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LO'PILILY, adu. [from lovely.] Ami
What danger, Arimant, is this you fear!
Or what lovesecret which I must not hear! ably ; in such a manner as to excite
Loʻvesick, adj. [love and sick.] DisorThou look'st Ladlily dreadful.
dered with love; languishing with amoLU'VELINESS. 8. 5. (from lovely.] Ami.
tous desire. ableness ; qualities of mind or body
See, on the shoar, inhabits purple spring, that excite love.
Where nightingales their lovesick ditty sing.
Dryden. Carrying thus in one person the only two To the dear mistress of my lovesick mind, bands of good-will, lovciacss and lovingness.
Her swain a pretty present has design'd. Dryde
Of the reliefs to ease a lovesick mind,
Granville Her landliness, so absolute she seems,
Loʻvesom E. adj. [from love.] Lovely. A That what she wills to do, or say,
word not used. Seernis wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best. Milt. If there is such a native loveliness in the sex,
Nothing new can spring 25 to make them victorious when in the wrong,
Without thy warmth, without thy influence bear,
Or beautiful or lovesome can appear. how resistless is their power when they are on
Dryden. the side of truth?
LoʻVESONG. n. s. [love and song.) Song LOVELORX, adj. (love and lorn.] For
Poor Romeo is already dead! saken of one's love.
Stabb'd with a wench's black eye, The lovedern nightingale
Run through the car with a lovesong. Sbaksp. Nightly to thee her sad song mourneth well.
Lovesong weeds and satyrick thorns are grown, Milton.
Where seeds of better arts were early sown. Lo'vely. adj. [from love.] Amiable;
Donne. exciting love.
Loʻvesuit. n. s. [love and suit.] Court. The breast of Hecuba,
Shakspeere. Sauland Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in LoʻVETALE. n. s. [love and tale. ] Narra. their lives, and in their death they were not di
tive of love. vided.
Infected Sion's daughters with like heat;
Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch
Milton's Par. Lost. Thx in the meadows grew.
Cato's a proper person to entrust The Christian religion gives us a more lovely
A lovetale with!
Addison, charecer of God than any religion ever did.
Lo'vETHOUGHT. n. s. [love and thought.] The fair
Amorous fancy. With cleanly powder dry their hair;
Away to sweet beds of flowers, And round their lovely breast and head
Lovethoughts lie rich when canopied with bowers. Fresh to s'rs their mingled odours shed. Priør.
Sbakspeare. Lo'VEMONGER. 1. s. [love and monger.]
Lo'vetoy. 1. s. [love and toy.] Small
presents given by lovers. One who deals in affairs of love.
Has this amorous gentleman presented himself Thou art an old lovemonger, and speakest
with any lovetoys, such as gold snuff-boxes ? sifully. Shakspeare.
Arbuthnot. Lo'ver. 1. s. (from love.]
Lo'VETRICK. n. s. [love and trick.] Art 1. One who is in love.
of expressing love. Love is blind, and lovers cannot see
Other disports than dancing jollities; The pretty follies that themselves commit. Other lovetricks than glancing with the eyes. Sbakspeart.
Dorne. Let it be never said, that he whose breast
LOUGH. n. S. [loch, Irish, a lake.) A Is sil'd with love, should break a lover's rest.
lake; a large inland standing water.
A people near the northern pole that won, 1. A friend ; one who regards with kinda Whom Ireland sent from lougbes and forests Dess.
hore, Your brother and his lover have embrac'd. Divided far by sea from Europe's shore. Fairf.
Sbakspeare. Lough Ness never freezes. Pbil. Trans. I tell chee, fellow,
LOVING. participial adj. [from love.] The general is my lover : I have been
1. Kind; affectionate. The book of his good act, whence men have read His fame unparalield haply amplified. Sbaksp.
So loving to my mother,
That he would not let ev'n the winds of heav'n 3. One who likes any thing.
Visit her face too roughly. Shakspeare. To be good and gracious, and a lover of know- 'This earl was of great courage, and much ledge, are amiable things.
loved of his soldiers, to whom he was no less loving again.
