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'Lux'TION.n. s. [lunaison,'Fr. luna, Lat.]
The revolution of the moon.
If the lanations be observed !or a cycle of nineteen years, which is the cycle of the moon, the same observations will be veritied tor succeeding cycles for ever.
Holder on Time. LUNCH. 1. s. (Minsbew derives it LU'NCHEON.S from louja, Spanish ;
Shinrer from kleinken, a small piece,
Gay. LUNE. 7. S. (luna, Lat.) 1. Any thing in the shape of a half moon.
A troop of Jantzaries strew'd the field,
Waits. 2. Fits of lunacy or frenzy; mad freaks.
The French say of a man fantastical or
Shakspeare. 3. A leash : as, th- lane of a hawk. LUNEʻITE. 7. s. (French.) A small half
Laatte is a covered place made before the ocurune, which consists of two faces that form an 2nçle inxards, and is commonly raised in fosses tull ef water, to serve instead of a fausse brave, and to dispute the enemy's passage : it is six tcises in exteni, ot which the parapet is four.
Trevoux. Lusgs. 1.5. [lungen, Sax. long, Dut.]
The lighis; the purt by which breath is inspired and expired.
More would I, but my lungs are wasted so,
Hidi a hundred mouths, a hundred tongues,
Lryaen. LU'NGED. adj. (from lungs.] Having
Jurgs; baving the nature of lungs; drawing in and emitting air, as the lungs in an animal body.
The smith prepares his hammer for the stroke, While the lang'd bellows hissing tire provoke.
Dryuen. LONG-GROWN. adj. (lung and grown.)
The lungs sometimes grow fast to the skin thit Enes the breast within; whence such as are dea tained with that accident are lung-grown.
Harvey. LU'NGWORT. 1. s. (pulmonaria, Latin.) A plant.
Milier, LunisoʻLAR. adj. (lunisolaire, Fr. luna
and solaris, Lat.] Compounded of the
revolution of sun and moon. LUNT. n. s. [lonte, Dut.] The matchcord
with which guns are bred. Lu'PINE. K. s. [lupin, Fr. lupinus, Lat.) A
kind of pulse.
It has a papilionaceous flower, out of whose empalement rises the pale, which afterwards turns into a pod filled with either plain or spherical steds: the leaves grow like fingers upon the foot stalks.
When Protogenes would undertake auy excellent piece, he used to diet himself with peas and lapines, that his invention might be quick and retined.
Percbam on Drawing. Where stalks of lupines grew, Th' ensuing season, in rocurn, may bear
The bearded product of the golden year. Dryd. LURCH. n. s. (This word is derived by
Skinner from l'curcke, a game of draughts, much used, as he says, among the Dutch ; our he he derives from arca ; so that, I suppose, those that are lost are left in lorche, in the lurch or box;
whence the use of the word.] To leave in the LURCH. To leave in a
forlorn or deserted condition; ti leave without help. A ludicrous phrase.
Will you now to peace incline, And languish in the inrin desig!), And leute us in tbe lurch.
Denham. But though thou'rt of different church, I will no: leuve tilec in the lur:b. Hildibras,
Have a care how you keep company with those thai, when they find themselves upon a pinch, will leave their friends in the lurch.
L'Es:range, Can you break your word with three of the honestest best meaning persons in the world? It is base to take advantage of their simplicity and credulity, and leave them in the lurib a: last.
Arbuthnot. Flirts about town had a design to cast us out of the fashionable world, and leuve us in tblurib, by some of their late relinements.
Addison T6 LURCH. V. n. (loeren, Dutch, or rather
froni che noun.) 1. To sbift; to play tricks.
I myself, sometimes leaving goodness on my left hand, and hidin' mine honour in my neces. sity, aın sain to shufile, tu hedge, and to lurcis.
Sbakspearoa 2. To lie in wait: we now rather use lurk.
While the one was upon wing, the other stood lur.bing upon the ground, and flew away rith tho tish.
L'Estrange. To LURCH. V. a. [lurcor, Latin.] 1. To devour; to swallow greedily.
Too far off from great cities may hinder business; or too near luribeth all provisions, and maketh every thing dear.
Puconta 2. To defeat: tò disappoint. A word
now used only in burlesque. [from the game lurch.)
