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as she was playing at ball with other forth every Good Friday, and every man maidens in Pepper-street; the young man did creep unto it that was in the church who carried her off, came through the at that time; and afterwards it was hung Pepper-gate, and the mayor wisely or- up again within the said image. Every dered the gate to be shut up : * agreeable principal day the said image of our lady to the old saying, and present custom of Bolton, was opened, that every man agreeable thereto, “When the steed's might see pictured within her, the Father, stolen, shut the stable-door.” Hereafter the Son, and the Holy Ghost, most cuit will be seen that persons quite as dig. riously and finely gilt; and both the sides nified and magisterial as mayors and within her were very finely varnished with aldermen, could compass a holiday's sport green varnish, and flowers of gold, which and a merry-go-round, as well as their was a goodly sight for all the beholders more humble fellow subjects.

thereof. On Good Friday, there was Clipping the Church at Easter.

marvellous solemn service, in which serL. S, a Warwickshire correspondent,

vice time, after the Passion was sung, two communicates this Easter custom to the of the ancient monks took a goodly large Every-Day Book :

crucifix, all of gold, of the picture “When I was a child, as sure as Easter of our saviour Christ nailed upon the Monday came, I was taken to see the cross, laying it upon a velvet cushion, children clip the churches.? This ceremony embroidered with gold, bringing it be

having St. Cuthbert's arms upon it, all was performed, amid crowds of people and shouts of joy, by the children of the twixt them upon the cushion to the lowest different charity-schools, who at a certain steps in the choir, and there betwixt them hour flocked together for the purpose,

did hold the said picture of our saviour,

And then The first comers placed themselves hand sitting on either side of it. in hand with their backs against the

one of the said monks did rise, and went church, and were joined by their compa

a pretty space from it, and setting himself nions, who gradually increased in num

upon his knees with his shoes put off, ber, till at last the chain was of sufficient very reverently he crept upon his knees length completely to surround the sacred

unto the said cross, and most reverently edifice. As soon as the hand of the last did kiss it; and after him the other monk of the train had grasped that of the first, did so likewise; and then they sate down the party broke up, and walked in pro- it betwixt them.

on either side of the said cross, holding cession to the other church, (for in those

Afterward, the prior days Birmingham boasted but of, two,) down upon his knees with his shoes off

came forth of his stall, and did sit him where the ceremony was repeated.”

in like sort, and did creep also unto the Old Easter Customs in Church.

said cross, and all the monks after him

did creep one after another in the same In the celebration of this festival, the

manner and order; in the mean time, the Romish church amused our forefathers by whole choir singing a hymn. The service theatrical representations, and extraordi- being ended, the said two monks carried nary dramatic worship, with appropriate the cross to the sepulchre with great rescenery, machinery, dresses, and decora

verence. * tions. The exbibitions at Durham appear to have been conducted with great effect. church near the altar, to represent the

The sepulchre was erected in the In that cathedral, over our lady of Bolton's tomb wherein the body of Christ was altar, there was a marvellous, lively, and laid for burial. At this tomb there beautiful image of the picture of our lady, was a grand perforniance on Easter-day. called the lady of Bolton, which picture In some churches it was ordained, that was made to open with gimmes, (or linked Mary Magdalen, Mary of Bethany, and fastenings,) from the breast downward; Mary of Naim, should be represented by and within the said image was wrought three deacons clothed in dalmaticks and and pictured the image of our saviour amesses, with their heads in the manner marvellously finely gilt, holding up his of women, and holding a vase in their hands, and betwixt his hands was a large hands. These performers came through fair crucifix of Christ, all of gold; the the middle of the choir, and hastening which crucifix was ordained io be taken

* Hone's Ancient Mysteries described, from * Drahe's Sliakspeare, from Fuller's Worthics. Davies's Rites, &c.

