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ceding years; and, likewise, for defraying the expenses of suits in which the United States are concerned; and of prosecutions for offences committed against the United States, and for the safe-keeping of prisoners, two hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars.

For the payment of sundry pensions granted by the late and present Pensions. governments, one thousand three hundred and fifiy dollars.

For the support and maintenance of lighthouses, floating lights, bea- Lighthouses. cons, buoys, and stakeages, including the purchase of oil, keepers' salaries, repairs and improvements, and contingent expenses, two hundred and thirty-one thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars.

For the salaries of registers and receivers of land offices where there Miscellaneous are no sales, two thousand dollars.

For surveying the public lands, in addition to the unexpended balance of former appropriations, seventy thousand dollars.

For completing the survey of the Choctaw cession in Mississippi and Alabama, sixty-five thousand five hundred dollars.

For surveys of private land claims in Florida, eight thousand dollars.

For the salaries of the district attorney, agent, and assistant council, and contingent expenses in Florida, five thousand dollars.

For the salaries of two keepers of the public archives in Florida, one thousand dollars.

For the discharge of such miscellaneous claims against the United States, not otherwise provided for, as shall be ascertained and admitted in due course of settlement at the treasury, twelve thousand dollars.

For stationery and books for the offices of commissioners of loans, twelve hundred dollars.

For the fifth payment to Luigi Persico, for two colossal statues for the Capitol, four thousand dollars.

For the salaries of the ministers of the United States to Great Britain, France, Spain, Russia, and Colombia, forty-two thousand seven hundred and twenty-five dollars.

For the salaries of the secretaries of legation to the same places, nine thousand dollars.

For the salaries of the chargés des affaires to Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, Holland, Turkey, Belgium, Brazil, Buenos Ayres, Chili, Peru, Mexico, Central America, Naples, and Colombia, sixty thousand seven hundred and twenty-five dollars.

For salary of the drogoman to the legation of the United States to Turkey, and for contingent expenses of that legation, six thousand five hundred dollars.

For outfits of the chargés des affaires of the United States to Great Britain, Central America, and Colombia, thirteen thousand five hundred dollars.

For contingent expenses of all the missions abroad, thirty thousand dollars. For the salaries of the agents for claims at London and

is, four thousand dollars.

For the expenses of intercourse with the Mediterranean powers, twenty-four thousand four hundred dollars.

For the relief and protection of American seamen in foreign countries, thirty thousand dollars.

For the contingent expenses of foreign intercourse, thirty thousand dollars.

To satisfy a claim presented by his majesty, the king of Sweden, on account of injuries sustained by subjects of the said government in the island of St. Bartholomews, by an illegal act of the commanding officer of the United States' sloop of war Erie, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-three, five thousand six hundred and sixty-six dollars and sixty-six cents. Vol. IV.--79

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Miscellaneous.

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To Washington Irving, late secretary of legation at London, for an arrearage on account of his services as chargé d'affaires, and for one quarter's salary, the allowance for his return to the United States, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three dollars and eighty-five cents.

To George W. Slacum, consul of the United States at Buenos Ayres, on account of diplomatic services at that place, from the death of John M. Forbes, till the arrival of Francis Baylies, chargé d'affaires of the United States, from the fourteenth June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, to the fifth of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirtytwo, four thousand eight hundred and seventy dollars.

To John Randolph Clay, secretary of legation at St. Petersburg, as an outfit, and on account of his services as chargé d'affaires one year seven months and six days, seven thousand two hundred dollars.

To Cyrenius Hall, a resident of Upper Canada, the sum of five thousand three hundred dollars, (being the value of a schooner, the property of the said Hall, seized and libelled by the collector of the port of Venice, in Sandusky bay, in the year eighteen hundred and seventeen, which was ordered by a decree of the district court of Ohio to be restored, but which, previously to said decree, had been lost,) with interest on the said sum of five thousand three hundred dollars from the tenth day of August, in the year eighteen hundred and seventeen, till the eighth day of January, eighteen hundred and twenty-one; and with further interest on the said sum from the twenty-eighth day of January, eighteen hundred and thirty-one, till paid.

To the clerk employed in the Department of State as a translator of foreign languages, in addition to the salary now provided by law, six hundred dollars per annum.

To the clerk employed in the Department of State as agent of accounts, in addition to the salary now provided by law, three hundred dollars per annum.

To indemnify Captain Daniel Turner, of the United States nary, for the expense

of conveying the Netherlands' minister, and his suite, from New York to Curacao, by order of the Secretary of the Navy, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, eleven hundred and eighty-two dollars seventy-eight cents.

To indemnify Captain George Washington Storer, of the United States navy, for the expenses of acommodating Commodore David Porter, chargé d'affaires of the United States at Constantinople, on board of the United States ship Boston; and for the expenses of conveying George Porter, consul of the United States at Tangiers, from Port Mahon to Tangiers; and of conveying Lieutenant Ebenezer Ridgway, consul of the United States at Tripoli, and his family, from Port Mahon to Tripoli, in all five hundred dollars.

