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said British colonial possessions, and their cargoes, subject to no other or higher duty of tonnage or impost, or charge of any description whaterer, than would be levied on the vessels of the United States, or their cargoes, arriving from the said British possessions; and it shall be lawful for the said British vessels to import into the United States, and to export

therefrom, any article or articles which may be imported or exported in Act of April vessels of the United States : and the act, entitled "An act concerning 18, 1818, ch. 70. navigation,” passed on the eighteenth day of April, one thousand eight

Act of May 15, hundred and eighteen; an act supplementary thereto, passed the fifteenth 1820, ch. 122.

day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty; and an act, entiAct of March tled “An act to regulate the commercial intercourse between the United 1, 1823, ch. 22. States, and certain British ports,” passed on the first day of March, one

thousand eight hundred and twenty-three, are, in such case, hereby declared to be suspended, or absolutely repealed, as the case may require.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, whenever the ports of the United States shall have been opened, under the authority given in the first section of this act, British vessels and their cargoes shall be admitted to an entry in the ports of the United States from the islands, provinces, or colonies, of Great Britain, on or near the North American continent, and north or east of the United States.

APPROVED, May 29, 1830. STATUTE I. May 29, 1830. CHAP. CCVIII.-An Act to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on the public

lands. (a)

Act of Juno Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 22, 1838, ch. States of America, in Congress assembled, That every settler or occupant 119.

of the public lands, prior to the passage of this act, who is now in pos(a) Pre-emption of Public Lands.

Purchasers under John Cleves Symmes. Act of March 2, 1799, ch. 34. Act of March 3, 1801, ch. 23. Act of May 1, 1802, ch. 44. Act of March 3, 1803, ch. 21, sec. 4, 5.

Pre-emption of lands granted to persons erecting grist or saw-mills. Act of May 10, 1800, ch. 55, sec. 16. Mississippi. Act of March 3, 1903, ch. 27, sec. 3. Act of April 21, 1806, ch. 39, sec. 2, 7.

Act of March 3, 1807, ch. 36, sec. 8. Act of April 22, 1826, ch. 28, sec. 5. Act of May 28, 1830, ch. 146, вес. 3.

Tennessee: Act of April 18, 1806, ch. 31.
Ohio. Act of April 21, 1806, ch. 39. Act of May 15, 1820, ch. 135.
Michigan. Act of April 25, 1808, ch. 67, sec. 3.

Louisiana. Act of February 15, 1811, ch. 14, sec. 5. Act of April 29, 1816, ch. 162. Act of March 3, 1819, ch. 86, sec. 4. Act of June 15, 1832, ch. 140. Act of June 28, 1834, ch. 125. Act of February 24, 1835, ch. 24.

Illinois. Act of February 5, 1813, ch. 20. Act of April 26, 1816, ch. 101, sec. 6. Act of April 16, 1814, ch. 61, sec. 4. Act of February 27, 1815, ch. 63, sec. 3, 4.

Missouri. Act of April 12, 1814, ch. 52, sec. 5. Act of March 3, 1819, ch. 86, sec. 2, 3. Act of April 29, 1816, ch. 162. Act of July 9, 1832, ch. 180, sec. 3. Arkansas. Act of May 26, 1824, ch. 154. Further time given for filing of claims to pre-emption rights. Act of July 14, 1832, ch. 246. Alabama. Act of April 22, 1826, ch. 28. Florida. Act of April 22, 1826, ch. 28.

Settlers on public land. Act of May 29, 1830, ch. 208. Act of July 14, 1832, ch. 246. Act of March 2, 1833, ch. 92. June 22, 1838, ch. 119. Jan. 23, 1832, ch. 9.

Settlers in the Salt Lick reservation in Tennessee. Act of March 3, 1839, ch. 178.

Supplement to the act of June 22, 1838, ch. 119, to grant pre-emption rights to settlers on public lands. June 1, 1840, ch. 32.

An act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights. September 4, 1841, ch. 16.

An act to perfect the titles to lands south of the Arkansas river, held under New Madrid locations, and pre-emption rights, under the act of one thousand eight hundred and fourteen. March 1, 1843, ch. 50.

