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Less of Eden, till one greater man Restore it, and regain.

4. Destruction.


Her fellow ships from far her loss descry'd; But only she was sunk, and all were safe beside. Dryden.

There succeeded an absolute victory for the English, with the slaughter of above two thousand of the enemy, with the loss but of one man, though not a few hurt. Bacon.

5. Fault; puzzle: used only in the following phrase.

Not the least transaction of sense and motion in man, but philosophers are at a loss to comprehend. South. Reason is always striving, and always at a loss, while it is exercised about that which is not its proper object.


A man may sometimes be at a loss which side to close with.

6. Useless application.


It would be loss of time to explain any farther our superiority to the enemy in numbers of men and horse. Addison.

LOST. participial adj. [from lose.] No longer perceptible.

In seventeen days appear'd your pleasing coast, And woedy mountains, half in vapours lost.

Pope. LOT. n. s. [blaut, Gothick; hlot, Saxon; lot, Dutch.]

1. Fortune; state assigned.

Kala at length conclude my ling'ring lot; Disdain me not, although I be not fair, Who is an heir of many hundred sheep, Doth beauty keep which never sun can burn, Nor storms do turn.


Our own lot is best ; and by aiming at what we have not, we lose what we have already.



Prepar'd I stand; he was but born to try The lot of man, to suffer and to die. 2. A die, or any thing used in determining chances.


Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one let for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapeLeviticus. Their tasks in equal portions she divides, And where unequal, there by lots decides. Dryd. Ulysses bids his friends to cast lets, to shew, that he would not voluntarily expose them to so imminent danger. Broome. 3. It seems in Shakspeare to signify a lucky or wished chance.

If you have heard your general talk of Rome, And of his friends there, it is lots to blanks My name hath touch'd your ears; it is MeneShakspeare.


4. A portion; a parcel of goods as being drawn by lot: as, what lot of silks had you at the sale?

5. Proportion of taxes: as, to pay scot and lot.

LOTE tree or nettle tree. n. s.

A plant.

The leaves of the lote tree are like those of the nettle. The fruit of this tree is not so tempting to us, as it was to the companions of Ulysses: the wood is durable, and used to make pipes for wind instruments: the root is proper for hafts of knives, and was highly esteemed by the Romans for its beauty and use. Miller. LOTOS. n. s. [Latin.] See LOTE.

The trees around them all their food produce, Leter, the name divine, nectareous juice. Pope. Lo'TION. n. s. [lotio, Lat. lotion, Fr.] A

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Every warrior may be said to be a soldier of fortune, and the best commanders to have a lot tery for their work.


Lo ́VAGE. n. s. [levisticum, Latin.] A plant. LOUD. adj.

1. Noisy; striking the ear with great force

Contending on the Lesbian shore, His prowess Philomelides confess'd, And loud acclaiming Greeks the victor bless'd Popro

The numbers soft and clear, Gently steal upon the ear; Now louder, and yet louder rise,

And fill with spreading sounds the skies. Pope. 2. Clamorous; turbulent.

She is loud and stubborn; her feet abide not in her house. Proverbs.

LOUDLY. adv. [from loud.]
1. Noisily; so as to be heard far.

The soldier that philosopher well blam'd, Who long and loudly in the schools declaim'd. Denham.

2. Clamorously; with violence of voice. I read above fifty pamphlets, written by as many presbyterian divines, loudly disclaiming toleration. Sreift. LOUDNESS. n. s. Noise; force of sound; turbulence; vehemence or furiousness of clamour.

Had any disaster made room for grief, it would have moved according to prudence, and the proportions of provocation: it would not have sailied out into complaint or loudness. South.

To LOVE. v. a. [lurian, Saxon.] 1. To regard with passionate affection, as that of one sex to the other.

Good shepherd, tell this youth what 'tis to love.
-It to be made all of sighs and tears;
It is to be made all of faith and service;
It is to be all made of fantasy,

All made of passion, and all made of wishes;
All adoration, duty, and obedience;
All humbleness, all patience, all impatience,
All purity, all trial, all observance.

I could not love I'm sure
One who in love were wise.

Shaksp. Cowley.

The jealous man wishes himself a kind of deity to the person he loves; he would be the only employment of her thoughts.


2. To regard with the affection of a friend.

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Fondness; concord.