owards the sepulchre, with downcast sepulchre, out of which they took a mare ooks, said cogether this verse, “ Who vellous bcautiful image of the resurrecwill remove the stone for us?". Upon tion, with a cross in the hand of the image this a boy, clothed like an angel, in albs, of Christ, in the breast whereof was inand holding a wheat ear in his hand, be- closed, in bright crystal, the host, so as fore the sepulchre, said, “ Whom do you to be conspicuous to the beholders. Then, seek in the sepulchre ?" The Maries an- after the elevation of the said picture, it swered, “ Jesus of Nazareth who was was carried by the said two monks, upon crucified." The boy-angel answered, a velvet embroidered cushion, the monks “ He is not here, but is risen ;” and singing the anthem of Christus resurgens. pointed to the place with his finger. The They then brought it to the high altar, boy-angel departed very quickly, and two setting it on the midst thereof, and the priests in tunics, sitting without the two monks kneeling before the altar, sepulchre, said, “Woman, whom do_ye censed it all the time that the rest of the mourn for? Whom do ye seek?” The quire were singing the anthem, which middle one of the women said, “ Sir, if being ended, the two monks took up the you have taken him away, say so." The cushion and picture from the altar, suppriest, showing the cross, said, “ They porting it betwixt them, and proceeded have taken away the Lord.” The two in procession from the high altar to the sitting priests said, “Whom do ye seek, south quire door, where there were four women?" The Maries, kissing the place, ancient gentlemen belonging to the quire, afterwards went from the sepulchre. In appointed to attend their coming, holding the mean time a priest, in the character up a rich canopy of purple velvet, tasof Christ, in an alb, with a stole, holding selled round about with red silk and gold a cross, met them on the left horn of the fringe; and then the canopy was borne altar, and said, “ Mary !" Upon hearing by these “ ancient gentlemen," over the this, the mock Mary threw herself at his said images with the host carried by the feet, and, with a loud voice, cried Cabboin. two monks round about the church, the The priest representing Christ replied, whole quire following, with torches and nodding, “ Noli me tangere,touch me great store of other lights; all singing, not. This being finished, he again ap- rejoicing, and praying, till they came to peared at the right horn of the altar, and the high altar again; upon which they said to them as they passed before the placed the said image, there to remain altar, “ Hail! do not fear.” This being till Ascension-day, when another ceremony finished, he concealed bimself; and the was used. women-priests, as though joyful at hear- In Brand's “ Antiquities," and other ing this, bowed to the altar, and turning works, there are many items of expenses to the choir, sung “ Alleluia, the Lord is from the acconnts of different churchrisen.” This was the signal for the bishop books for making the sepulchre for this or priest before the altar, with the censer, Easter ceremony. The old Register Book to begin and sing aloud, Te Deum.* of the brethren of the Holy Trinity of St,

The making of the sepulchre was a Botolph without Aldersgate, now in the practice founded upon ancient tradition, possession of the editor of the Every-Day that the second coming of Christ would Book, contains the following entries conbe on Easter-eve; and sepulchre-making, cerning the sepulchre in that church :and watching it, remained in England “ Item, to the wexchaundeler, for makyng till the reformation. Its ceremonies va- of the Sepulcre light iii times, and of jed in different places. In the abbey other dyvers lights that longyn to the church of Durham it was part of the ser- trynite, in dyvers places in the chirche, vice upon Faster-day, betwixt three and lvii•. 10d." In An. 17 Henry VI. there four d'clock in the morning, for two of is another "Item, for xili tapers unto the the eldest monks of the quire to come to lyght about the Sepulcre, agenst the the sepulchre, set up upon Good Friday tfeste of Estern, weying lxxviii lb. of the after the Passion, which being covered wich was wasted xxii 1b." &c. In Ann. with red velvet, and embroidered with 21 & 22 K. Henry VI. the fraternity paid gold, these monks, with a pair of silver for wax and for lighting of the sepulchre censers, censed the sepulchre on their “both yers, xx«. viiia.. and they gathered knees.' Then both rising, went to the in those years for their sepulchre light,

xlvø. ixd. This gathering was from the • Fosbroke's Brit. Monach. from Du Cange.

people who were present at the representation; and when the value of money shows, and at Faster, were of themselves at that time is considered, and also that a most attractive part of the Easter specon the same day every church in London tacle. The paschal or great Easter taper at had a sepulchre, each more or less at- Westminster Abbey was three hundred tractive, the sum will not be regarded as pounds' weight. Sometimes a large wax despicable.

light called a serpent was used; its name The only theatres for the people were was derived from its spiral form, it being churches, and the monks were actors; wound round a rod. To light it, fire was accordingly, at Easter, plays were fre- struck from a flint consecrated by the quently got up for popular amusement. abbot. The paschal in Durham cathedral Brand cites from the churchwardens' ac

was square wax, and reached to within counts of Reading, set forth in Coate's a man's length of the roof, from whence history of that town, several items of this waxen enormity was lighted by “ a different sums paid for nails for the se- fine convenience.”

