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Map 29.

The battle was fought on the 3d of Sep,

tember, 1651; Cromwell having utterly St. Maximinus, Bp. of Friers, A. D. 349, routed his army, Charles left Worcester

St. Cyril. St. Conon and his son, of at six o'clock in the afternoon, and withIconia in Asia, about A. D. 275. Ste. out halting, travelled about twenty-six Sisinnius, Martyrius, and Alexander, miles, in company with fifty or sixty of A. D. 397.

bis friends, from whom he separated, Restoration Day.

without communicating his intentions to This day is so called from its being any of them, and went to Boscobel, a the anniversary of the day whereon king lone house in the borders of Staffordshire, Charles II. entered London, in 1660, and inhabited by one Penderell, a farmer, to re-established royalty, which had been whom he intrusted himself. This man, suspended from the death of his father. assisted by his four brothers, clothed the It is usual with the vulgar people to king in a garb like their own, led him into wear oak-leaves in their hats on this day, the neighbouring wood, put a bill into his and dress their horses' heads with them. hand, and pretended to employ themThis is in commemoration of the shelter selves in cutting faggots. Some nights afforded to Charles by an oak while he lay upon straw in the house, and fed making his escape from England, after on such homely fare as it afforded. For his defeat at Worcester, by Croinwell. better concealment, he mounted upon an oak, where he sheltered himself among fortunes : no one could conjecture whether the leaves and branches for twenty-four be were dead or alive; and the report of hours. He saw several soldiers pass by. his death being generally believed, reAll of them were intent in search of the laxed the vigilant search of his enemies. king; and some expressed, in his hear- Trials were made to procure a vessel for ing, their earnest wishes of seizing him. his escape; but he still met with disapThis tree was afterwards denominated pointments. Having left Windham's the Royal Oak; and for many years was house, he was obliged again to return to regarded by the neighbourhood with it. He passed through many other adgreat veneration. Charles could neither ventures; assumed different disguises ; in stay, nor stir, without imminent danger. every step was exposed to imminent At length he and lord Wilmot, who perils ; and received daily proofs of unwas concealed in the neighbourhood, corrupted fidelity and attachment. The put themselves into the hands of colonel sagacity of a smith, who remarked that Lane, a zealous royalist, who lived at his horse's shoes had been made in the Bentley, not many miles distant. The north, and not in the west, as he pretendking's feet were so hurt by walking in ed, once detected him; and he narrowly heavy boots or countrymen's shoes, which escaped. At Shoreham, in Sussex, a vessel did not fit him, that he was obliged to was at last found, in which he embarked. mount on borseback; and he travelled in He had been known to so many, that if this situation to Bentley, attended by the he had not set sail in that critical moPenderells. Lane formed a scheme for ment it had been impossible for him to his journey to Bristol, where, it was escape. After one and forty days' conhoped, he would find a ship, in which he cealment, he arrived safely at Fescamp in might transport himself. He had a near Normandy. No less than forty men and kinswoinan, Mrs. Norton, who lived women had at different times been privy within three miles of that city, and he to his concealment and escape.* obtained a pass (for, during those times Charles II. himself wrote a narrative of of confusion, this precaution was requi- his remarkable “ Escape.” From this it site) for his sister Jane Lane and a ser- appears that while journeying with the vant to travel towards Bristol, under pre- Penderells," he wore a very greasy old tence of visiting and attending her rela- grey steeple-crowned hat, with the brims tion. The king rode before the lady, and turned up, without lining or hatband : a personated the servant. When they ar- green cloth coat, thread bare, even to the rived at Norton's, Mrs. Lane pretended threads being worn white, and breeches that she had brought along as her servant of the same, with long knees down to the a poor lad, a neighbouring farmer's son, garter; with an old leathern doublet, who was ill of an ague; and she begged a pair of white flannel stockings next to a private room for him where he might his legs, which the king said were his be quiet. Though Charles kept himself boot stockings, their tops being cut retired in this chamber, the butler, one off to prevent their being discovered, Pope, soon knew him: Charles was and upon them a pair of old green alarmed, but made the butler promise yarn stockings, all worn and darned that he would keep the secret from every at the knees, with their feet cut off; his mortal, even from his master; and he shoes were old, all slashed for the ease of was faithful to his engagement. No ship, his feet, and full of gravel; he had an it was found, would, for a month, set sail old coarse shirt, patched both at the neck from Bristol, either for France or Spain; and hands; he had no gloves, but a long and the king was obliged to go to colonel thorn stick, not very strong, but crooked Windham of Dorsetshire, a partisan of three or four several ways, in his hand; the royal family. During his journey he his hair cut short up to his ears, and often passed through ?!. hands of catho- hands coloured; his majesty refusing to lics; the Priest's Hole, as they called it, have any gloves, when father Hodlestone the place where they were obliged to con- offered him some, as also to change his ceal their persecuted priests, was some- stick." times employed to shelter him. He con- Charles's narrative is very minute in tinued several days in Windham's house; many particulars ; especially as regards and all his friends in Britain, and in overy part of Europe, remained in the z'ost anxious suspense with regard to his