My tales of love were wont to weary you; I know you joy not in a love discourse. Shaksp. I look'd upon her with a soldier's eye, That lik'd, but had a rougher task in hand Than to drive liking to the name of love. Shaks. What need a vermil-tinctur'd lip for that, Love-darting eyes, or tresses like the morn? Milton. Love quarrels oft in pleasing concord end, Not wedlock treachery, endang'ring life. Milt. A love potion works more by the strength of charm than nature. Collier.

You know y' are in my power by making love. Dryden. Let mutual joys our mutual trust combine, And love, and love-born confidence be thine. Pope. Cold is that breast which warm'd the world before,

And these love-darting eyes must roll no more. Pope.

2. Kindness; good-will; friendship. What love, think'st thou, I sue so much to get?

My love till death, my humble thanks, my prayers?

That love which virtue begs, and virtue grants. Shakspeare.

God brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince. Daniel.

The one preach Christ of contention, but the Philippians. other of love.

By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another. John. Unwearied have we spent the nights, Till the Ledean stars, so fam'd for love, Wonder'd at us from above.

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Shakspeare. If you will marry, make your loves to me, My lady is bespoke. Shakspeare. The enquiry of truth, which is the love-making or wooing of it; the knowledge of truth, the preference of it; and the belief of truth, the enjoying of it, is the sovereign good of human na


4. Tenderness; parental care.


No religion that ever was, so fully represents

Come, love and health to all!


Then I'll sit down: give me some wine; fill full.


Shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness? 1 Corinthians. 10. Principle of union.

Love is the great instrument of nature, the bond and cement of society, the spirit and spring of the universe: love is such an affection as cannot so properly be said to be in the soul, as the soul to be in that: it is the whole man wrapt up into one desire. South

11. Picturesque representation of love.

The lovely babe was born with ev'ry grace: Such was his form as painters, when they show Their utmost art, on naked loves bestow. Dryd. 12. A word of endearment.

"Tis no dishonour, trust me, love, 'tis none; I would die for thee. Dryden.

13. Due reverence to God.

I know that you have not the love of God in you. Joba. Love is of two sorts, of friendship and of desire; the one betwixt friends, the other betwixt lovers; the one a rational, the other a sensitive love: so our love of God consists of two parts, as esteeming of God, and desiring of him. Hamm.

The love of God makes a man chaste without the laborious arts of fasting, and exterior disciplines; he reaches at glory without any other arms but those of love.

14. A kind of thin silk stuff.

Taylor. Ainsaw.

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Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided. 2 Samuel.

The flowers which it had press'd

Appear'd to my view,

More fresh and lovely than the rest, That in the meadows grew.


The Christian religion gives us a more lovely tharacter of God than any religion ever did.

The fair


With cleanly powder dry their hair; And round their lovely breast and head Fresh flow'rs their mingled odours shed. Prior. LOVEMONGER. n. s. [love and monger.] One who deals in affairs of love.

Thou art an old lovemonger, and speakest skilfully. Shakspeare.

LOVER. n. s. [from love.]

1. One who is in love.

Love is blind, and lovers cannot see
The pretty follies that themselves commit.

Let it be never said, that he whose breast
Is fill'd with love, should break a lover's rest.

Dryden, 1. A friend; one who regards with kind


Your brother and his lover have embrac'd.

I tell thee, fellow,


Thy general is my lover: I have been The book of his good act, whence men have read His fame unparallel'd haply amplified. Shaksp. 3. One who likes any thing.

To be good and gracious, and a lover of knowledge, are amiable things. Burnet. Lo'UVER. n. s. [from l'ouvert, French, an opening.] An opening for the smoke to go out at in the roof of a cottage. Spenser. Lo ́VESECRET. n. s. [love and secret.] Se Get between lovers.

What danger, Arimant, is this you fear
Or what lovesecret which I must not hear?

Dryden. LO VESICK. adj. [love and sick.] Disordered with love; languishing with amorous desire.

See, on the shoar, inhabits purple spring, Where nightingales their lovesick ditty sing. Dryden. To the dear mistress of my lovesick mind, Her swain a pretty present has design'd. Dryd. Of the reliefs to ease a lovesick mind, Flavia prescribes despair. Granville. LOVESOME. adj. [from love.] Lovely. A word not used.

Nothing new can spring

Without thy warmth, without thy influence bear, Or beautiful or lovesome can appear.

Dryden. LOVESONG. n. s. [love and song.] Song expressing love.

Poor Romeo is already dead! Stabb'd with a wench's black eye, Run through the ear with a lovesong. Shaksp. Lovesong weeds and satyrick thorns are grown, Where seeds of better arts were early sown.


