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inquiry, and with such fulness and characters and their works, which breadth of treatment of the more is too often neglected, if not, indeed, important eras and writers,—the intentionally shunned, by literary great centres of literary influence,- men. To our minds, the moral as shall secure a vivid and just con- worth of a work is the first thing ception of the whole.” The idea of to be considered in any attempt to such a handbook is not original; assign its real value, even in an but it is here realized with remark- æsthetical sense. The author, thereable success. The literature of our fore, has our cordial good wishes, country, as here portrayed, may be both as it regards the popularity of studied according to almost any plan the present volume, and that of the which the reader may adopt. And “companion one of specimens ” of not only will the student find a Enzlish authors, of all ages and chronological guide and a literary orders, which he is preparing. They critic in Dr. Angus, but he will also will both, we hope, be permanent meet with that exercise of a moral class-books. censorship, in dealing with renowned


MR. SEWARD and Earl Russell tional law; and however his arguhave been holding a despatch con- ments and illustrations may be troversy on the subject of the “ Ala- taken in America, his countrymen, bama” claims across the Atlantic. generally, think his position imThe American minister demands, pregnable. Those Englishmen who rather preposterously, that the sympathized most with the United British Government should make States in her recent struggles, and good all the damages to the com- who rejoiced most in her ultimate merce of the United States caused success, now sincerely deplore that by the notorious vessel once com- her Government, whether from a manded by Captain Semmes, and desire to pander to popular clamour which eventually was sent by the in America, or from other causes, broadsides of the “ Kearsage” to the should have advanced claims so bottom of the sea. The English questionable, if not unjustifiable, as statesman disclaims all responsibility these. Whether the Washington for the acts of a ship which was cabinet will now consent to forego commissioned by the late Confeder- its demands is exceedingly doubtful. ate Government, which bore the Con. In the mean time the surrender of federate flag, and which, although the “Shenandoah” to one of Her built in a British port, was built Majesty's ships in the Mersey, it is without connivance of the authori- feared, will tend to complicate matties, under false pretences, and ters. Certainly this country has no escaped from British waters and reason to remember with much from the vigilance of Government gratitude the late Confederate through gross deception and shame. Government. In consequence of the less fraud. Lord Russell, in refusing seizure of its agents, Mason and to admit the American claims, for- Slidell, on board the “ Trent,” Eng. tifies his position, characteristically land was very nearly involved in a enough, with an abundance of his- sanguinary war; and now, though torical precedents and with many dead and gone, it has bequeathed to constitutional maxims of interna- this slavery-hating nation the ugly

legacy connected with the sunken emancipation of the Southern slaves. Alabama” and the surrendered No doubt the Negro outbreak in “ Shenandoah.” Should the Ame- Jamaica will be turned to bad acrican Government persist in urging count by the enemies of the coloured its claims for damages, it becomes people,* in putting an arrest upon a question whether it will be wise the sympathies of some. As tidings in Earl Russell's successor at the of the appalling massacre at MorantForeign office to persist in declining Bay have only just reached us, and the proposal for arbitration. Even as the report of what has since ocalthough such a court should im- curred, in repressing it, is evidently peach the good faith of England - hurried and incomplete, we can only which is very unlikely,-history is express our astonishment and horror sure to give ample vindication to her at the atrocities which have been honour in connexion with her neu- perpetrated. Thank God for the trality in the recent contest in Ame- assurance which is given under the rica. Notwithstanding this unhappy worst of circumstances : “Surely dispute, few Englishmen will look the wrath of man shall praise Thee : without pleasure at the manner in the remainder of wrath shalt Thou which the United States are over- restrain!” coming the difficulties of their position. Under President Johnson's Whatever crises in diplomacy may able administration the work of re- take place, or colonial insurrections, construction progresses more satis- or Fenian plots, or wars or rumours factorily than could have been anti- of wars, the wide world over, the cipated. The Negro difficulty, howa great statesman, lately entombed so ever, will continue for some time to befittingly amid the dust of Engtax the energies of American states- land's illustrious dead, has done with men and philanthropists. The poor them for ever. While mourning black man, a dishonour to his owners the loss of his eminent services in in the days of his bondage, is now the prospect of the approaching sesfound to be an embarrassment to his sion of Parliament, it is pleasing to fellow-citizens in the first year of be informed by a witness of his lathis freedom. It may be hoped, ter end, himself a man of rank, but however, that when he shall have (one who wears a coronet and passed, as it seems too evident he prays,” that there was reason for must pass, through a period of hope, in the Christian sense of that suffering, he will be roused to a word, in the great minister's death, spirit of self-reliance, ceasing to be Lord Palmerston's successor in a burden to others and a trouble to the premiership, if report be crethe state. Meanwhile, those organ- dited, has his difficulties in the ized efforts for the relief of American reconstruction of the cabinet. At freed-men, which philanthropy has such a juncture, while clubs are set on foot, should be encouraged and gossipping, and newspapers circusupported, and especially by those lating on dits, and politicians are who advocated, and prayed for, the whispering of rivalries and jealousies

