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created some sensation on the Con- kind. No wonder at the prohibi. tinent, and especially in France. tion : for upon some of the princiThe feeling, however, has not been ples assailed by the Pope is the one of fear, but of wonder. This throne of the Emperor based. One document runs so directly in oppo- episcopal zealot, at least, has already sition to the political and scientific dared the imperial authority, and tendencies of the age, (not to men

for his conduct must now give an tion the religious,) that, it is argued, account to the law of the empire. the traditional craft of the Papacy, If general disgust at the extravagant in the pliancy of its seeming adapta- pretensions of the Papacy be aroused tion to circumstances, must have among the educated classes ; if forsaken it ; and Pius IX., and his statesmen are convinced of the inconclave of cardinals, are possessed compatibility of Romanism in power with a truly unaccountable fatuity. with civil and religious liberty ; and Such, at least, is the opinion of if the breach between the Seven those liberal thinkers who wished to Hills and the liberal Roman Catholic be or terins of amity with professors powers of Europe be widened, then of every kind of religion, or of 10 some good to the cause of righteousreligion; who were in favour of ness and truth will come out of this Maynooth endowments, of Govern- latest effort of the Vatican to control ment aid to Convent schools, and of circumstances that are apparently the appointinent of Romish chap- hastening its own doom. lains to work houses and jails. These It is very remarkable, and very patrons of Popery, on the ground of humiliating to the Protestantism of political convenience, are especially England, that, while the Pope's noisy scandalized when they find the exact but impotent thunder is laughed at portrait of the old and intolerant in Roman Catholic countries on the superstition, as set forth at Exeter- Continent, in this land Popery is Hall meetings, verified by the Pope working insidiously within the pale himself

. So long as “ His Holiness” of the Established Church, and withdenounced only Bible Societies, and out it, under its own proper name, proclaimed all beyond the pale of openly and avowedly, with vigour Romanisın to be beyond the pale of and audacity. It still, as of old, salvation, the political friends of the creeps into houses, leading captive Church of Rome in this country silly women, overtaken by divers listened to anathemas, unshocked; lusts. The Brompton Oratory case but now that he denounces liberal- presents a specimen of danger to the ism, civilization, and the principles of domestic institution, prized and chetoleration, and defends Legitimacy, rished as it is in England, as well as and would, if possible, revive the of daring and astonishing success. politics and philosophy, as well as Not only does Father Bowden sucthe ecclesiasticism, of the middle ceed in keeping a girl of sixteen ages; they bitterly complain of his away froin her mother, but actually stupidity and presumption! But succeeds, notwithstanding an exhiwhat he will feel more keenly than bition in a public court of Jesuitical the upbraidings of newspapers is the equivocation, in obtaining, virtually, treatment which his letter has re- the extra-judicial acquiescence of a ceived from the “eldest son of the metropolitan magistrate to the wrong Church.” Napoleon III. declines inflicted upon the unfortunate moto allow the bishops and priests of ther. That any ecclesiastic, and France to read to their flocks those especially that any priest of Rome, portions of the document which at- should be permitted to kidnap the tack political doctrines of a certain child of any English parent, and shut her up in a “home” against and is made a plea in advocating the that parent's will, is surely, in this employment of stipendiary magisProtestant country, in this land of trates generally ; but, surely, no the Habeas Corpus, a thing not to be Court of Petty Sessions ever exposed endured. The conduct of the priest itself to stronger animadversion than is not, alas ! a matter of wonder; the salaried magistrate of a metrobut the conclusion of the magistrate politan police-court in the matter of is astounding. “Justices' justice the Brompton Oratory. is often ridiculed in the newspapers,

January 14th, 1865.





WESTMINSTER large black box to keep my writings in. SCHOOLBOY

1751,_The secret I make vast progress in my book, and workings of a child's mind are not often have vigorously and industriously endeaunfolded to others as they appear in the voured to do my task well. I always following extracts from the juvenile un- prav to God as I go to my school....... published diary of Augustus Toplady. I love God always, and endeavour to cast As a relic of so remarkable a man, it away sin....... Before I went to Deptford, may be considered a sort of literary curi- I had bought, out of my own money, a osity; and for its authenticity the tran. large strong book case in 1751. scriber is able to vouch most satisfacto- March. I wrote a manual of prayers. rily. As the time when Mr. Toplady's works 19th.-I went t.) Mr. Darby's. Very were published, this article was consider- civilly entertained. ed too juvenile, as a whole, to appear

