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The child was gay, the morn was clear, sible, and that this herbage should be The child would see the rosebud near : agreeable and nutritious to the animals She saw the blooming fow'r.

which are fed with its crop. Every My liule Rose, my Rosebud dear!

plant of crowfoot therefore ought, if pracMy Rose that blooms the roadside near!

ticable, to be extirpated, for, so far from The child exclaimed, “ My bands shall dare, being grateful and nourishing to any kind Thee, Rose, from off thy stem to tear :" of cattle, it is notorious, that in its fresh The Rose replied, “ If I have need,

state nothing will touch it. The same My thorns shall make thy fingers bleed- may be said of the hemlock, kex, and Thy rash design give o'er."

other umbelliferous plants which are My little Rose, my Rosebud dear!

common in most fields, and which have My Rose that blooms the roadside near !

entirely overrun others; for these when Regardless of its thorny spray,

fresh are not only noxious to the animals The child would tear the Rose away; that are fed upon hay, but from their The Rose bewailed with sob and sigh, rank and straggling manner of growth But all in vain, no help was nigh

occupy a very large proportion of the To quell the urchin's pow's.

ground. Many other plants that are My little Rose, my Rosebud dear!

commonly found in meadows may upon My Rose that bloomed the roadside near !

the same principles be objected to; and New Monthly Magazine.

though the present generation of farmers

has done much, yet still more remains From Dr. Aikin's “ Natural History of for their successors to perform. the Year,” the ensuing passages regard- The gardens now yield an agreeable ing the season will be found agreeable though immature product in the young and useful.

gooseberries and currants, which are On hedge-hanks the wild germander of highly acceptable to our tables, now a fine azure blue is conspicuous, and the almost exhausted of their store of prewhole surface of meadows is often covered served fruits. by the yellow crowfoot. These flowers, Early in the month the latest species also called buttercups, are erroneously of the summer birds of passage arrive, supposed to communicate to the butter generally in the following order: fernat this season its rich yellow tinge, as owl or goat-sucker, fly-catcher, and sedgethe cows will not touch it on account of bird. its acrid biting quality; this is strikingly This is also the principal time in which visible in pastures, where, though all the birds hatch and rear their young. The grass is cropped to the very roots, the assiduity and patience of the female dur. numerous tufts of this weed spring up, ing the task of sitting are admirable, as flower, and shed their seeds in perfect well as the conjugal affection of the male, security, and the most absolute freedom who sings to his mate, and often supplies from molestation by the cattle; they are her place; and nothing can exceed the indeed cut down and made into hay to- parental tenderness of both when the gether with the rest of the rubbish that young are brought to light. usually occupies a large proportion of Several species of insects are this every meadow; and in this state are month added to those which have already eaten by cattle, partly because they are been enumerated ; the chief of which are incapable of separating them, and partly the great white cabbage butterfly, capilio because, by dying, their acrimony is con- brassicæ; the may-chaffer, the favourite siderably subdued; but there can be no food of the fern-owl; the horse-fly, or doubt of their place being much better forest-fly, so great a plague to horses and supplied by any sort of real grass. In cattle ; and several kinds of moths and the present age of agricultural improve. butterflies. ment the subject of grass lands among Towards the end of May the bee-hives others has been a good deal attended to, send forth their earlier swarms. These but much yet remains to be don and colonies consist of the young progeny, the tracts of the ingenious Stillingfleet, and some old ones, now grown too nuand of Mr. Curtis, on this important di- merous to remain in their present habitavision of rural economy, are well deserv- tion, and sufficiently strong and vigorous ing the notice of every liberal farmer. to provide for themselves. One queen The excellence of a meadow consists in bee is necessary to form each colony; its producing as much herbage as pos- and wherever she flies they follow. Na



ture directs them to march in a body in barberry, laburnum, horse-chestnut, lilar, quest of a new settlement, which, if left mountain ash, and Guelder rose ; of the to their choice, would generally be some more humble plants the most remarkable hollow trunk of a tree. But inan, who are the lily of the valley, and woodroof in converts the labours and instincts of so woods, the male orchis in meadows, and many animals to his own use, provides the lychnis, or cuckoo flower, on hedgethem with a dwelling, and repays him- banks. self with their honey. The early swarms