Hayward. L'UVE?, n. s. [from l'ouvert, French,
2. Expressing kindness. an opening.) An opening for the smoke
The king took her in his arms till she came to go out at in the roof of a cottage. to ierself, and comforted her with loving words. Spenser.
Estber. LoʻVESECRET. 1. s. (love and secret.] Sea Lo'viNGKINDNESS. n. s. Tenderness; cet between lovers.
favour; mercy. A scriptural wird.
Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies, and Lout. n. s. [loete, Dutch, Mr. Lye.) A thy lovingkindnesses.
mean awkward fellow; a bumpkin; a He has adapted the arguments of obedience to
clown. the imperfection of our understanding, requir
Pamela, whose noble heart doth disdain, that ing us to consider him only under the amiable attributes of goodness and lovingkindness, and
the trust of her virtue is reposed in such a to adore him as our friend and patron. Rogers.
lout's hands, had yet, to shew an obedience, Lo'VINGLY. adv. [from loving.] Atter
taken on shepherdish apparel.
This lowt, as he exceeds our lords, the odds tionately; with kindness.
Is, that we scarce are men, and you are gods. The new king, having no less lovingly per
Sbakspeare. formed all duties to him dead than alive, pur
I have need of such a youth, sued on the siege of his unnatural brother, as That can with some discretion do my business ; much for the revenge of his father, as for the
For 'tis no trusting to yon foolish lout. Shaksp. establishing of his own quiet.
Sidney. Thus wail'd the louts in melancholy strain. It is no great matter to live lovingly with
Gay. good-natured and meek persons; but he that
To Lout. v.n. (hlutan, Sax.] To bend; can do so with the froward and perverse, he only hath true charity.
to bow; to stoop. Obsolete. It was LoʻvinGNESS. n. s. [from loving.) Kind.
used in a good sense.
He fair the knight saluted, louting low, ness; affection.
Who fair him quitted, as that courteous was. Carrying thus in one person the only two bands
Spenser of good-will, loveliness and lovingness. Sidney. Under the sand bag he was seen, LOUIS D'OR. n. s. (French.) A golden
Louting low, like a for’ster green. Ben Jensen, coin of France, valued at twenty shil. The palmer, grey with age, with count'nance lings.
loueting low, If he is desired to change a louis d'or, he must
His head ev'n to the earth before the king did consider of it.
Drayton, TO LOUNGE. v.n. [lunderen, Dutch.] To
TO LOUT. V. a. This word seems in idle ; to live lazily.
Sbakspeare to signify, to overpower. LoʻUNGER. n. s. [from lounge.] An idler.
I am lowted by a traitor villain, LOUSE, n. s. plural lice. [lus, Saxon ;
And cannot help the noble chevalier. Sbakse. luys, Dutch.] A sinall animal, of which LoʻUTISH. adj. [from lout.] Clownish; different species live on the bodies of bumpkinly. men, beasts, and perhaps of all living This loutish clown is such, that you never saw creatures.
so ill-favoured a visar; his behaviour such, that There were lice upon man and beast. Exodus.
he is beyond the degree of ridiculous. Sidney. Frogs, lice, and fies, must all his palace till
Lo'UTISHLY.adv. (from lout.] With the With loath'd intrusion.
Millon. air of a clown ; with the gait of a bumpIt is beyond even an atheist's credulity and kin. impudence to affirm, that the first men might Low. adj. proceed out of the tumours of trees, as maggots and flies are supposed to do now, or might grow
1. Not high.
Their wand'ring course now high, now low, upon trees; or perhaps might be the lice of some
then hid, prodigious animals, whose species is now extinct.
Milton, Not that I value the money the fourth part of 2. Not rising far upward. the skin of a loust.
Swift. It became a spreading vine of low stature. To Louse, w. a. [from the noun.] To
Ezekiel, clean from lice.
3. Not elevated in place, or local situation, As for all other good women, that love to do O mighty Cæsar! dost thou lye so low? but little work, how handsome it is to louse them- Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils, selves in the sunshine, they that have been but Shrunk to ihis little measure?
