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April 5.


It is inquired in Dunton's “ Athenian

Oracle,” “Why does the sun at his rising St. Vincent Ferrer, A.D. 1419. St. Ge play more on Easter-day than Whit

rala, Abbos, A. D. 1095. St. Tigernach, Sunday?" The question is answered Bishop in Ireland, A. D. 550. St. Becan, thus :=" The matter of fact is an old, Abbot.

weak, superstitious error, and the sun EASTER TUESDAY.

neither plays nor works on Easter-day Holidays at the Pablic Offices ; except Excise, more than any other. It is true, it may Stamp, and Custom.

sometimes happen to shine brighter that CHRONOLOGY.

morning than any other; but, if it does, it is

purely accidental. In some parts of Eng1605. John Stow, the antiquary, died, and they call it the lamb-playing, which aged 80. He was a tailor.

they look for, as soon as the sun rises, in 1800. The rev. William Mason died.

some clear or spring water, and is nothing He was born at Hull, in Yorkshire, in 1725. but the pretty reflection it makes from

1804. The rev. William Gilpin, author the water, which they may find at any of “ Picturesque Tours,” “Remarks on time, if the sun rises clear, and they Forest Scenery,” an“ Essay on Prints,” themselves early, and unprejudiced with &c. died aged 80.

fancy.” The folly is kept up by the fact, 1811. Robert Raikes, of Gloucester, that no one can view the sun steadily at died, aged 76. He was the originator of any hour, and those who choose to look sunday-schools, and spent his life in acts at it, or at its reflection in water, see it of kindness and compassion; promoting apparently move, as they would on any education as a source of happiness to his other day. Brand points out an allusion fellow beings, and bestowing his exertions to this vulgar notion in an old ballad :and bounty to benefit the helpless.

But, Dick, she dances such away!
No sun upon an Easter-day

Is half so fine a sight.
Yellow Crown Imperial. Fritillaria Impe-
rialis Lutea.

Again, from the “ British Apollo," a Dedicated to St. Vincent Ferrer.

presumed question to the sun himself

upon the subject, elicits a suitable anEaster Customs.

Q. Old wives, Phoebus, say
Dancing of the Sun.

That on Easter-day
The day before Easter-day is in some

To the music o' th' spheres you do caper ;

the fact, sir, be true, parts called “ Holy Saturday.” On the

Pray let's the cause know, evening of this day, in the middle dis.

When you have any room in your paper. tricts of Ireland, great preparations are made for the finishing of Lent. Many

A. The old wives get merry a fat hen and dainty piece of bacon is put

With spic'd ale or sherry,

On Easter, which makes them romance ; in the pot by the cotter's wife about eight

And whilst in a rout or nine o'clock, and woe be to the person

Their brains whirl about, who should taste it before the cock

They fancy we caper and dance. crows. At twelve is heard the clapping of hands, and the joyous laugh, mixed

A bit of smoked glass, such as boys with “ Shidth or mogh or corries," i. e.

use to view an eclipse with, would put out with the Lent : all is merriment for this matter steady to every eye but that a few hours, when they retire, and rise of wilful self-deception, which, after all, about four o'clock to see the sun dance in superstition always chooses to see through. honour of the resurrection. This ignorant

Lifting. custom is not confined to the humble

Mr. Ellis inserts, in his edition of Mr. labourer and his fainily, but is scrupu- Brand's “ Popular Antiquities,” a letter lously observed by many highly respect- from Mr. Thomas Loggan of Basinghallable and wealthy families, different mem- street, from whence the following extract bers of whom I have heard assert posi- is made: M1. Loggan says, “I was sitting tively that they had seen the sun dance alone last Easter Tuesday, at breakfast, on Easter morning.*

at the Talbot in Shrewsbury, when I was


surprised by the entrance of all the female * Communicated to the Every- Day Book by Mr.

servants of the house handing in an arm

1. A

chair, lined with white, and decorated ground, turned the chair about, and I had with ribbons and favours of different the felicity of a salute from each. I told colours. I asked them what they wanted, then, I supposed there was a fee due their answer was, they came to heave me; upon the occasion, and was answered in it was the custom of the place on that the affirmative; and, having satisfied the morning, and they hoped I would take a damsels in this respect, they withdrew to seat in their chair. It was impossible heave others. At this time I had never not to comply with a request very mo- heard of such a custom; but, on inquiry, destly made, and to a set of nymphs in I found that on Easter Monday, between their best apparel, and several of them nine and twelve, the men heave the wounder twenty. I wished to see all the men in the same manner as on the Tuesceremony, and seated myself accordingly. day, between the same hours, the women The group then lifted me from the heave the men."

