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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

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T. C. B. iv reference to the promise of the preface the Watshes are mentioned SINÉX, p.326, observes, “the precision with aboriginal chieftains,' which their name which your venerable Correspondent gives évinces; they were not, but ancient British his account, is of a nature which would not settlers. Mr. Wright states, that the Visonly render his communication a subject of county of Powerscourt had become thrice interest to your valuable publication, but extinct, instead of twice only, as the fact is. would also render an important service (and He is also erroneous as to the titles borne at the same time an act of retributive justice) by the Eustace family; he supposes the to the case of the claimant to the title of Barony of Portlester and. Viscounty of BaltLord Leigh, as that claimant expressly de- inglass to have been enjoyed by different rives himself from the said Honourable Chris- branches, whereas they were held by the topher Leigh, whose issue, Senex says, he same person, Thomas Eustace, Baron has no doubt, for the reasons assigned by Portlester, who was advanced to the dignity him, may

have a just right to the Leigh of Viscount Baltinglass, in 1573. Mre peerage.

Wright alludes to the Baronies of Castle We regret having inserted' the Let- Martin aud Kilcullen, as peerages enjoyed ter of “ Senex an. Æt. 82," as he now by the Eustace family, but Beatson in his Pot declines sending the inscription on Chris- litical Index has no record of such honours." topher Leigh there spoken of, which we H. L. T. requests information as to the think he was pledged to do; and that he pedigree and descendants of Robert Eglesought to be prepared to prove its authenti- field, a native of Cumberland, Confessor to city, if called upon. We should be obliged Queeu Philippa, who founded Queen's Colby being favoured with his real name and lege, Oxford, an. 1340. address, if no objection exist.

G. W. L. asks, “ how we are to account A CONSTANT READER remarks, “it have for the remarkable diminution in the number ing been stated in some of the public prints of stones composing the stupendous pile of that the Dukedom of Buckingham and Stonehenge, since Dean Swift, not a century Chaudos was, in failure of issue male of the ago, counted them. His accuracy, even in grantee, tu devolve to his grand-daughter, 1 trifles, is well known, yet at that time they should feel obliged by information as to amounted to ninety-two or ninety-threed the truth of the statement, particularly as (See his Letter to Mr. Gay, in Pope's such remainder was not specified in the Works, dated Nov. 10, 1730). Now, in Gazette. Lord Nugent is entitled by birth- the first, of two interesting Letters on this right to the dignity of Marquess of Buck- rude wonder of our Isle, inserted in yours ingham, in failure of the Duke's issue male, for April, A. H. makes at this time seventyand the remainder alluded to would be in four only, in number; and as both calculasome sort an infringement on his contingent tions were corroborated in each instance by dignity, A Duke and Marquess of Buck- another person, and each time counted twice, ingham might then exist at the same time. the correctness of either cannot be doubted. The inconvenience of such remainders has What then is become of 18 or 19 such been evinced in the Scotch Peerage, in the enormous masses ? for it is to be hoped case of the Dukedom and Marquesate of that the obstacles attending the removal of Queensberry; they have been separated, and them, must deter any builder from commitgone to different lines; the Marquesate and ting so cruel a spoliation ; else as in too Earldom of Annandale in like manner, the many instances they would soon · leave not former dignity appertaining to the male, the a rack behind'." latter to the female line."

Z. would be glad to be informed whose The same Correspondent states, that daughter was Jane, the widow of John Pycn “ Viscount Keith (whose biography is con- Gent. of Kilpeck, in the county of Hereford, tained in.p. 273) had three baronies, two of to whom he left, by will dated 15 July, which devolve to his eldest daughter the 1729, all his estates in Gloucestershire, Countess de Flahaut ; viz. the Barony of The will was proved at Hereford, by his son, Keith of Bankeath, co. Dumbarton, English in 1731. honour, and the Barony of Keith of Stone- na. inquires if a view of the Old Church, haven Marischal, Irish' honour ; but the Wanstead, Essex, is to be met with. Barony of Keith of Stonehaven Marischal, The Letter of “ An Old Practitioner, "* co. Kincardire, English hodour, being limit- is more suited to a Medical Jourual than ed to male issue, of course becomes extinct."

W. H. G. says, “ from your review of We omit ® II.'s communication, as we Wright's Wicklow, I was induced to pur- are not of opinion that ladies devote much chase the book, and feel much pleased with time to the study he alludes to. the general accuracy and interest of Mr. Miss Blandy's Trial, for the murder of her, Wright's performance. Allow me, how father, will be found in our volumes for eyer, to point out a few trifling errors. L 1751 and 1762.

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our own.