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his getting on shipboard, and his passage “So, about five o'clock in the after. across the channel.

noon, as we were in sight of the Isle of “ We went,” he says, “ towards Shore- Wight, we stood directly over to the coast ham, four miles off a place called Bright- of France, the wind being then full helmstone, taking the master of the ship north; and the next morning, a little with us, on horseback, behind one of our before day, we saw the coast. But the company, and came to the vessel's side, tide failing us, and the wind coming about which was not above sixty tons. But it to the south-west, we were forced to being low water, and the vessel lying come to an anchor within two miles of dry, I and my lord Wilmot got up with a the shore, till the tide of flood was done. ladder into her, and went and lay down “ We found ourselves just before an in the little cabin, till the tide came to harbour in France, called Fescamp; and fetch us off.

just as the tide of ebb was made, espied “ But I was no sooner got into the a vessel to leeward of us, which, by her ship, and lain down upon the bed, but nimble working, I suspected to be an the master came in to me, fell down upon Ostend privateer. Upon which, I went his knees, and kissed my hand; telling to my lord Wilmot, and telling him my me, that he knew me very well, and opinion of that ship, proposed to him our would venture life, and all that he had going ashore in the little cock-boat, for in the world, to set me down safe in fear they should prove so, as not knowing, France.

but finding us going into a port of “ So, about seven o'clock in the morn. France, (there being then a war betwixt ing, it being high-water, we went out of France and Spain,) they might plunder the port; but the master being bound for us, and possibly carry us away and set Pool, loaden with sea-coal, because he us ashore in England; the master also would not have it seen from Shoreham himself had the same opinion of her being that he did not go his intended voyage, an Ostender, and came to me to tell me but stood all the day, with a very easy so, which thought I made it my busisail, towards the Isle of Wight (only my ness to dissuade him from, for fear it lord Wilmot and myself, of my company, should tempt him to set sail again with on board.) And as we were sailing, the us for the coast of England : yet so senmaster came to me, and desired me that sible I was of it, that I and my lord I would persuade his men to use their Wilmot went both on shore in the cockendeavours with me to get him to set us boat; and going up into the town of Feson shore in France, the better to cover camp, staid there all day to provide him from any suspicion thereof. Upon horses for Rouen. But the vessel which which, I went to the men, which were had so affrighted us, proved afterwards four and a boy, and told them, truly, only a French hoy. that we were two merchants that had “ The next day we got to Rouen, to an some misfortunes, and were a little in inn, one of the best in the town, in the debt; that we had some money owing us fish-market, where they made difficulty at Rouen, in France, and were afraid of to receive us, taking us, by our clothes, being arrested in England; that if they to be some thieves, or persons that had would persuade the master (the wind been doing some very ill thing, until Mr. being very fair) to give us a trip over to Sandburne, a merchant, for whom I sent, Dieppe, or one of those ports near Rouen, came and answered for us. they would oblige us very much, and “ One particular more there is observwith that I gave them twenty shillings to able in relation to this our passage into drink. Upon which, they undertook to France; that the vessel that brought us second me, if I would propose it to the over had no sooner landed me, and I master. So I went to the master, and given her master a pass, for fear of meettold him our condition, and that if he ing with any of our Jersey frigates, but would give us a trip over to France, we the wind turned so happily for her, as to would give him some consideration for carry her directly for Pool, without its it. Upon which he counterfeited diffi- being known that she had ever been upon culties, saying, that it would hinder his the coast of France. voyage. But his men, as they had pro