To Michael Hogan, the sum of eighteen thousand one hundred and twelve dollars and fifty cents, in full, for diplomatic services rendered the United States in Chili, from the eighteenth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, to twenty-sixth of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, and from the twenty-ninth of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, to second of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one.

To George F. Brown, consular agent at Algiers, three thousand three hundred and sixty-six dollars for his services to the twentieth February, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.

For purchase of books for the library of Congress, five thousand dollars.

For payment of preparing and printing the documents ordered to be printed by Gales and Seaton, fifty thousand dollars, under the same restrictions and reservations as were contained in the appropriation for the same object at the last session.

For the payment to Jonathan Elliott for two hundred and fifty copies of the debates on the federal constitution, purchased by order of the House of Representatives (of the United States, by their resolution of eighteenth February, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, three thousand one hundred and twenty-five dollars.

For two thousand copies of Cobb's Manual, purchased by virtue of a resolution of the House of Representatives of twenty-fifth of February last, one thousand dollars.

For the erection of a custom-house at Middletown, Connecticut, four thousand eight hundred dollars.

For salary of the principal and assistant librarians, contingent expenses of the library, and pay of messenger, three thousand five hundred and fifty dollars.

For alteration and repairs of the Capitol, five hundred dollars.
For the survey of the coast of the United States, twenty thousand dol-

Coast survey. lars.

For the purchase of ground occupied by the custom-house at Key Miscellaneous West, four thousand dollars.

For defraying the expenses of repairing a building at Sandy Hook, belonging to the United States, three hundred and nineteen dollars thirtyone cents.

For the purchase of a building for the custom-house at Castine, Maine, and repairing the same, eight hundred and fifty dollars.

For the erection of a custom-house at New York, three hundred thousand dollars.

For compensation to the recorder, two commissioners, and translator, for the adjustment of private land claims in Missouri, according to the act of ninth July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, eight thousand and fifty-five dollars seventy cents.

For contingent expenses and office rent, two hundred and fifty dollars.

For the expense of bringing to the seat of governinent the votes for President and Vice President, seven thousand five hundred and twentyone dollars and seventy-five cents.

For the payment of balances to officers of the old direct tax and internal revenue, being the balance of an appropriation carried to the surplus fund, six thousand seven hundred dollars twenty-three cents.

For making good a deficiency in the fund for the relief of sick and disabled seamen, fifteen thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars.

For removing obstructions in the Savannah river, being part of the balance of an appropriation carried to the surplus fund, forty-three dollars six cents.

For preserving and enclosing the marine hospital at Norfolk, two thousand eight hundred and seventy-five dollars.

For hospital furniture, beds and bedding, of the new hospital, one thousand dollars.

For paying certain inhabitants of the late province of West Florida, now citizens of Louisiana and Mississippi, the claims that have been passed by the accounting officers of the Treasury Department, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven dollars forty-five cents, being the balance of a former appropriation, carried to the surplus fund, which is hereby re-appropriated.

For the purpose of carrying into effect the act entitled “An act for the Ante, p. 613. payment of the horses and arms lost in the military service of the United States against the Indians on the frontiers of Ilinois and Michigan territory, passed this session—there be appropriated to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sums which may be allowed according to that act.

To Hilliard Gray and Company, being a balance of a sum due them on their contract for printing a Manual of Infantry Tactics, four hundred and

Miscellaneous. ten dollars and fifty-nine cents, to be paid out of a sum formerly appro

priated, a portion of which has been passed to the surplus fund.

For refunding any discriminating duties of tonnage which may have been collected on the vessels of Spain, France, or Portugal, subsequent to the abolition of such duties by either of those nations on vessels of the United States, two thousand dollars.

For compensation and expense of an agent to Havaťa to procure the archives of Florida, four thousand five hundred dollars.

For completing the custom-house at New London, Connecticut, four thousand dollars.

For surveying the lands in Illinois to which the Indian title has been extinguished by the late treaty with the Pattawatamies, twenty thousand dollars.

For the purchase of a site and the erection of a public warehouse in the city of Baltimore, fifty thousand dollars.

For the salaries of registers and receivers of the land offices established in the late Choctaw purchase, Mississippi, and for furnishing the offices with the necessary books and stationery, three thousand dollars.

For Thomas Douglass, attorney of East Florida, for professional services, three hundred dollars.

For the purchase of a site and erection of a custom-house in Newburyport, in the state of Massachusetts, fifteen thousand dollars.

For the expenses of printing the records in the Supreme Court of the United States, for the term of one thousand eight hundred and thirtytwo, the sum of three thousand dollars; and for the same accounts at the term in one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, the like sum of three thousand dollars.

