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teacher (Boardman) arrived, and came into the jungle, and preached the words of God. We gave attention, and remembered that the elders had said the white foreigners had obtained the words of God, and they were our younger brethren. Again the elders said, “ All things in heaven and on earth, 0 children and grandchildren, God created them. Never forget God; pray to Him every day and every night.' And, before the arrival of the white foreigners, a prophet, singing, said,
“Great mother comes by sea,
“Therefore, O great ruler! God having given thee great goodness and kindness, we are very happy. Now the Karens, whether they be maidens, mothers, or children, may come and dwell in the city, and dress as they wish, and adorn themselves as they wish. It was not so in the days of the Burmans. How numerous are the reasons, through the providence of God, we have to praise thy beneficence !
"May God establish thy towns and thy cities ! Through thy acts, the Karens, the children of poverty, breathe with ease. May God, whom thou Forshippest, do good unto thee, and watch over thee, thy children and grandchildren, for ever!
“The white foreign teachers have preached the words of God, and some of us have become disciples. Great ruler! it is of thy goodness and beneficence. We rejoice till we can rejoice no more.”
The Karen traditions respecting the fall accord, in substance, with the Mosaic account. Many of them also speak of the Karen nation as having obce enjoyed the favour of God, who had now cast them off for their sins ; but express the persuasion that He would return and restore them to their former state. So the following concluding extracts will show. And when these facts and traditions are taken into account, with many others equally striking, it is hardly surprising that some individuals should have laboured to identify the Karens as the descendants of the lost tribes of the house of Israel.
"O children and grandchildren,” say the elders," formerly God loved the Karen nation above all others; but they transgressed His commands, and in consequence we suffer as at present. Because God cursed us, we are in our present afflicted state, and have no books. But God will again have mercy on us ; and again He will love us above others. God will yet save us again. It is on account of our listening to the language of Satan that we thus suffer.
"God is not far off. He is among us. He has only separated Himself from 18 by a single thickness of white. Children, it is because men are
VOL. XI.- FIFTH SERIES.
not upright, that they do not see God. O children and grandchildren, the Karens will yet dwell in the city with the golden palace, if we do well. The Karen King will yet appear; and, when He arrives, there will be happiness." Rangoon.
FRENCH METHODIST LITERATURE.
1. La Langue de Feu. (Transla- This volume is as beautiful in typotion of the Rev. W. Arthur's graphy as can be desired, and is sold “Tongue of Fire.")
at a price which seems to us very 2. Cantiques Chrétiens avec M2 low indeed. sique. (Methodist Collection of 3. Vie de Charles Cook. This Hymns, with the Tunes, beautifully small volume speaks for itself. It executed.)
is the record of a man of whom Dr. 3. Le Magasin Méthodiste des Iles Merle d'Aubigné once said, “What de la Manche. Jersey.--Monthly. Wesley was for Methodism in Eng
4. Vie de Charles Cook. (Life of land, Dr. Cook has been for Methodthe Founder of Methodism in ism in France.” A portrait of Dr. France.)
Cook accompanies the volume. 5. La Voie du Salut. (Selection 4. La Voie du Salut. This is a of Wesley's Sermons.)
selection of the doctrinal Sermons of 6. L'Evangéliste. Paris. (The Wesley, beginning with the one on organ of the French Methodist Con- “Original Sin," and ending with ference, published weekly.)
that “ Christian Perfection."
The translation is a faithful and 1. La Langue de Feu.-This is an idiomatic rendering of some of the elegant and faithful rendering of a most valuable discourses of the valuable treatise, well known among venerated author. ourselves. Such testimonials as those 5. Le Magasin Méthodiste des Iles of M. Guizot and Professor Monod, de la Manche.- A serial, which has of Montauban, in favour of the already a good circulation in EngFrench translation of Mr. Arthur's land. Principally intended for our work, must be considered a sufficient French Society in the Channel recommendation as to the purity of Islands, its contents must render it the idiom.
acceptable wherever French is read, 2. Cantiques Chrétiens. This se- and especially in Methodist schools lection was first made from the best, and families, where it might be adauthors by Dr. Cook and the Rev. vantageously used as a reading-book H. de Jersey, for the benefit of for French classes. Methodist congregations in France ; Any of the above publications may and it has passed through nine edi- be obtained of the Rev. Matthew tions. To the present edition the Gallienne, Jersey. music of the hymns has been added.
