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triotic convention over which you presided, and I do not need to extend this reply by further
economy and honesty in the Government-th
banners they are to be written in the comin
gotten. If there had been no Republican party
a s at the opening of the war totes the be as unknown from the Potomac to the Rio sational authority to d o the mattoni Grande as ten years ago. If the Republican ity Thirteente has been the poie star of parts could have been stricken from existence
when the banner of rebellion was unfurled, and
your e n contact when the response of no coercion was heard
day But for the Republican party daring to
us the odium of tax and draft laws, our flag
she long looked for retary came. Without a
Repubilean par the civil rights bill, the guar-
e were the hot tantee of estafte under the law to the humble Toveste in auto
and the terrinesiess as well as to the strong, sites
bound but be to-tar upon our national statute
patriotism, and discriminating justice of the peo- ! 7. Reform of abges in the administration, ple, standing upon the Constitution as the foun- the expulsion of arrupt men from oit.ee, the dation and limitation of the powers of the Gov- abrogation of useless dices, the restoration of ernment, and the guarantee of the liberties of rightful authority to, and th: lependence of the citizen, and recognizing the questions of the executive and judicial criartineats of the slavery and secession as having been settled, for Government, the subordinating (f the military all time to come, by the war or the voluntary to the civil power, to the end that the usurpations action of the Southern States in constitutional of Congress and the despotism of the sword may conventions assembled, and never to be renewed cease. or re-agitated, do with the return of peace, de 8. Equal rights and protection for naturalized mand:
and native-born citizens at the and abroad, the 1. Immediate restoration of all the States to assertion of American nationality which stail their rights in the Union under the Constitution, command the respect of foreiza wers, axi farand of civil government to the American peo- nish an example and ene yararemet t to people
struggling for national integrity, constitutional 2. Amnesty for all past political offences, and Hiberty, and individual rights, and the maintenthe regulation of the elective franchise in the ance of the rights of naturalized citizens against States by tbeir citizens.
| the absolute doctrine of immutable allegiance 3. Payment of the public debt of the United and the claims of foreign powers to punish them States as rapidly as practicable; all moneys drawn for alleged crime committed beyond their juris from the people by taxation, except so much as diction. is requisite for the necessities of the Government, ! In demanding these measures and reforms, we economically administered, being honestly ap- arraign the Radical party for its disregard of plied to such payment, and where the obligations right, and the unparalleled oppression and tyr. of the Government do not expressly state upon anny which have marked its career. their face, or the law under which they were is- After the most solemn and unanimous pledge sued does not provide that they shall be paid in of both Houses of Congress to prosecute the war coin, they ought, in right and in justice, to be exclusively f r the maintenance of the Governpaid in the lawful money of the United States. ment and the preservation of the Union under
4. Equal taxation of every species of property the Constitution, it has repeatedly violated that according to its real value, including Govern-most sacred pledge under which alone was rallied ment bonds and other public securities.
that noble volunteer army which carried our flak 5. One currency for the Government and the to victory. Instead of restoring the Union, it people, the laborer and the office-holder, the pen- has, so far as in its power, dissolved it, and subsioner and the soldier, the producer and the jected ten States, in time of profound peace, to bondholder.
military despotism and negro supremacy. It 6. Economy in the administration of the Gov- has nullified there the right of trial by jury; it ernment; the reduction of the standing army and has abolished the habeas corpus, that most sanavy; the abolition of the Freedmen's Bureau cred writ of liberty ; it has overthrown the freeand all political instrumentalities designed to | dom of speech and the press; it has substituted secure negro supremacy : simplification of the | arbitrary seizures and arrests, and military trials system and discontinuance of inquisitorial modes and secret star-chamber inquisitions, for the conof assessing and collecting internal revenue, so stitntional tribunals; it has disregarded in time that the burden of taxation may be equalized and of peace the right of the people to be free from lessened; the credit of the Government and the I searches and seizures; it has entered the post
and telegraph offices, and even the private ments for enrolling the State militia into nation rooms of individuals, and seized their private al forces in time of peace; and a tariff for reve papers and letters without any specific charge or nue upon foreign imports, and such eqnal tax notice of affidavit, as required by the organic ation under the internal revenue laws as will af law; it has converted the American Capitol into
ford incidental protection to domestic manufac- a bastile; it has established a system of spies Il tures, and as will, without impairing the revenue, I and official espionage to which no constitutional
impose the least burden upon and best promote monarchy of Europe would now dare to resort ; and encourage the great industrial interests of it has abolished the right of appeal on importthe country.