24th and 25th.-Very ill. My mamamong them ; but was carefully kept in ma provided me with everything needful, safe hands, with the idea that the tran- like a kind, indulgent parent as she is. script of a few pages might be acceptable Aptil 5th.-My aunt Betsey invented a to the readers of an old periodical pub- terrible mistake of me. I have a little lished in the last generation by Hatchard garden: she said she sowed some horseand Son, Piccadilly. Many a parent, radish in it, and that I had pulled it up. aunt, uncle, grandmother, and school. Swore in a solemn manner! In a fort. master, may here find some useful hints night I saw a great head of horse-radish, as to the effect of the conduct of seniors I told her of the mistake, and of the conon the minds of children, when they least sequences that would attend getting a suspect it. For each such tender, sus- bad character on me ; on which she mulceptible, little immortal, committed to tiplied her number from one piece of our guardian care and tenderness, pre- radish to two, stands to it, and that I cept and example, we must yet give a told a lie! But, thanks be to God, I strict account, in answer to the touching

God forgive her ! for I do. question, “ Where is the flock that was 6th.-My prayer, going to school :given thee ? thy beautiful flock ? "

« O Lord God, dear Redeemer, hea.

venly Father ! grant that I may not DIARY, &c., 1751.

have any anger from Doctor Nicholls,

Doctor Lloyd, or any of the ushers, that October 20th.--I began to write a may proceed from any one cause whatbook of duty, and ended it in December. ever, and in particular.....(here I name

November 27th.--Began another, and my fears.) Amen. ended it, February 25th, 1752.

“Grant also that I may not have any On Shrove Tuesday I wrote a sermon. quarrels with my schoolfellows. Grant I have three more, of my own composi- that peace may circulate in our hearts, tion.

as if we were brothers. Amen. 1752.

In school I join in the prayers, and

add, “ Receive my praise, O Lord, for February 28th.—My dear, dear, dear protecting me from all anger. Grant mamma bought me a set of boxes, all that nothing may come to interrupt the one in another ; very beauteous and use- unity which ought to subsist between ful. My aunt in February gave me a dear mamma and me." Coming back :

scorn one.



" Thanks be to Thee for my progress in Scholar, drowned. Mr. Lewis, my learning, and for all Thy goodness, Sarah Tate, and several others, have kindnesses, and comforts. Amen." popped off this unhappy year.

7th.-Mamma told me I was as 30th. I have for this month past gord to her as ten children : see the ten- been very kindly invited to Mr. Godderness of a kind, dear mother!

win's, of Norfolk. His son made me Ilth.-My dear mamma, having heard very genteel speeches. my prayers, cried tears for joy; and said November 2d. - Mrs. Loveday paid sée hoped I would never leave the right me a very genteel compliment, of which road; and bid me beware cautiously of I am very undeserving. She said I am a sin, that God's heavenly grace might be second Timothy, who from a child had with me. She hath often told me that known the Holy Scriptures. I do not the best kindness to her after her death set this down from my vanity; knowing was not to deviate from God's laws. fair speeches are but compliments. She is affable and obliging, but her com- I am now arrived to the age of eleven plaisance does not exceed the bounds of years, November 4th, 1752. I praise truth; and, in private, pious and dis- God I can remember no dreadful crime. creet. Let her Christian graces and Not to me, but to the Lord, be the pious example be an everlasting pattern glory! Amen. for me to copy. I doubt pot but she December 5th.-I received

a very will be in a felicial state in the kingdom abusive letter from my aunt Betsey. I of Christ. I must praise God for heard she set my uncle at Deptford sparing the life of mamma so long as to against me, telling him I had made my instruct me in the right paths.

uncle John rude to her. May 14th.-Went Deptford ; 23d.-Went to my uncle Jack's to walked there and back. They desired dine. Ran the gauntlet sorely; for I me to stay some few days ; but, as mam- carried two or three of my sermons to ma bid me go home the same night, I show to my cousin Kitty, as she had often rather chose to obey her than to be in desired me. My uncle took hold of pleasure by disobedience.

them, and read part of one, and asked, 16th._ I heard that my grandmamma " Whose I got them out of ?” I told said my mother would bring me up to be him, “Nobody'a” He shook his head, a scourge to herseif. This is the love of and said, “He knew what children can my grandmother! who before my face do before now.” I still urged, that I pretended kindness, but behind my back really did not take them out of any one, could stab me by taking away my reputa- but they were my own. He bid me hold tion with my mother!

my tongue, and not make it worse by I went to my uncle Jack's. He never denying it; saying, “ You cannot perasked me t 'sit down. (Very rude.) suade beyond my senses. You know When I first came in, he set an ill look, they are not yours ; for you have taken and made me repeat my message several them out of Bishop Andrews.” (A fine times over ; which was, Sir, mamma bishop, truly, to make no better sermons presents her service to you, and hopes than these!) He went on, “ If you were you are well.” He, having yet a very my boy, I would flay you alive"-(a fine rude look, asked me, “ W'hy did you not friendly expression from an own uncle !) come on Sunday ? I told him that I _“for doing such things, and fetch the should have waited on him, but that I truth out of you!” Sir," says I, “ it had not clothes fit to come out on a Sun- hath been the great care of my mamma, day; that we were in such want of who hath laboured with me night and money, every day seemed two; and that day, to avoid lying. I hope I scorn it: I had not good stockings. He never and I am sure I do in this particular. asked me to sit down, but sent my mam- “ Well," says he, “ I am sure I have no ma tko guineas, and my aunt two mure. business with it.” A little after this, She gave me a shilling.

