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The receipts of the British and Foreign Bible Society, during the last year, were £97,237. 1. 11. Expenditures £91,179. 14. 11.

Rev. G. S. Faber has lately published an inquiry into the History and Theology of the ancient Vallenses and Albigenses.—Rev. J. S. Stapleton has translated from the German, Dr. Neander's Life of Chrysostom.

France. De Sacy published, a few days before his death, a work entitled “ Exposé des Doctrines des Druses." This contains the results of the author's long. continued inquiries respecting the religion of this famous sect. The materials were found in 123 Arabic manuscripts.

Germany. Professor Freytag is publishing a complete collection of Arabic proverbs with a Latin translation and notes. His Arabic lexicon in four volumes, as well as his smaller Arabic lexicon in one volume, are published. — Ch. H. Weise of Leipsic has published “ Die evangelische Geschichte kritisch und philosophisch dargestellet." – 0. T. A. Fritzsche has brought out at Halle a work on the Epistle to the Romans. Ewald of Göttingen has accepted a professorship of oriental languages at Tabingen.-A new scientific and critical periodical has been started at Halle, under the title of “ Hallische Jahrbucher für Wissenschaft und Kunst.” A number will appear every day except Sunday. Among the contributors are Creuzer, Dahlmann, Danz, Dietz, Droysen, Ewald, Gans, J. and W. Grimm, Gruppe, Hermann, Hitzig, Kel. ler, Lassen, Matthaei, Ranke, C. Raumer, Dr. Strauss, (of Berlin), Uhland, De Wette, and numerous others. The subscription per annum will be £3. -Berlin contains at present eighty-five booksellers, twenty-nine second-hand booksellers, about fifty circulating libraries, and four paper manufactories.

Angelo Mai has been made a cardinal by the pope.

Greece. A new and thoroughly revised version of the Arabic Bible is soon to be commenced under the care of the Rev. Mr. Schlienz of Malta. The want of such a version has long been felt by the oriental churches, which, notwithstanding their depressed state, bave made some efforts to supply this want. Mr. Levees and Mr. Bambas are now occupied in the revision of the New l'estament in modern Greek.—A fount of Armenian type has been forwarded to the American missionaries at Smyrna, and a revised edition of the Armenian N. T. was shortly to be entered on at the expense of the British and Foreign Bible Society. The printing of the Wallachian N. T. is soon to be commenced. Mr. Levees has just completed the first translation of the Old Testainent into modern Greek which has been given to the public.

Egypt. An eastern female education society lately formed in England has sent out two young ladies as school teachers to Egypt, Miss Holliday and Miss Rogers. On the 7th of March last Miss Holliday was officially waited on by one of the officers of State, Hekekyan Efendi, who had come directly from Mohammed Ali, and formally asked her if she would take in charge the education of the royal females, consisting of a hundred in number, principally Mohammed's daughters, nieces and nearest relatives. Hekekyan said, “ This is only the beginning of female education in Egypt, for the pasha has much larger views; but he wishes first to try the experiment on his old family. Much depends on the approbation of his eldest daughter, whether instruction shall spread through the country ; only gain her favor and regard, and


carry every point to your utmost wishes." Miss H. expected to enter on this work as soon as she had completed the necessary preparations. The pasha has a college of translators, composed of 150 young Arabs, many of whom understand the French language. There are also a few English translators, young Turks and Arabs, who were brought up in London by the orders of the pasha.