ant constitutional questions to the supreme ju
dicial tribunals, and threatens to curtail or deton E. Doolittle. Delaware-James A. Bayard. Florida stroy its original jurisdiction, which is irrevoLIVikersun Call.. . --Henry S. Fitch, Ilinois cably vested by the Constitution, while the learnTeph E. McDonald, Iowa
ed Chief Justice has been subjected to the most pre W. Glick. Ken-James B. Eustis.
atrocious calumnies, merely because he would ---Stevenson Archer. not prostitute his high office to the support of the
higan-Charles E. false and partisan charges preferred against the Vississippi-Ethel
| President. Its corruption and extravagance unsur. Nebraskaair. New Hamp
have exceeded anything known in history, and, Jacob R. Worten. | by its frauds and monopolies it has nearly doub11. North Carolina led the burden of the debt created by the war. Gilmore. Oregon | It has stripped the President of his constitutionlin W. Hughes.
al power of appointment, even of his own cabiin Carolina-Wade er. Teza-George
net. Under its repeated assaults, the pillars of avenport. Virginia | the Government are rocking on their base, and John Davis. Wis should it succeed in November next and inaugu
rate its President, we will meet as & subjected and
ments for amade good; the repeatment and the searence the right of the peo
conquered people, amid the ruins of liberty and before the final adjournment, and was carried by the scattered fragments of the Constitution. acclamation. 1
And we do declare and resolve that ever since the people of the United States threw off all SOLDIERS AND SAILORS, AT NEW YORK, JULY. subjection to the British crown, the privilege and Whereas, a mutual interchange of views betrust of suffrage have belonged to the several tween members of this convention and delegates States, and have been granted, regulated, and to the Democratic National Convention, has fulcontrolled exclusively by the political power of ly confirmed us in our previously entertained each State respectively, and that any attempt by opinion of the purity and patriotism of that body, Congress, on any pretext whatever, to deprive and fully justifies the belief that in the selection any State of this right, or interfere with its ex of candidates and in the construction of a platercise, is a flagrant usurpation of power which form the convention will be governed by the can find no warrant in the Constitution, and, if spirit of the address adopted by this body on sanctioned by the people, will subvert our form the 6th inst.; therefore, relying upon this beof government, and can only end in a single lief, centralized and consolidated government, in Resolved, That we will support its nominees which the separate existence of the States will for President and Vice President of the United be entirely absorbed, and an unqualified despo- States, and that on our return home we will intism be established in place of a Federal union duce our late comrades in arms to unite with us of co-equal States.
in yielding to them a united support. And that we regard the reconstruction acts [Reported from the Committee on Resolutions (so called) of Congress, as such, as usurpations and adopted-yeas 287, nays 71 and unconstitutional, revolutionary, and void. Resowed, That the declaration of principles That our soldiers and sailors, who carried the adopted by the Democratic National Convention flag of our country to victory against a most be, and the same is hereby ratified and approvgallant and determined foe, must ever be grate-ed, and that the secretary communicate to fully remembered, and all the guarantees given that convention a copy of this resolution forthin their favor must be faithfully carried into ex
ad into ex. with. ecution,
Resolved, That the President of the convenThat the public lands should be distributed as tion appoint a committee of five to wait upon widely as possible among the people, and should General George B. McClellan, and assure him be disposed of either under the pre-emption of that although we are called upon by duty to suphomestead lands, or sold in reasonable quanti- port the nominee for the Presidency of the Naties, and to none but actual occupants, at the tional Democratic party now in convention, our minimum price established by the Government. confidence in him is unimpaired, and that our When grants of publiclands may be allowed, ne- love for him is as ardent as ever, and that the cessary for the encouragement of important pub- highest honor that this convention could confer lic improvements, the proceeds of the sale of such upon him would but poorly express our esteem lands, and not the lands theinselves, should be so for him. Also, that the said committee be reapplied.
