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LINGUA CIOUS. adj. [linguax, Latin.]

Full of tongue; loquacious; talkative. LINGUADE NTAL. adj. [lingua and dens, Latin.] Uttered by the joint action of the tongue and teeth.

The linguadentals, f, v, as also the linguadentals, th, dh, he will soon learn. Holder. LINGUIST. n. s. [from lingua, Latin.] A man skilful in languages.

Though a linguist should pride himself ta have all the tongues that Babel cleft the world into, yet, if he had not studied the solid things in them, as well as the words and lexicons, he were nothing so much to be esteemed a learned man, as any yeoman or tradesman competently wise in his mother dialect only. Milton. Our linguist received extraordinary rudiments towards a good education. Spectator. LINGWORT. n. s. An herb. LINIMENT. 7. s. [liniment, Fr. linimentum, Latin.] Ointment; balsam; unguent. The nostrils, and the jugular arteries, ought to be anointed every morning with this liniment or balsam. Harvey.

The wise author of nature hath provided on the rump two glandules, which the bird catches hold upon with her bill, and squeezes out an oily pap or liniment, fit for the inunction of the feathers.

LINING. n. s. [from line.]


1. The inner covering of any thing; the inner double of a garment.

Was I deceived, or did a sable cloud Turn forth her silver lining on the night?


The fold in the gristle of the nose is covered with a lining, which differs from the facing of the tongue. Grew.

The gown with stiff embroid'ry shining, Looks charming with a slighter lining. Prior. a. That which is within.

The lining of his coffers shall make coats To deck our soldiers for these Irish wars. Shakspeare.

LINK. n. s. [gelencke, German.] 1. A single ring of a chain.


The Roman state, whose course will yet go on The way it takes, cracking ten thousand curbs Of more strong links asunder, than can ever Appear in your impediment.

Shakspeare. The moral of that poetical fiction, that the uppermost link of all the series of subordinate causes, is fastened to Jupiter's chair, signifies an useful truth. Hale.

Truths hang together in a chain of mutual dependance; you cannot draw one link without attracting others. Glanville.


While she does her upward flight sustain, Touching each link of the continued chain, At length she is oblig'd and forc'd to see A first, a source, a life, a deity. Any thing doubled and closed together. Make a link of horse hair very strong, and fasten it to the end of the stick that springs.


5. A chain; any thing connecting. Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Can be retentive to the strength of spirit.

I feel


The link of nature draw me; flesh of flesh, 1 one of my bone thou art. Milton's Par. Lost. Fire, flood and earth, and air, by this were bound,

And love, the common link, the new creation crown'd. Dryden's Knight's Tale.

4. Any single part of a series or chain of consequences; a gradation in ratiocination; a proposition joined to a foregoing and following proposition.



The thread and train of consequences in intellective ratiocination is often long, and chained together by divers links, which cannot be done in imaginative ratiocination by some attributed to brutes. Hale.

A series: this sense is improper. Addison has used link for chain.

Though I have here only chosen this single link of martyrs, I might find out others among those names which are still extant, that delivered down this account of our Saviour in a successive tradition. Addison. [from .] A torch made of pitch and hards.

O, thou art an everlasting bonfire light; thou hast saved me a thousand marks in links and torches, walking with thee in the night betwixt tavern and tavern. Shaksp. Henry IV. Whereas history should be the torch of truth, he makes her in divers places a fuliginous link of lies. Horvel. Round as a globe, and liquor'd every chink, Goodly and great he sails behind his link. One that bore a link

On a sudden clapp'd his flaming cudgel,
Like linstock, to the horse's touch-hole.



7. Perhaps in the following passage it may mean lampblack.

There was no link to colour Peter's hat.

To LINK. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To complicate; as, the links of a

Descending tread us down,

Thus drooping; or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulph. Milton. Against eating cares, Lap me in soft Lydian airs; Married to inmortal verse, Such as the meeting soul may pierce, In notes, with many a winding bout Of linked sweetness long drawn out. 2. To unite; to conjoin in concord. They're so linked in friendship, That young prince Edward marries Warwick's daughter. Shakspeare.

3. To join; to connect.


Link towns to towis, with avenues of oak, Inclose whole downs in walls, 'tis all a joke.


So from the first eternal order ran,
And creature link'd to creature, man to man.

