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CONTENTS.
[For ALPHABETICAL INDEX, see next page of this cover.]
ASTRONOMICAL DEPARTMENT :

PAGE
Eclipses for 1870-Jewish and Mohammedan Calendars .......
Tide Table for 110 Places......
The Seasons-Correct Time--Morning and Evening Stars..... 2
Sixty-one Bright Stars-Directions for Surveyors ...........
Cycles of Time and Church Days..........
Planetary Movements and other Phenomena..
Calendars-Phases of the Moon, Rising and Setting of Planets,
Sidereal Noon, Moon South, High Water, &c........

5 to 16
POLITICAL DEPARTMENT :

Constitution of the United States, with all the Amendments.. 17 to 22
State Action on the XVth Amendment......

..... 22
Public Laws and Joint Resolutions passed during the Third

Session of the XLth and First: ession of the XLIst Congresses, 23
Proclamations by the President ............
Appropriations during 1869 ............
Debts of various Nations .............
Constitutions of State of New York, and Votes on Amending.
Voters and Those who vote in New York.....
Homestead Law and Prices of Public Lands.....
Public Debt of the United States.....
French and American Weights and Measures.
Coinage of the United States Mint....
Foreign Governments, Area, Population, Religion, and Rulers.
Summary of Votes of Electoral Colleges .......
Receipts and Expenses of the United States ...
· Heads of Government-Cabinet-Supreme Court-Ministers
Senate of the United States, Politically classified.......
House of Representatives, Politically classified...

to 46
Delegates from Territories, Politically classified.....
Committees in Congress ...............
States, Population, Capitals, Governors, Days of Election, and
Meeting of Legislatures...........

..................... 48
ELECTION RETURNS: Carefully prepared Returns of the Votes in all

States holding Elections in 1869, Names of Candidates,
Political Status of Legislatures, &c.

49 to 66
Summary of Popular Vote for President......

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....28

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ineend Cycies of

........28

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Public Debt of the United*:39

Astronomical.

PAGE,

PAGE. Franking Privilege .........24 Foreign Ministers of the

PAGE. Eclipses in 1870................I

Freedmen's Hospitals... ...271. United States..........

united states..............43 Habeas Corpus Extended...23 Governments, Area, PopnJewish Calendar for 1870....

Harper's Ferry to be sold..231 lation, and Rulers of the Mohammedan Calendar for

Heintzelman, Gen.-Rank World...... 1870......

...41 Tide Tabiat...........1 Tide Table for 110 Places.....

of...........................28 House of Representatives.

Indians and Quakers....... 27) Politically classified........45 Seasons — Beginning and

Judge Advocates.... 28 Metrical and American Ending of-Time-low to

Judicial System....... ..28 Weights and Measures......40 get Correct....

Kansas-Settlers in.... 28 Receipts and Expenses of Stars-Morning and Even

Light-Houses.......

28 the Government.............42 ing for the Year...

Liquor and Tobacco....... .23 Senate of the United States, Bright Stars-Table of Six:"

Liquor and Tobacco Tax...28 | Politically Classified. ty-one of them...

Loaning Money on United States of the Union-Area,

to Surveying.-Directions

States Notes. ............

Population, Electors,Cap. Civil Engineers..

Machinery-Duties on..... itals, Governors, Meeting Church Days and Cy

Married Women - Prop of Legislature, and day Time.....

erty of...

of State Election ......... Planetary Conjunctions and

48 Mexican Claims......

United States GovernmentInteresting Phases... Montana Election...

President, Cabinet, and Planets - When and How

Monuments to Generals... Supreme Court.. far Visible......

Ohio-Bridge over the..... Day and Night-Length of.... 4

Oregon-Railroad in.... CALENDARS--Changes of the

National Finances. Moon, Rising and Setting

Oregon - Right of Way

for Railroad in... of Planets, Sun at Noon

Pacific Railroads..

Public Debt, Dec. I, 1869......38 Mark, Days of Month and

Pacific Railway........

Debt bearing Coin Interest...38 Week, Sidereal Noon,

Poor-Relief of..

Debt bearing no Interest.....38 Moon South, Rising and

Prize Money................

Debt on which Interest has Setting of Sun and Moon, Provisional Governments.