“ We staid at Rouen one day, to promised me, joining their persuasions to vide ourselves better clothes, and give ours, and, at last, he yielded to set us notice to the queen, my mother, (whc

was then at Paris,) of my being safely

over.

landed. After which, setting out in a A coat of arms and a grant of ballasthired coach, I was met by my mother, age dues were made to the colonel ; but with coaches, short of Paris; and by her the latter interfering with the rights of conducted thither, where I safely arrived." the Trinity-house, was given up. A son

An antiquary, a century ago, mentions of the colonel is buried at Fulham church. the “ Royal Oak" as standing in his time. The book of “Boscobel,” first printed “ A bow-shoot from Boscobel-house, just 'n 1660, contains accurate particulars of by a horse-track passing through the the event I refer to : this little work you wood, stood the royal oak, into which the have no doubt seen.

I have seen a print king and his companion, colonel Carlos, of W. Pendrill, in an oval, encircled climbed by means of the hen-roost lad- within the foliage of an oak tree, (as we der, when they judged it no longer safe may still see king Charles's head on to stay in the house; the family reaching some alehouse signs,) with a copy of them victuals with the nut-hook. The verses, in which the name of the colonel tree is now inclosed in with a brick wall, is correctly spelt. the inside whereof is covered with laurel,

I am, Sir, &c. of which we may say, as Ovid did of that April 18, 1825.

E. J. C. before the Augustan palace, 'mediamque The “ Royal Oak" at Boscobel perished lubere quercum.' Close by its side many years ago, but another tree has grows a young thriving plant from one of been raised in its stead to mark the spot. its acorns. Over the door of the inclosure, I took this inscription in marble:

Another correspondent, “Amicus," who • Felicissimam arborem quam in asylum writes to the editor under his real name, potentissimi Regis Caroli II. Deus O. M. favours the readers of this work with an per quem reges regnant hic crescere

account of a usage still preserved, on voluit, tam in perpetuam rei tantæ memo- “ Royal Oak day,” in the west of Eng. riam, quam specimen fermæ in reges

land. fidei, muro cinctam posteris commendant

To the Editor of the Every-day Book. Basilius et Jana Fitzherbert.

Sir, “Quercus amica Jovi.?"*

At Tiverton Devon, on the 29th of A letter from an obliging correspond- May, it is customary for a number of ent, whose initials are affixed, claims a young men, dressed in the style of the place here, in order to correct a literal 17th century, and armed with swords, inaccuracy, and for the facts subsequently to parade the streets, and gather contri

butions from the inhabitants. At the mentioned.

head of the procession walks a man To the Editor of the Every-day Book.

called “ Oliver," dressed in black, with

his face and hands smeared over with Sir, As the “ Royal Oak day” will form soot and grease, and his body bound by a prominent subject in your interesting

a strong cord, the end of which is held work, I beg to call your attention to the by one of the men to prevent his running fact, that colonel William Carlos was the too far, After these come another troop, companion of his majesty, in his conceal- dressed in the same style, each man ment in the tree in Boscobel wood, and bearing a large branch of oak: four others, to hope that you will point out the right carrying a kind of throne made of oaken mode of spelling his name ; Lord Cla- boughs on which a child is seated, bring rendon, and others who copy from up the rear. A great deal of merriment him, always call him colonel Careless, is excited among the boys, at the pranks which is a vile misnomer. When a man

of master “ Oliver," who capers about

Some of does an action worthy of record, it is in a most ludicrous manner. highly grievous to have his name spelt whilst others, more mischievously in

them amuse themselves by casting dirt, wrong:

clined, throw stones at him; but woe “ Thrice happy he whose name has been betide the young urchin who is caught; well spelt

his face assumes a most awful appearIn the despatch. I knew a man whose loss Was printed Grove, altho' his name was

ance from the soot and grease with which Grose."

