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I tare given you the library of a painter, and - We procured a licence of the duke of Parma a catalogue of such books as he ought to read. to enter the theatre and gallery. Addison on Italy.
Dryden. 3. Liberty ; permission. T. LIBRATE. v. a. (libro, Latin.] To It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver
poise; to balance ; to hold in equipoise. any man to die, hefore that he which is accused LIBRA’TION, 6.s. (libratio, Lat. libration,
have the accusers face to tace, and have licence to answer for himself.
To LICENSE. v.a. [licencier, Fr.] 1. The state of being balanced. This is what may be said of the balance, and
1. To perinit by a legal grant. she libration of the body. Dryden's Dufresnoy.
Wit's Titans brav'd the skies,
And the press groan'd with licens'd blasphemies. In loose Liérations stretch'd, to trust the void
Popies Trembling refuse.
2. To dismiss ; to send away. Not in use. 2. (In astronomy]
He would play well, and willingly, at some Libreter is the balancing motion or trepida
greatest attention, which shewed, that tion in the firmament, whereby the declination
when he listed ue could license his thoughts.
Wotton. of the sun, and the latitude of the stars, change from time to time. Astronomers likewise as
LICENSER. N. s. (from license.] A grancribe to the moon a libratory motion, or motion ter of permission; commonly a tool of trepidation, which they pretend is from east
power. to rest, and from north to south, because that Lice'ntiate, n. s. [licentiatus, low Lat.) a full moon they sometimes discover parts of
I, A man who uses license. Not in use. Bier dekshich are not discovered at other times.
The licentiates somewhat licentiously, lest they 'T Dese kinds are called, the one a libration in kongitude, and the other a libration in latitude.
should prejudice poetical liberty, will pardon Besides this, there is a third kind, which they
themselves for doubling or rejecting a letter, if the sense fall aptly.
Camden, call an apparent libration, and which consists in this, that when the moon is at her greatest elon
2. A degree in Spanish universities. Sation from the south, her axis being then almost A man might, after that time, sue for the deperpendicular to the plane of the ecliprick, the
gree of licentiate or master in this faculty. Ayliffe. sun must enlighten towards the north pole of To LICENTIATE. v.a. [licentier, Fr.j To the move some parts which he did not before, permit; to encourage by license. and that, on the contrary, some parts of those We may not hazard either the stifing of
genewhich he enlightened towards the opposite pole rous inclinations, or the licentiating of any thing are obscured; and this produces the same efiect that is coarse. whicn the libration in latitude does. Dict. Trev. LICE'NTIOUS. adj. [licencieux, French;
Those planets which move upon their axis, do licenciosus, Latin.) Dot ali zake intire revolutions; for the moon raketh only a kind of libration, or a reciprocated
1. Unrestrained by law or morality. nction on her own axis.
Later ages pride, like corn-fed steed, LÍBRATORY. adj. (from libro, Lat.] Ba
Abus'd her plenty, and fat swoln encrease,
To all licentious lust, and 'gan exceed lancing ; playing like a balance.
The measure of her mean, and natural first need, Lice, the plural of louse.
Fairy Queen. Red blisters rising on their paps appear,
How would it touch thee to the quick,
Till the slow creeping evil eats his way. Dryden. With ruffian lust should be contaminate? Sbak,
So often oversiow'd the neighbouring fields, and necessary restraint.
Now runs a smooth and inoffensive course.
Roscommon. Some of the wiser seeing that a popular licence is indeed the many-headed tyranny, prevailed LICE'NTIOUSLY, adv. (from licentious.] with the rest to make Musidorus their chief. With too much liberty; without just
The licentiates, somewhat licentiously, will
LICE'NTIOUSNESS. n. s. (trom licentious.]
Boundless liberty ; contempt of just
Milton. One error is so fruitsul, as it begetteth a thouThe privilege that arcient poets claim,
sand children, if the licentiousness thereof be not Nor turn'd to license by too just a name. Roscom. timely restrained.
Raleigb. Though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not This custom has been always looked upon, by a stue of license; though man, in that state, the wisest men, as an effect of licentiousness, and Leve an uncontroulable liberty to dispose of his not of liberty.
Swift. person or possessions, yet he has not liberty to During the greatest licentiousness of the press, destroy himself.
Locke. the character of the queen wiis insulted. Svift. 2. A grant of permission.
Lich. 3, s. [lice, Saxon.) A dcad car. They sent some to bring them a license from case; whence lichwakı, the time or act the senzte.