He waxed like a sea; And, in the brunt of seventeen battles since, He buribt all swords o'th' garland. Shalspeare.
God never designed the use of them to be cominual; by putting such an emptiness in them, as should so quickly fail and burib the expectation.
South. This is a sure rule, that will never deceive or lurch the sincere communicant.
Soutb. 3. To steal privily ; to filch; to pilfer. LU'RCHER. 1. s. (from Lurch.] 1. One that watches to steal, or to betray
His thefts some tradesman spies,
of some eighty houses, and borrowing his name Swift from his play the scudding lurcler flies; from a mill and little brook running there Whilst ev'ry honest congue Stop thiet resounds. through.
Cartw. Gag. They lay not to live by their worke, 2. A dog that watches for his game. But theevishly loser and lurke. Tusser. I cannot represent those worthies more naru
If sinners entice thce, consent not; if they rally than under the shadow of a pack of dogs,
say, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily maje of finders, lur:bors, and setters. Tatler. for the innocent. up
Proverbs. 3. [lurco, Lat.) A glucron; a gorman
The wife, when danger or dishonour lurks, dizer. Not used.
Safest, and seemliest by her husband stays.
Milton, Lure. n. s. [leurre, Fr. lorë; Dut.)
See 1. Something held out to calla hawk.
The lurking gold upon the fatal tree. Dryden, My faulcon now is sharp and possing empty,
The king unseen
Pope This lure she cast abroad, thinking that this I do not lurk in the dark: I am not wholly fame and belief would draw, at one time or other, unknown to the world: I have set my nanie at some birds to strike upon it. Bacon's Henry VII. length.
Swift. A great e tate to an heir, is as a Aure to all the Lu’RKER. n. s. [from lurk.] A thief that birds of prey round about to seize on him.
lies in wait.
Bacon. This stiffneck'd pride, nor art nor force can LUʻRKINGPLACE. n. s. [lurk and place.] bend,
Hiding place ; secret place. Nor high-lown hopes to reason's lure descend.
Take knowledge of all the lurking places where Denbam. he hideth himself.
1 Samuel A falc'ner Henry is, when Emma hawks; With her of tarsels, and of lures he talks. Prior. LU'scious. adj. (from delicious, say some; 2. Any enticement; any thing that pro
but "Skinner more probably derives it mises advantage.
from luxurious, corruptly pronounced. How many have with a smile made small ac- 1. Sweet, so as to nauseate. count
2. Sweet in a great degree. Of beauty, and her lures, easily scorn'd
The food that to him now is as luscious as All her assaults, on worthier things intent? loches, shall shortly be as bitter as coloquintida. Milton.
With brandish'd blade rush on him, break his Held out her lure to his supcriour eve,
glass, Aud griev'd to see him pass contemptuous hy. And shed the luscious liquor on the ground. Hudlen.
Miiter, TO LURE. v. n. (from the noun.] To call Blown roses hold their sweetness to the last, hawks.
Aud raisins keep their luscious native taste. Standing near one that lured loud and skrill, I
Dryden. had suddenly an offence, as, if somewhat had 3. Pleasing; delightful. broken, or been dislocated in my ear, and inne- He will bait hầm in with the luscious proposal diately after a loud ringing. Bacon. of some gainful purchase.
Sostb. TO LURE. V. a. To attract; to entice; LUʻscioUSLY. adv. [from luscious.] to draw.
Sweet to a great degree.
LU'SCIOUSNESS. n. s. [from luscious.] Against the day of battle, to a field
Immoderate sweetness. Where armies lie encanpid, come flying, lur'd
Can there be a greater indulgence in God, than With scent of living carcases.
Milton, to embitter sensualities whose lusciousness intor, A man spent one day in labour, that he might cates us, and to clip wings which carry us from pass the other at ease; and iured on by the plea- him?
Decay of Piety. sure of this bait, when he was in vigour he would
Peas breed worms by reason of the luscious provide for as many days as he couid. Temple.
ness and sweetness of the grain. Mortimer. Should
LU'SERN. K. s. (lupus cervarius, Lat.] A From this dark haunt, beneath the tangled roots lynx. Of pendant trees, the monarch of the brook, Bchoves you then to ply your finest art.
