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In air felf-balanc'd hung the globe below,
Where mountains rise, and circling oceans flow;
Here naked rocks, and empty wastes were seen, 15
There tow'ry cities, and the forests green:
Here failing lips delight the wand'ring eyes ;
There trees and intermingled temples rise ;
Now a clear fun the shining scene displays,
The transient landscape now in clouds decays. 20
O'er the wide Prospect as I gaz'd around,
Sudden I heard a wild promiscuous sound,
Like broken thunders that at distance roar,
Or billows murm'ring on the hollow shore:
Then gazing up, a glorious pile beheld,
Whose tow'ring summit ambient clouds conceal'd.
High on a rock of Ice the structure lay,
Steep its ascent, and nipp'ry was the way;
The wond'rous rock like Parian marble shone,
And seem'd, to distant fight, of solid stone. 30
Inscriptions here of various Names I view'd,
The greater part by hoftile time subdu'd;
Now valeis, and now foreftes,
And now unneth great beftes,
Now rivers, now citees,
Now towns, now great trees,
Now shippes sayling in the sees.
VIR. 27. High on a rock of ice, etc.) Chaucer's third book of
It Atood upon fo high a rock,
Higher standeth none in Spayne -
What manner stone this rock was,
For it was like a lymed glass,
But that it shone full more clere;
But of what congeled matere
It was, I niste redilý;
But at the last espied I,
And found that it was every dele,
A rock of, ise, and not of stele,
VIR. 31. Inscriptions here, etc.)
Tho' saw I all the hill y-grave
Yet wide was spread their fame in ages past,
And Poets once had promis'd they should last.
Some fresh engray'd appear'd of Wits renown'd; 35
I look'd again, nor could their trace be found.
Critics I saw, that other names deface,
And fix their own, with labour, in their place:
Their own, like others, soon their place resign'd,
Or disappear'd, and left the first behind.
Nor was the work impair'd by storms alonė,
But felt th' approaches of too warm a sun;
For Fame, impatient of extremes, decays
Not more by Envy than excess of Praise.
Yet part no injuries of heav'n could feel, 45
Like crystal faithful to the graving steel :
With famous folkes names fele,
That had been in much wele
And her fames wide y-blow;
But well unneth might I know,
Any letters for to rede
Their names by, for out of drede
They weren almost off-thawen fo,
That of the letters one or two
Were molte away of every name,
The rock's high fummit, in the temple's shade,
Nor heat.could melt, nor beating storm invade.
Their names inscribd unnumber'd
From time's first birth, with time itself.Mall last; 50
These ever new, nor subject to decays,
Spread, and grow brighter with the length of days.-
So Zembla's rocks (the beauteous work of frost)
Rife white in air, and glitter o'er the coast;
Pale funs, unfelt, at distance roll away,
And on th’impaflive ice the lightnings play ; -
Eternal (nows the growing mass-supply,
Till the bright mountains prop th'incumbent ky;
As Atlas fix'd, each hoary pile appears,
The gather d winter of a thousand years." 602
On this foundation Fame's high temple stands;
Stupendous pile ! not rear'd by mortal hands.
Whate'er proud Rome or artful Greece beheld,
Or elder Babylon, its frame excell'd.
Four faces had the dome, and ev'ry face
Of various structure, but of equal grace:
Four brazen gates, on columns lifted high,.,
Salute the diff'rent quarters of the sky,
But well I wiste what it made;
It was conserved with the shade
(All the writing that I fye)
Of the castle that stoode on high,
And food eke in so cold a place,
That heat might it not deface,
NOT I 5 VER. 65. Four faces bad ebe dome, etc.) The Temple is described to be square, the four fronts with open gates facing the different quarters of the world, as an intimation that all nations of the earth may alike be received into it. . The western front is of Grecian architecture : The Doric order was pecoliarly facred to Heroes and Worthies. Those whose ftatues are aforementioned, were the the forft names of old Greece in arms and Arts,
Here fabled Chiefs in darker ages born,
Or Worthies old, whom arms or arts adorn,
Who cities rais'd, or tam'd a monstrous race;
The walls in venerable order grace:
Heroes in animated marble frown,
And Legislators seem to think in stone.
Westward, a fumptuous frontispiece appear'd, 75
On Doric pillars of white marble rear'd,
Crown'd with an architrave of antique mold,
And sculpture rising on the roughen'd gold.
In shaggy spoils here Theseus was beheld,
And Perseus dreadful with Minerva's shield; 80
There great Alcides stooping with his toil,
Refts on his club, and holds th' Hesperian fpoil :
Here Orpheus fings; trees moving to the found
Start from their roots, and form a shade around:
Amphion there the loud creating lyre
Strikes, and beholds a sudden Thebes aspire !
Cythæron's echoes answer to his call,
And half the mountain rolls into a wall :
There might you see the length’ning spires ascend,
The domes swell up, the wid’ning arches bend, 90
The growing tow'rs, like exhalations rise,
And the huge columns heave into the skies.
The Eastern front was glorious to behold, With di'mond flaming, and Barbaric gold. There Ninus fhone, who spread th' Aflyrian fame, 95 And the great founder of the Persian name :
NOT E S. VLR. 81. There great Alcides, etc.] This figure of Hercules is drawn with an eye to the position of the famous statue of Farnese.
VER.96. And the great founder of the Persian name :] Cyrus was the beginning of the Perhan, as Ninus was of the Asyrian Monarchy. The Magi and Chaldæans (the chief of whom was Zoroafter) employed their studies upon magic and aftrology, which was in a ganner almost all the learning of the ancient Alan people. We
There in long robes the royal Magi stand,
Grave Zoroafter waves the circling wand :
The fage Chaldæans rob'd in white appear'd,
And Brachmans, deep in desert woods rever'd.
These stop'd the moon, and call'd th’ unbody'd shades
To midnight banquets in the glimm'ring glades;
Made visionary fabrics round them rise,
And airy spectres fkim before their eyes;
Of Talismans and Sigils knew the pow'r,
And careful watch'd the Planetary hour.
Superior, and alone, Confucius stood,
Who taught that useful science, to be good.
But on the South, a long majestic race Of Egypt's Priests the gilded niches grace, 110 Who measur'd earth, describ'd the starry spheres, And trac'd the long records of lunar years. High on his car Sefoftris ftruck my view, Whom scepter'd llaves in golden harness drew: His hands a bow and pointed jav'lin hold ; 115 His giant limbs are arm'd in scales of gold. Between the statues Obelisks were plac'd, And the learn'd walls with Hieroglyphics grac'd.
Of Gothic structure was the Northern fide, O'erwrought with ornaments of barb'rous pride. 126
NOT I S. have scarce any account of a moral philosopher except Confucius, the great law-giver of the Chinese, who lived about two thousand years ago.
VER. 110. Egypi's Priests, etc.] The learning of the old Egyptian priests confited for the most part in geometry and afronomy: they also preserved the history of their nation. Their greatest Hero upon record is Sefoftris, whose actions and conquefts may be seen at large in Diodorus, etc. He is said to have caused the Kings he vanquished to draw him in his Chariot. The posture of his ftatue, in these verses, is correspondent to the description which Herodotus gives of one of them remaining in his own time.
VER. 119. Of Gorbic Aructure was the Northern fide,] The