Peterborough, from the Ani- part, and is shortly intended to be published, madversions of a Writer in the Edinburgh with a correct account prefixed. Review : a Letter to the Rev. S- S- The Geography, History, and Statistics Rector of F -, &c. &c.

of America and the West Indies, as origihu

Reflections on the Claims of Protestant nally published in the American Atlas of 831 and Popish Dissenters, especially of the lat- Messrs. Cary and Lea, of Philadelphia.

ter, to an Equality in Civil Privileges with The Second Part of Mr. James's Naval the Members of the Established Church. History of Great Britain; containing a plan By Robert MorrES, M.A. Prebendary of of the Battle of Trafalgar. Salisbury, Rector of Great Cheverell, and Address to the Right Hon. George CanVicar of Britford, Wilts.

ning on the importance of Catholic EmanciMr. Townsend's specimen of a Work on pation at the present Crisis. the present state of Baronies by Writ. Outlines of a System of Political Eco

Mr. MARSDEN's first portion of his Nu- nomy. By Mr. Joplin, author of an « Es

mismata Orientalia Illustrata. The Orien- say on the Principles of Banking." I tal Coins, Ancient and Modern, of his col- New Russia, being some account of the lection, described historically.

colonization of that country, and of the Impartial and Philosophical Strictures on manners and customs of the Colonists. To Parliamentary Reform, the Liberty of the which is added, a brief detail of a Journey Press, and the Criminal Jurisprudence of Overland from Riga to the Crimea by way England. By the author of “Sketch of a of Kilo, accompanied with Notes on the Plan for suppressing Mendicity,” &c. Crim Tartars.

Some considerations on the present Dis- Captain Franklin's Narrative of his pestressed State of the British West Indian Co- rilous Journey from the shores of Hudo lonies, their Claims on the Government for son's Bay to the Mouth of the Copper li Relief, &c. By a West INDIAN.

Mine River. Essays relative to the habits, character, Doctor T. Forster's Researches about and moral improvement of the Hindoos, Atmospheric Phenomena. which have originally appeared in the Popular observations upon Muscular Con"Friend of India."

traction, with the mode of Treatment of the The Son of Erin, or the Cause of the Diseases of the Limbs associated therewith. Greeks, a Play, in 5 Acts. By a native of By Mr. Oliver, Surgeon. Bengal, Geo. BURGES, A.M. Trinity Col- A Translation of Longinus on the Sullege, Cambridge.

Jime, with Notes Critical and Illustrative, A new Poem, entitled “ Alfred." By R. By the Rev. W. TYLNEY SPURDENS, of P. KNIGHT.

North Walsham. Whittingham's Pocket Novelists, 3 vols. The Cambridge Tart, (intended as a coircontaining Tom Jones; and 1 vol. contain- panion to the Oxford Sausage) consisting of ing the Romance of the Forest.

Epigramatic and Satiric Poetical Effusions. Napoleon Anecdotes, Part V. with an The Life of a Soldier, with 20 plates Engraving of the battle of Austerlitz, by Heath.

Isabel de Barsas, a Tradition of the Twelfth Remembrance : with other Poems. By
Century

WM. GRAY.
Willoughby, a Novel.

The Forest Minstrel, and other Poems.

By W. and Mary Howitt.
Preparing for Publication.

The Ionian, or Woman in the Nineteenth
Episcopi Salisburienses ; or, Lives and Century. By the author of “ Village Con-
Memoirs of the Bishops of Salisbury, from versations,” '&c.
the year 705 to the present time. By the The King of the Peak. By the author of
Rev. STEPHEN Hyde CASSAN, A.M. Chap- the “ Cavalier."
Gent. Mag. March, 1823.

SELECT

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SELECT POETRY.

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Character of the late John Kemble, Esq.