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In Lancashire, Staffordshire, Warwick- late Mr. Lysons read to the Society of shire,and some other parts of England there Antiquaries an extract from a roll in prevails this custom of heaving or lifting his custody, as keeper of the records in at Easter-tide. This is performed mostly the lower of London, which contains a in the open street, though sometimes it is payment to certain ladies and maids of insisted on

and submitted to within honour for taking king Edward I. in his the house. People form into parties bed at Easter; from whence it has been of eight or a dozen or even more for the presumed that he was listed on the purpose, and from every one lifted or authority of that custom, which is said to heaved they extort a contribution The have prevailed among all ranks throughout the kingdom. The usage is a vulgar under the name of pask, paste, or pace cuinmemoration of the resurrection which eggs. A communication introduces the the festival of Easter celebrates.

subject at once. Lifting or heaving differs a little in different places. In some parts the person

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. is laid horizontally, in others placed in a Sir,

19th March, 1825. sitting position on the bearers' hands. A perusal of the Every-Day Book inUsually, when the lifting or heaving is duces me to communicate the particulars within doors, a chair is produced, but in of a custom still prevalent in some parts all cases the ceremony is incomplete with- of Cumberland, although not

as geneout three distinct elevations.

rally attended to as it was twenty or thirty A Warwickshire correspondent, L. S., years ago. I allude to the practice or says, Easter Monday and Easter Tuesday sending reciprocal presents of eggs, at were known by the name of heaving-day, Easter, to the children of families rebecause on the former day it was custom- spectively, betwixt whom any intimacy ary for the men to heave and kiss the subsists. For some weeks preceding women, and on the latter for the women Good Friday the price of eggs advances to retaliate upon the men. The womens' considerably, from the great demand heaving-day was the

most amusing. occasioned by the custom referred to. Many a time have I passed along the The modes adopted to prepare the eggs streets inhabited by the lower orders of for presentation are the following: there people, and seen parties of jolly matrons may be others which have escaped my reassembled round tables on which stood a collection. foaming tankard of ale. There they sat The eggs being immersed in hot water in all the pride of absolute sovereignty, for a few moments, the end of a common and woe to the luckless man that dared tallow-candle is made use of to inscribe to invade their prerogatives !—as sure as the names of individuals, dates of partihe was seen he was pursued—as sure as cular events, &c. The warmth of the he was pursued he was taken—and as egy renders this a very easy process. sure as he was taken he was heaved and Thus inscribed, the egg is placed in a kissed, and compelled to pay sixpence pan of hot water, saturated with cochifor “ leave and license” to depart. neal, or other dye-woods; the part over

Conducted as lifting appears to have which the tallow has been passed is imbeen by the blooming lasses of Shrews- pervious to the operation of the dye ; bury, and acquitted as all who are actors and consequently when the egg is rein the usage any where must be, of even moved from the pan, there appears no the slightest knowledge that this practice discolouration of the egg where the is an absurd performance of the resurrec- inscription has been traced, but the egg tion, still it must strike the reflective presents a white inscription on a coloured mind as at least an absurd custom,“ more ground. The colour of course depends honored i' the breach than the observance.” upon the taste of the person who prepared It has been handed down to us from the the egg; but usually much variety of bewildering ceremonies of the Romish colour is made use of. church, and may easily be discounte- Another method of ornamenting “pace nanced into disuse by opportune and eggs” is, however, much neater, although mild persuasion. If the children of ig- more laborious, than that with the tallownorant persons be properly taught, they candle. The egg being dyed, it may be will perceive in adult years the gross decorated in a very pretty manner, by follies of their parentage, and so instruct means of a penknife, with which the dye their own offspring, that not a hand or may be scraped off

, leaving the design voice shall be lifted or heard from the white, on a coloured ground.