Mrs. Bate came into the room; and July 15th.-Went to aunt Betsey's, Miss and she were in a close whisper, who set forward a most dreadful quarrel

, and looked at me now and then. At calling me pames, &c., &c. ; and, after night I came home. the most abusive and gross language, she

1753. bid me get out of the house ! Mamma January 27th. --My aunt Betsey sent made it up, and on Sunday, 19th, I went for me, and, after the most ungenteel and dined with her.

treatment, flew at me, and beat me sadly. 25th. Almost drowned; the cramp 31st,- Went to school. seizing me in a pool of water.

February 9th.-Went to school. Jack August 15th.-Evans, the King's Tempest owes me a penny.


return God

10th.-He paid me.

only his legs spotted with white. His March 4th.-A whole holiday. head is black and shining; the lower aunt gave me a shilling.

part of his back, black and white. He 9th.-Mamma gave me a black velvet has a beautiful white mark round his waistcoat, which I like vastly, because it neck, like a collar. I also know another is the first plain waistcoat I ever had, and dog, that is Mr. Hancock's, of Turtlemakes me look grave, and like a man. street, His name is Pompey. He will It was the kinder in mamma, because fly at any body that meddles with me; last summer I had two blue waistcoats, an instance which one Christian ought &c. I put this down that I may not for- to show to another. And therein most get mamma's kindness, but be dutiful dumb creatures are to be copied after ; and grateful.

because every bird, dog, cat, and every loth.-Had a vast, hard, bad slap from, knows his benefactor, and loves my usher, for all I carri d him gold but him. the Thursday before. Had a letter from 15th. - I believe I shall never forget my uncle, Rector of the new church at my deliverance to-day.

The cramp Deptford. But I don't much care for seized me in the water ; I sunk, and was him; because, when I went down to stay carried away by the stream. I stopped a day or two, last Christmas but one, at some rushes, and made shift to get on Mrs. Bate cut me fat meat, though she them; and so, in a vast perturbation, I knew I did not love it; no more do her got again on land. Mr. Woodward told children ; yet she makes them eat it. O me I stared like a madman for several the difference there is between their minutes. Bob Trimmer told me, if I mamma and mine! But I was deter- had been drowned he would have got me mined I would not dine there the next out. Said I, “I thank you, but it day, though I knew nobody thereabouts would have done me more good if you but their dog. I set off to wander all had got me out while I was alive. about Greenwich Park; and it was a Afterwards my friends could have got me mighty pleasure to me, because I looked out." I shall never forget how my head great, as if I bad dined somewhere else. ached, and what a great deliverance ! When I came home, my cousins and had, for which I cannot Mrs. Bate asked me where I had been; thanks enough. but I was sure not to tell them, because August 23d. On this day twelveit made me look like somebody.

month I was like to be drowned at FarnApril 24th.–Saw my Lord Mayor go ham, where I was born and christened. in procession. Went at night to the I went to church that day, before I went play, and saw The Orphan; or the into the water ; perhaps for that reason Unhappy Marriage.”...... I hate that sad God saved me. In remembrance of my part where the chaplain is pulled by the escape, I went now to St. James's nose by Polydore." It disgraces the plot church, and put up a bill of thanks. of the play, to show so great a disregard Afterwards mamma and I took a walk to to religion. And, when A casto is sick, Hyde Park. the chaplain comes bowing in, and speaks September 23.-_Went in an humble voice, and Acasto says, Betsey's. She is quite out of the way. “ No fawning, I beseech thee.”...... This She is so vastly quarrelsome, in short, puts the clergy on too low a footing, and she is so fractious and captious and ought to be despised. The farce was the insolent, that she is unfit for human “ Englishman in Paris,"- -a foolish thing, society. Read the Bible; mamma one in my low opinion.



chapter, and I another; and read also the 29th.-—"O Lord my God! guide me Pilgrim's Progress. Poor mamma is a with thy Holy Spirit, so that I may little out of temper. spend the approaching month in equity 8th.--Mrs. Stapleton came to our and purity. Grant that no accident may house, whom I treated with a pot of my happen to me this new month ; but pro- plum jam. If I had known she would tect and keep me, O God of my salva- have taken it, I would not have offered it tion ! Amen."