Sbalsp. a while in Ireland can well witness. Spenser. Equal in days and nights, except to those You sat and lous'd him all the sun-shine day. Beyond the polar circles; to them day
Swift. Had unbenighted shone, while the low sun, Lo’USEWORT. n.s. The name of a plant; To recompense liis distance, in their sight called also raitle and cocks-comb. Miller.
Had rounded still th’horizon, and not known
Or east or west. Lo’USILY. adv. (from louse.] Ina paltry,
Whatsoever is washed away from them is carmean, and scurvy way.
ried down into the lower grounds, and into the LO'USINESS. n. s. (from lousy.] The state sea, and nothing is brought back. Burnet. of abounding with lice.
4. Descending far downward; deep. Loʻusy. adj. [from louse.)
The lowest bottom shook of Erebus. Milten. 1. Swarming with lice; overrun with lice. So high as heav'd the tumid hills, so low, Let him be daub'd with lace, live high and Down sunk a hollow bottom, broad and deep, whore,
Capacious bed of waters.
Milton. Sometimes bé lousy, but be never poor. Dryden.
His volant touch Sweetbriar and gooseberry are only lousy in Instinct through all proportions low and high dry times, or very hot places. Mortimer. Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant figue. 2. Mean; low born ; bred on the dung
5. Not deep; not swelling high; shallow : I pray you now remembrance on the lousy used of water. knave mine høst.
As two men were walking by the sea-side at A lousy knave, to have his gibes and his mocke- low water, they saw an oyster, and both pointed ries, Sbakspears. at it together.
It is loop ebb sure with his accuser, when such 1. Not aloft; not on high. peccadillos are put in to swell the charge.
There under Ebon shades and low-brow'd Atterbury.
rocks, 6. Not of high price: as, corn is low. As ragged as thy locks, 7. Not loud: not noisy.
In dark Cimmerian desert ever dwell. Milton. As when in open air we blow,
My eyes no object met The breath, though strain’d, sounds flat and low : But low-hung clouds, that dipt themselves in But if a trumpet take the blast,
rain, It afts it high, and makes it last. Waller. To shake their fleeces on the earth again. Dryd. The theatre is so well contrived, that, from
No luxury found room the very deep of the stage, the lowest sound may
In low-rooft houses, and bare walls of lome. be heard distinctly to the farthest part of the
Dryden. audience; and yet, if you raise your voice as
Vast yellow offsprings are the German's pride ; fugh as you please, there is nothing like an echo But hoiter climates narrower frames obtain, to asse cafusion.
Addison. And low-built bodies are the growth of Spain. 8. In latitudes near to the line.
We wand'ring go through dreary wastes, Theytake their course either high to the north, or lose to the south.
Where round some mould'ring tow'r pale ivy 9. Not rising to so great a sum as some
And lotu-brow'd rocks hang nodding o'er the other accumulation of particulars.
Pope. Who can imagine, that in sixteen or seven
2. Not at a high price; meanly. It is teen hundred years time, taking the lorver chronckes, that the earth had then stood, mankind
chiefly used in composition. shoulw be propagated no farther than Judæa ?
Proud of their numbers and secure in soul, Burnet.
The confident and over-lusty French: 10. Late in time : as, the lower empire.
Do the low-rated English play at dice? Sbaksp.
This is the prettiest low-born lass, that ever 11. Dejected ; depressed.
Ran the greensord; nothing she does or seems, His spirits are so low his voice is drown'd, But smacks of something greater than herself, He nears as from afar, or in a swoon,
Too noble for this place.
Shaksp. Like the deaf murmur of a distant sound. Dryd. Whenever I am turned out, my lodge descends Though ne before had gall and rage,
upon a low-spirited creeping family. Swift. Wuch death or coaquest must assuage;
Corruption, like a general flood, He grcus dispirited and low,
Shall deluge all; and av'rice creeping on, Helates the fight, and shuns the foe. Prior.
Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the sun. 12. Impotent; subdued.
Pope. To be worst,
3. In times approaching toward our own. The levest, most dejected thing of fortune,
In that part of the world which was first inStand, still in esperance.
habited, even as low down as Abraham's tiine, Why but to awe,
they wandered with their flocks and herds. Whv bar to keep ve low and ignorant? Milton.