Judith, Those few aústract names that the schools
of watching by the dead, lichgate, the forged, and put into the mouths of their scho
gate through which the dead are car. lars, could never yet get admittance into common
ried to the grave; Lichfield, the ticid of use, as obtain the lieçnce of publick approbation.
the dead, a city m Staffordshire, so Locke. named from martyred christians. Salve
magna parens. Licbwake is still retained Licoricz. n. s. [yuxuperba ; liquoricia, in Scotland in the same sense.
Italian.] A root of sweet taste. LICHOWL, n. s. [lich and owl.] A sort Liquorice root is long and slender, externally
of a dusky reddish brown, but within of a fine of owl, by the yulgar supposed to fore
yellow, full of juice, and of a taste sweeter than tel death.
grows wild in many parts of France, To Lick. v. a. [licean, Saxon; lecken, Italy, Spain, and Germany. The inspissated Dutch.)
juice of this root is brought to us from Spain and 1. To pass over with the tongue.
Holland; from the first of which places it ob
tained the name of Spanish juice. Æsculapius went about with a dog and a she
Hill's Materia Medica, goat, both which he used much in his cures; the
LI'CTOR. n. s. first for licking all ulcerated wounds, and the
(Latin.] A beadle that goat's milk for the diseases of the stomach and
attended the consuls to apprehend or
Temple. punish criminals.
Will catch at us like strumpets. Sbakspeare. Has dick'd it into shape and frame. Hudibras. Proconsuls to their provinces He with his tepid rays the sose renews,
Hasting, or on return, in robes of state, And licks the drooping leaves, and dries the dews. Lictors and rods the ensigns of their power. Dryden.
Milton. I have seen an antiquary lick an old coin, Democritus could feed his spleen, and shake among other trials, to distinguish the age of it His sides and shoulders till he felt 'em ake; by its taste.
Addison. Though in his country-town no lictors were, 2. To lap; to take in by the tongue. Nor rods, nor ax, nor tribune. Dryden. At once pluck out
LID. n. s. (hlid, Saxon; lied, German.] The multitudinous tongue; let them not lick 1. A cover ; any thing that shuts down
The sweet which is their poison. Shakspeare. over a vessel ; any stopple that covers 3. To Lick up. To devour.
the mouth, but not enters it. Now shall this company lick up all that are Hore, instead of flying off with the rest, stuck round about us, as the ox licketb up the grass. so close to the lid of the cup, that it was shut Numbers. down upon her.
Addison. When luxury has lick’d up all thy pelf, 2. The membrane that, when we sleep or Curs'd by thy neighbours, thy trustees, thyself:
wink, is drawn over the eye. Think how posterity will treat thy name. Pope.
Do not for ever with thy veiled lids, Lick. n. s. (from the verb.) A blow; Seek for thy noble father in the dust. Sbalsp. rough usage: a low word.
Our eyes have lids, our ears still ope we keep. He turned upon me as round as a chafed boar,
Davies, and gave me a lick across the face. Dryden. That eye dropp'd sense distinct and clear, LICKERISH. adj. [liccera, a glutton,
As any muse's tongue could speak;
When from its lid a pearly tear. LI'CKEROUS. Saxon. This seems to
Ran trickling down her beauteous cheek. Prior. be the proper way of spelling the word,
The rod of Hermes which has no affinity with liquour, but To sleep could mortal eye-lids fix, with like.]
And drive departed souls to Styx: 1. Nice in the choice of food.
That rod was just a type of Sid's,
Which o'er a British senate's lids Voluptuous men sacrifice all substantial satisfactions to a liquorisb palate. L'Estrange.
Could scatter opium full as well, 2. Eager ; greedy to swallow; eager not
And drive as many souls to hell. Swift
Lie. n. s. [lie, French.) with hunger but gust.
Any thing im
pregnated with some other body; as, It is never tongue-tied, where fit commendation, whereof womankind is so lickerisb, is offered
Chamber-lie breeds fleas like a loach. Strephon, fond boy, delighted, did not know
Sbakspeant. That it was love that shin' in shining maid; All liquid things concocted by heat become But lick'rous, poison'd, fain to her would go. yellow, lye, wort, &c. Peacham on Drawing.
