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or the foregoing acts, shall be so construed as to prevent the President of the United States from bringing the said lands in Arkansas into market under the existing laws; and all claims to donations under the beforerecited act, which shall not have been presented and allowed by the proper authorities on or before the day which shall be fixed on by the President for the sale of said land, are hereby declared forfeited to the United States.

APPROVED, January 27, 1831.

STATUTE II.

CHAP. XII.-.An Act further supplemental to the act entitled " An act making Jan. 27, 1831. further provision for settling the claims to land, in the territory of Missouri," passed the thirteenth day of June, one thousand eight hunılred and twelve. (a) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

Act of June States of America, in Congress assembled, That the United States do 13,1812, ch. 99.

The United hereby relinquish to the inhabitants of the several towns or villages of States to relinPortage des Sioux, Saint Charles, Saint Louis, Saint Ferdinand, Villa quish certain a Robert, Carondelet, Saint Genevieve, New Madrid, New Bourbon, and rights. Little Prairie, in the state of Missouri, all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to the town or village lots, out lots, common field lots, and commons in, adjoining and belonging to, the said towns or villages, confirmed to them respectively, by the first section of the act of Congress, entitled "An act making further provision for setting the claims to land in the territory of Missouri,” passed the thirteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, to be held by the inhabitants of the said towns and villages, in full property, according to their several rights therein, to be regulated or disposed of for the use of the inhabitants, according to the laws of the state of Missouri.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the United States do hereby United States relinquish all their right, title, and interest, in and to the town and village to relinquish all lots, out lots, and common field lots, in the state of Missouri, reserved for

Missouri, the support of schools, in the respective towns and villages aforesaid, by the second section of the above-recited act of Congress; and that the same shall be sold or disposed of, or regulated for the said purposes, in such manner, as may be directed by the legislature of said state.

APPROVED, January 27, 1831.

STATUTE II.

CHAP. XIV. An Act making provision for the compensation of witnesses, and Feb. 3, 1831. payment of other expenses attending the trial of the impeachment of James H. Peck.

(Obsolete.] Be it enacted by the Scnate and House of Representatives of the United Witnesses, four States of America, in Congress assembled, That to every witness sum

dollars per diem,

and twenty moned to attend the trial of the impeachment of James H. Peck, there

cents per mile. shall be allowed and paid, for every day's attendance upon the said trial, the sum of four dollars; and also for mileage, at the rate of twenty cents for every mile distance coming to the city of Washington, and returning to the usual place of residence of the witnesses respectively, computing the said distance by the usual route of travel by land.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of secretary of the Senate to ascertain and certify the amount due to each the Senate to

certify. witness for attendance and mileage; which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher to entitle the witness to receive from the treasury of the United States, the amount certified to be due, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate.

(a) See notes of decisions of the Supreme Court on land titles in Missouri, vol. ii. pp. 748, 812.

Notes of acts passed relativ; to lands in Missouri, vol. ii. p. 812.

Marshal of the

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That to the marshal of the District District of Co

of Columbia there shall be allowed and paid, for every day's attendance lumbia, five dollars per diem. upon the court of impeachment, during the said trial, the sum of five

dollars, the amount to be ascertained and certified by the secretary of the Senate; which certificate shall be a sufficient voucher to entitle the said marshal to receive from the treasury of the United States, the amount

certified to be due, unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. Marshal of Mis

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be paid to the marsouri, fifty dol- shal of the state of Missouri, the sum of fifty dollars; and to the marshal lars.

Marshal of of the territory of Arkansas, the sum of five dollars, for serving and returnArkansas, five ing subpænas for witnesses, issued by order of the said court

. dollars. 13,500 dollars

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the sum of thirteen thousand appropriated.

five hundred dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated to defray the expenses incurred under the provisions of this act, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.

APPROVED, February 3, 1831.

STATUTE II.

Feb. 3, 1831.

(Obsolete.] 87,360 dollars appropriated.

CHAP. XV. An Act to authorize the construction of three schooners for the naval

service of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause to be built, equipped, and employed in the naval service of the United States, three schooners, not exceeding twelve guns each; and that the sum of eightyseven thousand three hundred and sixty dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of carrying the foregoing provisions into effect.

APPROVED, February 3, 1831. •

STATUTE II.

Feb. 3, 1831. CHAP. XVI.An Act to amend the several acts respecting copy rights. (a)

Authors of Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United books, &c. and States of America, in Congress assembled, That from and after the passtheir executors, &c. to have solé ing of this act, any person or persons, being a citizen or citizens of the right for twenty- United States, or resident therein, who shall be the author or authors of eight years.

any book or books, map, chart, or musical composition, which may be now made or composed, and not printed and published, or shall hereafter be made or composed, or who shall invent, design, etch, engrave, work or cause to be engraved, etched, or worked from his own design, any print or engraving, and the executors, administrators, or legal assigns of such person or persons, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing, and vending such book or books, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, in whole or in part, for the term of twenty-eight years from the time of recording the title théreof,

in the manner hereinafter directed. Renewal of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if, at the expiration of the privilege for aforesaid term of years, such author, inventor, designer, engraver, or any fourteen years. of them, where the work had been originally composed and made by

more than one person, be still living, and a citizen or citizens of the United States, or resident therein, or being dead, shall have left a widow, or child, or children, either or all then living, the same exclusive right shall be continued to such author, designer, or engraver, or, if dead, then

to such widow and child, or children, for the further term of fourteen Conditions. years: Provided, That the title of the work so secured shall be a second (a) See notes of the acts which have been passed relating to copyrights, vol. ii. p. 171.