At times, perchance, the spirit nf the

scene, By John Taylor, Esq.*

Th' impassion'd accent, and impressive mien, To close in order due our long career,

May lose their wonted force, while, too reSee Kemble march, majestic and severe;

fiu'd, Fraught with uncommon pow'rs of form and He strives by niceties to strike the mind; face,

For meaning too precise inclin'd to pore, He comes the pomp of Tragedy to grace. And labour for a point unknown before ;

Fertile in genius, and matur’d by art, Uutimely playing thus the critic's part, Not soft to steal, but stern to seize, the To gain the head, when he should smite the heart;

heart, In mould of figure, and in frame of mind, Yet still must candour, on reflection, own To him th' heroic sphere must be assign’d. Much useful comment has been shrewdly August or daring, he adorns the stage;

shown ; The gloomy subtlety, the savage rage,

Nor here let puny malice vent its gall, The scornful menace, and the cynic ire, And texts with skill restor'd neru readings The hardy valour, and the patriot fireThese show the vigour of a master's hand, Kemble for actors nobly led the way, And o'er the fancy give him firm command: And prompted them to think as well as play. As Richard, Timon, and Macbeth, proclaim, With cultur'd sense, and with experience Or stern Coriolanus' nobler aim.

sage, Nor fierce alone, for well his pow'rs can

Patient he cons the time-disfigur'd page; show

Hence oft we see him with success explore, Calm declamation and attemper'd woe;

And clear the dross from rich poetic ore ; The virtuous Duke, whose sway awhile de- Trace, through the maze of diction, pasclines,

sion's clue, Yet checks the Deputy's abhorr'd designs ; And open latent character to view. And, in the sov'reign or the saintly guise, Though for the Muse of Tragedy deBenevolently just, and meekly wise : The Dane, bewailing now a father's fate, In form, in features, passions, and in mind, Now deeply pond'ring man's mysterious Yet would he fain the comic nymph embrace,

Who seldom without awe beholds his face. Tender and dignified, alike are seen

Whene'er he tries the airy and the gay, The philosophic mind and princely mien. Judgment, not genius, marks the cold essay;

When merely tender, he appears too cold, But in a graver province he can please Or rather fashion'd in too rough a mould: With well-bred spirit, and with manly ease. Nor fitted love in softer form to wear, When genuine wit, with satire's active force, But stung with pride, or madd’ning with And faithful love pursues its gen'rous course, despair ;

Here, in his Valentine might Congreve view As when the lost Octavian's murmurs flow Th' embodied portrait, vig’rous, warm, and In full luxuriance of romantic woe :

true, Yet, where Orlando cheers desponding age,

Nor let us, with unhallow'd touch, preOr the sweet wiles of Rosalind engage, We own that manly graces finely blend To pluck one sprig of laurel from the tomb; The tender lover and the soothing friend. Yet, with due rev'rence for the mighty dead,

Though Nature was so prodigally kind 'Tis just the fame of living worth to spread : In the bold lineaments of form and mind;

And could the noblest vet’rans now appear, As if to check a fond excess of pride, KEMBLE might keep his state, devoid of fear; The powers of voice she scantily supplied :

Still, while observant of his proper line, Oft, when the hurricanes of passion rise,

With native lustre as a rival shine.
For correspondent tones he vainly tries ;
To aid the storm no tow'ring note combines,

AN EVENING WALK IN MARCH. And the spent breath th' unequal task de- Lo! surly Winter flies the flow'ry meads, clines.

The green-clad hills and hawthorn Yet, spite of Nature, he compels us still

shady vales ; To own the potent triumph of his skill; In sullen flight his hoary train recedes, While, with dread pauses, deepen'd accents And leaves creation to more genial gales : roll,

And see! where Phæbus, source of life Whose awful energy arrests the soul.

and light!

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O'er Southern hills displays his golden * Extracted from a Poem, entitled “ The The hills and vales are by his splendour Stage," published in 1795.

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2823.]
Select Poetry.