Lush. adj. Of a dark, deep, full colour, Thomson.
opposite to pale and faint; from lousche. Volumes on shelter'd stalls expanded liv,
Hanmer. And various science lures the learned eve. Gay. How lush and lusty the grass looks ? how LU'RID. adj. (luridus, Lat.] Gloomy ;
Shakspeare, dismal. Not used.
Lusk. adj. [lusche, Fr.] Idie ; lazy ; Slow seitling o'er the lurid grove,
Dict. Unusual dark:ess broods.
Thomson. Jo Lurk. v. 11. (probably lurch and lurk LU'SKISH, adj. [from lusk.) Somewhat are the same word. See LURCH.] To
inclinable to laziness or indolence. lie in wait; to lie hidden; to lie close.
LU'SKISHLY. adv. [from luskish.] Lazily; Far in land a savage nation dwelt,
indolently. That ncver tasted grace, nor goodness felt; LU'SKISHNESS. n. s. [from luskish.] А Lut like wild beasts, lurking in loathsome den, And flying fast as roebuck through the fen,
disposition to laziness.
Spenser Fairy Oireen. LusoʻRIOUS. adj. [lusorius, Lat.] Used Milbrook lurkett between two hills, a village in play ; sportive.
Things more open to exception, yet un- LU'STPULLY. odv. (írom lustful.) With. justis condemned as unlawful; such as the luso- sensual concupiscence.
ris lors, dancing, and stage-plays. Sandersen. LU'STFULNESS, 1. s. [from lustful] li. Lu'sORY. adj. (liisorius, Latin.) Used in bidinousness. play.
LU'STIHED. ?n.s. (from lust;.] Vigour; There might be many entertaining contriv- Lu'sTIHOOD.S sprightliness, corporal antes, for the ins:ruction of children in geome
ability. Not in use. trv and geograpny, in such alluring and lusory
A goodly personage,
Now in his freshest power o: bustybed,
Hit to inflame fair lady with love's rage. Spensera LUST. 11. s. (lust, Sax. lust, Durch.]
Rexson and respect 1. Carnal desire.
Make livers rale, and lustibool Jejected. Shukspo "This our court, infected with their manners,
I'll prove it on lois body; Shews like a riotous inn, epicurism and bust
Despight his nice fence, and his active practice, Make it more like a tavern or a brothel,
His Niay of youth and bloom of lustybood. Than a grac'd palace.
Sbakspeare. Lz:, and rank thoughts.
LU'STILY, adv. (from lustz.) Stously ; They are immoderately given to the lust of with vigour ; with mettle. the flesh, making no conscience to get bastards. I determine to figit lustily for him. Sbakspa
Now, gensleniert, When a temptation of lust assaults thee, do Let's tune, and to it lus!?! y awhile. no resist it by disputing with it, but fiy from it, Barbarossa took upon him that painful journey,
that is, think not at all of it. Taylor's Fiuly Liv. which the old king lustily performed. Xrolles. 2. Any violent or irregular desire.
He has fought lustily for her, and deserves her. I will divide the spoil; my bust sh..ll be satis
Souiberne. fied upon ther,
Exodus.. LU'STINESS. n. s., (from lustg.). SioutThe ungodly, for his own lust, doth persecute ness; sturdiness; strength; vigour of the poor: let theiu be taken in the cratiy wili
body. Elss they imagined.
Fresh Clarion being ready dighe, Virtue was represented by Hercules : le is
He with good speed began to take his flight drawn offering to strike a dragon; by the dragon Over the fields in his frank /ustiness.
Spensere are meant ali manner of lusts. Peacbum. Where there is so great a prevention of the or• All weigh our acts, and whate'er seems un
dinary time, it is the lustiners of the child; but just,
when it is less, it is some indisposition of the Ispute nor lo necessity, but lust. Dryden. mother.
Bacon, The last of lucre.
Cappadocian slaves were famous for their 3. Vigour, active power ; lustiness. Nut lastiness, and being in good liking, were set on a used.
scall to shew the good habit of their body, and Trees will grow greater, and bear better fruit,
made to play cricks bezor: the buyers to shew if you put salt, or lecs of wine, or biovi, to the
their activity and strength. Dryden's Perseuro Toot: the cause may be, the increasing the lust
Lu'stless: adj. (froin lusi.) Not vigoor spirit of the root. Bacon.