4. To join by confederacy or contract. They make an offer of themselves into the service of that enemy, with whose servants they link themselves in so near a bond. Hooker.

Be advised for the best, Ere thou thy daughter link in holy band Of wedlock, to that new unknown guest. Fairy Queen.


Blood in princes link'd not in such sort, As that it is of any power to tye. 5. To connect as concomitant. New hope to spring, Out of despair; joy, but with fear yet link'd. Milton. God has linkt our hopes and our duty togeDecay of Piety. So gracious hath God been to us, as to tipe


together our duty and our interest, and to make those very things the instances of our obedience, which are the natural means and causes of our happiness. Tillotson.

6. To unite or concatenate in a regular series of consequences.

These things are linked, and, as it were, chained one to another: we labour to eat, and we eat to live, and we live to do good; and the good which we do is as seed sown, with reference unto a future harvest. Hooker.

Tell me, which part it does necessitate ? I'll chuse the other; there I'll link th' effect; A chain, which fools to catch themselves project! Dryden.

By which chain of ideas thus visibly linked together in train, i. c. each intermediate idea agreeing on each side with those two it is immediately placed between, the ideas of men and self-determination appear to be connected.


Lí ́NKBOY. Į n. s. [link and boy.] A boy LINKMAN. S that carries a torch to accommodate passengers with light.

What a ridiculous thing it was, that the continued shadow of the earth should be broken by sedden miraculous disclusions of light, to prevent the officiousness of the linkboy. More.

Though thou art tempted by the linkman's call, Yet trust him not along the lonely wall.

Take a bunch of hysop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts.

Exodus. When you lay any timber or brick work, as lintels over windows, lay them in loam, which is a great preserver of timber. Moxon. Silver the lintels deep projecting o'er, And gold the ringlets that command the door. Pope.

L ́ON. n. s. [lion, Fr. leo, Lat.] 1. The fiercest and most magnanimous of fourfooted beasts.

King Richard's sirname was Cor-de-Lion, for his lion-like courage. Camden's Remains.

Be lion mettled; proud, and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are; Macbeth shall never vanquish'd be. Shakspeare. The sphinx, a famous monster in Egypt, had the face of a virgin, and the body of a lion. Peacham on Drawing.

They rejoice,

Each with their kind, lion with lioness; So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd.

See lion hearted Richard,


Piously valiant, like a torrent swell'd
With wintry tempests, that disdains all mounds,
Breaking away impetuous, and involves
Within its sweep trees, houses, men, he press'd,
Amidst the thickest battle


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In the black form of cinder-wench she came. O may no linkbay interrupt their love! LINNET. n. s. [linot, Fr. linaria, Latin.] A small singing bird.

The swallows make use of celandine, the linnet of euphragia, for the repairing of their sight.


Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat? Pope. LINSEED. n. s. [semen lini, Latin.] The seed of flax, which is much used in medicine.

The joints may be closed with a cement of lice, linseed oil, and cotton, Mortimer. LINSEYWOOLSEY. adj. [linen and wool.] Made of linen and wool mixed; vile; mean; of different and unsuitable parts.


A lawless linseywoolsie brother, Half of one order, half another. Peel'd, patch'd and pyebald, linseywoolsey brothers,

Grave mummers! sleeveless some, and shirtless



LINSTOCK. n. s. [lunte or lente, Teutonick, lint and stock.] A staff of wood with a match at the end of it, used by gunners in firing cannon. Hanmer. The nimble gunner With lynstock now the devilish cannon touches, And down goes all before him. Shakspeare. The distance judg'd for shot of ev'ry size, The linstocks touch, the pond'rous ball expires. Dryden.

LINT. n.s. [linteum, Lat. llin, Welsh and Erse.]

1. The soft substance commonly called fax.

2. Linen scraped into soft woolly substance to lay on sores.

I dressed them up with unguentum basilici cum viteilo ovi, upon pledgits of lint. Wiseman. Lí ́STEL. n. s. [linteal, French.] That part of the door frame that lies cross the door posts over head,


The lion, for the honour of his skin,


The squeezing crab, and stinging scorpion shine
For aiding heaven, when giants dar'd to brave
The threat'ned stars.
Creech's Manilius,

LIONESS. n. s. [feminine of lion.] A she lion.

Under which bush's shade, a lioness Lay couching head on ground, with catlike watch,

When that the sleeping man should stir.