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

MAY, 1823.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS,

T

ORIGINAL LETTER FROM THE LATE EARL OF Rochrord. "HE following interesting epistle, pourtraying the manners and amusements

of the Spaniards, was transmitted to the Gentleman to whom it is ad. dressed, when the noble author was Ambassador Extraordinary at the Court of Madrid ; to which official dignity he was appointed, on the 8th of June, 1963 : he resided in that quality, with an equal attention to the interest of his country and the honour of his Sovereign, until June 1766; when he returned home, and was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the most Christian King. His Lordship died at St. Osyth in Essex, in Sept. 1781. See vol. LI. p. 491.

down both man and horse. The other To T. INMAN, Esq.

cavalier immediately presented himself, DEAR SIR, Madrid, Feb. 1764. he, more dexterously, pinned the bull

I HAVE received yours of the 20th in the neck; and broke his lance in ult. and am much obliged to you for him. The man that was unhorsed being so regular a correspondent. Few mounted again; for it is the rule never events from England are so interesting to quit the horse till he dies outright. to me, as those that happen at St. The spirited steed went again to the Osyth.

charge with the greatest courage : and The loss Woods has had of his this time his rider also pinned the ball, wife grieves me much :-but I hope and broke his lance. But the horse's he will not be fool enough to marry wound now grew worse with strainagain. As for my two dogs, he must ing, and he died. Then, seven or certainly have them broke in: but tell eight men on foot came into the circle, him, there is a race of pointers the all armed with little spears about three King of Spain has, not so big as Prince, feet long. One went directly up to and the best in the world. These i the bull, who rushed at him; and, will get the breed of, if I can ; while the beast stopped to lower his though his Majesty is very choice of head, the man planted, most cleverly, them.

both the darts in his neck. This enThese dogs 'lead me to a BULL raged the bull, who ran roaring about FEAŚt. I saw one, the other day; with the two darts in him; when anand, of all the sights I ever saw, this other attacked him, and served him

1 was the finest. The Amphitheatre put the same. At last, he had quite a me in mind of an old Roman one. necklace about him. Then, one took Two men on horseback, with spears a sword; and, when the ball made at in their hands, and dressed in silk him, he leaped on one side, and thrust stockings, exhibited themselves. The the sword through his neck. The bull was as large, and as fierce, as ever victim died upon the spot. I saw one. As soon as the folding When they have inissed their blow, gates were open, out he rushed. The and are closely pursued by the bulls cavalier raised himself in his stirraps : they rún, lay their hands upon a paló-, and the bull ran furiously at him. He sado about six feet high, and jump in avoided his hors, and met him with amongst the people: and often narthe lance in his neck ;- but the ball rowly escape; though their dexterity is turned about, and (at one stroke) tore far beyond what I could have conceive out the horse's entrails, and flung ted. We saw twelve bulle killed in

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Original Letter of the Earl of Rochford. (May, this manner, and three horses lost their play at the opera-house in the palace; Jires ; but no man was hurt.

which is a fine theatre, and was well> One bully pursued a man so close, illuminated. Afterwards, fire-works that in his eagerness, at one leap, he and a ball at the Great Chamberlain's, cleared the six feet pale, and jumped in the Duke of Lozada. among the people! And fine scream- 15th. The marriage contract was ing there was; but, by good luck, he signed. Fire-works and a play at the did no mischief, for they scrambled up Retiro, as before. upon the benches, and he kept below 16th. In the evening all the ladies in the round, till a door was opened and ambassadors who were to assist at for him to come into the circle again. the nuptials, met about five o'clock in

Only conceive an immense Amphi- the Palace. The ceremony was very theatre, in the Roman stile; boxes short. The King led in the Queenabove, where the ladies and gentle- mother, and the Prince of Asturias the men sat ; and, below them, about INFANTA. The Cardinal Patriarch twelve rows of benches; then, a close married them, and the Prince of Aspalisade, six feet high; then, a large turias espoused her Royal Highness, spacious circle, about seventy yards in the name of the Archduke LEOPOLD. diameter. In short, the sight was the After the ceremony, we attended the finest I ever saw; though I was as- King to a long gallery, from whence sured these bulls were gentle, in com- we saw the fire-works, then went to a parison of what they are in summer- ball and supper, in the palace of the time.. Thus much for BULL-FEASTS. Duke of Lozada.