An act to authorize the investigation of alleged frauds under the pre-emption laws, and for other purposes. March 3, 1843, ch. 86.

An act granting a section of land for the improvement of Grant river, at the town of Potosi, in Wisconsin territory. June 15, 1844, ch. 50.

An act to confirm certain entries of land in the St. Augustine land district, in the territory of Florida, made under the pre-emption law of 228 June, 1838. June 15, 1844, ch. 74.

An act for the relief of the citizens of towns upon the lands of the United States, under certain circumstances. May 23, 1844, ch. 17.

set

session, and cultivated any part thereof in the year one thousand eight

Certain hundred and twenty-nine, shall be, and he is hereby, authorized to enter,

tlers may enter

quarter section. with the register of the land office, for the district in which such lands may lie, by legal subdivisions, any number of acres, not more than one hundred and sixty or a quarter section, to include his improvement, upon paying to the United States the then minimum price of said land: Pro- Proviso. vided, horoever, That no entry or sale of any land shall be made, under the provisions of this act, which shall have been reserved for the use of the United States, or either of the several states, in which any of the public lands may be situated.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if two or more persons be Where two or settled upon the same quarter section, the same may be divided between more settlers. the two first actual settlers, if, by a north and south, or east and west line, the settlement or improvement of each can be included in a half quarter section; and in such case the said settlers shall each be entitled to a pre-emption of eighty acres of land elsewhere in said land district, so as not to interfere with other settlers having a right of preference.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That prior to any entries being Proof of setmade under the privileges given by this act, proof of settlement or im- tlement. provement shall be made to the satisfaction of the register and receiver of the land district in which such lands may lie, agreeably to the rules to be prescribed by the commissioner of the general land office for that purpose, which register and receiver shall each be entitled to receive fifty cents for his services therein. And that all assignments and transfers of the right of pre-emption given by this act, prior to the issuance of pa

1832, ch.9. tents, shall be null and void.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That this act shall not delay the sale of any of the public lands of the United States, beyond the time which has been, or may be, appointed, for that purpose, by the President's proclamation; nor shall any of the provisions of this act be available to any person, or persons, who shall fail to make the proof and payment required before the day appointed for the commencement of the sales of lands including the tract, or tracts, on which the right of preemption is claimed; nor shall the right of pre-emption, contemplated by this act, extend to any land, which is reserved from sale by act of Congress, or by order of the President, or which may have been appropriated, for any purpose whatsoever.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be and remain in force, for one year from and after its passage.

APPROVED, May 29, 1830.

STATUTE I.

CHAP. CCXI. An Act to revive and continue in force An act fixing the compen- May 29, 1830.

sations of the secretary of the Senate and clerk of the House of Representatives, of the clerks employed in their offices, and of the librarian.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of April States of America, in Congress assembled, That the act passed the eigh- 18, 1818, ch.69,

revived. teenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, entitled "An act fixing the compensation of the secretary of the Senate and clerk of the House of Representatives, of the clerks employed in their offices, and of the librarian,” be, and the same is hereby revived and continued in force.

APPROVED, May 29, 1830.

court.

a

STATUTE I.
May 29, 1830. Chap. CCXIII.-An acl increasing the terms of the judicial courts of the United

States for the southern district of New York, and adding to the compensation of

several district judges of the United States. Monthly ses. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United sions of district States of America, in Congress assembled, That, hereafter, there shall be

held, monthly, in the city of New York, a session of the district court Vol. iii. 120, of the United States for the southern district of New York, to com774,

mence on the first Tuesday of each month, and be held in the manner

now provided by law for holding the stated terms of the said court. Two addition- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, hereafter, there shall be held, al sessions of annually, in the city of New York, two additional sessions of the circuit circuit court.

court of the United States, for the said district, for the trial of criminal

causes, and suits in equity, to commence on the last Monday of FebruSpecial ses- ary, and the last Monday of July: And further, That the said court may, sions.

at its discretion, direct special sessions thereof to be held in the said city, for the trial of criminal causes or suits in equity; which said additional

and special sessions may be held by the said district judge alone. Salaries. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, hereafter, the district judge

for the southern district of New York, shall reside in the city of New York; and there shall be allowed the said judge, the yearly compensa

tion of thirty-five hundred dollars, to be paid at the treasury of the United District judges States, in quarterly payments; to the judge of the northern district of of New York, District judge

New York, the sum of two thousand dollars, and to the judge for the of Connecticut. district of Connecticut, one thousand five hundred dollars.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, hereafter, there shall be alMassachusetts. lowed the district judges of the United States for the districts of MassaSouth Carolina. chusetts, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and the eastern district of Georgia. Alabama.