quested to ask him to come and assist us with That the President of the United States, all his ability during the coming campaign. Andrew Johnson, in exercising the power of his Resolved, That the thanks of this convention, high office in resisting the aggressions of Con- and of all patriotic and right-minded citizens. gress upon the constitutional rights of the States are due to the President of the United States for and the people, is entitled to the gratitude of the the removal of E. M. Stanton from the War Dewhole American people, and in behalf of the partment of the Government, a position which Democratic party we tender him our thanks for the said Stanton had disgraced and dishonored his patriotic efforts in that regard.
ever since his appointment to that office, by his Upon this platform the Democratic party ap many acts of cruelty-both to the Union and peal to every patriot, including all the Conserv- Confederate soldiers-and by his official acts of ative element and all who desire to support the tyranny; and that the soldiers and sailors should, Constitution and restore the Union, forgetting on all occasions, meet bim will the same feelings all past differences of opinion, to unite with us of outraged dignity and pat :otism that he was in the present great struggle for the liberties of received with, on an ever memorable occasion, the people; and that to all such, to whatever in the city of Washington, from that great and party they may have heretefore belonged, we glorious soldier - General William Tecumseh extend the right hand of fellowship, and hail Sherman. all such co-operating with us as friends and [The last three resolutions were offered in the brethren.
convention, and adopted unanimously, under a Resolved, That this convention sympathize suspension of the rule requiring the reference of cordially with the workingmen of the United all resolutions to the Committee on Resolutions. ] States in their efforts to protect the rights and Pending the resolutions reported from the interests of the laboring classes of the country. committee above, General Thomas Ewing, jr.,
soffered by Mr. Vallandingham, and adopted of Kansas, offered this resolution: the last day of the convention.]
Resolved, That the faith of the republic to its Resolved. That the thanks of the convention creditors, as pledged in its laws, is in violable, are tendered to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, and the public burdens should be lightened by for the justice, dignity, and impartiality with vigilant economy in expenditures and never by which he presided over the court of impeachment repudiation; that all the bonds of the United on the trial of President Andrew Johnson.
States issued after the passage of the legal tender [This last was offered by Mr. Kernan, of New act, and not by law expressly payable in coin, York, after the nominations, and immediately I should be paid when redeemable in legal tender
| notes, but without undue inflation of the cur- ly said, for the purpose of seeing what light the
rency, or at the option of the holders, converted action of Congress would throw upon the interinto bonds bearing a low rate of interest; that ests of the country. Its acts since the adjourn. the national bank currency should be retired ment of the Convention show an alarm lest a and its place supplied by legal tenders, so as to change of political power will give to the people save to the Government interest upon the what they ought to have, a clear statement of amount of that circulation, and that the policy what has been done with the money drawn from of permitting banks to supply nearly half of the them during the past eight years. Thoughtful national currency - allowing the five-twenty men feel that there have been wrongs in the bonds, bearing, as they do, interest at the rate financial management which have been kept of nearly nine per cent. per annum, to run be- from the public knowledge. yond the date when they become redeemable, I The congressional party has not only allied and of contracting the currency until it shall itself with military power, which is to be brought rise to the value of gold, is a policy which favors to bear directly upon the elections in many the few against the many, is oppressive to the la- States, but it also holds itself in perpetual sesboring and the debtor classes, and tends to bring sion, with the avowed purpose of making such upon the country the dishonor of repudiation. laws as it shall see fit, in view of the elections
THe moved for the suspension of the rule requir- which will take place within a few weeks. It ing reference to the committee, which was lost- did not, therefore, adjourn, but took a recess, to yeas 78, nays 197; and the resolution was accord- | meet again if its partisan interests shall demand ingly referred, and not again considered.] its reassembling.