to her. May 6th.—My aunt gave me a great 16th.– This is the last day of my hunk of cake.

holidays, to my sorrow. 12th. -Walked over the bridge with prayed a great while at home. my aunt. Met my dear “ Boy," (a dog October 8th.-Sat up late about my that I love vastly,)-a grateful, good- “ Farce," which I intend to show to Mr. natured dog. I love him more than any Garrick, master of Drury-Lane. dog. He is just half a yard high, (í November 4th. Sunday.—This day I measured him,) and is chiefly black ; enter my thirteenth year,

I read and


29th. - Lord Norris promised me to go desire for food. It was also called by with him to see the lottery drawn.

the Saxons “ Æfter Yula," or “ After 30th.—Was dressed on purpose to go Christmas.” The month was often rewith the dishonourable Norris, till twelve presented by a man with faggots and a o'clock; who promised to be at our woodman's axe, shaking and blowing his bouse at nine. Fate defend me from fingers. The first of January, according such noblemen !

to some, was ushered in with rejoiciogs, December 16th.-Went uncle presents, and good wishes, as early as the Jack's in Bloomsbury-square. I asked days of Romulus and Tátius; and the

- footman if my uncle was at liome; usual presents then were figs and dates he said, be was. I desired to speak with covered with leaf-gold; and pieces of bim. The man said, my uncle left word pottery have been discovered bearing inwith him to bid me come there no more, scriptions suitable to the day, and eviand that he would read no letter or mes. dently intended for presents, commemotage that comes from me! Pray God rative of the season. In our own counlook upon it. Amen. I have done no try, so far back as the times of the more harm to him than a child unborn.... ancient Britons, we read of Druids, on Nor do I know to what cause to attribute a certain day, cutting down branches of his un-uncly behaviour. We do not want mistletoe with a golden knife, and dishis assistance ; for we have another estate tributing them as gifts for the new year. of my father's coming to us in March. Coming farther down, we find our kings 1754.

receiving, and, as some say, extorting January 27th. Sunday.-Went to St. presents from their subjects. Both Martin's church. Heard a poor, mean,

Henry III. and Edward VI. are menlasg sermon from the Bishop of Ban or. tioned by an antiquarian writer, the The only goud thing in it was when he former requiring new-year's gifts, the latsaid, “ To conclude.”

ter rewarding tron ihe public revenue February 20. - W'rote hymn. those officers and servants who had sent Made but two scratches in it. It all presents to the "king's majestie." In came flop into my head.

Henry VIII's reign, honest old Latimer

is said to have given to the King, instead May 21st. - The doctor again. of a purse of gold, as was the custom, a Worse than ever. O my cruel aunt ! to

New Testament, with the leaf turned make me go out on the water in such a

down at Heb. xiii. 4, “Good Queen beat! Poor dear mamma is quite worn

Bess," too, received her share of princely cut: not a night but she is up four or

gifts from her nobles and courtiers,- very five times. Hot and restless ; sore in princely, it may be judged from Jists every joint. Poor precious mamma went

given by Dr. Drake in his “Shakspeare out at eleven at night to my doctor. and his Times.” Oranges stuck with 25th.-Most marvellously better.

cloves were popular gifts, and pins were

considered acceptable by ladies of the The foregoing may serve as a speci- fifteenth century, when wooden skewers men of childish thoughts and feelings;

were the only things they had to fasten which will, it is hoped, be both interest- their dresses. Sometimes they received ing and suggestive to parents and

money instead; hence, allowances for children.-R. R. T.

their separate use came to be called "pin

money. Gloves were often given as New-YEAR'S-DAY

New-Year's gifts. Sir Thomas More, January 1, 1865. “ January ” we call

when Lord Chancellor, having given this month, as the Romans did from judgment in favour of a certain lady, their god Janus, who, at the threshold of received, on the next New-Year's Day, a the new year, stood with two faces, one pair of gloves, with forty angels inside. looking back on the past, and the other In thanking her, Sir Thomas said, " It forward to the future. He was the god would be against good manners to forof gates and avenues, and held a key in sake a gentlewoman's New-Year's gift, bis right hand and a rod in his left, to and I accept the gloves ; their lining symbolize his opening and ruling the you will be pleased to bestow otherwise. " year; and sometimes he held the num- _Churchman's Magasine. ber three hundred in one hand and sixtyfive in the other, to signify the number THE CALCULATING MACHINE. of days in the year. The Saxons call Everybody has heard of Babbage's calcuthe month - Wolf-monath,” because lating machine; but many will now learn wolves, driven by hunger, were wont to for the first time, (on referring to " Pasprowl about and attack even men in their sages from the Life of a Philosopher,"


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