Ceased since Maturity......38 and High Water for all the

hebel States - Indict

"Debt bearing Interest in States......................5-16

Lawful Money ..............39 ments in................... 26 San Diego a Port of Entry..

Recapitulation... Laws, Proclamations,

Settlers on Indian Lands...29

Bonds issued to I
etc.
Ship Canal-Lake Superior.29

roads...... LAWS OF CONGRESS:

Southern States' Constitu.

tions..... Constitution of the United

States........................38

.....27 States, from the Original

Spanish Vessels-Duties-on, 241 Copy, with all the Amend.

Staff-Chief of.... ....27 Election Returns for ments.....................17-22 Substitutes – Refunding

1869. Fifteenth Amendment-Ac.

Money Paid for,...... tion of the various State

Territorial Elections... Alabama............. Legislatures th creon........22

The White House........ California..... LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES:

Connecticut

PROCLAMATIONS.
Alabama--Grants in.......

Towns
Alaska-Fur Trade in.......27 Eight-Hour Law on Pub
Army-Pay to the.......

lic Work.....

......30 Kentucky...
Assay Omče in Idaho.......23 Southern Constitutions-
Banks - Reports to be Submission of...............29 Maryland....
Made from....

Massachusetts.
Bounties--About Paying...28 APPROPRIATIONS, Minnesota..
Bounties--Act in Relation Fortieth Congress - Third Mississippi..
to..........................251 Session.......

...30 New ilampshiro.. Brevet Commissions........21 Forty-first Congress-First New Jersey....... Brooklyn Bridge - The Session.....

......30 New Mexico........ Law Authorizing.........251

New York-by Counties......51 Capital Cases -Judy." NATIONAL INDEBTEDNESS.

for Senators.....52 ments in....... ............26 Debts of the Leading Na

by Towns........53 Checks-About Certifying..25

Suf. for Negroes.53 tions as Compared with Civil Offices--Removals

Sup. C't Jd'gs....57 that of the United States...30 from..... ........27

C'y Charter Elec.57 Collection Districts........ CONSTITUTIONS OF NEW YORK.J

Legislature......2 Consular Papers ..... .23 Amendments, and Votes Contested Elections ....... thereon.........

........31-32 Pennsylvania.... Coolie Trade ...,

.23 Voters and those who Vote Rhode Island... Copper and Copper Ores

in New York................32 Tennessee. Duties on......

Texas....... Credit-To Strengthen the

HOMESTEAD Law. Vermont. Public...,_..............27 Mode of Settling. Pre-emp.

Virginia....
Corrency-Frauds upon... 27 tions, Prices, &C..........35-37 West Virginia.

Washington Territ
Debates--Publishing of..... 26
Deputy Collectors-Pay of.241 General Statistics,

Wisconsin.........
Equal Rightsin District of

Wyoming......
Columbia..................271 Committees in Senate and
Columbia...

Woman Suffrage in, ' Extradition of Criminals...251 House.....

House.......................47

........47 POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESI. Fifteenth Amendment as Electoral Votes from 1852 to 1DENT in 1850, 1861, and Proposed..................261 1868...........................42 1868 ......

.................66

lowa..........

Maine...........

................ 24

---

-

OM10..........

......23

Astronomical Department, Computed and arranged expressly for this Work, by SAMUEL H. WRIGHT, A. M., M. D.,

Penn Yan, Yates County, N. Y.

Eclipses for the Year 1870. There will be six Iclipses this year, as follows:

I. Total Eclipse of the Moon, January 17, in the morning; visible in Asia, Europe, and the western part of North America. In the United States, east of the Mississippi River, it is not generally visible; but west of that it is wholly or partially visible. In California and the inte

rior of Oregon, etc., the Moon will set to

tally cclipscd in the morning of the 17th, at ECLIPSE OF JAN- Eclipse Eclipse Total 1.

about sunrise ; and near the coast in orth

Fclipse
CARY 17.
begi s. total. ends.

ends.

ern California, Oregon, and Washington Morn. Morn. Morn.

Territory, the total phase paseez off just be

fore the Moon scts; and in Missouri, Iowa, H. M. II. M. I. M. 1. M.