Notes of the decisions of the courts of the United States on the law of copyrights, vol. i. p. 124.

:)

Fee.

time recorded, and all such other regulations as are herein required in regard to original copyrights, be complied with in respect to such renewed copyright, and that within six months before the expiration of the first term.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That in all cases of renewal of Publication of copyright under this act, such author or proprietor shall, within two renewal. months from the date of said renewal, cause a copy of the secord thereof to be published in one or more of the newspapers printed in the United States, for the space of four weeks. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be entitled to

Copy of title the benefit of this act, unless he shall, before publication, deposit a printed to be deposited. copy of the title of such book, or books, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, in the clerk's office of the district court of the district wherein the author or proprietor shall reside, and the clerk of such court is hereby directed and required to record the same thereof To be record forthwith, in a book to be kept for that purpose, in the words following ed. (giving a copy of the title, under the seal of the court, to the said author or proprietor, whenever he shall require the same “ District of

Form of reto wit: Be it remembered, that on the

day of

anno domini, cord. A. B., of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, (map, chart, or otherwise, as the case may be,) the title of which is in the words following, to wit: (here insert the title ;) the right whereof he claims as author (or proprietor as the case may be ;)'in conformity with an act of Congress, entitled An act to amend the several acts respecting copyrights.' C. D. clerk of the district.” For which record, the clerk shall be entitled to receive, from the person claiming such right as aforesaid, fifty cents; and the like sum for every copy, under seal, actually given to such person or his assigns. And the author or proprietor Copy of work of any such book, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engrav- to be deposited. ing, shall, within three months from the publication of said book, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, deliver or cause to be delivered a copy of the same to the clerk of said district. And it List of works shall be the duty of the clerk of each district court, at least once in and copies to be every year, to transmit a certified list of all such records of copyright, the Secretary of

transmitted including the titles so recorded, and the dates of record, and also all the State. several copies of books or other works deposited in his office according to this act, to the Secretary of State, to be preserved in his office.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be entitled Notice of coto the benefit of this act, unless he shall give information of copyright pyright sto be being secured, by causing to be inserted, in the several copies of each

printed, . and every edition published during the term secured on the title-page, or the page immediately following, if it be a book, or, if a map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, by causing to be impressed on the face thereof, or if a volume of maps, charts, music, or engravings, upon the title or frontispiece thereof, the following words, viz: “Entered according to act of Congress, in the year by A. B., in the clerk's office of the district court of

(as the case may be.) Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any

Infringement sons, from and after the recording the title of any book or books, ac- of copyright to

books. cording to this act, shall, within the term or terms herein limited, print, publish, or import, or cause to be printed, published, or imported, any copy of such book, or books, without the consent of the person legally entitled to the copyright thereof, first had and obtained in writing, signed in presence of two or more credible witnesses, or shall, knowing the same to be so printed or imported, publish, sell, or expose to sale, or cause to be published, sold, or exposed to sale, any copy of such book without such consent in writing; then such offender shall forfeit every Penalty. copy of such book to the person legally, at the time, entitled to the copyright thereof; and shall also forfeit and pay fifty cents for every such sheet which may be found in his possession, either printed, or printing, pub

to

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other person

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lished, imported, or exposed to sale, contrary to the intent of this act, the one moiety thereof to such legal owner of the copyright as aforesaid, and the other to the use of the United States, to be recovered by action

of debt in any court having competent jurisdiction thereof. Infringement Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That, if any person or persons, after of copyright to the recording the title of any print, cut, or engraving, map, chart or musical prints, maps, &c. composition, according to the provisions of this ac, shall

, within the term or terms limited by this act, engrave, etch, or work, sell, or copy, or cause to be engraved, etched, worked, or sold, or copied, either on the whole, or by varying, adding to, or diminishing the main design with intent to evade the law; or shall print or import for sale, or cause to be printed, or imported for sale, any such map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, or any parts thereof, without the consent of the proprietor or proprietors of the copyright thereof, first obtained in writing, signed in the presence of two credible witnesses; or, knowing the same to be so printed or imported without such consent, shall publish, sell, or expose to sale, or in any

manner dispose of any such map, chart, musical composition, engraving, Penalty. cut, or print, without such consent, as aforesaid; then such offender or

offenders shall forfeit the plate or plates on which such map, chart, musical composition, engraving, cut, or print, shall be copied, and also all and every sheet thereof so copied or printed as aforesaid, to the proprietor or proprietors of the copyright thereof; and shall further forfeit one dollar for every sheet of such map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, which may be found in his or their possession, printed or published, or exposed to sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act; the one moiety thereof to the proprietor or proprietors, and the other moiety to the use of the United States, to be recovered in any court

having competent jurisdiction thereof. Privilege re- Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act shall be stricted to citi- construed to extend to prohibit the importation or vending, printing, or dents.