This month is not a very busy season are generally the most valuable, as they for the farmer. Some sowing remains have time enough to lay in a plentiful to be done in late years; and in forward store of honey for their subsistence through ones, the weeds, which spring up abunthe winter.

dantly in fields and gardens, require to be About the same time the glow-worm kept under. The husbandman now looks shines. Of this species of insect the fe- forward with anxious hope to the reward maies are without wings and luminous, of his industry:the males are furnished with wings, Be gracious, Heaven! for now laborious but are not luminous ; it is probable, therefore, that this light ray serve to Has done his part. Ye fost'ring breezes, direct the male to the haunts of the fe- blow! male, as Hero of Sestos is said to have Ye soft'ning dews, ye tender show'rs dedisplayed a torch from the top of a high scend ; tower to guide her venturous lover Le- And temper all, thou world-receiving sun, ander in his dangerous passage across

Into the perfect year !

Thomson. the Hellespont:You (i. e. the Sylphs) Warni on her mossy couch the radiant worm,

The Horse-chestnut. Æschylus HippoGaard from cold 'dews her love-illumined

castanum. form,

Dedicated to St. Barnardine of Sienna. From leaf to leaf conduct the virgin light, Star of the earth, and diamond of the night.

Darwin, These little animals are found to ex

Holiday at the Public Offices. tinguish their lamps between eleven and

St. Felix of Cantalicio. A. D. 1587. St. twelve at night.

Godrick, Hermit, A. D. 1170. St. Old May-day is the usual time for

Hospitius, A. D. 681. luruing out cattle into the pastures, though frequently then very bare of grass. The milk soon becomes more copious, and of finer quality, from the juices of

Ragged Robin. Lychnis flos cuculi.

Dedicated to St. Felix. the young grass; and it is in this month that the making of cheese is usually begun in the dairies. Cheshire, Wiltshire, and the low parts of Gloucestershire, are the tracts in England most celebrated for St. Yvo, A. D. 1303. $t. Basiliscus, Bp. the best cheese.

A. D. 312.

Sts. Castus and Æmilius, Many trees and shrubs flower in May, A. D. 250. St. Bobo, A. D. 983. St. such as the oak, beech, maple, sycamore,

Conall, Abbot.
When first the soul of Love is sent abroad,
Warm through the vital air, and on the heart
Harmonious seizes, the gay troops begin,
In gallan thought, to plume the painted wing,
And try again the long-forgotten strain,
At first faint warbled. But no sooner grows
The soft infusion prevalent and wide,
Than all alive at once their joy o'erflows
In music unconfined. Up springs the Lark,
Shrill voiced and loud, the messenger of morn ;
Ere yet the shadows fly, he mounted sings
Amid the dawning clouds, and from their haunt
Calls up the tuneful nations. Every copse

Map 21.


Map 22.

Deep tangled, tree irregular, and bush
Bending with dewy moisture o'er the heads
Of the coy quoristers that lodge within,
Are prodigal of barmony. The Thru-b
And Woodlark, o'er the kind contending throng
Superior heard, run through the sweetest lengib
Of notes, when listening Philomela deigns
To let them joy, and purposes, iu thought
Elate, to make her night excel their day.
The Blackbird whistles from the thorny brake,
The mellow Bullfioch answers from the gruve.
Nor are the Linnets, o'er the flowering furze
Pour'd out profusely, silent. Joined to these
Innumerous songsters, in the freshening shade
Of newsprung leaves, their modulations mix,
Mellifluous. The Jay, the Rook, the Daw,
And each harsh pipe, discordant heard alone,
Aid the full concert, while the Stock love breathes
A melancholy murmur through the whole.
Around our heads the whitewinged Plorer wheels
Her sounding flight, and then directly on,
In long excursion, skims the level lawns,
To tempt him from her nest. The Wild Duck hence :
O'er the rough moss and o'er the trackless waste
The Heath Hen flutters, pious fraud, to lead
The hot pursuing Spaniel far astray !


Hebrews; and a breakfast composed of Yellow Star of Bethlehem. Tragopogon cake, bread, and a liquor made by hot pratensis.

water poured on wheaten bran. The Dedicated to St. Yvo.