Central Asia. We perceive by the papers, that a British steam-boat has just ascended the Euphrates to that point on the river whence the direct overland journey to Aleppo commences. No obstruction was experienced from the Arab tribes. The boat proceeded against the current at about the rate of four or five miles an liour. This passage is considered as having settled the practicability of steam-boat navigation on the river. -- It does not appear that Russia is making much progress in her efforts to subdue the tribes on the Caucasus. Her disciplined armies find little opportunity to show their powers among those wild mountaineers. What the ulterior objects of this ambitious monarchy are, it is not difficult to divine. Her wide-grasping arms extend from China to the Ægean. She keeps a good lookout on Constantinople, on Persia and on the regions of Transoxiana. How far Russia entertains any real intention of checking the British power in India, we cannot tell. That Britain has strong jealousies in this matter no one can deny. In the advance of British power, every philanthropist, we think, must rejoice. It is the progress of civilization, learning and pure religion. The Russian inAuence on these half barbarous nations is clearly a mixed one. Some improvements are introduced. Better roads and bridges are formed. Something like a police is established. Life and liberty are not exposed to so many hazards. On the other hand, there seems to be but little freedom of opinion. The great mass of the Russians themselves are but imperfectly civilized. How can they greatly contribute to the improvement of the Armenians, Georgians, Turks and Persians, especially when we take into account the religion of the Russians. We shall watch the progress of this great contest of England and Russia, where Asia is the foot-ball, with the intensest interest. What may be the designs of Providence, we cannot, of course, fathom. We cannot but hope, however, that it will tend greatly to the spread of pure Christianity, and to the introduction of a new element of life into the torpid and worn-out dynasties of middle Asia.

China. We are glad to see that Mr. Medhurst's history of China is now published. We had hoped to review it in the present number of the Repository, but we did not receive it in season. From the character and opportunities of the author we have strong hopes that the book will add much to our knowl. edge of this immense empire. It takes up the subject of the chronology of China, extent, probable population, civilization, government and laws, language and literature, religions, Catholic missions, Protestant missions to Canton, Malacca, Batavia, voyages up the coast of China, subsequent occur. rence,

class of laborers required for China, desiderata for the Chinese mission.-Mr. Medhurst's history, the Chinese Repository and Davis's History of China, (noticed in the Repository, Vol. X. p. 231,) will furnish excellent materials for obtaining a very correct view of the celestial empire. – The Missionary Herald for September contains a specimen of the Chinese metal types prepared by Mr. Dyer, missionary of the London Missionary Society at Malacca. The punches and matrices are the property of that Society, and founts of type will be furnished for benevolent purposes at the cost price. The whole number of characters in the original fount is 3,232; to which it is in contemplation to add another list of 1,648 characters. The cost of a fount is about $500. The presses in connection with the missions of the American Board, in communities where the Chinese language is used, will be furnished with founts.



creatures 383. The notion of the
Active obedience of Christ, views of Christian Fathers respecting guar-
the early reformers on, 420.

dian angels 305, The world of
Analogies between Nature, Providence spirits not at a great distance,-we

and Grace. The order of proceed. are in the midst of it 387.
ing in each is gradual 22. Jm- Arabian Desert 510, 511.
provement or advancement in each Arabic Bible 515.
23. Types and prophecies 26. Armenia, works lately published in
The earlier stages in each prepara,

tory to the later 29. Economical Authority, a source of moral obliga-
wisdom in each 31. Similar dis- tion. The prevailing spirit of in-
tinctions of time, space, rank, etc. subordination 276. A sense of
32. The same end sought in each obligation awakened from two
35. Remarks. Analogy asfords the sources, the nature of things and
best means of answering objec. authority. The latter only con.
tions against science and religion sidered. I. Why is authority ne-
40. Important to study nature and cessary as a source of obligation?
providence 41. Our duty to fall in 277. Different theories 278. Au-
with the analogies of nature, provi- thority necessary because, 1. There
dence and grace 44.

are many purposes essential to the
Anderson, Rev. Rufus, D.D. on Mis. government of society, which can-
sionary Schools 87.

not be gained by leaving mankind
Andorer Theol. Sem. fourth year of to the separate decisions of each
study in 509.

one's intuitive or reflective percep-
Angels, the scriptural idea of. The tions 280.-2. Additional sanctions

existence of a world of spirits, a to moral obligation necessary 283.
subject of experience and observa- II. What is the test of legitimate
tion 356. Proved by analogy 357. authority? The propriety of the
Taught by the religious philosophy relation between the sovereign and
of every age 35.9. The Scriptures the subject to be consulted 286.
frequently notice spiritual intelli- There must be competent qualifi-
gences, — their names and titles cations 287. Legislation must not
360. Explained 361. Not personi- contravene the claims of natural
fications, but real existences 370. obligation 289. It must not con-
The term spirit, Trevul, etc. ex- flict with any higher authority 290.
plained 371. In the Scriptures, Authority may give obligation to
angels appear with bodies 372. that which would otherwise have
No distinction of sex, of prodigious been a matter of indifference 291.
stature, etc. 374. Constitute a ce- Refusal to obey, unless the unrea-
lestial hierarchy 375. The sera-

sonableness of the precept be ex-
phim 376.

