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If we, in the bay of Biscay, had had a port under our ler, that we might have kept our transporting ships with our men of war, we had taken the Indian fleet. Raleigh. The Hollanders were before Dunkirk with the wind at north-west, making a lee shore in all weathers. Raleigh.

Unprovided of tackling and victualling, they are forced to sea by a storm; yet better do so than veuture splitting and sinking on a lee shore. King Charles.

Him, haply slumb'ring on the Norway foam, The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff, Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell, With fixed anchor in his scaly rind, Moors by his side under the lee, while night Invests the sea. Milton.

Batter'd by his lee they lay,

The passing winds through their torn canvass play. Dryden.

LEECH. . . [læc, Saxon.]

J. A physician; a professor of the art of
healing: whence we still use convleech.
A leib, the which had great insight,
In that disease of grieved conscience,
And well could cure the same; his name was
Spenser's Fairy Queen.
Herwords prevail'd, and then the learned leech
His canaing hand 'gan to his wounds to lay,
And all things else the which his art did teach.
Fairy Queen.

Physick is their bane.

The learned leeches in despair depart,
And shake their heads, desponding of their art.
Wise leeches will not vain receipts obtrude:
Deaf to complaints they wait upon the ill,
Till some safe crisis.


The hoary wrinkled leech has watch'd and toil'd,

Tried every health-restoring herb and gum, And wearied out his painful skill in vain. Rorve. A skilful leech,


Ther had wrought this blessed deed; This leech Arbuthnot was yclept. Gay's Pastor. 2. A kind of small water serpent, which fastens on animals, and sucks the blood: it is used to draw blood where the lancet is less safe, whence perhaps the name. I drew blood by leeches behind his ear. Wisem. Sucking like leeches, till they burst with blood, Without remorse insatiably. Roscommon.

To LEECH. v. a. [from the noun.] To
treat with medicaments.
LEECHCRAFT. n. s. [lcech and craft.]
The art of healing.

We study speech, but others we persuade : We lezeberaft learn, but others cure with it. Davies.

LEEF. adj. [lieve, leve, Dutch.] Kind; fond.

Whilome all these were low and leef, And lov'd their flocks to ieed;

They never strove to be the chief,
And simple was their weed. Spenser's Pastorals.
LEEK. n. s. (leac, Saxon; loock, Dutch;
lecik, Erse; porrum, Latin.] A plant.
Know'st thou, Flucllen?-Yes.
-Tell him I'll knock his leek about his pate,
Upon St. David's day.

Leck to the Welsh, to Dutchmen butter 's
We use acrid plants inwardly and outwardly

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2. A laboured cast of countenance. Damn with faint praise, concede with civil leer.


I place a statesman full before my sight; A bloated monster in all his geer, With shameless visage, and pertidious leer. Swift. To LEER. v. n. [from the noun.] 1. To look obliquely; to look archly.

I will leer upon him as he comes by; and do but mark the countenance that he will give me. Shakspeare.

I wonder whether you taste the pleasure of independency, or whether you do not sometimes leer upon the court. Swift. 2. To look with a forced countenance. Bertran has been taught the arts of courts, To gild a face with smiles, and leer a man to ruin. Dryden. LEES. n. s. [lie, French.] Dregs; sediment: it has seldom a singular.

The memory of king Richard was so strong, that it lay like fees at the bottom of men's hearts; and if the vessel was but stirred, it would come up. Bacon's Henry VIL If they love lees, and leave the lusty wine, Envy them not their palates with the swine. Ben Jonson.


Those lees that trouble it, refine The agitated soul of generous wine. To LEESE. v. a. [lesen, Dutch.] To lose: an old word.

Then sell to thy profit both butter and cheese, Who buleth it sooner the more he shall leese. Tusser.

No cause, nor client fat, will Chev'ril leese, But as they come on both sides he takes fees; And pleaseth both: for while he melts his grease For this, that wins for whom he holds his peace. Ben Jonson.