publishing, of any map, chart, book, musical composition, print or engraving, written, composed, or made, by any person not being a citizen

of the United States, nor resident within the jurisdiction thereof. Publication of Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That any person or persons who manuscripts shall print or publish any manuscript whatever without the consent of the without consent, &c.

author or legal proprietor first obtained as aforesaid, (if such author or proprietor be a citizen of the United States, or resident therein,) shall

be liable to suffer and pay to the author or proprietor, all damages occaRemedy. sioned by such injury, to be recovered by a special action on the case Injunction to founded upon this act, in any court having cognisance thereof; and the prevent. several courts of the United States empowered to grant injunctions to

prevent the violation of the rights of authors and inventors, are hereby empowered to grant injunctions, in like manner, according to the principles of equity, to restrain such publication of any manuscript as afore

said. General issue, Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That, if any person or persons

shall be sued or prosecuted, for any matter, act, or thing done under or by virtue of this act, he or they may plead the general issue and give the

special matter in evidence. False entry of Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That, if any person or persons, copyright.

from and after the passing of this act, shall print or publish any book, map, chart, musical composition, print, cut, or engraving, not having legally acquired the copyright thereof, and shall insert or impress that

the same hath been entered according to act of Congress, or words purPenalty. porting the same, every person so offending shall forseit and pay one hun

dred dollars; one moiety thereof to the person who shall sue for the • same, and the other to the use of the United States, to be recovered by

action of debt, in any court of record having cognisance thereof. Costs.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That, in all recoveries under this

zens

or

resi

&c.

to

act, either for damages, forfeitures, or penalties, full costs shall be allowed thereon, any thing in any former act to the contrary notwithstanding

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That no action or prosecution shall Limitation of be maintained, in any case of forfeiture or penalty under this act, unless action. the same shall have been commenced within two years after the cause of action shall have arisen. Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That the “Act for the encourage- Repeal of act

of ment of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to

May 31,

1790, ch. 15. the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned," passed May thirty-first, one thousand seven hundred and ninety, and the act supplementary thereto, passed April twenty-ninth, one thou

Act of April sand eight hundred and two, shall be, and the same are hereby, repealed: 29, 1802, ch. 36. saving, always, such rights as may have been obtained in conformity to their provisions.

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That all and several the provisions Provisions of of this act, intended for the protection and security of copyrights, and this act for se

curity of

copyproviding remedies, penalties, and forfeitures, in case of violation thereof, rights, &c. shall be held and construed to extend to the benefit of the legal proprie- extend to existtor or proprietors of each and every copyright heretofore obtained, ac- ing copyrights. cording to law, during the term thereof, in the same manner as if such copyright had been entered and secured according to the directions of this act.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That, whenever a copyright has Extension of been heretofore obtained by an author or authors, inventor, designer, or existing copyengraver, of any book, map, chart, print, cut, or engraving, or by a proprie

rights. tor of the same: if such author or authors, or either of them, such inventor, designer, or engraver, be living at the passage of this act, then such author or authors, or the survivor of them, such inventor, engraver, or designer, shall continue to have the same exclusive right to his book, chart, map, print, cut, or engraving, with the benefit of each and all the provisions of this act, for the security thereof, for such additional period of time as will, together with the time which shall have elapsed from the first entry of such copyright, make up the term of twenty-eight years, with the same right to his widow, child, or children, to renew the copyright, at the expiration thereof, as is above provided in relation to copyrights originally secured under this act. And if such author or authors, inventor, designer, or engraver, shall not be living at the passage of this act, then, his or their heirs, executors and administrators, shall be entitled to the like exclusive enjoyment of said copyright, with the benefit of each and all the provisions of this act for the security thereof, for the period of twenty-eight years from the first entry of said copyright, with the like privilege of renewal to the widow, child, or children, of author or authors, designer, inventor, or engraver, as is provided in relation to copyrights originally secured under this act: Provided, That this act Proviso. shall not extend to any copyright heretofore secured, the term of which has already expired.

APPROVED, February 3, 1831.

STATUTE II.

CHAP. XVII.-An Act to amend the act for taking the fifth census.(a) Feb. 3, 1831. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of March States of America, in Congress assembled, That it shall and may be law- 23, 1830, ch. 40. ful for such of the assistants to the marshals in the respective states and territories, who have not, before the passage of this act, made their re

(a) An act for the apportionment of representatives among the several states, according to the fifth census, May 23, 1832, ch.91. Resolution for the distribution of the returns of the fifth census, July 3, 1832.

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