SELECT LITERARY Notices, and GLANCE AT PUBLIC OCCURRENCES, ADVENTURE WITA A BOA-CON- the immense pressure of the serpent's STRICTOR-I had sprung forward im- body, which was like iron in hardness. mediately after firing, (says Captain As I saw Grant about to shoot, a terror Speke,) in order to obtain a fair shot at took possession of me : for, if he refrained, a huge elephant that I wanted to bring I might possibly escape, after the boa down on account of his immense tusks. released his folds from the dead cow. I got the desired aim, and pulled the But if he should fire and strike the reptrigger of the second barrel. At the tile, it would, in its convulsions, crush or moment of my doing so, a wild cry of drag me to pieces. Even as the idea alarm, uttered by one of the blacks, called came to me, I beheld Grant pause. He my attention. Glancing round, my eye appeared to comprehend all. He could chanced to range up into the foliage of see how I was situated still living, and the tree beneath which Captain Grant and that my delivery depended on the will of myself had lain for several hours previous. the constrictor. We could see every line My feelings may possibly be imagined, on each other's faces, so close were we; as I beheld an enormous boa-constrictor, and I would have shouted or spoken, or whose hideous head and neck, projected even whispered at him, had I dared. But some distance into view, showed that he the boa's head was reared within a few was about to make a fatal spring. His inches of mine, and the wink of an eyelid direction was certainly toward me; and, would perhaps settle my doom. as he flasbed from his position like a Presently the serpent began very grathunder-bolt, I gave myself up for dead : dually to relax his folds; and, retightenere aid could reach me, fold after fold of ing them several times as the crushed the monster would have crushed my buffalo quivered, he unwound one fold frame into a quivering pulp. I fell, entirely. Then he paused. The next seemingly caught in a whirlwind of dust; iron-like band was the one which held and an indescribable scuffle ensued. In me prisoner; and, as I felt it little by the midst of this terrible strife, I sud- little unclasping, my heart stood still denly became conscious of the presence of with hope and fear. Perhaps, upon being a second victim; and, even after the time freed, the benumbed arm, uncontrolled by that has elapsed, I still recollect with my will, might fall from the cushion-like what vividness the thought shot across bed in which it lay. And such a mishap my mind, that the second victim was might bring the spare fold around my Captain Grant, my noble companion. neck or chest, and then farewell to the At last, after being thus whirled about sources of the Nile. 0, how hardly, how for several seconds, each second seeming desperately, I struggled to command myto be interminable, there ensued a lull, a self! I glanced at Grant, and saw him stillness of death ; and I opened my eyes, handling his rifle anxiously; I glanced expecting to look upon those unexplored at the Negroes, and saw them still gazing landscapes which are seen only in the as though petrified with astonishment. country beyond the tomb. Instead of I glanced at the serpent's loathsome head, that, I saw Captain Grant levelling his and saw its bright, deadly eyes, watching rifle toward me, while standing beside for the least sign of life in its prey. Now, and behind him were the blacks, in every the reptile loosened its hold on my arm conceivable attitude of the most intense a hair's breadth, and now a little more, suspense.
are unavoidably deferred.
until half an inch of space separated my In a moment I comprehended all. The arm and its mottled skin. I could have huge serpent had struck a young buffalo whipped out my hand, but dared not take 60%, between which and him I had un- the risk. Atoms of time dragged themluekily placed myself at the moment of selves into ages. The second fold was firing upon the elephant. A most sin- removed entirely, and the next one was gular good fortune had attended me, how- easing. Should I dash away now, or Ever; for, instead of being crushed into a wait a more favourable moment? I demangled mass with the unfortunate cow, cided upon the former; and with lightmy left forearm had been caught in be- ning speed I bounded away towards Grant, tween the buffalo's body and a single fold the crack of whose piece I heard at the of the constrictor. The limb lay just in same instant. For the first time in my front of the shoulder at the root of the life I was thoroughly overcome; and, neek, and thus had a soft bed of flesh, sinking down, I remained in a semiinto which it was jammed, as it were, by conscious state for several minutes.