Spenser. T. LUST. v. n.
Lu'strul. adj. [lustrale, Fr, lustrolis, 1. To desire carnally.
Latin.) Used in purification. Inconstant inan, thác loved all he saw,
His better parts hy lusirsi waves rein'd, And bestod aller all that he did love. Riscom. Niore pure, and nearer to æthereal mind.
Garth, 2. To desire veliemently.
LUSTRATION. 7. s. [lustrction, Fr. lustra. Givin; sometimes prodigally; not because he Icred them to whom he yuve, but because he
tio, L:it.) Purification by water. ested to give.
Job's religionis care The Christian captives in chains could no way
His sons assembles, whose united prayer, more themselves, it they should unadvisedly
Like sweet perfumes from golden cerisers rise; . ini afici liberty:
He with divine lustrations sanctities. Sandys. 3. To list; to like. Out of use.
That spirits are corporeal seems a conceit 'Their eve's sovell with fatness; and they do
derogative unto himself, and such as he should
rather labour to overthrow; yet thereby he Even i bai they lust.
establisheth the doctrine of lustrations, amulets, 4. To have irregular dispositions, or de- and charms.
Should lo's priest command The mixed multitude fell a lusting; and the
A pilgrimage to Meroc's burning sand; children of Israel also wept, and said, 'Who shall
Through deserts they would seek the secret pre us flesh to eat?
spring, 'l be spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy.
And holy water for listration bring. Drydere James.
What' were all their lustrations but so many LU'STFUL. adj. (lust and full.]
solemn purifyings, to render both themselves 1. Libidinous ; having irregular desires.
and their sacrifices acceptable to their gods?
South. Turring rathful fire to lusiful heat,
By ardent pray'r, and clear lustration, With beastly sin thought her to have defil'd.
Purge the contagious spots of human wcakness;
Impure no mortal can behold Apollo. Prior, beit besides the guilt likewise stains and obscures tis soul
1. Brightness; splendour; glittera 2. Provoking to sensuality ; inciting to
You have one eye left to see some mischief lost,
-Lest it see more, prevent it; out, vilc gelly ! Theace lis lustful orgies he enlarg d. Miller where is thy buatre now?
To the soul time doth perfection give, To LUTE. V. a. (from the noun.] TO And adds íresh lustre toner beaury still. Davics.
close with lute, or chymicis clay. The scorching sun was mouried higii,
Take a vessel of iron, and let it have a cover In all its lustre, to the noonday sky, 4.isna.
of iron well buted, aiter the manner of the chy. Pass but some feeling years, and these poor
Iron may be so heated, that, being closely Where now without a boast some lustre lies,
lated in a glass, it shall constantly retain
the fire. No longer shall their little honours keep,
Wilkins. But only be of use to read or weep.
LU’TULENT. adj. (lutulentus, Latin.] All nature laughs, the groves are fresh and fair,
Muddy ; turbid. The sun's mild lustre warns the vital air. Pope. To Lux. I v.a. [luxer, French; luxo, 2. A sconce with lights.
To LU'XATE. S Latin.] To put out of Ridotta sips, and dances still she see.
joint; to disjoint. The doubling lustres dance as quick as she. Pope. Consider well the luxated joint, which way it 3. Emninence; renown.
slipped out; it requirctá co be returned in the His ancestors continued ahout four hundred
Wiseman. years, rather without obscurity than with any Descending careless from his couch, the fall grcat lustre.
WVction, Lux'd his joint neck, and spinal marrow bruis’d. I used to wonder how a man of birth and
Pbilips. spirit could endure to be wholly insignificant and Luxa’TION. 1. s. [froin luxo, Latin.) obscure in a foreign country, wlien he might 1. The act of disjointing. live with lustre in his own.
2. Any thing disiointed. 4. (trom lustre, Fr. lustrum, Lat.] The
The undue situation or connexion of parts, space of five years.
in fractures and luxutions, are to be rectified by LU'STRING. n.'s. [frum lustre.]' A shin- chirurgical means.