JOURNAL. 10th February, 1764. 17th. Was the first entertainment of His Catholick Majesty returned from Count Rosemberg's at his own house, the Pardo to Madrid.

which was finely illuminated. About 11th. Count Rosemberg, the Impe- seven o'clock the Bevida began, more rial Ambassador, was supposed to ar- magnificently than can be imagined. rive, and was entertained at the King's The pages presented every body with a expence, at a house provided for him, fine nosegay of Italian fowers; and and furnished by the King. In the when the sweetmeats were brought in, evening there was a Bevida at this there were a variety of devices, slippers, house, which was large and well-fur- tooth-pick cases, and snuff-boxes, foll nished. A Bevida is this : First, all of sugar-plums. Every lady not only the pages magnificently dressed, follow- crammed her pockets, but--what is exed by gentlemen out of livery, but in tremely vulgar-had her own pages an uniform dress, come in one after attending with napkins to carry off the another, with large silver dishes, con- spoil!!! It is computed we were taining various sorts of ice. The about nine hundred people. At nine, gentlemen carry silver plates and nap- we were conducted into a most spakins, and give each person one. After cious fine theatre made for the occathey have appeared two or three times sion; where we heard a very pretty with various sorts of ice, they return Italian opera, translated into Spanish, again with chocolate and biscuits ; with the Italian music very well perthen, a third time, with large dessert formed; and a most noble orchestra. glasses full of sweetmeats: and what This lasted until twelve o'clock, when people cannot eat, they pocket. After we all went up to supper. The ladies every entry, they return with glasses of were let in first, that they might seat ice-water.

themselves commodiously'; and the 12th. A great dinner of Rosemberg's, gentlemen that could not sit down at the house where the King enter- waited behind : although there were tained him. Two tables, one of an three tables, one of an hundred covers, hundred covers, and one of sixty, well one of sixty, and another of forty. and magnificently served. In the even. This lasted until two o'clock; when ing, a Bevida, as before.

we all adjourned into the theatre, 13th. Ditto. N. B. No ladies as- which was converted into a ball-room sisted at these three feasts.

superbly illuminated. At the ball 14th. Count Rosemberg made his there is a Bastinero appointed, who is public entry. Was poorly attended by a man of fashion, that regulates the coaches. He proceeded to the palace ceremonial ; ---and four minuets are of Buen Retiro; demanded solemnly begun at once. The French Ambasthe INFANTA. At night, there was a sador and Lady RoCHFORD, the Vene

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1923.] Original Letter of the Earl of Rochford: tian Ambassadress and me, with two was; and then tell you some anecdotes grandees and grandesses of Spain, were about it. the first Partie Quarrée. The minuets Every body went at six o'clock. The lasted until about four in the morning; ladies sat altogether, in six fine rooms when English country-dances were magnificently furnished, and the geitbegun: and, then, people went away tlemen in six others; while his pages as they pleased.

(of whom he has a hundred) served 18th. A second festival at Count the Bevida. The moment that was Rosemberg's, the same as before ; only done, we were conducted through seinstead of an Italian Burletta, we had veral other very handsome rooms, to an Italian Serenata-the words by one of the prettiest theatres I ever was Metastasio, and the music by a Spa- in, richly illuminated, and where upniard, which was extremely pretty. wards of eight hundred of us were

19th. The whole Court kissed the quite at our ease, and.... nobody knew King's hand, and the foreign minis- that he had such a theatre! ters all attended. From Court we went There was a sort of pastoral perlo a great dinner at the Duke de Bag- formed. The dresses rich beyond neanors. Immediately after dinner, I re- sure. The scenes very often changed, uired to my own house, where I had and the decorations magnificent; but, a great deal of company: and my twelve what was, most extraordinary, there balconies in front were all covered with were four couple of Italian dancers, as red damask; as mine is the principal good as ever I saw, and two of the street through which the King was to girls were very pretty. For, at Mapass:

: and all the houses were adorned drid, there are no dances at the thein the same way; for the King went atres ; nor had we any dancing at any through the town in procession to a of the others. Church, called “OUR LADY OF ATO- Now, to account for this phenoCHA,” to return thanks. I think I ne- menon of his theatre, and the dancing ver saw a finer shew ; whether I con- girls. The first he built in twenty-two sider the number of fine eqnipages, or days from the ground in his garden; the very fine coaches of the King ; six and this he did with about five hunof them drawn by the most beautiful dred workmen, whom he locked into Spanish horses, and the whole preceded his house from the first day, and found by two thousand of the Horse-guards, them the whole time in bed and board well dressed, and well mounted. till the work was completed. As for

20th. A third Festival at Rosem- the dancers, he sent twenty relays of berg's, in the same stile as the two mules, of six each, on the Barcelona first; only now we had a tragedy of a road, (which is twelve days journey Racine's - Hypermnestra- translated from hence,) to bring two couple of into Spanish, and tolerably well per- them; and the same number of reformed; followed by a farce in Spa- lays on the road to Cadiz, to bring

nish, droll enough. As this was the the other two couple of them. last of Count Rosemberg's entertain- The very nioment the play was over, ments, we had, after the play and be- we were all carried into another suite fore

supper, a very fine firework before of apartments, where there were six his house; and no accident happened tables :-some of an hundred covers, - which was extraordinary, -- for at others of eighty and sixty,--all covered the first firework the King gave, there most magnificently. Every thing was were above thirty people killed in the hot, with variety of soups, and fish of crowd.