When I fully recovered, Grant and the open, not only was the cuttle-fish discovoverjoyed Negroes held me up, and ered, but the inky fluid—the sepia—was pointed out the boa, still writhing in his found just as in a fish of the same kind death-agonies. I shuddered as I looked that might be taken out of the sea at the upon the effects of his tremendous dying present day. There was as much of it strength. For yards around where he as would fill an ordinary-sized ink-bottle ; lay, grass, and bushes, and sapling, and and Mr. Moore smeared a portion of it in fact everything except the more fully over a piece of white paper, making it as grown trees, were cut clean off, as though black as ink. He then produced some they had been trimmed with an immense very perfect specimens of ichthyosauri, scythe. This monster, when measured, found in the neighbourhood of Bath, and was fifty-one feet two inches and a half & specimen of a fish about the size of a in extreme length, while round the thick. salmon, of six or seven pounds' weight. est portion of his body the girth was So perfect was it in shape, that but for nearly three feet; thus proving, I believe, its colour it might have been handed by to be the largest serpent that was ever mistake to the cook to dress. In the authentically heard of.
mammal drift which entirely surrounds
Bath, Mr. Moore said, remains of the GEOLOGY OF THE SOUTH-WEST mammal tribe were very abundant; and OF ENGLAND.-Mr. C. Moore pointed he exhibited many interesting specimens. out certain portions of the district which -British Association, 1864. led him to the conclusion that the Mendip hills were originally a kind of barrier PENMANSHIP, ANI) to the sea, although he thought it doubt- GENERATION.-A cry has come up to ful that the whole of the low land in the us from the city and the great commerwest had been entirely submerged in the cial centres. We hear a chorus of comocean.... He had discovered a new kind of plaints from mercantile men in regard to clay, or rather a clay that had not been the handwriting of young men leaving previously found, in the district or neigh- college, and lads who have done with bourhood of Frome; and out of a cart- school. Good penmanship would seem load of it he had been able to obtain more to be almost a forgotten art. If a merthan a million of organisms, in addition chant advertises for a junior clerk, he is to twenty-nine types of mammalia and deluged with applications from boys who various kinds of reptilia. He had dis. have left school, three-fourths or fivecovered in these beds many genera that
sixths of whose letters he throws aside had never been previously recognised; for bad handwriting. Most of these lads and he had obtained over seventy thou have been educated with a view to a comsand teeth of one kind of fish alone in the mercial career ; yet their penmanship is Rhetic bed. Mr. Moore then made some so defective, and wanting in neatness, to observations with regard to the ironstone say nothing of elegance, that it is unfit to that is to be found in the neighbourhood. figure in a ledger. One landed proprietor held forty thousand If any foolish lad, or still more silly acres of land, which for agricultural pur- teacher, should imagine that it is the sign poses was useless, but which contained of a vulgar and menial education to write ironstone throughout its whole extent. a good hand, the sooner schoolboy and Multiplying forty thousand acres by pedagogue disabuse themselves of this thirty thousand, the quantity of ironstone, mistaken idea the better. The highest converted into iron and sold at the present circles of English society cultivate penmarket-price, would more than pay off manship with care and success. The the national debt. He was therefore Queen's handwriting is beautiful,,flowsurprised that there were not smelting ing, and elegant, and feminine. Prince furnaces in this district as in other iron Albert's biographer compares the Prince districts. Mr. Nicore produced specimen to Goethe, who would take inordinate stones from the neighbourhood of Bath; pains, even in writing a short note, that they were about five inches in diameter it should be admirably written. He did and six or seven long; each contained a bot understand the merit of second best, specimen of some kind of fish. He said but everything that was to be done must he could tell by the appearance of the be done perfectly." The Prince-Consort stones what they would contain, and he took the greatest interest in the caligraphy broke some to show this, and in each case of his children ; and few young people, the fish Mr. Moore previously indicated we are assured, write more elegantly, and was found. But the most interesting spe- at the same time more distinctly, than the cimen was the one which contained the Princes and the Princesses of England. cuttle-fish. When the stone was broken Our highest statesmeu have not thought