Fio;er. ing silk; commonly pronounced lute- LUXE. n. s. (Fr. luxus, Lat.) Luxury; string.
voluptuousness Not used. LU'STROUS. adj. [from lustre.] Bright;
The pow'r of wealth I try'd, shining ; luminous.
And all the various luxe of costly pride. Prior. Noble heroes, my sword and yours are kin, LUXURIANCE.! 1. s. (trom luxurians, good sparks and lustrous.
LUXUʻRIANCY.S Lat.] Exuberance;' The more lustrous the imagination is, it nlleth abundant or wanton plenty or growth. and fixeth the better.
Bacon.. A fungus prevents healing only by its luxva Lu'sTWORT. lll. s. [lust and wort.] An riency.
Flowers grow up in the garden in the greatest LU'sty. adj. [lustig, Dutch.] Stout;
luxuriancy and profusion.
While through the parting robe th' alternate vigorous; healthy, abie of body.
breast Ühis lusty lady came from Persia late,
In full luxuriance rosc. Thorson's Summer. She with the Christians had encounter'd oft.
LUXU'RIANT. adj. (luxurians, Lat.) ExIf lusty love should go in quest of beauty, uberant ; superfluously pienteous. Where should he nnd it fairer than in Binuch? A fluent and luxuriant speech becomes youth Sbai prare. well, but not aze.
Bacon. We yet may see the old man in a morning, The mantling vine gently creeps luxuriant. Lusty as health, come riday to the field,
Milion, And there pursue the chace.
Otrvay. If the fancy of Ovid be luxuriant, it is his
characier to be so. LU'TANIST. 11. s. (from lute.] One who
Prune the luxuriant, the uncouth refine, plays upon the lute.
But shew no mercy to an empty line. LUTARJOUS. adj. (lutariis, Lat:)
To LUXU'RIATE. U. n. [luxurior, Lat.) 1. Living in mud. 2. Of the colour of mud.
To grow exuberstly; to shoot with A scaly tortoise-shell of thc lutarious kind.
Grew. Luxu'RIOUS. adj. (luxurieux, Fr. luxitLUTE. n. s. (luth, lut, Fr.)
riosus, Latin.) 3. A stringed instrument of musick. 1. Delighting in the pleasures of the table. Orpheus with his lute made trces,
2. Administering to luxury. And the mountain tops that ireeze,
Those whom last thou saw'st Bow themselves when he did sing. Shaksp. In triumph and lux:'rions wealth, are they
May must be drawn with a siveet countchance, First scen in acts of prowess eminent, upon his head a garland of roses, in one bunda And great exploits, but of true virtue void. Peacban.
Milton. In a sadly pleasing strain
The luxurious board.
Anun. Let the warbling late complain. Pope. 3. Lustful; libidinous.
A lite string will bear a hundred weight with- She knows the heat of a luxurious bed : out rupture, but at the same time cannot eiert Her blush is guiltiness, not modesty. Sbaksp. its elasticity
I grant hiin bloody, Lands of singing, or of dancing slaves, Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful. Sbaskp. Love-whisp'ring woods, and buto-resounding 4. Voluptuous; enslaved to pleasure.
Luxurious cities, where the noise 3. [from lut, Fr. lutum, Lat.) A composi- Of riot ascends above their lottiost tow'rs. tion like clay, with which chymists
Milton close up their vessels.
5. Softening by pleasure. Some temper lute, come spacious vessels love, Repel the Tuscan foes, their city seize, Thiuse furnaces erect, and those apprvir. Gunth. Protect the Laçians in laxuriour ease. Drydene
6. Luxuriant ; exuberant.
LYMPHATICK. n. s. (lymphatique, French; . Till more bands
from lympba, Latin ). Aid us, the work under our labour grows
The lymphaticks are slender pellucid cubes, Luzurisas by restraint.
Milton. whose cavities are contracted at small and unLUXUʻRIOUSLY, adv. (from luxurious.] equal distances: they are carried into the glands Deliciously; voluptuously.
of the mesen'ery, receiving first a fine ihin Hotter hours you have
lymph from the lympbatick ducts, which dilutes Luxurisusiy pick'd out.