How in the port our fleet dear time did leese, Withering like prisoners, which lie but for fees. Donne.

LEET. n. 5.

Leete, or leta, is otherwise called a law-day." The word seemeth to have grown from the Saxon lede, which was a court of jurisdiction above the wapen-take or hundred, comprehending three or four of them, otherwise called thirshing, and contained the third part of a province or shire: these jurisdictions, one and other, be now abolished, and swallowed up in the coun ty court. Corvel.

Who has a breast so pure,
But some uncleanly apprehensions
Keep leets and law-days, and in sessions sit
With meditations lawful?


You would present her at the feet, Because she bought stone jugs, and no seal'd quarts. Shakspeare. LEEWARD. adj. [lee and peard, Saxon.] Toward the wind. See LEE.

The classica were called long ships, the onerariæ round, because of their figure approaching towards circular: this figure, though proper for the stowage of goods, was not the fittest for railing, because of the gien quantity of leeward way, except when they sailed full before the wind.


Let no statesman dare,

A kingdom to a ship compare;
Lest he should call our commonweal

A vessel with a double keel;

Which just like ours, new rigg'd and man'd, And got about a league from land, By change of wind to leeward side, The pilot knew not how to guide. LEFT. The participle preter. of leave. Alas, poor lady! desolate and left;


I weep myself to think upon thy words. Shaksp.

Had such a river as this been left to itself, to have found its way out from among the Alps, whatever windings it had made, it must have formed several little seas. Addison.

Were I left to myself, I would rather aim at instructing than diverting; but if we will be useful to the world, we must take it as we find it. Spectator.

LEFT. adj. [lufte, Dutch; lavus, Latin.] Sinistrous; not right.

That there is also in men a natural prepotency in the right, we cannot with constancy af firm, if we make observation in children, who, permitted the freedom of both hands, do ofttimes confine it unto the left, and are not without great difficulty restr. ined from it.

Brown's Vulg. Errours. The right to Pluto's golden palace guides, The left to that unhappy region tends, Which to the depth of Tartarus descends. Dryd. The gods of greater nations dwell around, And, on the right and left, the palace bound; The commons where they can.



A raven from a wither'd oak,
Left of their lodging was oblig'd to croak:
That omen lik'd him not.

The left foot naked when they march to night, But in a bull's raw hide they sheathe the right. Dryden.


The man who struggles in the fight, Fatigues left arm as well as right. LEFT-HANDED. adj. [left and hund.] Using the left hand rather than right.

The limbs are used most on the right-side, whereby custom helpeth; for we see, that some are left-handed, which are such as have used the left hand most.


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LEG. n. s. [leg, Danish; leggur, Islandick.] 1. The limb by which we walk; particularly that part between the knee and the foot.

They haste; and what their tardy feet deny'd, The trusty staff, their better leg, supply 'd. Dryd. Purging comfits, and ants' eggs,

Had almost brought him off his legs. Hudibras. Such intrigues people cannot meet with, who have nothing but legs to carry them. Addison. 2. An act of obeisance; a bow with the leg drawn back.

At couit, he that cannot make a leg, put off his kiss his hand, and say nothing, has neicap, there, hands, lip, nor cap. Shaksp.

Their horses never give a blow, Pat when they make a leg, and bow. Hudibras. I the boy should not put off his hat, nor make

legs very gracefully, a dancing-master will cure that defect.


He made his leg, and went away. Swift. 3. To stand on his own LEGS. To support himself.

Persons of their fortune and quality could well have stood upon their own legs, and needed not to lay in for countenance and support. Collier. 4. That by which any thing is supported LEGACY. n. s. [legatum, Latin.] on the ground: as, the leg of a table.

Legacy is a particular thing given by last will and testament.

Corvel. If there be no such thing apparent upon record, they do as if one should demand a legacy by force and virtue of some written testament, wherein there being no such thing specified, he pleadeth that there it must needs be, and bringeth arguments from the love or good-will which always the testator bore him; imagining, that these, or the like proofs, will convict a testament to have that in it, which other men can no where by reading find. Hooker.

Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. Shaksp. Good counsel is the best legacy a father can leave a child. L'Estrange.

When he thought you gone T'augment the number of the bless'd above, He deem'd 'em legacies of royal love;. Nor arm'd his brother's portions to invade, But to defend the present you had made. Dryd. When the heir of this vast treasure knew, How large a legacy was left to you, He wisely tied it to the crown again.



Leave to thy children tumult, strife, and war, LEGAL. adj. (legut, Fr. leges, Lat.] Portions of toil, and legacies of care. 1. Done or conceived according to law.

Whatsoever was before Richard I. was before time of memory; and what is since, is in a legal Hale. sense, within the time of memory.

2. Lawful; not contrary to law. According to the law of the old dispensation.


His merits

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LEGALITY. n.s. [legalité, Fr.] Lawful


To LEGALIZE. v. a. [legaliser, Fr. from legal.] To authorize; to make lawful.

If any thing can legalize revenge, it should be injury from an extremely obliged person: but revenge is so absolutely the peculiar of Heaven, that no consideration can impower, even the best men, to assume the execution of it.


LEGALLY. adv. [from legal.] Lawfully; according to law.

A prince may not, much less may inferior judges, deny justice, when it is legally and competently demanded. Tayler. LE GATARY. n. s. [legataire, Fr. from legatum, Lat.] One who has a legacy left.

An executor shall exhib't a true inventory of goods, taken in the presence of ht persons, as creditors and legalaries are, unto the ordinary. Ayliffe. LE GATE. n. s. [legatus, Lat. legat, Fr. legato, Italian.]

1. A deputy; an ambassadour.

The legates from th' Etolian prince return; Sad news they bring, that after all the cost, And care employ'd, their embassy is lost. Dryd.

. A kind of spiritual ambassadour from the pope; a commissioner deputed by the pope for ecclesiastical affairs.

Look where the holy legate comes apace, To give us warrant from the hand of Heav'n. Shakspeare. Upon the legate's summons, he submitted himself to an examination, and appeared before him. Atterbury. LEGATE ́E. n. s. [from legatum, Latin.] One who has a legacy left him.

If he chance to 'scape this dismal bout, The former legatees are blotted out. Dryd. Juv. My will is, that if any of the above-named legatees should die before me, that then the respective legacies shall revert to myself. Swift. LEGATINE. adj. [from legate.] 1. Made by a legate.

When any one is absolved from excommunication, it is provided by a legatine constitution, that some one shall publish such absolution.

Ayliffe. 2. Belonging to a legate of the Roman


All those you have done of late, By your power leg atine within this kingdom, Fail in the compass of a præmunire. Sbaksp. LEGA'TION. #. s. [legatio, Lat.] Deputation; commission; embassy.

After a legation, ad res repetendas, and a refusal and a denunciation or indiction of a war, the war is no more confined to the place of the quarel, but is left at large. Bacon.

In attiring, the duke had a fine and unaffected politeness, and upon occasion costly, as in his legations. Wotton. LIGATOR. n. s. [from lego, Lat.] One who makes a will, and leaves legacies. Suppose debate

Betwixt pretenders to a fair estate, Bequeath'd by some legator's last intent. Dry LEGEND. n. s. [legenda, Lat.]

1. A chronicle or register of the lives of

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And in this legend all that glorious deed Read, whilst you arm you; arm you whilst you read.


3. An incredible unauthentick narrative. Who can show the legends, that record More idle tales, or fables so absurd? Blackmore. It is the way of attaining to Heaven, that makes profane scorners so willingly let go the expecta-tion of it. It is not the articles of the creed, but the duty to God and their neighbour, that is such an inconsistent incredible legend. Bentley. 4 Any inscription; particularly on medals or cos.

Compare the beauty and comprehensiveness of legends on ancient coins. Addison on Medals. LEGER. n. s. [from legger, Dutch, To lie or remain in a p'ace.] Any thing that lies in a place; as, a leger ambassador, a resident, one that continues at the court to which he is sent; a leger

book, a book that lies in the countinghouse.