259 The glassy streams reflect his banish'd Translation of an Ancient Spanish Ballad*. glow,

[beaming brow. And fragrant zephyrs grace his crimson: YOUR borse is faint, my King, my Lord,

Your gallant horse is sick; Yet Boreas' blasts succeed the milder ray,

His limbs are torn, his breast is gored, And driving sleet assails the budding trees ;

On his eye the film is thick; The transient gleams of Zephyr flee away, Mount, mount, on mine! oh, mount And icy-coats again attire the breeze:

apace !Tho' each possess alternately the air,

I pray thee, mount and fly! And rove at large along the sylvan plain;

Or in my arms I'll lift your Grace Yet gleaming hope adorns this nether

Their trampling hoofs are nigh. sphere, And blends in sweet oblivion the strain My King, my King, you're wounded sore; Of pleasure's blissful thoughts or pangs of

The blood runs from your feet :
rending pain.

But only lay a hand before,
Hope! sweetest hope! that cheers the gal- Mount, Juan! for they gather fast-

And I'll lift you to your seat :
ley slave
When chain’d for life unto the galling oar,

I hear their coming cry; That sheds a ray of rapture on the wave

Mount, mount! and ride for jeopardyOf grim Despair, and lends a soothing

I'll save you though I die! pow'r

[heart; Stand, noble steed, this hour of need ; To ease the dungeon captive's troubld

Be gentle as a lamb: 'Tis Hope celestial! lovely to behold!

I'll kiss the foam from off thy mouth : That does th’ enchanting period impart When Venus' train the blushing flow'rs Mount, Juan, mount ! whate'er betide ;

Thy master dear I am. unfold, And deck the shady groves and plains with And plunge the rowels

in his side

Away the bridle fling, fluid gold.

My horse shall save my King ! Favonius pour'd a genial fragrant dew,

Upon a bank, whose mossy sides were gay. Nay, never speak! my sires, Lord King, With violet dress'd in robe of purple hue,

Received their land from yours, And modest primrose in its best array,

And joyfully their blood shall spring,

So it but thine secures :
Adown its side in plaintive murmurs rollid
A glassy streamlet-holding to the sky

If I should fly, and thou, my King,
Its azure mirror, ting'd with beaming gold

Be found among the dead, Sprinkled from Phoebus' chariot wheels How could I stand 'mong gentlemen, on high,

[sky.

Such scorn on my grey head ? What time he mounts majestic th' empyrean Castille's proud dames shall never point Mellifluous music fill'd the neighbouring The finger of disdain, grove,

[ear. And say, "There's one that ran away Greeting with softest strains my ravish'd When our good Lord was slain.” The speckled songster tun'd his notes to I'll leave Diego in your care ; love,

(near. You'll fill his father's place; And woo'd his tender mate soft warbling Strike, strike the spur! and never spare : The jetty minstrel strain'd his feather'd God's blessing on your Grace! throat,

(along And echo swell’d the trembling notes

-So spake the brave Montanez,
The sylvan scene,--the magic numbers float (Butrago's Lord was he),
In wildest pathos, and the enchanting And turned him to the coming host

In stedfastness and glee :
song
In ling'ring accents loaths to quit the He flung himself among them,
warbler's tongue.

As they came down the hill ; Their little hearts with soft emotions swell,

He died, God wot! but not before

His sword had drunk its fill. And beat responsive to the gladsome strain, To greet Aurora in each shady dell, Each flow'ry dale, each mossy-dighted * The incident on which this ballad is plain :

founded is supposed to have occurred on To welcome Flora dipt in heavenly dews, the famous field of Aljubarrota, where King Dispensing odours from her aerial feet,

Juan the First, of Castille, was defeated by And sprinkling flow'rs array'd in varied

the Portuguese. The King, who was at the

time in a feeble state of health, exposed Clothing with influence mild their sweet himself very much during the action, and, retreat,

[hostile feet. being wounded, had great difficulty in makTo screen with care their bow'r of bliss from ing his escape. The battle was fought Pontefract, 1823 G. A.D. 1385.

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