Governor Seymour was unanimously nominat- Never before in the history of our country has ed on the twenty-second ballot. The highest Congress thus taken a menacing attitude toward numbers at any time for others were as follows: its electors. I nder its influence some of the
Pendleton, 1564; Hancock, 1441; Hendricks, States organized by its agents are proposing to 132; Andrew Johnson, 65; Sanford E. Church, deprive the people of the right to vote for Presi. 33; Asa Packer of Pa., 271; Joel Parker, 15! ;dential electors, and the first bold steps are taken James E. English, 19; Reverdy Johnson, 9; to destroy the riguts of suffrage. It is not James R. Doolittle, 13; F. P. Blair, Jr., 131; strange, therefore, that thoughtful men see in Thomas Ewing, 1; J. Q. Adams, 1; Geo. B. such action the proof that there is with those McClellan, 1; Chief Justice Chase, 4; Ex-Presi- who shape the policy of the Republican party, dent Pierce, 1 ; John T. Hoffman, 3; Stephen J. motives stronger and deeper than the mere wish Field, 15; Thomas H. Seymour, 4.
to hold political power ; that there is a dread of
some exposure which drives them on to acts so GOV. SEYMOUR'S LETTER OF ACCEPT desperate and so impolitic. ANCE.
Many of the ableat leaders and journals of the UTICA, August 4, 1868. Republican party have openly deplored the vioGentlemen : When, in the city of New York, 'lence of congressional action, and its tendency on the 11th of July, in the presence of a vast to keep up discord in our country. The great multitude, on behalf of the National Democratic interests of our Union demand peace, crder, and Convention, you tendered to me its unanimous a return to those industrial pursuits without nomination as their candidate for the office of which we cannot maintain the faith or honor of President of the United States, I stated I had our Government. The minds of business men "no words adequate to express my gratitude for are perplexed by uncertainties. The hours of the good will and kindness which that body had toil of our laborers are lengthened by the costs shown to me. Its nomination was unsought and of living made by the direct and indirect exacunexpected. It was my ambition to take an tions of Government. Our people are harassed active part, from which I am now excluded, in by the heavy and frequent demands of the tax the great struggle going on for the restoration of gatherer. good government, of peace and prosperity to our Without distinction of party, there is a strong country. But I have been caught up by the feeling in favor of that line of action which whelming tide which is bearing us on to a great shall restore order and confidence, and shall lift political change, and I find myself unable to re-off the burdens which now hinder and rex the sist its pressure.
industry of the country. Yet at this moment “You have also given to me a copy of the res- those in power have thrown into the senate olutions put forth by the Convention, showing chamber and congressional hall new elements of its position upon all the great questions which discord and violence. Men have been admitted now agitate the country. As the presiding of- as representatives of some of the Southern ficer of that Convention, I am familiar with States, with the declaration upon their lips that their scope and import; as one of its members, they cannot live in the States they claim to repI am a party to their terms. They are in ac- resent without military protection. cord with my views, and I stand upon them in These men are to make laws for the North as the contest upon which we are now entering, and well as the South. These men, who, a few days I shall strive to carry them out in future, wher- since, were seeking as suppliants that Congress ever I may be placed, in public or private life." would give them power within their respective
I then stated that I would send you these States, are to day the masters and controllers of words of acceptance in a letter, as is the custom the actions of those bodies. Entering them with ary form. I see no reason, upon reflection, to minds filled with passions, their first demands 1 change or qualify the terms of my approval of have been that Congress shall look upon the the resolutions of the Convention.
States from which they come as in conditions of I have delayed the more formal act of com civil war ; that the majority of the populations, municating to you in writing what I thus public-l embracing their intelligence, shall be treated as
public enemies; that military forces shall be Republican organization who has not within the kept up at the cost of the people of the North, past three years warned it against its excesses, and that there shall be no peace and order at the who has not been borne down and forced to give South save that which is made by arbitrary up his convictions of what the interests of the power.