Lord Angelo, having affairs to Heav'n, Intends you for his swift ambassador, Where you shall be an everlasting leiger. Shak.. I've giv'n him that,

Which, if he take, shall quite unpeople her Of leidgers for her sweet. Shaksp. Cymbeline. If legier ambassadors or agents were sent to remain near the courts of princes, to observe their motions, such were made choice of as were vigilant. Bacon.

Who can endear Thy praise too much? thou art Heav'n's leiger here,

Working against the states of death and hell, Herbert. He withdrew not his confidence from any of those who attended his person, who, in truth, lay leiger for the covenant, and kept up the spirits of their countrymen by their intelligence. Clarendon

I call that a ledger bait, which is fixed, or made to rest, in one certain place, when you shall be absent; and I call that a walking bait which you have ever in motion. Walton.

LEGERDEMA IN. n. s. [contracted perhaps from legereté de main, Fr.] Slight of hand; juggle; power of deceiving the eye by nimble motion; trick; deception; knack.

He so light was at legerdemain, That what he touch'd came not to light again. Hubberd

Of all the tricks and legerdemain by which men impose upon their own souls, there is none so LEGE'RITY. n. s. [legerete, Fr.] Lightcommon as the plea of a good intention. South. ness; nimbleness; quickness. Not in


When the mind is quicken'd,

The organs though defunct and dead before, Break up their drowsy grave, and newly move With casted slough and fresh legerity. Shaksp LEGGED. adj. (from leg.] Having legs; furnished with legs.

LE GIBLE. n. s. [legibilis, Latin.] 1. Such as may be read.

You observe some clergymen with their heads held down within an inch of the cushion, to read what is hardly legible. Swift.

2. Apparent; discoverable.

People's opinions of themselves are legible in their countenances. Thus a kind imagination makes a bold man have vigour and enterprize in his air and motion; it stamps value and significancy upon his face. LEGIBLY. adv. [from legible.] In such a manner as may be read. LEGION. n. s. [legio, Latin.]


1. A body of Roman soldiers, consisting of about five thousand.

The most remarkable piece in Antoninus's pillar is, the figure of Jupiter Pluvius sending rain on the fainting army of Marcus Aurelius, and thunderbolts on his enemies, which is the greatest confirmation possible of the story of the Christian legion. Addison.

2. A military force.

She to foreign realms Sends forth her dreadful legions. 3. Any great number.


Not in the legions Of horrid hell, can come a devil more damn'd. Shakspeare.

The partition between good and evil is broken down; and where one sin has entered, legions will force their way through the same breach. Rogers. LEGIONARY, adj. [from legion.] 1. Relating to a legion. 2. Containing a legion.

3. Containing a great indefinite number. Too many applying themselves betwixt jest and earnest, make up the legionary body of "erBrown. LEGISLATION. n. s. [from legislator, Lat.] The act of giving laws.


Pythagoras joined legislation to his philosophy, and, like others, pretended to miracles and revelations from God, to give a more venerable sanction to the laws he prescribed. Littleton. LEGISLATIVE. adj. [from Legislator.] Giving laws; lawgiving.

Their legislative frenzy they repent, Enacting it should make no precedent. Denham.

The poet is a kind of lawgiver, and those qualities are proper to the legislative style. Dryden. LEGISLATOR. n. s. [legislator, Latin; legislateur, French.] Alawgiver; one who makes laws for any community. It spoke like a legislator: the thing spoke was a law. South.


Heroes in animated marble frown, And legislators seem to think in stone. LEGISLATURE. n. s. [from legislator, Latin.] The power that makes laws.

Without the concurrent consent of all three parts of the legislature, no law is, or can be made.


In the notion of a legislature is implied a power to change, repeal, and suspend laws in being, as well as to make new laws. Addison.