From this superior pulchre; “ for rosyn to the Resurrection light all others were taken. Every taper play;" for setting up off poles for the in the church was purposely extinguished scaffold whereon the plays were perform- in order that this might supply a fresh ed; for making “a Judas;" for the writing stock of consecrated light, till at the same of the plays themselves ; and for other season in the next year a similar parent expenses attending the “getting up” of torch was prepared.* the representations. Though the subjects exhibited were connected with the inci- EASTER IN LONDON. dents commemorated by the festival, yet Easter Monday and Tuesday, and the most splendid shows must have been Greenwich fair, are renowned as “ holiin those churches which performed the days" throughout most manufactories and resurrection at the sepulchre with a full trades conducted in the metropolis. On dramatis personæ of monks, in dresses Monday, Greenwich fair commences, according to the characters they assumed. The chief attraction to this spot is the

Mr. Fosbroke gives the “ properties" park, wherein stands the Royal Observaof the sepulchre show belonging to St. tory on a hill, adown which it is the Mary Redcliff's church at Bristol, from delight of boys and girls to pull each an original MS. in his possession for other till they are wearied. Frequently merly belonging to Chatterton, viz. “Me- of late this place has been a scene of rude morandum :-That master Cannings hath disorder. But it is still visited by thoudelivered, the 4th day of July, in the year sands and tens of thousands from London of our Lord 1470, to master Nicholas and the vicinity; the lowest join in the Pelles, vicar of Redclift, Moses Conterin, hill sports; others regale in the publicPhilip Berthelmew, and John Brown, houses; and many are mere spectators, procurators of Redclift beforesaid, a new

of what may be called the humours of Sepulchre, well guilt with fine gold, and the day. a civer thereto; an image of God Al

On Easter Monday, at the very dawn mighty rising out of the same Sepulchre, of day, the avenues from all parts towards with all the ordinance that longeth Greenwich give sign of the first London thereto; that is to say, a lath made of festival in the year. Working men and timber and iron work thereto. Item, their wives ; 'prentices and their sweethereto longeth Heven, made of timber hearts; blackguards and bullies ; make and stained clotbs. Item, Hell made of their way to this fair. Pickpockets and timber and iron work thereto, with Devils their female companions go later. The the number of thirteen. Item, four knights greater part of the sojourners are on armed, keeping the Sepulchre, with their foot, but the vehicles for conveyance are weapons in their hands; that is to say, innumerable. The regular and irregular two spears, two axes, with two shields, stages are, of course, full inside and outItem, four pair of Angel's wings, for four side. Hackney-coaches are equally well Angels, made of timber,and well-painted. filled; gigs carry three, not including Item, the Fadre, the crown and visage, the driver; and there are countless prithe ball with a cross upon it, well gilt vate chaise-carts, public pony-chaises with fine gold. Item, the Holy Ghost and open accommodations. Intermingleg coming out of leven into the Sepulchre. with these, town-carts, usually employed Item, longeth to the four Angels, four Perukes." The lights at the sepulchre

• Fosbroke's Brit. Monach.

THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.-EASTER.

437

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in carrying goods, are now fitted up, with Every room in every public-house is fully boards for seats ; hereop are seated men, occupied by drinkers, smokers, singers women, and children, till the complement and dancers, and the “ balls