The archangel 377. hibited, makes a man either a rebel
The number of angels very great or an outlaw 293. The spirit of
378. Sheol and hades explained law fills the whole field of its ju-
379. Angels never die 380. Not risdiction 293. Disobedience to the
mentioned in the Mosaic account of lowest rightful authority, as truly
the creation 381. The ultimate sin as disobedience to the highest
design of God, the happiness of his 294.
VOL. XII. No. 32.



Education, home, notice of 251.
Bacon, Leonard, on traffic in spirituous Education in China 498,
liquors 499.

Edwards, Prof. B. B. on the study of
Ballantine, Rey. E. Translation of the Hebrew language 113.

Hengstenberg on the causes of the
denial of the Mosaic origin of the

Pentateuch 453.

Faith, views of the early reformers on
Bar, a member of the New York, on 179. Dr. Junkin's charge against
Presbyterianism 219.

Mr. Barnes 17:). Views of Luther
Baron De Sucy, notice of 234.

181. The Augsburg Confession
Biblical Analysis 506.

185. Acts of the Colloquium Mar-
Bush, Prof. G. Commentary on Gen.

purgense 186. The Confession of
esis, notice of 241.

Bohemia, Cloppenburg, Tilenus &

Gomar 187. All assert that faith

is not confidence. Dr. Parens 192,
Cambrilge University, England 513.

Wendeline makes faith of three
Central Asia 516.

parts, notion, assent, and confi.
China, 492, 516.

dence 193. Polanus makes it a full
China, notice of 256.

and sure persuasion 195.
Chronological Arrangement of the Bi- Fosdick's German Grammar 507.
ble 500.


year of study at Andover 509.
Church, the Presbyterian, state of Fragments from the study of a pastor

Ciceronis, M. T. ad Quintum fratrem France, state of religion in 497.

dialogi tres de oratore, notice of

Civilization in Europe, general history Genesis, commentary on, by Prof.
of 503,

Bush 241.
Copper Mines in Cornwall 495. Genera Evangelical Society 498.
Critical Notices 238, 492.

Geology and Revelation. 1. The ap-
Cudworth, Ralph, D. D. True intel- parent discrepancy between the
lectual system of the universe 242. deductions of geology and the Mo-

saic account respecting the age of

the world 2. The latter misunder.
Denial of the Mosaic Origin of the stood 3. Explained 4. Objections

Pentateuch, causes of the 458. answered 7. Geology illustrates
Dillaway, C. K. Cicero de oratore, and supports revelation, by teach-
notice of 252.

ing that this world had a begin-

ning 8. That it is the workman-

ship of one God, etc. 9. That men
Early Reformers, views of, on faith and the present races of animals

175. And on the active obedience have existed on it only a few thou.
of Christ 420.

sand years 10. That it has been
Ecclesiastes, the philosophy of 197. covered with a deluge 11. That it
To what description of work does will be destroyed by fire, etc. 13.
the book belong ? 198. Its style

The disappointment of infidels 15.
compared with that of Job 199. An appeal to the reader 18.
With the proverbs of Solomon and Germany, 514.
the maxims of profane authors 202. works lately published in 255.
The object of the book and its con- German Grammar 507.
tents 205. The results of its in- Gesenius on Phoenician monuments
quiries 211.

noticed 492.
Ecclesiastical and Voluntary associa- Gospel, Matthew's, inquiry respect-

tions for the promotion of benevo- ing the original language of, etc.
lent objects 257.

Editor on the state of the Presbyterian Grammar, critical, of the Hebrew
church 219.

language, notice of 247.

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