LO VESUIT. n. s. [love and suit.] Courtship.

His lovesuit hath been to me As fearful as a siege.


LOVETALE. n. s. [love and tale.] Narrative of love.

The lovetale

Infected Sion's daughters with like heat; Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch Ezekiel saw.

Milton's Par. Lost.


Cato's a proper person to entrust
A lovetale with!

LOVETHOUGHT, n. s. [love and thought.]
Amorous fancy.

Away to sweet beds of flowers,

Levethoughts lie rich when canopied with bowers. Shakspeare LO VETOY. n. s. [love and toy.] Small presents given by lovers.

Has this amorous gentleman presented himself with any lovetoys, such as gold snuff-boxes? Arbuthnot. LO VETRICK. n. s. [love and trick.] Art of expressing love.

Other disports than dancing jollities; Other lovetricks than glancing with the eyes. Donne.

LOUGH. n. s. [loch, Irish, a lake.] A lake; a large inland standing water. A people near the northern pole that won, Whom Ireland sent from loughes and forests hore,

Divided far by sea from Europe's shore. Fairf Lough Ness never freezes. Phil. Trans. LOVING. participial adj. [from love.] 1. Kind; affectionate.


So loving to my mother, That he would not let ev'n the winds of heav'n Visit her face too roughly. Shakspeare. 'This earl was of great courage, and much loved of his soldiers, to whom he was no less loving again. Hayward. Expressing kindness.

The king took her in his arms till she came to herself, and comforted her with loving words.

Esther. Tenderness; favour; mercy. A scriptural word.


Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies, and thy lovingkindnesses. Psalms.

He has adapted the arguments of obedience to the imperfection of our understanding, requiring us to consider him only under the amiable attributes of goodness and lovingkindness, and to adore him as our friend and patron. Rogers. Lo'VINGLY. adv. [from loving.] Attectionately; with kindness.

The new king, having no less lovingly performed all duties to him dead than alive, pursued on the siege of his unnatural brother, as much for the revenge of his father, as for the establishing of his own quiet. Sidney.

It is no great matter to live lovingly with good-natured and meek persons; but he that can do so with the froward and perverse, he only hath true charity. Taylor. LOVINGNESS. n. s. [from loving.] Kindness; affection.

Carrying thus in one person the only two bands of good-will, loveliness and lovingness. Sidney. LOUIS D'OR. n. s. [French.] A golden coin of France, valued at twenty shillings.

If he is desired to change a louis d'or, he must consider of it. Spectator. To LOUNGE. V.n. [lunderen, Dutch.] To idle; to live lazily. LOUNGER. n. s. [from lounge.] An idler. LOUSE. n. s. plural lice. [lur, Saxon; Luys, Dutch.] A small animal, of which different species live on the bodies of men, beasts, and perhaps of all living


There were lice upon man and beast. Exodus. Frogs, lice, and flies, must all his palace fill With loath'd intrusion. Milton.

It is beyond even an atheist's credulity and impudence to affirm, that the first men might proceed out of the tumours of trees, as maggots and flies are supposed to do now, or might grow upon trees; or perhaps might be the lice of some prodigious animals, whose species is now extinct. Bentley. Swift. To LOUSE. v. a. [from the noun.] To clean from lice.

Not that I value the money the fourth part of the skin of a louse.

As for all other good women, that love to do but little work, how handsome it is to louse themselves in the sunshine, they that have been but a while in Ireland can well witness.


You sat and lous'd him all the sun-shine day. Swift. LOUSEWORT. n. s. The name of a plant; called also rattle and cocks-comb. Miller. Lo'USILY.adv. [from louse.] In a paltry, mean, and scurvy way. LO ́USINESS. n. s. [from lousy.] The state of abounding with lice. Lousy. adj. [from louse.]


Swarming with lice; overrun with lice. Let him be daub'd with lace, live high and whore,

Sometimes be lousy, but be never poor. Dryden. Sweetbriar and gooseberry are only lousy in dry times, or very hot places. Mortimer.

2. Mean; low born; bred on the dunghil.

I pray you now remembrance on the lousy knave mine host.

A lousy knave, to have his gibes and his mockeShakspeare.


LOUT. n. s. [loete, Dutch. Mr. Lye.] A mean awkward fellow; a bumpkin; a clown.

Pamela, whose noble heart doth disdain, that the trust of her virtue is reposed in such a lout's hands, had yet, to shew an obedience," taken on shepherdish apparel. Sidney.