Šidney. Lie. n. s. [lize, Saxon.] Certain rare manuscripts, sought in the most 1. A criminal falshood. remote parts by Erpenius, the most excellent Thou liest, abhorred tyrant; with my sword linguist, had been left to his widow, and were I'll prove the lie thou speak’st. Sbakspeare. upon sale to the jesuits, liquorisb chapmen of all À lye is properly an outward signification of such ware.
something contrary to, or at least beside, the inIn vain he proffer'd all his goods to save
ward sense of the mind; so that when one thing His body, destin'd to that living grave;
signified or expressed, and the same thing not The liquorisk hag rejects the pelf with scorn, mcant or intended, that is properly a lye. And nothing but the man would serve her turn.
Soutb. Dryden. Truth is the object of our understanding, as In some provinces they were so liquorisb after good is of our will; and the understanding can man's flesh, that they would suck the blood as it no more be delighted with a lyc, than the will run from the dying man. Locke. can chuse an apparent evil.
Dryden. 3. Nice; delicate ; tempting the appetite. When I hear my neighbour speak that which This sense I doubt.
is not true, and I say to him, This is not true, or Would'st thou seek again to trap me here
this is false, I only convey to him the naked idea With lickerisi baits, fit to ensnare a brute ? of his error; this is the primary idea : but if I
say it is a lie, the word lie carries also a secon
dary idea; for it implies both the falsehood of Li’CKERISHNESS. n. s. [from lickerish.]
the speech, and my reproach and censure of the Niceness of palate.
soap or salt.
2. A charge of falsehood : to give the lie,' 9. To be placed or situate, with respect is a formulary phrase.
to something else. That lie shall lye se heavy on my sword,
Deserts, where there lay no way.. Wisdom. That it shall render vengeance and revenge; Till thou the lie giver, and that lie, rest
To those happy climes that lie In earth as quiet as thy father's skull . Shakspeare. Where day never shuts his eye.
Milton. It is a contradiction to suppose, that whole na- There lies our way, and that our passage home. tions of men should unanimously give the lie to
Dryden. what, by the most invincible evidence, every one Envy lies between beings equal in nature, of them kuew to be true.
Locke. though unequal in circumstances. Cellier of Enour. Men will give their own experience the lie, The business of a tutor, rightly employed, lies rather than admit of any thing disagreeing with out of the road.
Locke on Education. these tenets.
Locke. What lies beyond our positive idea towards in3. A fiction. This sense is ludicrous. finity, lies in obscurity, and has the undetermiThe cock and fox, the fool and knave imply;
nate confusion of a negative idea. Locke. The truth is moral, though the tale a lie. 10. To press upon afflictively.
Dryden. Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast To Lie. v. n. [leogan, Saxon ; liegen,
amicted me with all thy waves.
He that commits a sin shall find Dutch.]
The pressing guilt lie heavy on his mind, 1. To utter criminal falsehood.
Though bribes or favour shall assert his cause. I know not where he lodges; and for me to
Creech devise a lodging, and say, He lies here, or he Shew the power of religion, in abating that lies there, were to lie in mine own throat. particular anguish which seems to lie so heavy
Addison. If a soul lye unto his neighbour in that which II. To be troublesome or tedious. was delivered him to keep, he shall restore that Suppose kings, besides the entertainment of which was delivered.
Leviticus. luxury, should have spent their time, at least Should I lge against my right?
what lay upon their hands, in chemistry, it can2. To exhibit false representation.
not be denied but princes may pass their time Inform us, will the emp'ror treat?
advantageously that way;
Temple. Or do the prints and papers lie? Swift. I would recommend the studies of knowledge
to the female world, that they may not be at a To Lib. V.n. pret. I lay ; I have lain or
loss how to employ those hours that lie upon lien. (!iegan, Saxon ; liggen, Dutch.] their hands.
Addison's Guardian. 1. To rest horizontally, or with very great 12. To be judicially imputed. inclination against something else.
If he should intend his voyage towards my 2. To rest; to press upon.
wife, I would turn her loose to him; and what Death lies on her like an untimely show'r he gets more of her than sharp words, let it lie Upon the sweetest flow'r of all the field. Shaksp.
on my head.
Sbakspeare. Lie heavy on him, earth, for he
13. To be in any particular state. Lad many a heavy load on thee.
If money go before, all ways do lie open.
Shakspeare. 3. To be reposited in the grave.
The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man All the kings of the nations lie in glory, every ceaseth.
Isaiah.. one in his own house.
Isaiab. The seventh yềar thou shalt let it rest and lic I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt car- still.
Exo us, ry me out of Egypt, and bury me in your bury
Do not think that the knowledge of any paring-place.
Genesis. ticular subject cannot be improved, merely be4. To be in a state of decumbiture.
cause it has lain without improvement. W'atts, How many good young princes would do so; 14. To be in a state of concealment. their fathers (zing so sick as yours at this time Many things in them lie concealed to us, is ?