Lord Byron.

“ Oliver” begrimes it, whilst his com

panions, who have been lucky enough • Słukcley, Itiner. Curios, 1724.

co escape his clutches, testify their

I am,

66

pleasure by loud shouts and acclamations. His MAJESTIES Approbation, at the In the evening the whole party have a Upper End of Cheapside, It is earnestly feast, the expenses of which are defrayed Recommended from This Court to all by the collection made in the morning. the Rest of the Companies of This City sir, yours, most obediently, (other than those before Named) to raise

Amicus. Moneys likewise by Contributions, or

otherwise, for the Carrying on and It has been customary on this day to Finishing the said Work, so Necessary dress the statue of Charles II, in the to the Ornament of this City; And to centre of the Royal Exchange with oaken Pay the Same into the Chamber, to be boughs. As the removal of this statue has Laid out and Imployed for the said been contemplated, it may interest mer

Purpose.

Wagstaffe." chants and persons connected with the corporation, to be informed of the means It is affirmed of Charles II. that he was adopted for placing it there. A corres- mightily delighted with these beautiful pondent, H.C. G., has enabled the editor stanzas, to do this, by favouring him with the The glories of our blood and state original precept issued by the court of

Are shadows, not substantial things; aldermen on the occasion.

There is no armour against fate ,
SMITH, MAYOR

Death lays his icy hands on kings : “ Martis Vndecimo Die Novembr', 1684,

Sceptre and crown

Must tumble down, Annoque Regni Regis Caroli Secundi, And in the dust be equal made Angl', &c. Tricessimo Sexto.

With the poor crooked scythe and spade. “ Whereas the statue of King CHARLES Some men with swords may reap the field, the First (of Blessed Memory) is already And plant fresh laurels where they kill; Set up on the Royal Exchange, And the But their strong nerves at last must yield, Company of Grocers have undertaken They tame but one another still. to Set up the Statue of His present Ma- Early or late, JESTY, And the Company of Clothworkers They stoop to fate, that of King James, And the Companies and must give up their murmuring breath, of Mercers and Fishmongers the Statues When they pale captives creep to Death. of Queen Mary and Queen ELIZABETH, The garlands wither on your brow; And the Company of Drapers that of Then boast no more your mighty deeds : EDWARD the Sixth, This Court doth Upon Death's purple altar now Recommend it to the several Companies

See where the victor victim bleeds:

All heads must come of this City hereafter named, (viz. The

To the cold tomb :
Companies of Goldsmiths, Skinners,
Merchant-Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.

Only the actions of the just
Ironmongers, Vintners, Dyers, Brewers,
Leathersellers, Pewterers, Barber-Chi, Ifit be really true that this king admired
rurgeons, Cutlers, Bakers, Waxchandlers, these sentiments, he is entitled to the
Tallowchandlers, Armourers, Girdlers, praise of having libelled himself by his
Butchers, Sadlers,) to raise Money by admiration of virtue. Waller in a letter
Contributions, or otherwise, for Setting to St. Evremond, relates a dialogue be-
up

the Statues of the rest of the Kings tween Charles and the earl of Rochester, of England (each Company One) be- which shows the tenour of their manners. ginning at the CONQUEROR, as the Same Waller says, “ Grammont once told were There Set up before the Great Fire. Rochester that if he could by any means And for the better Order in Their pro- divest himself of one half of his wit, the ceeding herein, the Master and Wardens, other half would make him the most or some Members of the said respective agreeable man in the world. This obCompanies, are desired within some Con- servation of the Count's did not strike venient time to Appear before This Court, me much when I heard it, but I reand receive the further Directions of marked the propriety of it since. Last This Court therein.

night I supped at lord Rochester's with “And in regard of the Inability of the a select party; on such occasions he is Chamber of London to Advance Mo- not ambitious of shining; he is rather neys for the Carrying on and Finishing pleasant than arch; he is, comparatively, the Conduit, begun to be Set un with reserved ; but you find soinething in that

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