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Mutiny. Certificate, which shall purport to contain a Copy of the Entry of such Convictions in such Books, or any of them, and which shall be signed by the Adjutant, or other Officer having the Custody of the Court-martial Book or of the Defaulters Book of the Regiment or Company to which the Prisoner belongs, shall be sufficient Evidence of such Conviction; and it shall not be necessary to prove the Signature or official Character of the Person appearing to have signed such Certificate, nor, if the Court be satisfied from all the circumstances of the Case that the Prisoner under Trial is the Person mentioned in any such Certificate, shall it be necessary to give other Proofs of the Identity of the Person of the Offender; and in the Case of a Conviction by a Court of ordinary Criminal Jurisdiction, any Certificate transmitted as herein-after provided to the Officer commanding a Regiment by the Clerk of any such Court or other Officer having Custody of the Records of such Court, or the Deputy of such Clerk, containing the Substance and Effect of any Indictment, omitting the formal Part, together with the Judgment of the Court thereon, and purporting to be signed by such Clerk or other Officer, or by the Deputy of such Clerk, or if such Certificate cannot conveniently be obtained, a Copy thereof, duly certified by the Officer producing it, shall be sufficient Evidence of such last-mentioned Conviction; and it shall not be necessary to prove the Signature or official Character of the Person appearing to have signed such last-mentioned Certificate, nor, if the Court be satisfied from all the Circumstances of the Case that the Prisoner under Trial is the Person mentioned in such Certi. ficate, shall it be necessary to give other Proofs of the Identity of the Person of the Offender : Provided always, that before any such Evidence shall be received, it shall be proved to the Satisfaction of the Court that the said Prisoner had previously to his Trial received Notice of the Intention to produce such Evidence against him; provided also, that the Court shall in no Case award to him any other Punishment or Punishments than may by this Act and by the Articles of War be awarded for the Offence of which he shall have been so found guilty.
XXI. Whensoever any General Court-martial by which any Commutation Soldier shall have been tried and convicted of any Offence punish- of Death for able with Death shall not think the Offence deserving of Capital Transportation. Punishment, such Court-martial may adjudge the Offender, according to the Degree of the Offence, to Penal Servitude, or to be transported as a Felon for Life, or for a certain Term of Years, not less than Fourteen, or may sentence him to general Service as a Soldier in any Corps and in any Country or Place which Her Majesty shall thereupon direct, or may, if such Offender shall have enlisted for a limited Term of Years, sentence him to serve for Life as a Soldier in any Corps which Her Majesty shall please to direct : Provided always, that in all Cases where a Capital Punishment shall have been awarded by a General Court-martial or Detachment General Court-martial it shall be lawful for Her Majesty, or, if in the East Indies, for the Officer commanding in chief the Forces in India, or if out of Her Majesty's Dominions 18 & 19 Vict. С
Mutiny. (the Ionian Islands excepted) for the Officer commanding in chief Her Majesty's Forces there serving, instead of causing such Sentence to be carried into execution, to order the Offender to be kept to Penal Servitude or to be transported as a Felon, either for Life or for a certain Term of Years, not less than Fourteen, or to suffer such Term of Imprisonment, either with or without Hard Labour, as shall seem meet to Her Majesty, or, if in the East Indies, or out of Her Majesty's Dominions (the Ionian
Islands excepted), to the Officers commanding as aforesaid. Forfeiture of XXVIII. Any General Court-martial may, in addition to any Pay and Pen
other Punishment which it may be competent to award, sentence sion by Sentence of Court. any Offender to Forfeiture of all Advantage as to additional Pay, martial.
Good-conduct Pay, and to Pension on Discharge, which might
whether at the Instance of such other Soldier or not, or of
Soldier unfit for Service :
self unfit for the Service :
whether in Hospital or otherwise, thereby producing or ag.
gravating Disease or Infirmity, or delaying his Cure : In malingering or feigning Disease : In stealing or embezzling Government Property or Stores, or
in receiving the same knowing the same to have been stolen : In stealing any Money or Goods, the Property of a Comrade,
of a Military Officer, or of any Military or Regimental Mess or Band, or in receiving any such Money or Goods knowing
the same to have been stolen : In making any false or fraudulent Accounts, Returns, Matters,
or Entries, or assisting or conniving at the same being made,
Money intrusted to him ;
Nature, to the Injury of or with Intent to injure any Person,
Civil or Military : Or for any other disgraceful Conduct, being of a cruel, indecent, or unnatural Kind.