An egg is sons of labour, in support of a superstition frequently divided into compartments, that darkened and dismayed man, until which are filled up according to the taste the printing-press and the reformation and skill of the designer. Generally ensured his final enlightenment and eman- one compartinent contains the name and cipation.

(being young and unsophisticated) also

the age of the party for whom the egg is Easter Eggs.

intended. In another is, perhaps, a landAnother relic of the ancient times, are scape; and sometimes a cupid is found the eggs which pass about at Easter week lurking in a third : so that these “


egys” become very useful auxiliaries to whose advantage it is introduced, in good the missives of St. Valentine. Nothing part.** was more common in the childhood of Pasch eggs are to be found at Easter the writer, than to see a number of these in different parts of the kingdom. A eggs preserved very carefully in the Liverpool gentleman informs the editor, corner-cupboard; each egg being the oc- that in that town and neighbourhood they cupant of a deep, long-stemmed ale-glass, are still common, and called paste eggs through which the inscription could be One of his children brought to him a read without removing it. Probably paste egg at Easter, 1824, beautifully many of these eggs now remain in Cum- mottled with brown. It had been berland, which would afford as good purposely prepared for the child by the evidence of dates in a court of justice, servant, by being boiled hard within the as a tombstone or a family-bible. coat of an onion, which imparted to the

It will be readily supposed that the shell the admired colour. Hard boiling majority of pace eggs are simply dyed; is a chief requisite in preparing the pasch or dotted with tallow to present a pie- egg. In some parts they are variously bald or bird's-eye appearance. These coloured with the juices of different herbs, are designed for the junior boys who and played with by boys, who roll them have not begun to participate in the plea- on the grass, or toss them up for balls. sures of “a bended bow and quiver full Their more elegant preparation is already of arrows;"_a flaming torch, or a heart described by our obliging correspondent, and a true-lover's knot. These plainer J. B. specimens are seldom promoted to the dignity of the ale-glass or the cornercupboard. Instead of being handed * Mr.J. B, a native of Maryport in down to posterity they are hurled to Cumberland, who obligingly communicates swift destruction. In the process of the above information respecting pasch eggs dying they are boiled pretty hard-so as

in that county, has ensured the adoption

of his letter hy subscribing his name and to prevent inconvenience if crushed in

Adress. the hand or the pocket. But the strength

COMMUNICATIONS have been received in of the shell constitutes the chief glory of great numbers from anonymous corresponda pace egg, whose owner aspires only to ents, but the information many of then conthe conquest of a rival youth. Holding tain, however interesting or true, can never his egg in his hand he challenges a com

interest the readers of the Every-Day Book,

tor this reason, that information will not panion to give blow for blow. One of ihe eggs is sure to be broken, and its verified by the contributor's name and resi

on any account be inserted, which is not shattered remains are the spoil of the dence: as every contributor may have his conqueror : who is instantly invested with name inserted or not, as he pleases, so no the title of “ a cock of one, two, three,”

one can object to satisfy the editor, that the

facts communicated are from responsible &c. in proportion as it may have frac

sources. The precaution is necessary; and it tured his antagonist's eggs in the conflict. may be proper to add, that all contributions A successful egg, in a contest with one with quotations from an “old book," "an which had previously gained honours, excellent author," "a work of authority," adds to its number the reckoning of its and so forth, are uscless, when contributors vanquished foe. An egg which is a

forget to mention names and title-pages. “cock” of ten or a dozen, is frequently respondents has appeared within the columns

This is the first time that a notice to corchallenged. A modern pugilist would of the Every-Day Book, and it is designed call this a set-to for the championship. to be the last. Such intimations cannot be Such on the borders of the Solway Frith inserted without injury to the uniform apwere the youthful amusements of Easter pearance of the work; but they are printed Monday.

on the wrappers of the Monthly Parts.