Locke. To keep them all quiet, he must keep them 4. With a depression of the voice. in greater awe and less splendor; which power Lucia, speak low, he is retir'd to rest. Addis. be e ill use to keep them as low as he pleases, 5. In a state of subjection. and at no more cost than makes for his own
How comes it that, having been once so low pleasure.
brought, and thoroughly subjected, they after13. Not elevated in rank or station ; ab. wards lifted up themselves so strongly again? ject.
Spenser. He woces both high and low, boch rich and
To Low. v.a. (from the adjective. j To poor.
Shakspeare. sink; to make low. Probably misTry in men of low and mean education, who printed for lower. have never elevated their thoughts above the The value of guineas was lowed from one-andSpade.
Locke. twenty shillings and sixpence to one-and-twenty 14. Dishonourable; betokening meanness shillings.
Swift. of mind : as, low tricks.
To Low. v. n. (hloran, Sax. The adjecYet sometimes nations will decline so low tive low, not high, is pronounced lo, From virtue, which is reason, that no wrong and would rhyme to no : the verb low, But iusuce, and some fatal course annexed, to bellow, lou; and is by Dryden rightly Desar.es them of their outward liberty, The inward lost.
rhymed to now.) To bellow as a cow.
Doth the wild ass bray when he has grass ? or 15. Not sublime; not exalted in thought leweth the ox over his fodder?
Fob. or diction.
The maids of Argos, who, with frantick cries, He has not so many thoughts that are low and And imitated lowings, fill'd the skies. Roscom. vulgar, bcs, at the sarne time, has not so many Fair lö grac'd his shield, but lö now, thecages that are sublime and noble. Addison. With horns exalted stands, and seems to low. in comparison of these divine writers, the
Dryden. nobiest wts of the heathen world are loqv and Had he been born some simple shepherd's heir, duil.
Felton. The lowing herd, or fieecy sheep his care. Prior. 16. Submissive; humble; reverent. Lo’WBELL. N. s. [laeye, Dutch; leg, Sax. I bring them to receive
or, log, Islandick, a flame, and tell.] A From thee their names, and pay their fealty With low subjection.
kind of fowling in the night, in which
Milton. From the tree her step she turn'd,
the birds are wakened by a bell, and But first low reverence done, as to the pow'r
Jured by a flame into a net. Lowe de. That duelt within,
Milton. notes a flame in Scotland ; and to lowe, Low. adv.
Lowe. The termination of local names. 2. Cloudiness of look.
Lowe, loe, comes from the Saxon hleap, a Philoclea was jealous for Zelmane, not with hill, heap, or barrow; and so the Gothick blaiw out so mighty a lower as that face could yield. is a monument or barrow. Gibsan.
Sidney, To LoʻWER. V. a. (from low.]
LO'WERINGLY. adv. [from lower.) With 3. To bring low; to bring down by way cloudiness; gloomily. of submission. As our high vessels pass their wat'ry way,
Lo’WERMOST. adj. [from low, lower, and Let all the naval world due homage pay;
most.] Lowest. With hasty reverence their top-honours lower,
Plants have their seminal parts uppermost, Confessing the asserted power, Prior.
living creatures have them lowermost. Baron. 2. To suffer to sink down.
It will also happen that the same part of the When water issues out of the apertures with
pipe which was now lowermost, will presently
become higher, so that the water does ascend by more than ordinary rapidity, it bears along with it such particles of loose matter as it met with
descending; ascending in comparison to the
whole instrument, and descending in respect of in its passage through the stone, and it sustains
its several parts.
Wilkins. those particles till its motion begins to remit, when by degrees it lowers them, and lets them LO'WLAND. n. s. [low and land ] The fall.
Woodward, country that is low in respect of neigh. 3. To lessen ; to make less in price or bouring hills; the marsh. value.
What a devil is he? The kingdom will loose by this lowering of in- His errand was to draw the lowland damps, terest, if it makes foreigners withdraw any of And noisome vapours from the foggy tens, their money.
Locke. Then breathe the baleful stench with all his Some people know it is for their advantage to
Dream lower their interest.