Pennsylvania, each, the yearly compensation of two thousand five hunEastern dis- dred dollars; and to the district judges of the following districts, respectrict of Penn.

tively, the yearly compensation following—to the district judge of North North Carolina. Maine.

Carolina, two thousand dollars; of Maine, one thousand eight hundred Rhode Island. dollars; of Rhode Island, one thousand five hundred dollars; of DelaDelaware.

ware, one thousand five hundred dollars; of Maryland, two thousand dolMaryland. New Jersey.

lars; of New Jersey, one thousand five hundred dollars; of Vermont, one

thousand two hundred dollars, and of the western district of PennsylvaWestern dis- nia, one thousand eight hundred dollars, to be paid at the treasury of the

United States, in quarterly payments.

APPROVED, May 29, 1830.

Vermont.

trict of Penn.

STATUTE I.

May 30, 1830. Chap. CCXV.-An Act for the relief of certain officers and soldiers of the Vir.

ginia line and navy, and of the continental army, during the revolutionary 1832, ch. 57.

war. (a) 1852, ch. 114. Certain troops

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United of Virginia au- States of America, in Congress assembled, That the officers and soldiers, thorized to draw sailors and marines, who were in the service of Virginia on her own scrip, &c.

state establishment during the revolutionary war, and who were entitled to military land bounties, by the laws and resolutions of that state, their heirs, and assigns, shall be, and they are hereby, authorized to surrender, to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, such of their warrants for the said land bounties as shall remain unsatisfied, in whole or in part, and to receive certificates or scrip for the same, at any time before the first day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five, which certificates or scrip shall be issued by the said Secretary, and signed by him, and countersigned by the commissioner

of the general land office, in the following manner, that is to say: There (@) Notes of the acts which have been passed relating to Virginia military bounty land, vol. ii. p. 274.

shall be a separate certificate or scrip, for such suin as shall, at the time of issuing the same, be equal to the then minimum price of each quantity of eighty acres of land due by such warrant, and remaining unsatisfied at the time of such surrender, and a like certificate or scrip for such sum as, at the time, shall be equal to the minimum price of the quantity that shall so remain unsatisfied, of any such warrant after such subdivisions of the amount into quantities of eighty acres. And where any such warrant shall have been lost or mislaid, by time and accident, it

1832, ch. 205, 3. shall and may be lawful for the party desiring to surrender the

same, to surrender an official copy thereof, certified under the seal of the land office of Virginia, with the affidavit of the party endorsed upon, or accompanying the same, stating that such warrant has been lost or mislaid, and that the original hath not been sold or transferred, to the knowledge or belief of the party so surrendering, or his or her guardian.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Statement to commissioner of the general land office, to request the executive of Vir- be obtained

from executive ginia to furnish him with a statement of all such warrants, within the

of Virginia. purview of this act, as have already issued, showing the number and date of each warrant, and the quantity of acres granted by each, and also a monthly statement of the same description, showing the number, date, and quantity, of such warrants as shall hereafter be granted. And no warrant shall be taken to be within the provisions of this act, which shall hereafter be granted, unless the executive of Virginia shall cause a certificate to be endorsed thereon, signed by some proper officer, stating that the party to whom such warrant shall be so granted, his, her, or their ancestor or devisor, was entitled thereto by some law or resolution of the said state, in force at the time of the deed of cession, by the state of Virginia, to the United States.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That before the Secretary of the Certificate of Treasury shall issue the scrip required by the provisions of this bill, the non-location. applicants shall produce to him the certificate of the register of the land office in Kentucky, and the certificate of the surveyor of the military lands of the Virginia line, that the warrants (when the original is presented, or the copy, when the original has been lost or destroyed,) has not been located, surveyed, or patented, in Kentucky, attested by the seal of his office.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the certificates or scrip to be Scrip receivaissued by virtue of this act, shall be receivable in payment for any lands ble, &c. hereafter to be purchased, at private sale, after the same shall have been offered at public sale, and shall remain unsold at any of the land offices of the United States, established, or to be established, in the states of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. And all such certificates or scrip, as shall be issued by virtue of this act shall be assignable, by endorsement thereon, attested by two witnesses: Provided, That all certificates or scrip to be