COMMUNICATIONS of local usages or cusYour very proper precaution, which toms, or other useful and agreeable particulars, requires the names of correspondents who are earnestly and respectfully solicited; and transmit notices of local customs, is com- extracts, or permission to extract, from scarce plied with by the addition of iny name

works and original manuscripts, will be highly and address below. In publication I esteemed. The favours of correspondents

with real names and addresses are obviously prefer to appear only as your constant

the most valuable, and will receive marked reader.

J. B.

W. HONE. A notice below, the editor hopes will 45, Ludgate-hill, be read and taken by the reader, for 31st March, 1896.

The terms pace, paste, or pasch, are ball-play before mentioned."* Brand derived from paschal, which is a name cites the mention of a lay amusement at given to Easter from its being the paschal this season, wherein both tansy and ballpeason. Four hundred eggs were bought play is referred to. for eighteen-pence in the time of Edward I., as appears by a royal roll in the

Stool-ball. tower; from whence it also appears they At stool-ball, Lucia, let us play, were purchased for the purpose of being For sugar, cakes, or wine. boiled and stained, or covered with leaf

Or for a tansy let us pay, gold, and afterwards distributed to the

The loss be thine or mine. royal household at Easter. They were

If thou, my dear, a winner be formerly consecrated, and the ritual of At trundling of the ball,

The wager thou shall have, and me pope Paul V. for the use of England, Scotland, and Ireland, contains the form

And my misfortunes all.

1 679. of consecration. * On Easter eve and Easter day, the heads of families sent to Also, from “ Poor Robin's Almanack” for the church large chargers, filled with the 1677, this Easter verse, denoting the hard boiled eggs, and there the “ creature sport at that season : of eggs” became sacred by virtue of holy

Young men and maids, water, crossing, and so on.

Now very brisk, Ball. Bacon. Tansy Puddings.

At barley-break and

Stool-ball frisk. Eating of tansy pudding is another custom at Easter derived from the Romish A ball custom now prevails annually at church. Tansy symbolized the bitter herbs Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk. On Shrove used by the Jews at their paschal; but Tuesday, Easter Monday, and the Whitthat the people might show a proper ab- suntide festivals, twelve old women side horrence of Jews, they ate from a gammon off for a game at trap-and-ball, which is of bacon at Easter, as many still do in kept up with the greatest spirit and vigour several country places, at this season, until sunset. One old lady, named Gill. without knowing from whence this prac- upwards of sixty years of age, has been tice is derived. Then we have Easter celebrated as the “ mistress of the sport" ball-play, another ecclesiastical device, the for a number of years past; and it affords meaning of which cannot be quite so much of the good old humour to flow clearly traced; but it is certain that the round, whilst the merry combatants dexRomish clergy abroad played at ball in terously hurl the giddy ball to and fro. the church, as part of the service; and we

Afterwards they retire to their homes, find an archbishop joining in the sport. where “ A ball, not of size to be grasped by one

“ Voice, fiddle, or Aute, hand only, being given out at Easter, the

No longer is mute," dean and his representatives began an and close the day with apportioned mirtb antiphene, suited to Easter-day; then and merriinent. taking the ball in his left hand, he com- Corporations formerly went forth to menced a dance to the tune of the anti- play at ball at Easter. Both then and phone, the others dancing round hand in at Whitsuntide, the mayor, aldermen, hand. At intervals, the ball was ban- and sheriff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with died or passed to each of the choristers. a great number of the burgesses, went The organ played according to the dance yearly to the Forth, or little mall of the and sport. The dancing and antiphone town, with the mace, sword, and cap of being concluded, the choir went to take maintenance, carried before them, and refreshment. It was the privilege of the patronised the playing at hand-ball, lord, or his locum tenens, to throw the dancing, and other amusements, and ball; even the archbishop did it.”+ sometimes joined in the ball-play, and at Whether the dignified clergy had this others joined hands with the ladies. amusement in the English churches is There is a Cheshire proverb, “ When not authenticated; but it seems that the daughter is stolen, shut the Pepper

boys used to claim hard eggs, or small gate.” This is founded on the fact that the money, at Easter, in exchange for the mayor of Chester had his daughter stolen

+ Fosbroke's Brit. Monach, from Du Cange.

* Fosbroke's Brit. Monach. from Du Cange
+ Communicated to the Every Day Hook by S. L.

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