all sorts. N. B. The nearest part of 170 21st. We expected this would have the sea to us is between three and four been a day of rest!-But, to our great hundred miles. In short, every body surprize, the Duke of Medina Celi, was seated at case. Supper over, we who is great Master of the Horse, in- 'returned back to the theatre, which

vited every body at Rosemberg's to was now converted into a ball-room. it come to him the next night. His I opened the ball, with the Duchess

house is, indeed, a palace; the largest of Medina Celi. She is Madame Fu? private one, I believe, in Europe. But, entes's daughter, about sixteen years Galthough he lives next door to me, I old, and the prettiest woman here ;

never heard or knew what he had been something in the style of Lady, Wal- preparing. It is his style to surprize degrave, but not near so handsome. people. I will first relate how the feast This entertainment was the more won.

derful,

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Original Letter of the Earl of Rochford. (May derful, as every body knew, that (about splendid festivals. We all returned in. three months ago) he had destroyed an to our mourning : and the Catholic old theatre he had; but if it could King returned to the Prado. have been thought he had time to As I know you interest yourself in have done this, none suspected him of what concerns me in particular, I must the inclination. All the Ambassadors give you an account of the appearance agreed, no prince of the blood in Eu- I made. rope could give such another. Yet all In the first place, I had four pages was conducted as quietly, and with as dressed in blue velvet, with a rich sila little confusion, as at a private sup- ver point d'Espagne, red satin sleeves, per. It is computed, that the whole and waistcoat richly laced; with a very expence for this one night was twenty fine silver shoulder-knot. I had be thousand pounds sterling.

sides six valets de chambre, all dressed 22nd. The Prince de la Catolica, in a light coloured cloth coat and waistthe Neapolitan Ambassador, gave his coat, laced with silver. These I lent to entertainment; which began at seven wait at the different Feasts. My footo'clock, like the others, with a Bevida, men's liveries were very rich; and, and then a play, which was an Italian when we went out, Lady RocHFORD Burletta translated into Spanish. The went first in the state coach drawn music pretty, as well as the decora- by four mules, having two postilions. tions; and the company about seven She was followed by another coach hundred and fifty. After the play, a drawn by four mules, with two posgrand supper : the desert, I think, the tilions, carrying her pages, and the choicest of any we have had. At the master of the horse. I followed, in a table where I sat, we were a hun- handsome coach I had made here, dred and forty, and there were four drawn also by four mules, and with other tables : after a supper, a ball; two postilions; all in the great livery. which lasted until eight in the morning: My lady's coach and mine had four

23rd. A great Gala day at court. All footmen behind each, and the pages the attendants on the different tribu- coach had two. I have been a bed nals kissed hands; but the Ambassa- about four hours, and am got up to dors could not assist at the ceremony; finish this; as I must have two or as the Grandees are covered on this oc- three copies of it to send to my friends. casion.-So to-day was a day of rest ! Yours, &c.

ROCHFORD. 24th. The Marquis d'Ossun, the French Ambassador, gave his enter- Mr. URBAN, Westminster, May 8. tainment; which, as to the Bevida, N was the same as the others. The play

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Hall, workmen are now engaged was a French farce of two acts, trans- in destroying that part of the old lated into Spanish, with an interlude palace of Westminster, which has of of music, very pretty, but entirely in late years been occupied by the Courts the Spanish taste. The play ended of Exchequer, the Exchequer Coffeeabout one o'clock; then a supper as house, &c. It is presumed to be the usual : one table of a hundred co- intention of the Board of Works, to vers, another of eighty covers, magni- continue and perfect the stone-fronted ficently served, and several small ta- building, of which the Committeebles of ten, twenty, and thirty covers ; rooms of the House of Commons, and and I think the whole entertainment King's Bench Record-office, form the was conducted much better than any middle and left wing, which have of the others. After supper the mi- been erected now nearly sixty years. nuets began, in a hall well'illuminated Of the five Courts of Law to be built for the occasion, and lasted until eight on the West side of the Hall, and o'clock; when I danced the last dance which will be arranged, I believe, in with the Duchess of Lerma. The mo- the following order from the North ment the ball was over, there was ano- door, namely, the Exchequer, Common ther supper (or, rather, a breakfast) Pleas, King's Bench, Vice Chancelfor the few that remained :-a table of lor's, and Lord Chancellor's; the two sixty covers well served, with four hot last are nearly completed. soups, and four hot courses; to which Respecting the buildings now nearly

I sat down, and was very jolly,~until demolished, it is remarked in Smith's about half an hour after nine; when “Antiquities of Westminster,” in illusI retired home. And thus ended our tration of a good view there given, that;

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