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A.-INQUIRY INTO THE DECREASE OF FOOD-FISHES.
B.-THE PROPAGATION OF FOOD-FISHES IN THE

WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

Sr 1879.

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LETTER

FROM THE

COMMISSIONER OF FISH AND FISHERIES,

TRANSMITTING

His report for the year 1876–77.

MARCH 27, 1878.-Ordered to lie on the table and be printed.

UNITED STATES COMMISSION, FISH AND FISHERIES,

Washington, March 18, 1878. GENTLEMEN: In compliance with the order of Congress I have the honor to transmit herewith my report for the yeat 1876–77, as United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, embracing, first, the result of inquiries into the condition of the fisheries of the sea-coast and lakes of the United States; and, second, the history of the measures taken for the introduction of useful food-fishes into its waters. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

SPENCER F. BAIRD,

Commissioner. Hon. WM. A. WHEELER,

President United States Senate, and Hon. S. J. RANDALL,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

CONTENTS.

Gradual and great increase in the labors of the Commission ...........
Labor involved; increase of appropriations .......
Increased interest and co-operation in the work .........
Assistants in charge of divisions ..........

Propagation branch ....
Inquiries branch ..........

B.-INQUIRIES INTO THE HISTORY AND STATISTICS OF FOOD-FISHES.

3. GENERAL RESULT OF THE FIELD-WORK OF 1877............

Continuation of previous researches
Discovery of the pole-flounder, a new and valuable food-fish ..................................

Its economical value and geographical distribution.......................

Reasons why previously unknown......................
Facts connected with distribution of marine fishes.............
Large collections made for the National Museum, and for distribution to colleges and

academieg .................................................
Superintendence of work of naming and assorting ...........

o 1818.....................................................

Fishery clauses of Washington Treaty..............................

Explanation of provisions................................................................

Ratification in 1873...........................................................................
Appointment of Commissioners and counsel ...............
General preliminaries ......

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