The furious lioness


Forgetting young ones, through the fields doth May.


The greedy lioness the wolf pursues, The wolf the kid, the wanton kid the browze. Dryden. If we may believe Pliny, lions do, in a very severe manner, punish the adulteries of the lioness. Ayliffe's Parergon. LIONLEAF. n. s. [lecntopetalon, Latin.] A plant. LION'S-MOUTH LION'S-PAW. LION's-TAIL. L'ON'S-TOOTH. LIP. n. s. [lippe, Saxon.] 1. The outer part of the mouth, the muscles that shoot beyond the teeth, which are of so much use in speaking, that they are used for all the organs of speech.

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hills as its first ramparts, or as the ledges or lips of its vessel. Burnet.

In wounds, the lips sink and are flaccid; a gleet followeth, and the flesh within withers.


3. To make a LIP. To hang the lip in sullenness and contempt.

A letter for me! It gives me an estate of seven years health; in which time I will make a lip at the physician. Shakspeare. To Lip. v. a. [from the noun.] To'kiss. Obsolete.

A hand, that kings


Have lipt, and trembled kissing.
Oh! 'tis the fiend's arch mock,
To lip a wanton and suppose her chaste.

Shakspeare. LIPLA BOUR. n. s. [lip and labour.] Action of the lips without concurrence of the mind; words without senti


Fasting, when prayer is not directed to its own purposes, is but liplabour. Taylor. LIPO THYMOUs. adj. [λείπω and θυμὸς.] Swooning; fainting.

If the patient be surprised with a lipothymous languor, and great oppression about the stomach and hypochonders, expect no relief from corLIPO THYMY. n. s. [λewolvμía.] Swoon; Harvey. fainting fit.


The senators falling into a lipothomy, or deep swooning, made up this pageantry of death with a representing of it unto life. Taylor.

In lipothymys or swoonings, he used the frication of this finger with saffron and gold. Brown. LIPPED. adj. [from lip.] Having lips. LIPPITUDE. n. s. [lippitude, Fr. lippitudo, Latin.] Blearedness of eyes.

Diseases that are infectious are, such as are in the spirits and not so much in the humours, and therefore pass easily from body to body; such are pestilences and lippitudes. Bacon. LIPWISDOM. n. s. [lip and wisdom.] Wisdom in talk without practice.

I find that all is but lipwisdom, which wants experience; I now, woe is me, do try what love can do. Sidney. LIQUABLE. adj. [from liquo, Latin.] Such as may be melted. LIQUATION. n. s. [from liquo, Lat.] 1. The act of melting. 2. Capacity to be melted.

The common opinion hath been, that chrystal is nothing but ice and snow concreted, and, by duration of time, congealed beyond liquation.

Brown. To LIQUATE. v. n. [liquo, Latin.] To melt; to liquefy.

If the salts be not drawn forth before the clay is baked, they are apt to liquate. Woodward. LIQUEFACTION. n. s. [liquefactio, Lat. liquefaction, Fr.] The act of melting; the state of being melted.

Heat dissolveth and melteth bodies that keep in their spirits, as in divers liquefactions; and so doth time in honey, which by age waxeth more liquid. Bacon's Nat. Hist. The burning of the earth will be a true liquefaction or dissolution of it as to the exterior region. Burnet. LIQUEFIABLE. n. s. [from liquefy.] Such as may be melted.

There are three causes of fixation, the even

spreading of the spirits and tangible parts, the closeness of the tangible parts, and the jejuneness or extreme comminution of spirits; the two first may be joined with a nature liquefiable, the last not. Bacon.

7 LIQUEFY. v. a. [liquefier, Fr. liquefacio, Lat.] To melt; to dissolve.

That degree of heat which is in lime and ashes, being a smothering heat, is the most proper, for it doth neither liquefy nor rarefy; and that is true maturation. Bacon's Nat. Hist. To LIQUEFY. v. n. To grow liquid.

The blood of St. Januarius liquefied at the ap proach of the saint's head. Addison on Italy. LIQUE SCENCY. n. s. [liquescentia, Lat.] Aptness to melt.

LIQUE SCENT. adj. [liquescens, Latin.] Melting.

LIQUID. adj. [liquide, French'; liquidus, Latin.]