Shakspeare. which they who were concerned understood at My little daughter lieth at the point of death; first sight.
Locke. I pray thee come and lay thy hands on her, that 15. To be in prison. she may be healed.
Mark. Your imprisonment shall not be long; s. To pass the time of sleep.
I will deliver you, or else lie for you.
Sbaksp. The watchful traveller,
16. To be in a bad state, That by the moon's mistaken light did rise,
Why will you lie pining and pinching yourself Lay down again, and clos'd his weary eyes.
in such a lonesome, starving course of life?
L'Estrange. Forlorn he must, and persecuted flie;
The generality of mankind lie pecking at one Climb the steep mountain, in the cavern lie. another, till one by one they are all torn to
L'Estrange's Fables. 6. To be laid up or reposited.
Are the gods to do your drudzery, and you lis I bare seen, where copperas is made, great
bellowing with your finger in your mouth? variety of them, divers of which I have yet ly
L'Estrange. ing by me.
Boyle. 17. To be in a helpless or exposed state. 7. To remain fixed.
To see a hated person superior, and to lie un
der the anguish of a disadvantage, is far enough The Spaniards have but one temptation to
Collier, quarrel with us, the recovering of Jamaica, for that has ever lien at their hearts.
It is but a very small comfort, that a plain Temple.
man, lying under a sharp fit of the stone for a 8. To reside.
week, receives from this fine sentence. Tillsison. Ir thou doest well, shalt thou not be accept- As a man should always be upon his guard ed? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the against the vices to which he is most exposed, door.
Genesis, we should take a more than ordinary care not
to lie at the mercy of the weather in our moral These are not places merely of favour, the conduct.
Addison. charge of souls, lies upon them; the greatest ac. The maintenance of the clergy is precarious, count whereof will be required at their hands. and collected from a most miserable race of far- .
Bacon. mers, at whose mercy every minister lies to be It should lie upon him to make out how matdefrauded.
Swift. ter, by undirected motion, could at first neces18. To consist.
sarily fall, without ever erring or miscarrying, The image of it gives me content already ;
into such a curious formation of human bodies. and I trust it will grow to a most prosperous per
Bentley's Sermons. fection.
29, TO LIE with. To converse in bed. -It lies much in your holding up. Sbaksp.
Pardon me, Bassanio, He that thinks that diversion inay not lie in For by this ring she lay with me. Shakspeare. hard labour, forgets the early rising, and hard 30. It may be observed of this word in riding of huntsmen.
general, that it commonly implies some19. To be in the power; to belong to.
thing of sluggishness, inaction, or Do'st thou endeavour, as much as in thee lies, to preserve the lives of all men ?
steadiress, applied to persons, and some
Duppa. He shews himself very malicious if he know's
gravity or permanency of condition, ap. I deserve credit, and yet goes about to blast it,
plied to things. as much as in hiin lies. Stilling Pieet on Idolatry. LIEF. adj. [leof, Saxon ; lief, Dute.] Mars is the warrior's god; in him it lies
Dear; beloved. Obsolete. On whom he tavours to conier the prize.
My liefest lord she thus begin to
Dryden. For he was flesh; all nesh duin lainny 20. To be valid in a court of judicature : as, an action lieth iyainst one.
You, with the rest,
Causeless have laid disgracos con 11073; 21. Io cost; as, it lies me in more mo.
And with your best endeavour lintestined up
My liefist liege to be mine enemy. Sowietre. To Lae at. To importune; to tease. LIEF. adv. Willingly: now used only 23. Julie by. To rest; to remain still. in familiar speech. Every thing that heard him play,
If I could speak so wisely under an arrest,
I Ev'n the billows of the sea,
would send for certain of my creditors; and yet Hung their heads, and then lay by;
to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of In sweet musick is such art,
freedom, as the morality of imprisonment. Killing care, and grief of heart,
Shakspeare. Fali asieej, or hearing die. Sbakspeare, Liege. adj. [lige, Fr. ligio, Italian ; ligius, 24. To LIE down. To rest; to go jato a
low Latin.) state of repose.
1. Bound by some feudal tenure ; subThe leopard shall lie down with the Lid.
ject: whence liege man for subject. The needy shall lie down in safety. Iruliab. 2. Sovereign. [This signification seems 25. T. LIE down. To sink into the grave. to have accidentally risen from the for
His bones are full of the sin of his youth, mer, the lord of liege men, being by miswhich shall lie down with him in the dust. 7ob. take called liege lord.] 26. To lie in. To be in childbed.