* And by the enemies of the cross also; as witness the behaviour of the Times," as usual, on the reported implication of some ministers of the Gospel in the insurrection. Let it be found unfortunately true-which remains to be proved that this scandal has been brought upon the cause of Missions by the conduct of a few : what then? Is this the tone and temper in which to discuss it? We can scarcely think of a happier revolution for society than that which would be indicated by a universal neglect of the pretensions of such a journal to guide the thoughts of Englishmen, on any question affecting either the religion or the church of Christ,

amongst the occupants and expect- influence in the government will anis of office, the duty of the Chris- doubtless occasion amongst the great tian patriot is obviously to pray to political parties, the UltramonHim who ordains “the powers that tanes will certainly endeavour to be,” to graciously direct the Queen turn to their own advantage. They in the exercise of her royal preroga. are evidently full of hope for the tive, and her chief minister in the future. Dr. Manning, whose elevaduties which she has committed to tion by the Pope to the head of the him. The trade and commerce of Romish hierarchy in England has the United Kingdom, its unequalled apparently made him rather giddy, civil and political constitution, the overlooking the impending perils to vastness of its world-wide depende the Papacy, has been indulging in a encies, as well as the opulence and vision of the speedy downfall of intelligence of its home population, Protestantism. And this is the make the choice of men for the gentleman who a few days ago was administration of government & received by the inayor of Salford, at matter of the last importance. But the laying of a foundation-stone in especially do the religious interests that borough, and by the band of the of the country require that men of local volunteers, (56th Lancashire,) the right kind be placed over the who played, as he approached, “See several departments of state. Just the conquering hero comes.” The now the Romish Church is unusually mayor may possibly be a Romanist, active throughout the country; and, and may have only given to Dr. rendered more ambitious through Manning such a reception as many the steady acquisition of political a Methodist mayor would gladly power in Ireland, and flushed with give to the President of the Conferthe success apparent in the extension ence. But there is this difference: and development of Popery in Eng- the President wears no title beland, -parily through Irish immi- stowed by a foreign potentate, gration, and partly through Tracta- claiming jurisdiction in this realm rian treachery,—it is proudly medi- of England, and infrinxing the tating fresh conquests. Dr. Cullen authority of his own Sovereign. is asking for a “Catholic” Univer- Dr. Manning, as “ Archbishop of sity for Ireland, and Dr. Manning is Westminster," accepts a title prodemanding another for England. nounced illegal by the Queen, Lords, What lies hidden behind all this is and Commons of Great Britain and the endowment by the state of the Ireland. But who are the 56ch Roman-Catholic Church. For the Lancashire Volunteers ? Not indeed accomplishment of their own objects one of the regiments which in olden the compact party of Romanists time fired salutes to Juggernaut, or elected to sit in Parliament are whose band played, as the grim biding their time, ready to sell the Moloch of India was dragged along “Catholic vote" in the House of in his gory car, “See the conquerCommons to the highest bidder. ing hero comes!” But the reader The confusion which the loss of can draw conclusions. Lord Palmerston's great personal November 16th, 1865.


APPROACH TO GOD.-That God should to deal familiarly with Him, seems deal familiarly with man, or, which is the not very difficult to conceive, or presumpsame thing, that He should permit man tuous to suppose, when some things are taken into consideration. Woe to the daily sight-seeing, and rushing hither and sinner that shall dore to take a liberty thither ; partly also it is the effect on the with Him that is not warranted by His mind of the constant contemplation of a Word, or to which He Himself has not degraded and paganized form of Christi. encouraged him! When He assumed anity. The direct tendency of Romanism man's nature, He revealed Himself as the is to produce infidelity. This it has done Friend of man, as the brother of every most effectually among its own adherents, soul that loves Him. He conversed freely and very generally in proportion to the with man while he was on earth, and as degree of their adherence to it. An freely with him after His resurrection. intelligent physician in Belgium, who I doubt not, therefore, that it is possible attended a dear friend of mine, was remonto enjoy an access to Him even now, strated with, in the course of conversation, unencumbered with ceremonious awe,- for the laxity and scantiness of his belief. easy, delightful, and without constraint. His answer was curious; and, however This, however, can only be the lot of those startling at first, is worth bearing in who make it the business of their lives to mind, as furnishing a key to the state of please Him, and to cultivate communion meu's thoughts within and about the with Him; and then, I presume, there Church of Rome. My belief?” he can be no danger of offence, because such exclaimed; “ why, I believe in many a habit of the soul is of His own creation; things that you believe in ; I believe in a and near as we come, we come no nearer Supreme Being, and, in some sense, in a to Him than He is pleased to draw us. suture state; but my brother is an Abbé, If we address Him as children, it is and, of course, he believes nothing." because He tells us He is our Father ; if This testimony, we fear, however it we unbosom ourselves to Him as to a may admit of many exceptions, is, in friend, it is because He calls us friends; the main, true. Devotees there are, and and if we speak to Him in the language will be, to every form of belief, however of love, it is because He first used it, much that belief may outrage reason and thereby teaching us that it is the language conscience; and persons there will be He delights to hear from His people. who cannot, or do not, use common sense, But I confess that, through the weakness, and thus follow whither they are led the folly, and corruption of human nature, unintelligently; but between and among this privilege, like all other Christian these is the great bulk of the thinking privileges, is liable to abuse. There is a population; and these, whether plain mixture of evil in everything we do ; men or scholars, are, in Roman Catholic indulgence encourages us to encroach, countries, almost invariably unbelievers. and while we exercise the rights of chil. Let any mystery of their faith be mendren we become childish. — Cowper. tioned, or any miracle or superstition, on

