Byzantium and the Early Islamic Conquests
This is a study of how and why the Byzantine empire lost many of its most valuable provinces to Islamic conquerors in the seventh century, provinces that included Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia and Armenia. It investigates conditions on the eve of those conquests, mistakes in Byzantine policy toward the Muslims, the course of the military campaigns, and the problem of local official and civilian collaboration with the Muslims. It also seeks to explain how after some terrible losses the Byzantine government achieved some intellectual rationalization of its disasters and began the complex process of transforming and adapting its fiscal and military institutions and political controls in order to prevent further disintegration.
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The Byzantine Empire in an era of accelerating change
Difficulties in devising defenses for Syria
The first Muslim penetrations of Byzantine territory
Early tests in southern Palestine
the battle of JabiyaYarmuk rec
The brief struggle to save northern Syria and Byzantine
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