Child on Trade. No nat'ral cause she found from brooks or bogs, To Lo'wer. V. n. To grow less; to fall; Or marshy lowlands to produce the fogs. Doyda to sink.
Loʻwlily. adv. (from lowly.]
1. Humbly; without pride. By revolution low'ring, does become
2. Meanly; without dignity. The opposite of itself.
LO'WLINES5. n. s. [from lowly.] So Lo'WER. V. n. [It is doubtful what
1. Humility ; freedom from pride. was the primitive meaning of this word:
Lowliness is young ambition's ladder, it it was originally applied to the ap- Whereto the climber upward turns his face. pearance of the sky, it is no more than
Shekspear's to grow low, as the sky seems to do in
The king-becoming graces, dark weather: if it was first used of the As justice, verity, temp'rance, stableness,
Bounty, persev'rance, mercy, lowliness, countenance, it may be derived from
Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude; the Dutch Locren, to look askance: the
I have no relish of them.
Sbakspeare sw sounds as ou in bour; in the word
And grace, that won who saw to wish her stay,
Milton 3. To appear dark, stormy, and gloomy;
If with a true Christian locoliness of heart, and to be clouded.
a devout fervency of soul, we perform them, we Now is the winter of our discontent
shall find, that they will turn to a greater acMade glorious summer by this sun of York;
count to us, than all the warlike preparations in And all the clouds that lowvered upon our house, which we trust.
Atterbury In the deep bosom of the ocean buried. Sbaks. The low’ring spring, with lavish rain,
2. Meanness; want of dignity; abject deBeats down the slender stem and bearded grain. pression.
Dryder: They continued in that lowliness until the do When the heavens are filled with clouds, and vision between the two houses of Lancaster and al nature wears a lowering countenance, I with
Spenser. draw myself from these uncomfortable scenes. The lowliness of my fortune has not brought
Addison. me to flatter vice; it is my duty to give testia The dawn is overcast, the morning low'rs,
mony to virtue.
Dryder. And heavily in clouds brings on the day. Addis. Lo'wLY. adj. [from low.]
If on Swithin's feast the welkin lours,
1. Humble; meek; mild. Twice twenty days shall clouds their fleeces
Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me;
for I am meek and lowly
Mattbew. Gay. 1. To frown; to pout; to look sullen.
He did bend to us a little, and put his arms
abroad: we of our parts saluted him in a very There was Diana when Actaon saw her, and
lowly and submissive manner, as booking that one of her foolish nymphs, who weeping, and
from hinr we should receive sentence of life or withal lowering, one might see the workman
Bacon meant to set forth tears of anger. Sidney.
With cries they fillid the holy fane;' He mounts the throne, and Juno took her place,
Then thus with lowly voice Ilioneus began. But sullen discontent sat low'ring on her face ;
Dryden. Then impotent of tongue, her silence broke,
The heavens are not pure in his sight, and he Thus turbulent in rattling tone she spoke.
charges even his angels with folly ; with hor
lowly a reverence must we bow down our souls Dryden.
before so excellent a Being, and adore a Nature Lo'wer. n. s. [from the verb.)
so much superior to our own! 1. Cloudiness; gloominess.
2. Mean; wanting dignity; not great.
For from the natal hour distinctive names, Having the thoughts withheld from One common right the great and lowly claims. sublime or heavenly meditations; mean
of sentiment; narrow-minded. 3. Not lofty; not sublime.
Above the smoak and stir of this dim spot, For all who read, and reading not disdain,
Which men call earth, and with lowtboughted These rural poems, and their lowly strain,
care, The name of Varus oft inscrib'd shall see.
Strive to keep up a frail and feverish being. Dryden.
Milton. LO'WLY.pdu. [from low.)
Oh grace serene! Oh virtue heav'nly fair ! 1. Not highly; meanly; without gran- Divine oblation of lowthou Yhted care! deur ; witãout dignity.