are kept is complete, which is seldom deemed the up during the greater part of the night. case till the horses are overloaded. Now The way to town is now an indescribaand then passes, like “some huge admi- ble scene. The vehicles congregated ral," a full-sized coal-waggon, laden with by the visitors to the fair throughout coal-heavers and their wives, and sha- the day resume their motion, and the dowed by spreading boughs from every living reflux on the road is dense to tree that spreads a bough; these solace uneasiness. Of all sights the most themselves with draughts of beer from a miserable is that of the poor broken-down barrel aboard, and derive amusement from horse, who having been urged three times criticising walkers, and passengers in to and from Greenwich with a load thivehicles passing their own, which is of ther of pleasure-seekers at sixpence per unsurpassing size. The six-mile journey head, is now unable to return, for the of one of these machines is sometimes fourth time, with a full load back, though prolonged from “dewy morn" till noon. whipped and lifted, and lifted and whipIt stops to let its occupants see all that is ped, by a reasoning driver, who declares to be seen on its passage ; such as what «the hoss did it last fair, and why shouldn't are called the “Gooseberry fairs,” by he do it again.” The open windows of the wayside, whereat heats are run upon every house for refreshment on the road, half-killed horses, or spare and patient and clouds of tobacco-smoke therefrom, donkeys. Here are the bewitching sounds declare the full stowage of each apartto many a boy's ears of“ A halfpenny ride ment, while jinglings of the bells, and calls O!” “A halfpenny ride o!"; upon “louder and louder yet,” speak wants that sum“ first' had and obtained,” the and wishes to waiters, who disobey the immediately bestrided urchin has full instructions of the constituent bodies that right to “ work and labour” the bit of life sent them to the bar. Now from the wayhe bestraddles, for the full space or dis- side booths fly out corks that let forth tance of fifty yards, there and back; the pop and “ginger-beer,” and little returning fifty being done within half party-coloured lamps give something time of the first. Then there is “pricking of a joyous air to appearances that fain the belt," an old exposed and still tigue and disgust. Overwearied children practised fraud. Besides this, there are cry before they have walked to the halfnumberless invitations to take“ a shy for way house; women with infants in their a halfpenny,” at a “bacca box, full o' arms pull along their tipsey well-beloveds, ha'pence,” standing on a stick stuck up- others endeavour to wrangle or drag them right in the earth at a reasonable distance out of drinking rooms, and, until long after for experienced throwers to hit, and midnight, the Greenwich road does not therefore win, but which is a mine of cease to disgorge incongruities only to be wealth to the costermonger proprietor, rivalled by the figures and exhibitions in from the number of unskilled adventurers. Dutch and Flemish prints.

Greenwich fair, of itself, is nothing; the congregated throngs are every thing, and fill every place. The hill of the Observatory, and two or three other emi- While this turmoil, commonly called nences in the park, are the chief resort of pleasure-taking, is going on, there is the less experienced and the vicious. But another order of persons to whom Easter these soon tire, and group after group affords real recreation. Not less inclined succeeds till evening. Before then the to unbend than the frequenters of Greenmore prudent visitors have retired to wich, they seek and find a mode of scme of the numerous houses in the vici- spending the holiday-time more rationally, nage of the park, whereon is written, inore economically, and more advantage“ Boiling water here,” or “Tea and ously to themselves and their families. Coffee," and where they take such re- With their partners and offspring they freshment as these places and their own ride to some of the many pleasant vilbundles afford, preparatory to their toil lages beyond the suburbs of London, out home after their pleasure.

of the reach of the harm and strife inciAt nightfall, “Life in London," as dent to mixing with noisy crowds. Here it is called, is found at Greenwich. the contented groups are joined by rela

tions or friends, who have appointed to ed, each joins in merry conversation, or meet them, in the quiet lanes or sunny some one suspected of a singing face fields of these delightful retreats. When justifies the suspicion, and “the jocung requisite, they recruit from well-stored song goes rouud,” till, the fathers being junket baskets, carried in turn; and after reminded by the mothers, more than once calmly passing several hours in walking possibly, that " it's getting late," they rise and sauntering through the open balmy refreshed and happy, and go home. Such air of a spring-day, they sometimes close an assembly is composed of honest and it by making a good comfortable tea- industrious individuals, whose feelings party at a respectable house on their way and expressions are somewhat, perhaps, to town. Then a cheerful glass is order- represented below.

INDEPENDENT MEN

A HOLIDAY SONG.

We're independent men, with wives, and sweethearts, by our side,
We've hearts at rest, with health we're bless'd, and, being Easter tide,
We make our spring-time holiday, and take a bit of pleasure,
And gay as May, drive care away, and give to mirth our leisure.

It's for our good, that thus, my boys, we pass the hours that stray,
We'll have our frisk, without the risk of squabble or a fray;
Let each enjoy his pastime so, that, without fear or sorrow,
When all his fun is cut and run, he may enjoy to-morrow.

co-morrow may we happier be for happiness to-day,
That child or man, no mortal can, or shall, have it to say,
That we have lost both cash and time, and been of sense hereft,
For what we've spent we don't relent, we've time and money left.

And we will husband both, my boys, and husband too our wives ;
May sweethearts bold, before they're old, be happy for their lives;
For good girls make good wives, my boys, and good wives make men better,
When men are just, and scorning trust, each man is no man's debtor.

Then at this welcome season, boys, let's welcome thus each other,
Fach kind to each, shake hands with each, each be to each a brother;
Next Easter holiday may each again see flowers springing,
And hear birds sing, and sing himself, while merry bells are ringing

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