Whitson Ales were derived from the
Agapai, or love - feasts of the early
Christians, and were so denominated

from the churchwardens buying, and lay. St. Julia, 5th Cent. St. Desiderius, Bp. ing in from presents also, a large quanof Langres, 7th Cent. St. Desiderius, tity of malt, which they brewed into beer, Bp. of Vienne, A. D. 612.

and sold out in the church or elsewhere. Tuhitsuntide.

The profits, as well as those from sundry

games, there being no poor rates, were Mr. Fosbroke remarks that this feast given to the poor, for whom this was one was celebrated in Spain with representa- mode of provision, according to the tions of the gift of the Holy Ghost, and of christian rule that all festivities should thunder from engines, which did much be rendered innocent by alms. Aubrey damage. Wafers, or cakes, preceded by thus describes a Whitson Ale. water, oak - leaves, or burning torches, parish was a church-house, to which bewere thrown down from the church roof; fonged spits, crocks, and other utensils small birds, with cakes tied to their legs, for dressing provisions. Here the houseand pigeons were let loose; sometimes keepers met. The young people were there were tame white ones tied with there too, and had dancing, bowling, strings, or one of wood suspended. A long shooting at butts, &c. the ancients sitting censer was also swung up and down. In gravely by, and looking on.” It seems an old Computus, anno 1509, of St. Pa- too that a tree was erected by the church trick's, Dublin, we have ivo. vid. paid to door, where a banner was placed, and those playing with the great and little maidens stood gathering contributions. angel and the dragon; in'. paid for little An arbour, called Robin Hood's Bower, cords employed about the Holy Ghost;

was also put up in the church-yard. The ivo. vid. for making the angel (thurificantis) modern Whitson Ale consists of a lord censing, and ii«. vid. for cords of it—all on and lady of the ale, a steward, swordthe feast of Pentecost. On the day before bearer, purse-bearer, mace-bearer, trainWhitsuntide, in some places, men and bearer, or page, fool, and pipe and tabor boys rolled themselves, after drinking, &c. man, with a company of young men and in the mud in the streets. The Irish kept women, who dance in a barn. the feast with milk food, as among the

Map 23.

“ In every

Hark! how the merry bells ring jocund round,
And now they die upon the veering breeze ;

Anon they thunder loud

Full on the musing ear.
Wasted in varying cadence, by the shore
of the still twinkling river, they bespeak

A day of jubilee,

An ancient holiday.
And, lo! the rural revels are begun,
And gaily echoing to the laughing sky,

On the smooth-shaven green

Resounds the voice of Mirth-
Alas! regardless of the tongue of Fate,
That tells them 'tis but as an hour since they,

Who now are in their graves,

Kept up the Whitsun dance;
And that another hour, and they must fall
Like those who went before, and sleep as still

Beneath the silent sod,

A cold and cheerless sleep.
Yet why should thoughts like these intrude to scare
The vagrant Happiness, when she will deiga

To smile upon us here,

A transient visitor?
Mortals! be gladsome while ye have the power,
And laugh and seize the glittering lapse of joy ;

In time the bell will toll

That warns ye to your graves.
I to the woodland solitude will bend
My louesome way-where Mirth's obstreperous shout

Shall not intrude to break

The meditative hous;
There will I ponder on the state of man,
Joyless and sad of heart, and consecrate

This day of jubilee

To sad Reflection's shrine;
And I will cast my fond eye far beyond
This world of care, to where the steeple loud

Shall rock above the sod,
Where I shall sleep in peace.

H. K. White

Whitsuntide at Greenwich.

the neighbourhood, “she is always doing I have had another holiday—a Whit- as much good as she can, and more, persuntide holiday at Greenwich : it is true haps, than she ought; her heart is larger that I did not take a run down the hill, than her purse." I found myself in this but I saw many do it who appeared to retreat I 'scarcely know how, and imame happier and healthier for the exercise, gined that a place like this might make and the fragrant breezes from the fine good dispositions better, and intelligent May trees of the park.