Minnesota, Kansas, and Nebraska, the Moon Chicago, Ill....

sets partially cclipsed. Fond du Lac, Wis.

II. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, January Davenport, lowa. St. Paul, Min..

31; not visible in the United States, but in Mexico, Mex..

the Antarctic regions. St. Louis, Mo..

III. An Eclipse of the Sun, June 28; not Yankton...

visible in America, but in the Southern PaSioux City...

cific Ocean east of Australia. Kansas City .. Omaha......

IV. A Total Eclipse of the Moon, July 12;

inyisible in the United States. Along the Virginia City.. Napa City...

eastern extremity of South America and of

North America, at Nova Scotia, New BrunsSalt Lake City

wick, and Newfoundland, in the Atlantic Denver City

Ocean, in Europe and Asia, the cclipse will Carson City..

be visible: but only partially so in the Brit(rescent City ..

ish Provinces on the northeast coast at the Benicia. Sacramento,

time of the Moon's rising. San Francisco

V. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 28, in Salem, Or.....

the Arctic regions. Portland, Or..

VI. A Total Eclipse of the Sun, December Astoria, Or.

28: invisible in the United States. The line Victoria ....

of total obscuration runs through southern Sitka, Alaska. 3 55 14

6 31 1 7 35

Spain Algiers, Sicily, Greece, Turkey, and into Russia.

the Ant visible in clipse of t1

The Moon sets
partially eclips'd

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The Moon sete
totally cclipsed

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Jewish Calendar for 1870. The Jewish year 5630 is the 6th of the 207th Cycle, and is embolismic, and began September 6, 1869, and ends September 25, 1870. It contains 13 months, or 385 days, and 55 Sabbaths. The year 5631, of 355 days, and 50 Jewish Sabbaths, begins September 26, 1870, and ends September 15,

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MONTH.

BEGINS. LENGTH 5 Sebat

January 3.... 6 Adar.

February 2, .. Veadar (Interc'l'ry) March 4 7 Nisan ......

April 2.... 8 Ijar ..

May 2..... 9 Sivan..

May 31...

DAYS.

MONTH.
10 Tammuz....
II Ab
12 Elul
1 Tisri (56
2 Marches yan
3 Cisleu....
4 Thebet ....

BEGINS. LENGTH
June 30......
July 29.....
August 28...
September 26.
October 26....
November 25.
December 25..!

DAYS.

Mohammedan Calendar for 1870. The Mohammedan year 1286, of 355 days, begins April 13, 1869, and ends April 2, 1870. The year 1287, of 354 days, begins April 3, 1870, and ends March 22, 1871. MONTH. BEGINS. LENGTH.

MONTA.

BEGINS. LENGTH 10 Schewall ..

July 1.........
January 4 ....

4 Rahia II
11 Ds'l-Kadat.
February 2..

5 Jomadhi

July 30...... 12 Ds'l-Reijah .. March 4......

6 Jomadhi II.. August 29... 1 Muharrem... April 3 .....

7 Rejeb.......

Septeinber 27. 2 Saphar..... May 3 ....

8 Shaban......

October 27.... 3 Rabia I.. June 1.....

9 Ramadan,

November 25. 10 Schewall..

December 25..!

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New and Valuable Tide Table for 110 Places. To find the time of high-water at any of the places named in the following table, add time indicated in the first column of figures to the time of “Moon South,” or “Moon on Meridian," found in the calendar pages. If the result is more than 12 hours from noon, the time will be ihe next day in the morning; and if more than 12 hours from midnight, the time will be in the afternoon of the same day. The tide thus found is the first after the Moon's culmination. The second tide occurs 12 hours and 26 minutes later than the first.

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NORTH E. COAST. H.M. FT. FT

H.M.F
Hanniwell's Point 1 151 9.3 7.0
Castleton ....

Wilmington....

2.2 Portland..........'11 25 9.9 7.6 Greenbush...

2.5 1.9 Georgetown Ent.

4.7 2.7 Portsmouth .... II 23 9.9 7.2 L.ISLAND SOUND.

" Bull's Island Bay 5.7 3.7 Newburyport..... 19.16.6 Watch Hill....

Charleston

6.0 4.1

90 3.1 2.4 Rockport

10 57 10.2 7.1

Stonington ...
Stonin.