For surveying the public lands recently purchased from the Indians

in the state of Indiana, twenty-five thousand dollars. Instalments un- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treailer treaty of in

sury be authorized to loan on interest the instalments under the treaty lemnity with France to be

of indemnity concluded at Paris on the fourth day of July, one thousand loaned. eight hundred and thirty-one, between the United States of America, and

his majesty the king of the French, upon a pledge of the stock of the United States, or of the Bank of the United States, or to the Bank of the United States, subject nevertheless to be repaid to the public treasury whenever the commissioners appointed under the said treaty shall by their award direct to whom the said fund with the accumulated interest

shall be distributed. Pay of collec- Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury tors, naval offi- be, and he is hereby authorized to pay to the collectors, naval officers,

surveyors, gaugers, weighers and measurers, of the several ports of the United States, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as will give to the said officers, respectively, the same compensation, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three,

according to the importations of that year, as they would have been en1832, ch. 227. titled to receive, if the act of the fourteenth July, one thousand eight

hundred and thirty-two, had not gone into effect. Chickasaw Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the further sum of fifty thoutreaty. sand dollars be appropriated out of any moneys in the treasury not other

wise appropriated, to carry into effect the provisions of the late Chicka

saw treaty. Northern boun- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the time limited for making dary of Ohio.

observations and returns thereof under the act of fourteenth July, one 1832, ch. 232.

thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, “to provide for the taking of cer. tain observations preparatory to the adjustment of the northern boundary line of the state of Ohio," be, and the same is hereby extended until the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five: and that for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of the act

cers, &c.

aforesaid, the sum of six thousand one hundred and ten dollars be appropriated for the purchase of instruments; and the further sum of seven ihousand five hundred dollars for the expenses of taking such observations.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That so much of the twenty-seventh Franking prisection of the act approved third of March, one thousand eight hundred vilege extendand twenty-five, as restricts the franking privilege of members of Con

Act of March gress to the period of sixty days before and after each session, shall be, 3, 1825, ch. 64, and the same hereby is repealed, and it shall be lawful for the said privi- $ 27. lege to be exercised by each member of Congress from the period of sixty days before he takes his seat in Congress until the meeting of the next Congress, and that said privilege shall be extended to all members of the present Congress until the next session.

APPROVED, March 2, 1833.

STATUTE II. Chap. LV.-An Act to modify the act of the fourteenth of July, one thousand March 2, 1833. eight hundred and thirty-two, and all other acts imposing duties on imports. (a)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Act of July 14, States of America, in Congress assembled, That from and after the thirty- 1832, ch. 227. first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-three, in

Act of March 2,

1833, ch. 57. all cases where duties are imposed on foreign imports, by the act of the

Act of Aug. 30, fourteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, en- 1842, ch. 270. titled "An act to alter and amend the several acts imposing duties on

After Dec. 31,

1833, all duties imports," or by any other act, shall exceed twenty per centum on the

exceeding twenvalue thereof, one tenth part of such excess shall be deducted; from and ty per cent. to after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and be reduced by thirty-five, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; from and after

biennially strika

ing off onc-tenth the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty- of the excess, seven, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; from and after the fr thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, another tenth part thereof shall be deducted; and from and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, one half

of the reside (residue) of such excess shall be deducted ; and from and after the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, the other half thereof shall be deducted.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That so much of the second sec- Duty on plains, tion of the act of the fourteenth of July aforesaid, as fixes the rate of kerseys, &c.

raised to fifty duty on all milled and fulled cloth, known by the names of plains, kerseys, or kendal cottons, of which wool is the only material, the value whereof does not exceed thirty-five cents a square yard, at five per centum ad valorem, shall be, and the same is hereby, repealed. And the said

per cent.

(a) The act of Congress of March 2, 1833, ch.55, commonly called “ The compromise act,” did not, prospectively, repeal all duties upon imports after 30th June, 1842. Repealing only such parts of previous acts as were inconsistent with itself, it left in force, after June 1842, the same duties which were in force on the first of June, 1842. Aldridge and others v. Williams, 3 Howard, 9.

The provisions of the act of 1833, by which duties were to be levied, after June 1, 1842, on the home valuation," under such regulations as may be prescribed by law,” comprehended all the regulations existing under the law at the time when the duties, according to the home valuation, accrued. The regulations established by the 7th and 8th sections of the act of 1832, were, after the compromise act expired, in force, and were sufficient for the collection of duties after June 1, 1842. Ibid.

The 9th section of the act of 1832, makes it the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President, to establish, when necessary, rules and regulations to secure a just, faithful, and impartial appraisal of merchandise, and just and proper entries of them. It is very clear that any regulations within the authority thus given, are regulations prescribed by law. Ibid.

In expounding this law, the judgment of the court cannot, in any degree, be influenced by the construction placed upon it by individual members of Congress, in the debate which took place on its pagsage; nor by the motives or reasons assigned by them for supporting or opposing amendments offered. The law, as it passed, is the will of a majority of both houses, and the only mode in which this will is spoken, is in the act itself; and we must gather their intention from the language there used, comparing it, where any ambiguity exists, with Jaws upon the same subject; and looking, if necessary, to the public history of the times in which it was passed. Ibid. 24.

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