Fresh blooming hope, gay daughter of the sky, I will shiew myself highly fed, and lowly And faith our early immortality taught;
LowSPI'RITED. adj. [low and spirit. ] DeI know my business is but to the court. Shaksp. jected ; depressed ; not lively; not vi"Tis better to be lowly born,
vacious; not sprightly. And range with humble livers in content, Than to be perk'd up in a glist'ring grief,
Severity carried to the highest pitch breaks the And wear a golden sorrow.
mind; and then, in the place of a disorderly
Sbakspeare. 2. Humbly; meekly; modestly.
young fellow, you have a lowspirited moped crea
Locke. Heav'n is for thee too high
LOXODROʻMICK. n. s. [accoç and drovoca] To know what passes there; be lowly wise :
Loxodromick is the art of oblique sailing by Think only what concerns thee, and thy being.
the rhomb, which always makes an equal angla
with every meridian; that is, when you sail
neither directly under the equator, nor under Preferr'd the same request, and lowly bow'd.
one and the same meridian, but across them:
Pope. hence the table of rhombs, or the transverse taLOWN, 8. s. (liur., Irish; loen, Dutch, a bles of miles, with the table of longitudes and la
stupid drone.) A scoundrel; a rascal. titudes, by which the sailor may practically find Not in use.
his course, distance, latitude, or longitude, is King Stephen was a worthy peer,
Harris, His breeches cost him but a crown,
LO'YAL. adj. (loyal, Fr.]
Of Gloster's treachery. Lo’WNESS. 8. s. (from low.)
And of the loyal service of his son,
When I inform'd him, then he callid me sot. 1. Contrariety to height; small distance
Sbakspearta from the ground.
Loyal sutjects often seize their prince,
Yat mean his sacred person not the least offence. By th' height, the lowness, or the mean, if dearth
Dryden. Or foizon follow,
Sbakspeare. 2. Faithful in love ; true to a lady, or The lowness of the bough where the fruit
lover, cometh, maketh the fruit greater, and to ripen better; for you shall even see, in apricots upon
Hail, wedded love! by thee
Founded in reason loyal, just, and pure. Milton, a wall, the greatest fruits towards the bottom.
There Laodamia with Evadne moves,
Bacon. In Gothick cathedrals, the narrowness of the
Unhappy boch! but loyal in their loves. Dryden. arch makes it rise in height, the lowness opens it LO'YALIST. n. s. [from loyal.] One who in breadth.
professes uncommon adherence to his 2. Meanness of character or condition, king. whether mental or external.
The cedar, by the instigation of the Inalists, Nothing could have subdu'd nature
fell out with the homebians.
Howel. To such a lowness but his unkind daughter.
LO'YALLY. adv. [from lojal.] With fide
lity; with true adherence to a king; To the young man send humble treaties,
with fidelity to a lover. And palter in the shift of lowness. Sbakspeare.
The circling year I wait with ampler stores, 3. Want of rank; want of dignity.
And fitter pomp, to hail my native shores; The name of servantshas of old been reckoned
Then by my realis due homage would be paid, to imply a certain meanness of mind, as well as
For wealthy kings are loyally obey'd. lourner of condition.
LO'YALTY: n s. [liauti, Fr.] 4. Want of sublimity; contrary to lofti- 1. Firm and faithful adherence to a prince. ness of style or sentiment.
Though lovalty, well held, to fools does make Hisxile is accommodated to his subject, either
Our taith mere folly; yet he hat can endure , bich o: low; it his fault be too much lowness,
To follow with allegiance a tall’n lord, 12 of Persius is the hardness of his metaphors.
Does conquer him that did his master conquer. Dryden.
Sbakspeare. 5. Submissiveness.
He had never had any veneration for the The people were in such lowness of obedience
court, but only such loyalty to the king as the law required.
Cizrer.don. as subjects were like to yield, who had lived al
Abdiel faithful found most iour-and-twenty years under so politick a
Unshaken, unseduc'd, unterrify'd, king as his father.
Milton. 6. Depression ; dejection.
For loyalty is süll the same, Hence that poverty and lotvness of spirit to Whether it win or lose the game; which a kingdom may be subject, as well as a True as the dial to the sun, particular person.
Swift. Although it be not shone upon. Hudibras LowTha’UCHTED. adj. [lowand thought.] 2. Fidelity to a lady, or lover.