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Fisheries (North America). Army Service Act Amendment. Acts at vari- I. All Acts of Parliament and Laws which operate to prevent ance with the
the Provisions of the said Treaty from taking full Effect shall, so said Treaty suspended.
far as they so operate, be suspended and of no Effect during the
Continuance of the said Treaty. When Act to II. This Act shall come into operation in each of the said Colocome into ope- nies of Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward ration.
Island as soon as the same shall have been received and proclaimed by the Officer administering the Government of such
Colony. Provision for III. Whenever the necessary Laws shall have been passed by Extension of
the Legislature of Newfoundland, and approved by Her Majesty, the Treaty to Newfoundland.
for giving Effect to the Provisions and Stipulations of the said Treaty as it respects that Colony, it shall be lawful for the Officer administering the Government of Newfoundland by his Proclamation to declare that, after a Time fixed in such Proclamation for that Purpose, the Provisions and Stipulations mentioned or referred to in the Sixth Article of the said Treaty shall extend to the said Island of Newfoundland so far as they are applicable to that Colony, and thereupon from the Time so fixed the said Provisions and Stipulations shall be so extended and have full Effect accordingly, any Act of Parliament, Law, Custom, or Usage to the contrary notwithstanding.
CA P. IV. An Act to amend the Act for limiting the Time of Service in the Army
[27th February 1855.] 10 & 11 Vict .; WHEREAS by an Act passed in the Session holden in the
Tenth and Eleventh Years of Her Majesty, Chapter · Thirty-seven, “ for limiting the Time of Service in the Army," it was enacted, that no Person should be enlisted to serve Her Majesty, or in the Forces of the East India Company, as a
Soldier, for a longer Term than Ten Years in the Infantry or • Twelve Years in the Cavalry or Artillery, or other Ordnance
Corps, to be reckoned from the Day on which the Recruit • should have been attested, if he should have stated himself to be then of the Age of Eighteen Years, or if not, then from the Day
on which he would complete the Age of Eighteen Years, to be ' reckoned according to the Age stated in his Attestation : And it
was thereby also enacted, that any Soldier at any Time during • the last Six Months of the Term of limited Service for which • he should have been first engaged, or after the Completion of
such Term, might, if approved by his Commanding Officer or
other competent military Authority as a fit Person to continue ' in Her Majesty's Service or in the Service of the East India
Company as a Soldier, be re-engaged to serve for the further « Term of Eleven Years in the Infantry and Twelve Years in the • Cavalry or Artillery, or other Ordnance Corps; and that any
Soldier who should be ordered on Foreign Service, and who was within Three Years of the Expiration of his First Engagement, should be at liberty, with the Approbation of his Commanding
Army Service Act Amendment.
• Officer, to re-engage before he embarked for such Foreign Ser
vice for such Period as should complete a total Service of
Twenty-one Years in the Infantry or Twenty-four Years in the • Cavalry or Artillery: And whereas by an Act passed in the • Session holden in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Ỹears of Her • Majesty, Chapter Seventy-three, “ to limit the Enlistment in 12 & 13 Vict. • " the Artillery and other Ordnance Corps," it was enacted, that c. 73. * during the last Six Months of the Term of - limited Service for · which a Soldier should have first engaged to serve in the Artil
lery or other Ordnance Corps, or after the Completion of such · Term, he might, if approved by his Commanding Officer or other - competent military Authority as a fit Person to continue in Her • Majesty's Service as a Soldier, be re-engaged to serve for the ' further Term of Nine Years : And whereas by reason of Direc
tions contained in Schedules to the said first-recited Act, for ' filling up Blanks in the Forms of Questions to be put to Recruits 'on enlisting, it is apprehended that it may not be lawful to enlist • Persons to serve as Soldiers for lesser Terms than the said • Terms of Ten Years and Twelve Years respectively: And • whereas it is expedient that Her Majesty should be enabled to • permit Enlistment for such lesser Terms, and to authorize • Soldiers to re-engage for any Terms within the Limits of Service
preseribed by the said Acts:' Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows :
I. For Three Years after the passing of this Act any Person Power to Her may be enlisted to serve Her Majesty, or in the Forces of the East Majesty, by India Company, as a Soldier, for any such Term, not exceeding Order in CounTen Years in the Infantry or Twelve Years in the Cavalry or
cil, for Three
Years after Artillery, or other Ordnance Corps, (to be reckoned as provided passing of Act, in the said first-mentioned Act,) as may be authorized by any to lessen Terms Order or Orders of Iler Majesty in Council in this Behalf; and for Enlistment any Soldier may, subject to such Approbation as in the said Acts and Re-engagementioned, re-engage for such Term as may by such Order or
ment of Sol
diers. Orders in Council be authorized ; provided the Term for which he is so engaged, with the Term of his Service under his First Enlistment, do not exceed the Period of Twenty-one Years in the Infantry or Artillery, or other Ordnance Corps, or Twenty-four Years in the Cavalry ; and the Forms of Questions on Enlistment in Schedule A. to the said first-mentioned Act, and the Form of Declaration in Schedule B. to such Act, may, when the Occasion requires, be filled up with such Term or Number of Years as may be authorized by such Order or Orders, instead of the Term or Number of Years mentioned in the Directions contained in such Schedules.
II. The said Acts of the Tenth and Eleventh Years and Twelfth Recited Acts and Thirteenth Years of Her Majesty and this Act shall be read and this Act to and construed together as One Act.
be read as One.
Common Law Procedure Act Amendment (Ireland).
17 & 18 Vict. c. 125.