1. Not solid; not forming one continuous substance; fluid.

Gently rolls the liquid glass. Dr. Daniel. 2. Soft; clear.



Her breast, the sugʼred nest

Of her delicious soul, that there does lie, Bathing in streams of liquid melody. Crashaw. Pronounced without any jar or harsh


The many liquid consonants give a pleasing sound to the words, though they are all of one syllable. Dryden's Æneid. Let Carolina smooth the tuneful lay, Lull with Amelia's liquid name the nine, And sweetly flow through all the royal line.

Dissolved, so as not to be obtainable by Pope.


If a creditor should appeal to hinder the burial of his debtor's corpse, his appeal ought not to be received, since the business of burial requires a quick dispatch, though the debt be entirely liquid. LIQUID. n. s. Liquid substance; liquor. Ayliffe. Be it thy choice, when summer heats annoy, To sit beneath her leafy canopy, Quaffing rich liquids. Philips

To LIQUIDATE. v. a. [from liquid.] To clear away; to lessen debts. LIQUIDITY. n. s. [from liquid.] Subtilty; thinness.

The spirits for their liquidity, are more incapable than the fluid medium, which is the conveyer of sounds, to persevere in the continued repetition of vocal airs. Glanville. LIQUIDNESS. n. s. [from liquid.] Quality of being liquid; fluency.

Oil of anniseeds, in a cool place, thickened into the consistence of white butter, which with the least heat, resumed its former liquidness.


LIQUOR. n. s. [liquor, Latin; liqueur, French.]

1. Any thing liquid: it is commonly used of fluids inebriating, or impregnated with something, or made by decoction. Nor envy'd them the grape Whose heads that turbulent liquor fills with fumes. Milton. Sin taken into the soul, is like a liquer pour'd into a vessel; so much of it as it fills, it also South's Sermons,


2. Strong drink; in familiar language.

To LIQUOR. v. a. [from the noun.] To
* drench or moisten.

Cart wheels squeak not when they are liquored.

LIRICONFANCY. n. s. A flower.
LISNE. n. 5. A cavity; a hollow.

In the line of a rock at Kingscote in Gloucestershire, I found a bushel of petrified cockles, each near as big as my fist. Hale. Te LISP. v. a. [hlirp, Saxon.] To speak with too frequent appulses of the tongue to the teeth or palate, like children.

Come, I cannot cog, and say, thou art this and that, like a many of these lisping hawthorn buds, that come like women in men's apparel, and smell like Bucklersbury in simpling time. Shakspeare.

Scarce had she learnt to lisp a name
Of martyr, yet she thinks it shame
Life should so long play with that breath,
Which spent can buy so brave a death.


They ramble not to learn the mode, How to be drest, or how to lisp abroad.


Appulse partial, giving some passage to breath, is made to the upper teeth, and causes a lisping sound, the breath being strained through the teeth. Holder. As yet a child, nor yet a fool to fame, I lisp'd in numbers, for the numbers came.

Pope. LISP. n. s. [from the verb.] The act of lisping.

I overheard her answer, with a very pretty list,

O! Strephon, you are a dangerous creature.

LI'SPER. lisps.


n. s. [from lisp.] One who

LIST. n. s. [liste, French.]

1. A roll; a catalogue.

He was the ablest emperor of all the list.

Bacon. Some say the loadstone is poison, and therefore in the lists of poisons we find it in many authors. Brown.

Bring next the royal list of Stuarts forth,
Undaunted minds, that rul'd the rugged north.

2. [lice, Fr.] Enclosed ground in which
tilts are run, and combats fought.
Till now alone the mighty nations strove,
The rest, at gaze, without the lists did stand;
And threat'ning France, plac'd like a painted

Kept idle thunder in his lifted hand.


Paris thy son, and Sparta's king advance,
In measur'd lists to toss the weighty lance;
And who his rival shall in arms subdue,
His be the dame, and his the treasure too.

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They thought it better to let them stand as a list, or marginal border, unto the Old TestaHooker.


To LIST. v. n. [lyrzan, Sax.] To choose;
to desire; to be disposed; to incline.
To fight in field, or to defend this wall,
Point what you list, I nought refuse at all.
Fairy Queen.

Unto them that add to the word of God what them listeth, and make God's will submit unto their will, and break God's commandments for their own tradition's sake, unto them it seemeth not good.