St. Helena Sound

9 7 Salem ..

3.2 2.2 Little Gull Islan

Ft. Pulaski... Bostot Light:

New London. Boston..... 8.5| New Haven...

Doboy Light Plymouth... 11.49.0 Bridgeport

St. Simon's..... Wellficet ...... 13.29.2 Oyster Bay .....

8.04.7 Ft, Clinch.. Provincetown....

St. John's Rive
Sand's Point...
Monomoy.

5.3 2.6
New Rochelle....

8.86:8 St. Augustine. Nantucket.

Throgg's Neck ...

9.2 6.1 Cape Florida... Hyannis .......... 12 3.9 1.8

Indian Key..... Edgartown ....

JERSEY COAST.

Sand Key.. Holmes' Hole....

Cold Spring Inlet.

3.6 Key West.. Tarpanlin Cove.. 8

CapeMay Landing 6.0 4.3 Tortugas......:::
Wood's Hole (N.)
DELA'REBAY,&c.

Charlotte Harb'r
Wood's Hole (S.) 8 34

Delaw'e Breakw'r!

2.0 Tampa Bay....... Menemsha Light. 745 | Higbee'sCape May |

Cedar Keys...... 13 Quick's Hole (N.) 4.3 2.9 Egg Island Light.

B: St. Marks Quick's Hole (S.SI 3.8 2.3 Mahon's River....

5.0 WESTERNCOAST. Cuttyhunk........ 4.22.9 Newcastle...

6.6 San Diego........9 Kettle Cove.... 5.0 3.1 Philadelphia.....

San Pedro........ Bird Island Light 5:33.5|| CHESAPEAKE, &c.

Cuyler's Harbor. New Bedford.....

San Luis Obispo. Newport...

Old PointComfort 17' 3.0 2.0 Monterey .... Point Judith

Point Lookout..

1.9 0.7 South Farrallone

Annapolis... Block Island..

1.00.8 San Francisco.

Bodkin Light. Montauk Point

1.30.8 Mare Island... Sandy Hook.. 1:0 Baltimore...

1.5 0.9 Benicia New York....

Washington

3.4 2.0 Ravenswood... HUDSON RIVER.

City Point

11 3.0 2.5 Bodega...... Dobb's Ferry.....

Richmond

4 32 3.4 2.3 Humboldt Bay... Tarrytown? 514.02.7

Tappahannock.

42 1.91.3 Port Orford. Verplanck's Poi 3.8 2.5 SOUTHERN COAST.

Astoria. West Point .....

Hatteras Inlet.

2,21.8 Nee-ah Harbor. Poughkeepsie....

2.4) Beaufort (N. O

26 3.3 2,2 Port Townshend. 49 5.54 Tivoli.....

3.2 Bald Head....

26 5.0 3.4 Stellacoom .... 4.6.11.17.2 Stuyvesant... 3 23! 4.4 3.0l Smithville .... 7 19 5.5 3.8 Semi-ah-moo Bay 450 6.6

The Four Seasons.

D. H. M. Winter begins December, 1869.

8 ev., and lasts...... Spring begins March, 1870......

24 ev., and lasts......

92 20 24 Summer begins June, 1870 ....... .. 2 10 48 m., and lasts... Autumn begins September, 1870......... 23 i 1 m., and lasts.... Winter begins December, 1870............ 7 5 ev. Trop. year. ..

5 57 To Get Correct Time. When the shadow cast by the Sun reaches the noon-mark. set the clock at the time given in calendar pages of this Almanac, in the column of " Sun at Noon-mark," and it will be exactly right. If a meridian line is used instead of a noon-mark, the passing the lines by the sun's center is the moment for setting the clock. Any skillful surveyor can make a noon-mark or meridian lines of small brass or copper wires. In doing so, he must allow for the variation of the magnetic needle from a true or astronomical north and south line. Morning Stars.

Evening Stars,
Venus ( ) from February 23 to December 8. Venus until February 23
Mars ( ) from March 12 to December 16.

Mars until March 12, and all of 1871.
Jupiter ( 21 ) from May 24 to September 18. Jupiter until May 24, and after September 18.
Saturn ( until March 18, and from December Saturn from March 18 to December 22,

22 to March 30, 1871.