which the priesthood live and thrive, and INFIDELITY ON THE CONTINENT.— you will instantly see, by the open scorn Ainong an Englishman's memories of a in general sociсty, by the silent repudiaforeigu tour, says a recent traveller, the tion on the part of more guarded men, Sundays shine out with a peculiar charm. by the tone in which the subject is treated They are peaceful halting-times, free from among the priests themselves, that carnest the distraction of travel and sight-secing; belief is almost altogether wanting. rallying points for his scattered thoughts. Never has the "quietness and confidence” ELIZABETHAN GARDENING.–The Elizof the English liturgy fallen so sweetly abethan gardener had no fear but that on his soul, as when, in the foreign ind, if the flowers were varied and plentiful with a few, perhaps, ot his countrymeu enough, their colours would blend with gathered around, he reads, or hears read, quite as much beauty as in any artificial its Sunday morning prayer ; or, in the arrangement which he could devise. He larger city, follows the stream of English had seen how nature blends her colours on to the "place were prayer is wont to be the river-bank, or the woodside, in the made,” and, with his brethren and sisters, open meadow, or the upland path, and he is strengthened and refreshed at the holy was quite satisfied to let her dispose his table. For the great temptation of colours in like manuer. And this he foreign travel is to allow the inner might safely do ; for the colours which he thoughts of the heart to become distracted had to use, being natural to a temperate and dissipated,—to forget English belief climate, and not tropical exotics dragged and English practice when we are off from their blazing home, were soft and English soil. This is occasioned partly harmonious ; and, whatever their arrangeby the very whirl and importunity of ment, were sure to produce a satisfactory result. The best artificial guide to colour almost any arrangement we please, or in arrangement which the gardener can have, fact—which is better-leave them to take is the varicd play of light which passes any arrangement which they may happen through the glass of an ancient painted to fall into. It is a rule, for instance, window, scen from a distance; where the not to oppose blue and red, and not to pattern cannot be deciphered, but only a ally blue and green; bnt in a garden we rich mass of colouring perceived. Pro- may constantly see these colours blend bably the nearest approach which Euro- together in perfect harmony, and with pean art has made towards pure taste in the richest effect, in spite of all our artithe use of bright colours, is in the old ficial rules. What, for instance, can be glass which adorns some of our cathedrals more exquisite, in the spring, than a bed and parish churchcs. The reason for this of anemones, of every possible colour success is, that subject was made subordi- or, in the autumn, than a mixed mass of nate to colour; and the painter rather German asters in all their varied hues ? sought to produce a rich assemblage of What a rich Mosaic is a bed of hyacinths, colours, than to execute a picture better tulips, or pansies; and bow exquisitely suited to an opaque surface. He felt that their various tints weave what Shakespeare he had to deal with the richest colours calls “a rich scarf for the proud earth." which hurcan art could produce; and it It is in this blending of colours that the was his aim to do justice to the means at painting of nature so far transcends all his disposal, and not to display his skill that man can do; she does not pick out

a dranghtsman. In dealing with her colours, or forms, in separate bits : flowers, however, we have this superior here a bit of scarlet, there a bit of blue, facility; that while artificial colours and there a bit of green; here a leaf, and require artificial treatment, and demand there a pebble; but she blends them all attention to certain rules as to their justa- in one rich whole; so that with the strietest position, nature's colours always harmo. attention " we cannot the mander of their nize, if placed near enough together, and mixture spy." we need never be afraid to give them



O God! Thou infinite, Unknown ! Thou holy, holy, holy Lord,
Reveal'd through 'Thine incarnate Son, In Triune plenitude adored,
As reconciled to all ;

Let all Thy saints draw near :
We now, through His exalted name, While in Thy courts we raise our songs,
And by Thy Spirit's quick’ning flame, Let grace Divine inspire our tongues,
Thy Sovereign grace extol.

With love that knows no fear. Before Thy unapproached light,

In higher strains than angels know, We all with hearts and tongues uuite, We celebrate Thy praise below, To praise Thy mystic name;

And wait with them to vie; Ascribing, with the heavenly host, When, fashion'd like our risen Lord, To Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,

We all Thy fulness shall record, All power and might the same.

In nobler strains on high. Blackrock, 1865.

R, S.


Missions for more liberal support. A INCREASED SUPPORT.


few extracts, bearing on the present

position of affairs, will repay the atten. Ar the recent Anniversary Meeting in tion of our readers. Leeds the several speakers very fairly The suggestion that it would be prerepresented the circumstances of the ferable to give up one section of the Society, and the claims of the Wesleyan Missions entirely, rather than continue

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