This lowt, as he exceeds our lords, the odds
Is, that we scarce are men, and you are gods.

I have need of such a youth,
That can with some discretion do my business;
For 'tis no trusting to yon foolish lout. Shaksp.
Thus wail'd the louts in melancholy strain.

Gay. To LOUT. v. n. [hlutan, Sax.] To bend; to bow; to stoop. Obsolete. It was used in a good sense.

He fair the knight saluted, louting low,
Who fair him quitted, as that courteous was.

Under the sand bag he was seen,
Louting low, like a for'ster green. Ben Jonsen.
The palmer, grey with age, with count'nance
loating low,

His head ev'n to the earth before the king did bow. Drayton.

To LOUT. v. a. This word seems in
Shakspeare to signify, to overpower.
I am lorted by a traitor villain,
And cannot help the noble chevalier.
LOʻUTISH. adj. [from lout.] Clownish;


This loutish clown is such, that you never saw so ill-favoured a visar; his behaviour such, that he is beyond the degree of ridiculous. Sidney. LO UTISHLY. adv. [from lout.] With the air of a clown; with the gait of a bumpkin.

Low. adj. Not high.


Their wand'ring course now high, now lewo, then hid, Progressive, retrograde.

2. Not rising far upward.


It became a spreading vine of low stature.

Ezekiel, 3. Not elevated in place, or local situation. O mighty Cæsar! dost thou lye so low? Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils, Shrunk to this little measure? Shaksp.

Equal in days and nights, except to those Beyond the polar circles; to them day Had unbenighted shone, while the low sun, To recompense his distance, in their sight Had rounded still th' horizon, and not known Or east or west. Milton. Whatsoever is washed away from them is carried down into the lower grounds, and into the sea, and nothing is brought back. Burnet. 4. Descending far downward; deep.


The lowest bottom shook of Erebus. Milton. So high as heav'd the tumid hills, so locu, Down sunk a hollow bottom, broad and deep, Capacious bed of waters. Milton.

His volant touch Instinct through all proportions low and high Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue. Milton.

Not deep; not swelling high; shallow: used of water.

As two men were walking by the sea-side at low water, they saw an oyster, and both pointed at it together. L'Estrange.

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They take their course either high to the north, or low to the south. Abbot. 9. Not rising to so great a sum as some other accumulation of particulars.

Who can imagine, that in sixteen or seventeen hundred years time, taking the lover chro nology, that the earth had then stood, mankind should be propagated no farther than Judæa ? Burnet.

10. Late in time: as, the lower empire. 11. Dejected; depressed.

His spirits are so low his voice is drown'd, He hears as from afar, or in a swoon, Like the deaf murmur of a distant sound. Dryd. Though he before had gall and rage, Which death or conquest must assuage; He grows dispirited and low,

He hates the fight, and shuns the foe. Prior. 12. Impotent; subdued.

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Whenever I am turned out, my lodge descends upon a low-spirited creeping family. Corruption, like a general flood, Shall deluge all; and av'rice creeping on, Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the sun. Pope. 3. In times approaching toward our own. In that part of the world which was first inhabited, even as low down as Abraham's time, they wandered with their flocks and herds.


4. With a depression of the voice. Lucia, speak lor, he is retir'd to rest. Addis. In a state of subjection.


How comes it that, having been once so low brought, and thoroughly subjected, they afterwards lifted up themselves so strongly again?

Spenser. To Low. v. a. [from the adjective. To sink; to make low. Probably misprinted for lover.

The value of guineas was lowed from one-andtwenty shillings and sixpence to one-and-twenty shillings. Swift. To Low. v. n. [hloɲan, Sax. The adjective low, not high, is pronounced lo, and would rhyme to no: the verb low, to bellow, lou; and is by Dryden rightly rhymed to now.] To bellow as a cow. Doth the wild ass bray when he has grass? or loveth the ox over his fodder?


The maids of Argos, who, with frantick cries, And imitated lowings, fill'd the skies. Roscom. Fair lö grac'd his shield, but lö now, With horns exalted stands, and seems to loru. Dryden.

Had he been born some simple shepherd's heir, The lowing herd, or fleecy sheep his care. Prior. Lo'wBELL. n. s. [laeye, Dutch; leg, Sax. or, log, Islandick, a flame, and bell.] A kind of fowling in the night, in which the birds are wakened by a bell, and lured by a flame into a net. Lowe denotes a flame in Scotland; and to lowe, to flame.

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