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A Table of Sixty-one Bright Stars, To ascertain when any Star found in the following Table will be on the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of “ Sidereal Noon" found in the calendar pages. For the RISING of a star, subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (....) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not rise nor set north of the latitude of New York (40° 42' 40''), for which latitude the semi-diurnal arcs are calculated. The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently 24 hours after mid night, or 12 hours from noon, is morning of the succeeding day; and more then 24 hou's from noon, is evening of the next day. From 12h. to 24h. fruin midnight, or from Oh. to 12h. from noon, will be in the afternoon of the same day. This table is arranged in the order of culmination,

Surveyors and civil Engineers may obtain the declination of the magnetic needle by observations on the Pole Star when upon the meridian, or when at the greatest elongation east or west. POLARIS and other stars pass the lower meridian 11h. 58m, after their upper transit. To the time of upper transit of Polaris, add 5h, 54m, and it gives the time of greatest western elongation. If the 5h. 54m. be subtracted from the time of upper transit, it will give the time of greatest eastern elongation. Observations made at the time of greatest elongation are less liable to error than those made at the time of transit. The mean distance of Polaris from the pole this year is 1° 23' 1 54". To find its azimuth for any latitude, take from 18.3828965 the logarithmic cosine of the latitude, and the remainder is the logarithmic sine of the azimuth.

NAME OF STAR,

On Rises 11
Meridian and Sets

NAME OF STAL

On Rises Meridian and Sets

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a Andromedæ (Alpheratz)...
y Pegasi (Algenib).
a Cassiopeæ (Schedir)..
B Ceti....................
B Andromedæ (Meracb).
a Ursæ Minoris (POLARIS)
B Arietis ..............
y Andromeda (Almaach)...
a Piscium.......
a Arietis..
a Ceti (Menkar)...
a Persei (Algenib).....
n Tauri (seven stars)..
à Tauri Aldebaran)
a Aurigæ (Capella)...
B Orionis (Rigel)..

Tauri (el Nath)....
y Orionis (Bellatrix).
Š Orionis Mintaka),
€ Orionis (Anilam)...
Ś Orionis (Alnitak)..
a Columbæ (Phaet).....
a Orionis (Betelguese)..
a Canis Majoris (Sirius)...
€ Canis Majoris (Adhara)..
a Geminor (Castor).......
a Canis Minoris (Procyon)..
B Geminor (Pollux)..
5 Argus (Naos).
a Hydræ (Alphard).
a Leonis (Regulus)......

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oor OTA COCOO VOTOT Ororo

y Leonis (Al Gieba)..........
☆ Ursæ Majoris ( Pointers

Ursæ Majoris

Leonis (Denebola).....
y Ursæ Majoris (Phad)...
B Corvi ............::
€ Ursæ Majoris (Alioth).

Virginis (Spica) ........

Ursæ Majoris. ........ a Bootis (Arcturus).

Ursæ Minoris........

Libræ ............
a Coronæ Borealis.
a Serpentis.
B Scorpii
a Scorpii (Antares).
a Herculis.
a Ophiuchi.

Draconis....

Draconis. .....
a Lyræ (Vega).

Lyræ .....
Aquilæ (Altair)..

Cygni (Deneb).....
a Cephei ..
B Aquarii...

Aquarii......
a Pis. Aus. (Fomalhaut).
B Pegasi (Scheat)......
a Pegasi (Markab)..
Vernal Equinox.......

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Cycles of Time and Church Days. Dominical Letter....... · B | Septuagesima Sunday.Feb. 13 Easter Sunday......... April 17 Epact ...

Sexagesima "

" 20 Low Sunday......
Solar Cycle.......
Quinquagesima“

Rogation Sunday.....
Golden Number......
Ash Wednesday.......

Ascension Day......
Roman Indiction.
Quadragesima Sunday.

Pentecost Day.......
Jewish Lanar Cycle
Mid-Lent Sunday......

Trinity Sundav...
Dionysian Period...

Palm Sunday.......

10 Middle of the Year.....July 2 Julian Period.............. 31 Good Friday......

15 ) Advent Sunday........Nov. 27

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