XXXI. A General, District, or Garrison Court-martial may Forfeiture of sentence any Soldier for being drunk on Duty under Arms, and Pay for Drunk. any Court-martial may sentence any Soldier for being drunk enness on when on any Duty not under Arms or for Duty or on Parade or
Duty. on the Line of March, to be deprived of a Penny a Day of his Pay for any Period not exceeding Thirty Days, in addition to any other Punishment which such Court may award.
XXXIII. In addition to any other Punishment which the Stoppages. Court may award, a Court-martial may further direct that any Offender may be put under Stoppages until he shall have made goodAny Loss or Damage occasioned by him in any of the Instances
of disgraceful Conduct herein-before specified : Any Loss or Destruction of, or Damage or Injury to, any
Property whatsoever, occasioned by his wilful or negligent
Arms, Clothing, Instruments, Equipments, Accoutrements,
by his wilful or negligent Misconduct :
Misconduct : Provided always, that, except in the Case of the Loss or Destruction of any Arms, Clothing, Instruments, Equipments, Accoutrements, or Regimental Necessaries, in which Case the Court may by its Sentence direct that the said Stoppages shall continue till the Cost of replacing the same be made good, the Amount of any Loss, Destruction, Damage or Injury, or Expense, shall be ascertained by Evidence, and the Offender shall be placed under Stoppages for such an Amount only as shall be proved to the Satisfaction of the Court : Provided also, that after satisfying the Charges for his Messing and Washing, so much only of the Pay of the Soldier may be stopped and applied as shall leave him a Residue at the least of One Penny a Lay.
XXXVI. A General, Garrison, or District Court-martial may Power of Imsentence any Soldier to Imprisonment, with or without Hard prisonment by Labour, and may also direct that such Offender shall be kept in different kinds
of Courts-marSolitary Confinement for any Portion or Portions of such Impri- tial. sonment not exceeding Fourteen Days at a Time, nor Eightyfour Days in any One Year, with Intervals between the Periods of Solitary Confinement of not less Duration than such Periods ;
and when the Imprisonment awarded shall extend beyond Three Months, the Court-martial shall imperatively order that the Solitary Confinement shall not exceed Seven Days in any One Month of the whole Imprisonment awarded, with Intervals between the Periods of Solitary Confinement of not less Duration than such Periods ; and any Regimental or Detachment Court-martial may sentence any Soldier to Imprisonment, with or without Hard Labour, for any Period not exceeding Forty-two Days, and may also direct that such Soldier may be kept in Solitary Confinement for any Portion or Portions of such Imprisonment, not exceeding Fourteen Days at a Time, with an Interval between them of not less Duration than such Periods of Solitary Confinement; provided that when any Court-martial, whether General, Garrison, or District, or Regimental or Detachment, shall direct that the Imprisonment shall be solitary only, or when any Sentence of Corporal Puni iment shall have been commuted to such Imprisonment only, the Periods shall in no Case exceed
Fourteen Days. Trials for De- XLV. Every Soldier shall be liable to be tried and punished sertion after
for Desertion from any Corps into which he may have unlawfully subsequent
enlisted, although he may of right belong to another Corps and Re-enlistment.
be a Deserter therefrom, and whether such Soldier shall be tried for deserting from the Corps to which he may of right belong, or for dezerting from the Corps into which he may have unlawfully enlisted, or for any other Desertion, every Desertion previous or subsequent to that for which he may at the Time be taking his Trial may, if duly stated in the Charges, be given in Evidence
against him on such Trial. Soldiers liable LII. Any Person enlisted into Her Majesty's Service as a to be taken out Soldier, or serving as a Non-commissioned Officer or Drummer of Her Ma
on the permanent Staff of the Disembodied Militia, shall be liable jesty's Service only for Felony,
to be taken out of Her Majesty's Service only by Process or ExeMisdemeanor, cution on account of any Charge of Felony or of Misdemeanor, or for Debts other than the Misdemeanor of refusing to comply with an Order amounting to of Justices for the l'ayment of Money, or on account of an original
Debt proved by Affidavit of the Plaintiff or of some one on his wards.
