Principles of Social Science, Հատոր 3

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Errors of Adam Smith in regard to the origin of capital
68
CHAPTER XL
75
Circulation diminishes in its rapidity as land becomes consolidated
81
Tendency of British policy to promote increase in the proportions of mova
89
Tendency of the British colonial system to produce stoppage of the cir
95
Increase in the proportion borne in the United States by movable capi
101
CHAPTER XLI
109
Division of land a consequence of increase in the power of combination
113
Universal application of the law that is here propounded
114
Tendency of the law of distribution towards the production of harmony and peace among the communities of the world
120
Erroneous views of Adam Smith in regard to the natural law regulating the charge for the use of money
126
Mr Ricardos theory of rent Teaches the reverse of this the landlords
134
Error of Mr Ricardo in regard to the origin of rent No such rent as that
141
Growth of rent supposed by Mr Ricardo to be retarded by improvements
151
The more rapid the circulation the greater the tendency towards equality
159
CHAPTER XLIII
171
civilization Phenomena presented for consideration by Greece and Rome
178
Labor and land the ultimate payers of all contributions for the support
190
Revenue system of the United States The countries in which direct
191
Why not then at once abolish all indirect taxation? Because the power
198
Wide difference between the doctrines of modern economists and those
205
Doctrines of Adam Smith in regard to concentration and centralization
213
Centralization grows with the growth of the traders power
219
How concentration increases the rapidity of the circulation Central
223
Phenomena exhibited by the purely agricultural countries those which
281
Consolidation of the land and the disease of overpopulation necessary
287
Pioneer life favorable to increase of numbers The American system
293
Harmony in the social as in tho physicalworld a result of the equal
312
Substitution of vegetable for animal food Causes the action of man upon
316
Destructive effects of British policy in causing the exhaustion of
325
Manufactures always precede and never follow the creation of a real
333
Error in one community tends to the production of error in all British
342
CHAPTER XLIX
349
g4 His great and universal remedy for the disease of overpopulation Inap
360
The nearer the consumer to the producer the larger the production
366
Condition of woman in Greece Italy and France at various periods
372
How the condition of English women is affected by trading centralization
378
CHAPTER LI
386
Reverse of this exhibited in those which follow in the train of England
391
Extraordinary contrasts here again presented by the American Union
397
Colbert and his policy His full appreciation of the necessity for
424
The world wordgoverned unmeaning phrases being made objects
435
CHAPTER LIII
446
Power for maintaining exterior commerce grows as the community
447
Ultimate object of all production found in the real man The higher
454
Throughout the physical and social world harmony of movementinter
463
Social science here branches into political economy the one treating
465
Simplicity and universal truth of natural laws Complexity and error
503

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Էջ 185 - The school-boy whips his taxed top — the beardless youth manages his taxed horse, with a taxed bridle on a taxed road ; — and the dying Englishman pouring his medicine, which has paid seven per cent.
Էջ 476 - They were unenlightened by science, and unacquainted with that religion, which enjoins men to do unto others as they would that others should do unto them.
Էջ 136 - ... difference in their productive powers. At the same time, the rent of the first quality will rise, for that must always be above the rent of the second, by the difference between the produce which they yield with a given quantity of capital and labour. 'With every step in the progress of population...
Էջ 428 - But it cannot be expected that individuals should, at their own risk, or rather to their certain loss, introduce a new manufacture, and bear the...
Էջ 428 - The superiority of one country over another in a branch of production, often arises only from having begun it sooner. There may be no inherent advantage on one part, or disadvantage on the other, but only a present superiority of acquired skill and experience. A country which has this skill and experience yet to acquire, may in other respects be better adapted to the production than those which were earlier in the field...
Էջ 169 - sacredness of property " is talked of, it should always be remembered, that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust.
Էջ 68 - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone; and it is by no means certain that this artificial direction is likely to be more advantageous to the society than that into which it would have gone of its own accord.
Էջ 342 - That the condition of the lower multitude of English labourers approximates more and more to that of the Irish competing with them in all markets; that whatsoever labour, to which mere strength with little skill will suffice, is to be done, will be done not at the English price, but at an approximation to the Irish price : at a price superior as yet to the Irish, that is, superior to scarcity of third-rate potatoes for thirty weeks yearly ; superior, yet hourly, with the arrival of every new steamboat,...
Էջ 349 - The cause to which I allude is the constant tendency in all animated life to increase beyond the nourishment prepared for it.
Էջ 68 - ... the general industry of the society, or to give it the most advantageous direction, is not, perhaps, altogether so evident. The general industry of the society never can exceed what the capital of the society can employ. As the number of workmen that can be kept in employment by any particular person must bear a certain proportion to his capital, so the number of those that can be continually employed by all the members of a great society must bear a certain proportion to the whole capital of...

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