minds wiser. Some of its scenes seemed, I began Whit-Monday by breakfasting to my imagination, lovely as were the on Blackheath hill. It was my good spots in “ the blissful seats of Eden.” fortuve to gain a sight of the beautiful Delightful green swards with majestic grounas belonging to the noblest man- trees lead on to private walks ; and gladsion on the heath, the residence of the dening shrubberies terminate in broad princess Sophia of Gloucester. It is borders of fine flowers, or in sloping not a “show house," nor is her royal paths, whereon fairies might dance in highness a woman of show. “She is a silence by the sleeping moonlight, or to noble lady," said a worthy inhabitant of the chant of nightingales that come


hither, to an amphitheatre of copses sur- said Jack,“ see them first; it's the best rounding a rose mount,” as to their sight." No; not she : all Jack's arguproper choir, and pour their melody, un- ments were unavailing. “Well! what heard by earthly beings,

is it you'd like better, you fool you?" - save by the ear

“Why I wants to see our house in the Of her alone who wanders here, or sits court, with the flower-pots, and if I don't Intrelissed and enchanted as the Fair see that, I wont see nothing-what's the Fabled by him of yore in Comus' song, men in chains to that ? Give us an apple.” Or rather like a saint in a fair shrine She took one out of the bundle, and beCarved by Cellini's hand,

ginning to eat it, gave instructions for the It may not be good taste, in declaring direction of the instrument towards Limethe truth, to state the whole truth,” but house church, while Jack drew forth the it is a fact, that I descended from the bottle and refreshed himself. Long she heights of royalty to “ Sot's hole.” There, looked, and squabbled, and almost gave for corporal refection,” and from desire up the hope of finding our house;" but to see a place which derives its name

on a sudden she screamed out, “Here from the great lord Chesterfield, I took . Jack ! here it is, pots and all I and there's a biscuit and a glass of ginger-beer. His

our bed-post; I left the window up o' purlordship resided in the mansion I had pose as I might see it!" Jack himself just left, and his servants were accustomed took an observation. “D'ye see it, Jack ?" to “ use" this alehouse too frequently.

“Yes.” “D'ye see the pots ?"

“ Yes." On one occasion he said to his butler, “ And the bed-post ?” “ Ay; and here “ Fetch the fellows from that sot's hole :" Sal, here, here's the cat looking out o'the from that time, though the house has window.” “Come away, let's look another name and sign, it is better known again;", and then she looked, and squalled by the name or sign of “Sot's hole." “Lord! what a sweet place it is !” and Ascending the rise to the nearest park- then she assented to seeing the “ men in gate, I soon got to the observatory in the chains, giving Jack the first look, and park. It was barely noon. The holiday they looked all down the river," and folks had not yet arrived ; the old pen

Tom's ship," and wished Tom was sioners, who ply there to ferry the eye up

with them. The breakings forth of and down and across the river with their

nature and kind-heartedness, and espetelescopes, were ready with their craft. cially the love of “home, sweet home,” Yielding to the importunity of one,

in Jack's “good lady," drew forth Jack's to be freed from the invitations of the delight, and he kissed her till the apples rest, I took my stand, and in less than rolled out of the bundle, and then he ten minutes was conveyed to Barking pulled her down the hill.

From the church, Epping Forest, the men in chains, moment they came up they looked at the London Docks, St. Paul's Cathedral, nobody, nor saw any thing but themselves, and Westminster Abbey. From the seat and what they paid for looking at through around the tree I watched the early comers ; the telescope. They were themselves a as each party arrived the pensioners sight: and though the woman was far hailed them with good success. In every

from instance, save one, the sight first de

whatever fair manded was the “ men in chains :" these High fancy forms or lavish hearts could wish, are the bodies of pirates, suspended on yet she was all that to Jack; and all gibbets by the river side, to warn sailors that she seemed to love or care for, were against crimes on the high seas. An able- our house,” and the “flower-pots," and bodied sailor, with a new hat on his the “ bed-post,” and “ Jack.” Saracen-looking head, carrying a hand- At the entrances in all the streets of kerchief full of apples in his left hand, Greenwich, notices from the magistrates with a bottle neck sticking out of the were posted, that they were determined to neck of his jacket for a nosegay, dragged put down the fair; and accordingly not a his female companion up the hill with all show was to be seen in the place wherein the might of his right arm and shoulder; the fair had of late been held. Booths and the moment he was at the top, assent- were fitting up for dancing and refreshed to the proposal of a telescope-keeper for ment at night, but neither Richardson's, his “good lady” to have a view of the nor any other itinerant company of per• men in chains." She wanted to “ see formers, was there.

There were ginsomething else first." “ Don't be a fool," gerbread stalls, but no learned pig, no

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