CA P. V.
thousand Pounds out of the Consolidated Fund to the
[5th March 1855.]
CA P. VI.
Consolidated Fund to the Service of the Year One thou-
CA P. VII.
[16th March 1855.] WH HEREAS it is expedient to extend to Ireland the Provi
sions contained in the Eighteenth Section of the Common . Law Procedure Act, 1854:' Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows :
I. That from and after the passing of this Act, whenever any Cause shall be tried in any Court of Civil Jurisdiction in Ireland by any Jury, the Addresses to the Jury shall be regulated as follows ; that is to say, the Party who begins, or his Counsel, shall be allowed, in the event of his Opponent not announcing at the Close of the Case of the Party who begins his Intention to adduce Evidence, to address the Jury a Second Time at the Close of such Case for the Purpose of summing up the Evidence, and the Party on the other Side, or his Counsel, shall be allowed to open the Case, and also to sum up the Evidence, if any, and the Right to reply shall be the same as at present.
CA P. VIII.
hundred and eighty-three thousand Pounds by Exchequer
[16th March 1855.]
CA P. IX.
Tea from and after the Fifth Day of April One thousand
[16th March 1855.] BE E it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and
with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:
Tea Duties Decline Suspension. I. In lieu of the several Duties of Customs made payable on In lieu of Tea by the Act of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Years of the Duties made Reign of Her present Majesty, Chapter One hundred and six, payable by there shall be raised, levied, collected, and paid unto Her Majesty, 16 & 17 Vict. Her Heirs and Successors, the following Duties thereon; that is following to be to say,
levied. From and after the passing of this Act until the Expi
ration of Twelve Months from the Fifth Day of April
the lb. 1 3 And thenceafter
the lb. 10 Without any Allowance for Draft.
II. In citing this Act in other Acts or legal Instruments it shall Short Title. be sufficient to use the Expression “ The Tea Duties Decline Sušpension Act, 1855."
CA P. X.
[16th March 1855.]
Year of Queen Anne, Chapter Seven, and of an Act of the 6 Anne, c. 7. • Twenty-second Year of King George the Third, Chapter Eighty- 22 G. 3. c. 82.
two, not more than Two of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries • of State are capable of sitting as Members of the House of Com6 mons at the same Time, and by reason of the said Act of the • Twenty-second Year of King George the Third, and of an Act
of the Fifteenth Year of King George the Second, Chapter 15 G. 2. c. 22. * Twenty-two, Doubts are entertained whether more than Two of • the Under Secretaries to the Principal Secretaries of State are * capable of sitting as such Members : And whereas it would be • for the Advantage of the Public Service that Three of such · Principal Secretaries and Three of such Under Secretaries should
be capable of sitting at the same Time in the House of Com
mons ? Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That any Three of Her Power to Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State for the Time being, and Three of the any Three of the Under Secretaries for the Time being to Her Principal Se
cretaries and Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, may sit and vote as Mem
any Three of bers of the House of Commons, anything in the said Acts or in the Under Seany other Act or Acts to the contrary notwithstanding; but not cretaries of more than Three such Principal Secretaries and not more than State to sit in Three such Under Secretaries shall sit as Members of the House of the House of
Commons. Commons at the same Time.
Numbers, 193,525 Men,
CA P. XI. An Act for punishing Mutiny and Desertion, and for the better Payment of the Army and their Quarters.
(16th March 1855.] [This Act is the same, except as to Dates and the Parts here
inserted, as 17 & 18 Vict. c. 4.] WHEREAS the raising or keeping a Standing Army within
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in · Time of Peace, unless it be with the Consent of Parliament, is
against Law : And whereas it is adjudged necessary by Her
Majesty and this present Parliament that a Body of Forces • should be continued for the Safety of the United Kingdom, the • Defence of the Possessions of Her Majesty's Crown, and the • Preservation of the Balance of Power in Europe, and that the 6 whole Number of such Forces should consist of One hundred and ninety-three thousand five hundred and ninety-five Men,
exclusive of the Officers and Men belonging to the Regiments • employed in the Territorial Possessions of the East India Com
pany, but including the Officers and Men of the Troops and Companies recruiting for those Regiments : And whereas no
Man can be forejudged of Life or Limb, or subjected in Time • of Peace to any Kind of Punishment within this Realm, by • Martial Law, or in any other Manner than by Judgment of his · Peers, and according to the known and established Laws of this • Realm, yet nevertheless it being requisite, for the retaining all
the before-mentioned Forces in their Duty, that an exact Disci' pline be observed, and that Soldiers who shall mutiny or stir up
Sedition, or shall desert Iler Majesty's Service, or be guilty of • Crimes and Offences to the Prejudice of good Order and Military · Discipline, be brought to a more exemplary and speedy Punish
ment than the usual Forms of the Law will allow Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That
XVI. After a Prisoner has been found guilty of any Charge or Charges, the Court before which any such Prisoner shall have been tried may, before passing Sentence on such Prisoner, and for the Purpose only of affixing Punishment, receive in Evidence against him any previous Convictions by Courts-martial, and in like Manner and for the like Purpose the Court shall receive in Evidence any previous Conviction of such Prisoner by a Court of ordinary Criminal Jurisdiction, where the Offence charged in the Indictment, so far as the Charge of which he was convicted, was of a felonious, fraudulent, or unnatural Nature ; and in the Case of Convictions by Courts-martial, duly confirmed, the Courtmartial Book or the Regimental or Company's Defaulters Book, and when none of those Books can conveniently be produced, a
Previous Convictions to be put in Evidence.