Proviso. issued, in virtue of any warrant hereafter to be granted, shall be issued to the party originally entitled thereto, or his heir or heirs, devisee or devisees, as the case may be. Sec.5. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of this act shall be

Persons condeemed and taken to extend to all such officers, soldiers, sailors, marines,

templated by chaplains, musicians, surgeons, and surgeons' mates, in the land or sea service of the state of Virginia during the revolutionary war, and generally, to every person to whom the state had engaged to pay a land bounty for services in that war, of any description, by any law or resolution passed before, and in force at the date of the said deed of cession; except only such persons as are mentioned in, and provided for by the reservation contained in the said deed of cession in favour of the officers and soldiers of the said state on continental establishment: Provided, That no Proviso. scrip issued under the provisions of this act, shall entitle the holder to enter or purchase any settled or occupied lands, without the written con

this act.

war

rants.

sent of such settlers or occupants, as may be actually residing on said Proviso. lands at the time the same shall be entered or applied for: And provided,

also, That the amount of land thus located, shall not exceed two hun1835, ch.30, 5 2. dred and sixty thousand acres. Owners of

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the first United States

and fourth sections of this act, shall extend to and embrace owners of military

military land warrants, issued, by the United States, in satisfaction of claims for bounty land for services during the revolutionary war; and that the laws, heretofore enacted, providing for the issuing said warrants,

are hereby revived and continued in force for two years. Virginia troops Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of this act shall on continental also be deemed and taken to extend to all the unsatisfied warrants of the establishment.

Virginia army on continental establishment: Provided, That the quantity thereof shall not exceed fifty thousand acres, in addition to the two hundred and sixty thousand acres heretofore authorized to be located by their state line.

APPROVED, May 30, 1830.

STATUTE I.

May 31, 1830.

[Obsolete.)

Barracks.

Barracks.

Barracks.

Barracks. 1831, ch. 61. Barracks.

Storehouse.

Barracks.

Chap. CCXVII.--- An Act making appropriations for certain expenditures on

account of the engineer, ordnance, and quartermaster's department. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, to wit:

For the erection of barracks and the purchase of land at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, twelve thousand dollars.

For the payment of the land upon which the barracks are erected at Houlton, in the state of Maine, six hundred and twenty-nine dollars and twenty-one cents.

For the completion of the barracks at New London, and for a portico to the officers' quarters, two thousand five hundred dollars.

For barracks, quarters, hospital, and storehouses at Green bay, fifteen thousand dollars.

For the completion of Jefferson barracks, in the state of Missouri, eight thousand seven hundred and thirty-five dollars.

For the erection of a storehouse for the subsistence and quartermaster's departments at Baton Rouge, three thousand five hundred dollars.

For the erection of barracks at Key West, and for ditching, draining, and clearing, the ground required to be used for military purposes, fifteen thousand dollars.

For opening a road from Green bay to Winnebago lake, and thence to Fort Winnebago, two thousand dollars.

For the completion of the military road in the state of Maine, fortyseven thousand four hundred and fifty-one dollars and seventy-two cents.

For the erection of wooden barracks for the troops at Fortress Monroe, ten thousand two hundred dollars.

For the purchase of five and a half acres of land for the use of the national armory at Springfield, in Massachusetts, two thousand two hundred dollars.

For the erection of a new fire-proof arsenal at the national armory at Springfield, in Massachusetts, sixteen thousand dollars.

For the national armory at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, viz: For extending the walls and embankments which convey the water from the Potomac river to the works, nine thousand three hundred dollars; for erecting a forging-shop, tilt hammer, and new work-shop, six thousand five hundred dollars; for the erection of ten additional dwelling-houses for the workmen, ten thousand dollars; for slating the roofs of the present workshops, three thousand two hundred dollars.

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