it beneath them to cultivate a clear and geology, more or less share with the distinct penmanship. Lord Palmerston's classics the time and attention of the handwriting is free, firm, and, consider- scholar. Caligraphy has been elbowed ing his great age, by no means obscure. out of iis place by this jostling and comLord Derby writes a capital hand,—at peting crowd of accomplishments. The once elegant and legible,
s-an aristocratic schoolmaster derms it of more importhand, if there be such a thing. Earl ance to develop the intelligence and Russell's is a smaller and more feminine exercise the memory of his pupils, than hand, yet clear as his expositions of con- to see that they are well grounded and stitutional law, and incisive in its style as practised in the humble mechanical art of some of his dispatches are biting. The writing. Penmanship goes to the wall ; Lord Chancellor writes a beautiful hand, and thus it happens that the junior clerk, -tirm, solid, and legal,—such a hand as who has studied logic and chemistry, and should have drawn up the Bill of Rights. has a passable knowledge of moral and ... Every one remembers how plain and natural philosophy, is unable to copy a distinct were the notes beginning, “F. M. letter decently, and disfigures every book the Duke of Wellington presents his com- in the counting-house with his sprawling pliments," although every one may not and indistinct entries.-London Review. be aware that many of the communications so highly prized by autograpk- JERUSALEM: EXCAVATIONS collectors were written by the Duke's DER THE CITY.-One afternoon during secretary, Mr. Greville, who learned to my stay in Jerusalem, I formed one of a imitate his hand.
small party to explore the subterranean Commercial men hazard various theories excavations; the entrance to which is to account for the degeneracy of penman- through a slight aperture in the wall, a ship. One is, that our young gentlemen little way outside the Damascus gate. entering life upon a mercantile career are The opening was found to be so narrow, unwilling to be considered as mere clerks, that we had literally to crawl along the and therefore scorn to cultivate a clerkly ground to get through it. With the hand. They appear to think that it does exception of one of our number, we were not matter how a gentleman writes, so the same party that two days before had that his writing can be made out; and explored together the tombs of the Judges. that a neat, precise, and legible hand is These we had to survey by means of a mark of social inferiority. Such a lighted candles; but here we required notion would display so pitiful a conceit them even
more than at the tombs. and ambition in the rising generation, These remarkable excavations evidently that we are unwilling to accept this theory. extend a long way under the city, in the It is, indeed, to some extent, disproved direction of that part of it called Bezetha ; by the readiness of young men of good and, as may be supposed, they become family and social position to adopt com- very gloomy immediately after entering mercial pursuits. Parents who, a quarter them. The ground descends gradually of a century ago, would have thought after we pass the entrance ; and there everything but a profession "ungenteel," was ample room to walk erect after we bow bring up their sons to any business- had proceeded some distance into these pursuit that promises to pay well. The dark abodes. They form an immense lads have the good sense to avoid the cavern,
which probably furnished the Ofer-stocked learned professions; and stone for the building of the city wails, never before, in the city, and in the great if not of the city itself. I penetrated marts of manufactures and commerce, sufficiently far into the dismal recesses to were so many young men of family and convince myself of their great extent, education to be found competing for an though I did not ramble so far as did introduction to the higher kind of com- others of our party. I was glad to get mercial avocations. Youths who will back again into the daylight and the air, ingly adopt a mercantile career cannot in while I left them to pursue their researches fairness be supposed to be above qualify- ad libitum. They found great numbers ing themselves for the sufficient discharge of bats in the parts they visited. On of their duties.
their return, this was the principal report Another class of employers lay the our spies brought back with them, after mischief at the door of steel pens. The searching this terra obscura. In most modern curriculum of study in schools topographical descriptions of the Holy and colleges is, however, mainly charge- city, no account has been taken of these able with the bad bandwriting of our marvellous excavations. Two or three youths. Mathematics, inodern languages, days afterwards, one member of our party, modern history, chemistry, botany, and accompanied by the surgeon of the Jews'