By the supreme magistrate is properly understood the legislative power; but the word magistrate sceming to denote a single person, and to express the executive power, it came to pass that the obedience due to the legislature was, for want of considering this easy distinction, misapplied to the administration. Swift. LEGITIMACY. n. s. [from legitimate.] 1. Lawfulness of birth.

In respect to his legitimacy, it will be good.

2. Genuineness; not spuriousness.

The gitimacy or reality of these marine bodies vindicated, I now inquire by what means they were hurried out of the ocean. Wo.dw. LEGITIMATE. adj. [from legitimus, Lat. Legitime, French.] Born in marriage; lawfully begotten.

Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land; Our father's love is to the bastard Edmund.

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I have disclaimed my land; Legitimation, name, and all is gone: Then, good iny mother, let me know my father. Shakspeare. From whence will arise many questions of legitimation, and what in nature is the difference betwixt a wife and a concubine. Locke.

2. The act of investing with the privileges of lawful birth.

LEGUME. n. s. [legume, Fr. legumen, LEGUMEN. Lat.] Seeds not reaped, but gathered by the hand; as, beans: in general, all larger seeds; pulse. Some legumens, as peas or beans, if newly gathered and distilled in a retort, will afford an acid spirit. Boyle.

In the spring fell great rains, upon which ensued a most destructive mildew upon the corn and legumes. Arbuthnot. LEGUMINOUS. adj. [legumineux, Fr. from legumen.] Belonging to pulse; consisting of pulse.

The properest food of the vegetable kingdom is taken from the farinaceous seeds: as oats, barley, and wheat: or of some of the siliquose or leguminous; as, peas or beans. Arbuthnot. LE ISURABLY, adv. [from leisurable.] At leisure; without tumult or hurry.

Let us beg of God, that when the hour of our rest is come, the patterns of our dissolution may be Jacob, Moses, Joshua, and David, who leisurably ending their lives in peace, prayed for the mercies of God upon their posterity. Hooker. LE ISURABLE. adj. [from leisure.] Done at leisure; not hurried; enjoying lei


A relation inexcusable in his works of leisur able hours, the examination being as ready as the relation. Brown.

LEISURE. n. s. [loisir, French.]
1. Freedom from business or hurry; va-
cancy of mind; power to spend time
according to choice.

A gentleman fell very sick, and a friend said
to him, Send for a physician; but the sick man
answered, It is no matter; for if I die, I will die
at leisure.
Bacon's Apophthegms.
Where ambition and avarice have made no
entrance, the desire of leisure is much more na-

tural than of business and care. Shakspeare.

An adulterous person is tied to make provision for the children begotten in unlawful embraces, that they may do no injury to the legiti mate, by receiving a portion. Taylor.

To LEGITIMATE. v. a. [legitimer, Fr. from the adjective.]

1. To procure to any the rights of legitimate birth.

Legitimate him that was a bastard. Ayliffe. 2. To make lawful.

It would be impossible for any enterprize to be lawful, if that which should legitimate it is subsequent to it, and can have no influence to make it good or bad. Decay of Piety. LEGITIMATELY. alv. [from legitimate.] 1. Lawfully.

You may enjoy your quiet in a garden, where you have not only the leisure of thinking, but the pleasure to think of nothing which can discompose your mind. Dryden.

2. Convenience of time.

We'll make our leisures to attend on yours.
They summon'd up their meiny, strait took

Commanded me to follow, and attend
The leisure of their answer.
O happy youth!


For whom thy fates reserve so fair a bride: He sigh'd, and had no leisure more to say, His honour call'd his eyes another way. Dryd. I shall leave with him that rebuke, to be considered at his leisure. ·Lecter

3. Want of leisure. Not used.

More than I have said, loving countrymen; The leisure and enforcement of the tinie Forbids to dwell on. Shaksp. Richard 111. LEISURELY. adj. [from leisure.] Not hasty; deliberate; done without hurry. He was the wretchedest thing when he was young,

So long a growing, and so leisurely
That, if the rule be true, he should be gracious.

The earl of Warwick, with a handful of men, fred Leith and Edinburgh, and returned by a leisurely march. Hayward.