Cbeyne. Where mice and rats devour'd poetic bread,
Upon the death of an animal, the spirits inay And with hervic verse luxuriously were fed.
sink into the veins, or lympbaticks, and glass
Floyer. He never surt in solemn state;
LY'MPHEDUCT. 1. s. (lympha and ductus, Nor duy to night luxuriously did join. Dryden. Latin.) A vessel which canveys the LU'XURY. n. s. (luxuré, oid Fr. luxuria,
The glands, 1. Voluptuousness; addictedness to plea- All artful knots, of various hollow threads, sure.
Which lympheducts, an art'ry, nerve, and ycin, Egypt with Assyria strove
Involv'd and close together wound, contain. In Weaith and luxury. Milton.
Blackmore, Riches expuse a nian to pride and luxury, and LY'NDENTREE. 1. s. (tilia, Latin.] A a foolish elation of heart,
Spectator. plant. 2. Lust ; lewdness.
J.YNX. n. s. (Latio.] A spotted beast, Urge his hateful luxury, His be tial appetite in change of lust,
remarkable for speed and sharp sight. Which stretch'd unto their servants, daughters,
He that has an idea of a beast with spots, has W1CS.
but a confused idea of a leopard, it not being
thereby sufficiently distinguished from a lynx. 3. Luxuriance ; exuberance.
Locke. Young trees of several kinds set contiguous What modes of sight betwixt each wide ex. in a fruiitil ground, with the luxury of the trees
The mole's dim curtain, and the linx's beam. De icions fare.
Pope. He cut the side of the rock for a garden, and LYRE. n. s. (lyre, French ; lyra, Latin.) by laying on it earth, furnished out a kind of luxury for a hermit.
A barp; a musical instrument to which
poetry is, by poetical writers, supposed LY. A very frequent termination both of
to be suing names of places and of adjectives a: :d
With other notes then to th' Orphean lvre. adverbs. When ly terminates the name
Milton. of a place, it is derived from le?g, Sax. ' My softest verse, my darling lyri, a field. Gibson. When it ends an ad- Upon Euphelia's toilet lay.
Prior. jective or adverb, it is contracted from He never touched his lyre in such a truly licb, like: as, beastly, beastlike; plainly,
chromatick manner, as upon that occasion.
Arbutbnos. plainlike. Lyca’NTHROPY. 1. s. (lycanthropie, Fr. I Y'RICAL. adj. [/yricus, Lat. lyrique,
rizzo and á. Ow7o5.) A kind of mad- LY’RICK. Fr.) Pertaining to a harp; ness, in which men have the qualities
or to odes or poetry sung to a harpi of wild beasts.
singing to a harp. He sees like a man in his sleep, and grows as
All his trophics hung and acts enrollid much the wiser as the man that dreamt of a dy
In copious legend, or sweet lyrick'song. Miltona
Somewhat of the purity of English, somewhat cartbroty, and was for ever after wary not to time near a river
of more equal thoughts, somewhat of sweetness Taylor.
Spenser. LYBE. adj. for like.
in the numbers; in one word, somewhat of a
finer turn, and more lyrical verse, is yet wantLY'ING. participial roun, from lie, whether
Dryden. jt signifies to be recumbent, or to speak The lute neglected, and the lyrick muse, falsely, or otherwise.
Love taught my tears in sadder notes to flow, They will have me whipt for speaking true, And tun'd my heart to elegies of woe. Popa. thou wilt have me whipe for lying, and some- LY'RICK. n. s. A poet who writes songs umes I am whipt for holding my peace. Sboksp. to the harp.
Many tears and temptations befal me by the lying in wait of the Jews.
The greatest conqueror in this nation, after
the manner of the old Grecian lyricks, did not LYMPH. 1. s. (lymphe, French; lympha, only compose the words of his divine odes, but Latin.) Water; iransparent colourless set them to musick himself.
LY'RIST. n.s (lyristes, Lat.) A musician When the chvle passeth through the mesen- who plays upon the harp. tery, it is mixed with the lymph, the most spi- His tender theme the charming lyrist chose rituous and elaborated part of the blood.
Minerva's anger, and the diretul woes LY'YPHATED. adj. (lymphatus, Latin.)
Which voyaging from Troy the victors bore.