Behalf to amount to the Value of Thirty Pounds at the least, over and above all Costs of Suit in the Action or Actions, such Affidavit to be sworn, without Payment of any Fee, before some Judge of the Court out of which Process or Execution shall issue, or before some Person authorized to take Affidavits in such Court, of which Affidavit, when duly filed in such Court, a Memorandum shall, without Fee, be endorsed upon the Back of such Process,
stating the Facts sworn to, and the Day of filing such Affidavit ; Soldiers not but no Soldier or other Person as aforesaid shall be liable by any liable to be
Process whatever to appear before any Justice of the Peace or taken out of Her Majesty's
other Authority whatever, or to be taken out of Her Majesty's Service for Service by any Writ, Summons, Warrant, Order, Judgment, ExeDebts under cution, or any Process whatsoever issued by or by the Authority 301.
, or for not of any Court of Law, or any Magistrate, Justice or Justices of maintaining the Peace, or any other Authority whatsoever, for any original
301. and up
Mutiny. Debt not amounting to Thirty Pounds, or for not supporting or their families, maintaining, or for not having supported or maintained, or for or for Breach leaving or having left his Family or any Part thereof chargeable of Contract. to any Parish, Township, or Place, or to the Common Fund of any Union, any Relation or Child which such Soldier or Person might, if not in Her Majesty's Service, be compellable by Law to relieve or maintain, or for neglecting to pay to the Mother of any Bastard Child, or to any Person who may have been appointed to have the Custody of such Child, any Sum to be paid in pursuance of an Order on that Behalf, or for the Breach of any Contract, Covenant, Agreement, or other Engagement whatever, by Parol or in Writing, or for having left or deserted his Employer or Master, or his Contract, Work, or Labour, except in the Case of an Apprentice, or of an indentured Labourer, as herein-after described ; and all Summonses, Warrants, Commitments, Indictments, Convictions, Judgments, and Sentences, on account of any of the Matters for which it is herein declared that a Soldier or other Person as aforesaid is not liable to be taken out of Her Majesty's Service, shall be utterly illegal, and null and void, to all Intents and Purposes ; and any Judge of any such Court may examine into any Complaints made by a Soldier or by his Superior Officer, and by Warrant under his Hand discharge such Soldier, without Fee, he being shown to have been arrested contrary to the Intent of this Act, and shall award reasonable Costs to such Complainant, who shall have for the Recovery thereof the like Remedy as would have been applicable to the Recovery of any Costs which might have been awarded against the Complainant in any Judgment or Execution as aforesaid, or a Writ of Habeas corpus ad subjiciendum shall be awarded or issued, and the Discharge of any such Soldier out of Custody shall be ordered thereupon; provided that any Plaintiff, upon Notice of the Cause of Action first given in Writing to any Soldier, or left at his last Quarters, may proceed in any Action or Suit to Judgment, and have Execution other than against the Body ; provided also, that nothing herein contained relating to the leaving or deserting a Master or Employer, or to the Breach of any Contract, Agreement, or Engagement, shall apply to Persons who shall be really and bona fide Apprentices, duly bound, under the Age of Twenty-one Years, or to indentured Labourers, as herein-after prescribed.
LVI. Any Recruit appearing as aforesaid before such Justice Dissent and shall be at siberty to declare his Dissent to such enlisting, and Relief from upon such Declaration, and returning the Enlisting Money, and Enlistment. also paying the Sum of Twenty Shillings as Smart Money, together with the full Amount of any Pay which shall have been paid to such Recruit subsequent to the Period of his having been enlisted, shall be forthwith discharged and set at liberty in the Presence of such Justice ; but if such Person shall refuse or neglect, within the Space of Twenty-four Hours after so declaring his Dissent, to return and pay such Money as aforesaid, he shall be deemed and taken to be enlisted, as if he had given his Assent