The bridge is human life: upon a leisurely survey of it, I found that it consisted of threescore and ten intire arches. Addison. LEISURELY, adv. [trom leisure.] Not in a hurry, slowly; deliberately.


The Belgians hop'd, that with disorder'd haste, Our deep-cut keels the sands might run; Or if with caution leisurely we past, Their numerous gross might charge us one by Dryden.


We descended very leisurely, my friend being careful to count the steps. Addison. LEMAN. n.5. [Generally supposed to be laimant, the lover, Fr. but imagined by Junius, with almost equal probability, to be derived from leef, Dutch, or leof, Saxon, beloved and man. This etymology is strongly supported by the ancient orthography, according to which it was written leveman.] A sweetheart; a gallant; or a mistress. Hanmer. Hold for my sake, and do him not to dye; But vanquish'd, thine eternal bondslave make, And me thy worthy meed unto thy leman take.

A cup of wine,

That's brisk and fine,

And drink unto the leman mine.


Shaksp. LEMMA. n. s. [uua; lemme, French.] A proposition previously assumed. LE'MOŇ. n. 5. [limon, Fr. limonium, low Latin.]

1. The fruit of the lemon-tree.

The juice of lemons is inore cooling and astringent than that of oranges. Arbuthnot.

The dyers use it for dying of bright yellows and lemon colours. Mortimer.

Bear me, Pomona !

To where the lemon and the piercing lime, With the deep orange, glowing through the green,

Their lighter glories blend.

2. The tree that bears lemons.


The lemon tree hath large stiff leaves; the flower consists of many leaves, which expand in form of a rose: the fruit is almost of an oval figure, and divided into several cells, in which are Lodged hard seeds, surrounded by a thick fleshy substance, which, for the most part, full of an acid juice. There are many varieties of this tree, and the fruit is yearly imported from Lisbon in great plenty. Miller.

LEMONADE. n. s. [from lemon.] Liquor made of water, sugar, and the juice of lemons.

Thou, and thy wife, and children, should walk in my gardens, buy toys, and drink lemonade.

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1. To afford or supply, on condition of repayment.

In common worldly things 'tis call'd ungrateful With dull unwillingness to pay a debt,

Which, with a bounteous hand, was kindly lent; Much more to be thus opposite with Heav'n. Shakspeare.

Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase. Levit. They dare not give, and e'en refuse to lend, To their poor kindred, or a wanting friend. Dry. 2. To suffer to be used on condition that it be restored.

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Wilt lend a hand to close thy mistress' eyes. Phil LENDER. n. s. [from lend.] 1. One who lends any thing. 2. One who makes a trade of putting money to interest.

Let the state be answered some small matter, and the rest left to the lender; if the abatement be small, it will not discourage the lender: he that took ten in the hundred, will sooner descend to eight than give over this trade. Bacon. Whole droves of lenders crowd the bankers doors To call in money.

Dryden's Spanish Fryar. Interest would certainly encourage the lender to venture in such a time of danger. Addison. LENGTH. n. s. [from leng, Saxon.] 1. The extent of any thing material from end to end; the longest line that can be drawn through a body.

There is in Ticinum a church that is in length one hundred feet, in breadth twenty, and in heighth near fifty: it reporteth the voice twelve or thirteen times. Bacon.

2. Horizontal extension.

Mezentius rushes on his foes, And first unhappy Acron overthrows; Stretch'd at his length he spurns the swarthy ground. Dryden. 3. Comparative extent; a certain portion of space or time: in this sense it has a plural.

Large lengths of seas and shores Between my father and my mother lay. Shaksp.

To get from th' enemy, and Ralph, free; Left danger, fears, and foes, behind, And beat, at least, three lengths the wind. Hudib. Time glides along with undiscover'd haste, The future but a length beyond the past. Dryd. 4. Extent of duration or space.

What length of lands, what oceans have you pass'd,

What storms sustain'd, and on what shores been cast? Drysion.

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