country called for; or, if too patriotic to do this, Every intelligent man knows that these men who has not been driven from its ranks. If this owe their seats in Congress to the disorder in the has been the case heretofore, what will be its acSouth; every man knows that they not only owe tion now, with this new infusion of men who, their present positions to disorder, but that every without a decent respect for the views of those motive springing from the love of power, of who had just given them their positions, begin gain, of a desire for vengeance, prompts them to their legislative career with calls for arms, with keep the South in anarchy. While that exists, demands that their States shall be regarded as they are independent of the wills or wishes of in a condition of civil war, and with a declaratheir fellow-citizens. While confusion reigns, tion that they are ready and anxious to degrade they are the dispensers of the profits and the the President of the United States whenever honors which grow out of a government of mere they can persuade or force Congress to bring force. These men are now placed in positions forward new articles of impeachment ? where they can not only urge their views of poli The Republican party, as well as we are incy, but where they can enforce them.
terested in putting some check upon this vioWhen others shall be admitted in this manner lence. It must be clear to every thinking man from the remaining Southern States, although that a division of political power tends to check they will have in truth no constituents, they will the violence of party action, and to assure the have more power in the Senate than a majority peace and good order of society. The electio) of the people of this Union living in nine of the of a Democratic Executive and a majority of great States. In vain the wisest members of the Democratic members to the House of RepresentRepublican party protested against the policy atives would not give to that party organization that led to this result.
the power to make sudden or violent changes, While the chiefs of the late rebellion have but it would serve to check those extreme meassubmitted to the results of the war, and are now ures which have been deplored by the best men quietly engaged in useful pursuits for the sup of both political organizations. The result port of themselves and their families, and are would most certainly lead to that peaceful restrying by the force of their example to lead toration of the Union and re-establishment of back the people of the South to the order and in- fraternal relationship which the country desires. dustry not only essential to their well-being, but I am sure that the best men of the Republican to the greatness and prosperity of our common | party deplore as deeply as I do the spirit of viocountry, we see that those who, without ability lence shown by those recently admitted to seats or influence, have been thrown by the agitations in Congress from the South. The condition of of civil convulsion into positions of honor and civil war which they contemplate, must be abprofit, are striving to keep alive the passions to horrent to every right-thinking man. which they owe their elevation. And they clam. I have no mere personal wishes which mislead orously insist that they are the only friends of my judgment in regard to the pending election, our Union-a Union that can only have a sure Noman who has weighed and measured the dufoundation in fraternal regard, and a common ties of the office of President of the United desire to promote the peace, the order, and the States can fail to be impressed with the cares happiness of all sections of our land.
and toils of him who is to meet its demands. It Events in Congress since the adjournment of is not merely to float with popular currents the Convention have vastly increased the im without a policy or a purpose. On the contrary, portance of a political victory by those who are while our Constitution gives just weight to the seeking to bring back economy, simplicity, and public will, its distinguishing feature is that it justice in the administration of our National seeks to protect the rights of minorities. Its affairs. Many Republicans have heretofore greatest glory is that it puts restraints upon clung to their party who have regretted the ex- | power. It gives force and form to those maxims tremes of violence to which it has run. They and principles of civil liberty for which the marhave cherished a faith that, while the action of tyrs of freedom have struggled through ages. their political friends has been mistaken, their | It declares the right of the people to be secure motives have been good. They must now see in their persons, houses and papers, against unthat the Republican party is in that condition reasonable searches and seizures. That Conthat it cannot carry out a wise and peaceful gress shall make no law respecting an establishpolicy, whatever its motives may be.
ment of religion or the free exercise thereof, or It is a misfortune, not only to a country, but abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, to a governing party itself, when its action is un- or the right of the people to petition for redress checked by any form of opposition. It has been of grievances. It secures the right of a speedy the misfortune of the Republican party that the and public trial by an impartial jury. events of the past few years have given it so Noman can rightfully enter upon the duties much power that it has been able to shackle the of the presidential office unless he is not only Executive, to trammel the judiciary, and to car-willing to carry out the wishes of the people exry out the views of the most unwise and violent pressed in a constitutional way, but is also preof its members.
pared to stand up for the rights of minorities. When this state of things exists in any party, | He must be ready to uphold the free exercise of Vit has ever been found that the sober judgments religion. He must denounce measures which
of its a blest leaders do not control. There is would wrong personal or home rights, or the rehardly an able man who helped to build up the I ligious conscience of the humblest citizen of the