Hooker. They imagine, that laws which permit them not to do as they would, will endure them to speak as they list. Hooker. Let other men think of your devices as they list, in my judgment they be mere fancies.


Now by my mother's son, and that's myself,
It shall be moon, or star, or what I list. Shaksp.
Kings, lords of times, and of occasions, may
Take their advantage, when, and how they list.

When they list, into the womb
That bred them they return; and howl, and


My bowels, their repast. Milton's Par. Lost. To LIST. v. a. [from list, a roll.] 1. To enlist; to enrol or register.

For a man to give his name to Christianity in those days, was to list himself a martyr, and to bid farewel not only to the pleasures, but also to the hopes of this life. South.

They list with women each degen'rate name Who dares not hazard life for future fame.

Dryden. 2. To retain and enrol soldiers; to enlist. The lords would, by listing their own servants, persuade the gentlemen in the town to do the like. Clarendon.

The king who raised this wall appointed a . million of soldiers, who were listed and paid for the defence of it against the Tartars. Temple. Two hundred horse he shall command; Though few, a warlike and well-chosen band, These in my name are listed. Dryden.

3. [from list; enclosed ground.] To enclose for combats.


How dares your pride presume against my

As in a listed field to fight your cause?
Unask'd the royal grant.


[from list, a shred or border.] To sew together, in such a sort as to make a particoloured show.

Some may wonder at such an accumulation of benefits, like a kind of embroidering or listing of one favour upon another. Wotton.

5. [contracted from listen.] To hearken to; to listen; to attend.

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As the show'ry arch

With listed colours gay, or, azure, gules, Delights and puzzles the beholder's eyes. Philips. To LISTEN. v. a. To hear; to attend. Obsolete.

Lady, vouchsafe to listen what I say. Shaksp. One cried, God bless us! and, amen! the other: As they had seen me with these hangman's hands,

Listening their fear I could not say, amen!
He, that no more must say, is listened more
Than they whom youth and ease have taught to
The wonted roar was up amidst the woods,
And fill'd the air with barbarous dissonance,
At which I ceas'd and listen'd them awhile.

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Listners never hear well of themselves.

L'Estrange. If she constantly attends the tea, and be a good listener, she may make a tolerable figure, which will serve to draw in the young chaplain. Swift. The hush word, when spoke by any brother in a lodge, was a warning to the rest to have a care of listeners. Swift. LISTLESLY. adv. [from listless.] Without thought; without attention,

To know this perfectly, watch him at play, and see whether he be stirring and active, or whether he lazily and listless dreams away his



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The sick for air before the portal gasp, Or idle in their empty hives remain, Benumb'd with cold, and listless of their gain. Dryden. LIT, the preterit of light; whether to light signifies to happen, or to set on fire, or guide with light.

Believe thyself, thy eyes,

That first inflam'd, and lit me to thy love, Those stars, that still must guide me to my joy.



I lit my pipe with the paper. LITANY. n. s. [rávia; litanie, French.] A form of supplicatory prayer.

Supplications, with solemnity for the appeasing of God's wrath, were, of the Greek church, termed litanies, and rogations of the Latin. Hooker.

Recollect your sins that you have done that week, and all your lifetime; and recite humbly and devoutly some penitential litanies. Taylor. LITERAL. adj. [literal, French; litera, Latin.]

1. According to the primitive meaning; not figurative.

Through all the writings of the ancient fathers, we see that the words which were, do continue; the only difference is, that whereas before they had a literal, they now have a metaphorical use, and are as so many notes of remembrance unto us, that what they did signify in the latter, is accomplished in the truth. Hocker.

A foundation being primarily of use in architecture, hath no other literal notation but what belongs to it in relation to an house, or other building; nor figurative, but what is founded in that, and deduced from thence. Hammond. 2. Following the letter, or exact words.


The fittest for publick audience are such as, following a middle course between the rigour of literal translations and the liberty of paraphrasts, do with greater shortness and plainness deliver the meaning. Hooker.

Consisting of letters: as, the literal notation of numbers was known to Europeans before the ciphers. LITERAL. n. s. Primitive or literal meaning.

How dangerous it is in sensible things to use metaphorical expressions unto the people, and what absurd conceits they will swallow in their literals, an example we have in our profession. Βιοτυπο

LITERALITY. n. s. [from literal.] Original meaning.

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