Did not the whole realm acknowledge Henry As for all other good women that love to do VIII. ior their king and liege lord ? Spenser. but little work, how handsome it is to lie in and
My lady licge, said he, sleep, or to louse themsclves in the sunshine, What all your sex desire is sovereignty. Dryden. they that have been but a while in Ireland can So much of it as is founded on the law of nawell witness.
Spenser. ture, may he stiled natural religion; that is to You confine yourself most unreasonably. say, a devotedness unto God our liege lord, so as Come; ; you must go visit the lady that lies in. to act in all things according to his will. Shuéspeare.
Grow's Cosinography. She had lain in, and her right breast liad been LIEGE. 1. s. Sovereign ; superiour lord : apostemated.
Wiseman's Surgery; scarcely in use. The doctor has practised by sea and land, and therefore cures the green sickness and lyings ir.
O pardon me, my liege! but for my tears
I had forestall'd this dear and deep rebuke.
Spectator. When Florimel design'd to lie privately in ;
Sbakspeara She chose with such prudence her pangs to con
The other part reserv'd I by consent, ceal,
For that my sovereign liege was in my debt. '
Sbakspeare, That her nurse, nay her midwife, scarce heard
The natives, dubious whom her once squeal.
Prior. Hysterical affections are contracted by acci
They must obey, in consternation wait
Till rigid conquest will pronounce their liegt. dents in lying in. Arbuthnot on Diet,
Piilipa. 27. To Lie under. To be subject to ; to be oppressed by.
Li’EGEMAN. 1. s. [from liege and man.]
A subject. Not in use. A generous person will lie under a great disad
This liegeman 'gan to wax more bold, vantage.
Smulridge's Sermons. This mistake never ought to be imputed to
And when he felt the folly of his lord, Dryder, but to those who suffered sa noble a
In his own kind, he 'gan himself unfold. Spensers genius to lie under necessity.
Sith then the ancestors of those that now live,
yielded themselves then subjects and liegemen, vas no otherwise to be rescued but by one that
shall it not tye their children to the same sube would cry mightily.
Spenser on Ireland. 28. To Lie upon. To become the matter
Stand, ho! who is there? of obligation or duty.
- Friends to this ground, and liegemen to the Dane.
Li'EGIR, 3.s. (more properly legier, or 2. In war, one who holds the next rank ta lige.] A resident ambassadour. a superiour of any denomination; as, a His passions and his fears
general has his lieutenant general, a Le liegers for you in his breast,
and there colonel his lieutenant colonel, and a cap. Negotiate your affairs. Denham's Sopby.
tain siinply his lieutenant. LIEN. The participle of lie.
It were meet that such captains only were One of the people might lightly have lien with
employed as have formerly served in that counthy wife.
try, and been at least licutenants there. LIENTE RICK. adj. (from lientery.) Per
Spenser on Ireland. taining to a lientery.
According to military custom the place was There are many medicinal preparations of
good, and the lieutenant of the colonel's compairon, but done equal to the tincture made with
ny might well pretend to the next vacant cape out acids; especially in obstructions, and to
Wotton. strengthen the tone of the parts; as in lienterick
The earl of Essex was made lieutenant general and other like cases. Grow's Museum.
of the army; the most popular man of the king
dom, and the darling of the swordmen. L'ESTERY.n.s. (from Asloy,lave, smooth,
Clarendono and shor, intestinum, gut; lienterie, Fr.] His lieutenant, engaging against his positive A particular looseness or diarrhea, orders, being beaten by Lysander, Alcibiades wherein the food passes so suddenly
was again banished,
Swift through the stomach and guts, as to be
Canst thou so many gallant soldiers see,
And captains and lieutenants slight for me? Gag. thrown out by stool with little or no alteration.
LIEUTE'NANTSHIP, n. s. [from lieute
nant.] The rank or office of lieutenant. Li'ER. n. s. [from to lie. One that rests or lies down; or remains concealed.
Life. n. s. plural lives. [lifian, to live, There were liers in ambush against him be
Saxon.] bird the city.
Joshua. 1. Union and co-operation of soul with LIEU.E.S. (Fr.) Place; room: it is only
body; vitality; animation, opposed to
an inanimate state. used with in : in lieu, instead.
On thy life no more. God, of his great liberality, had determined, in lieu of man's endeavours, to bestow the same
-My life I never held but as a pawa by the rule of that justice which best beseemeth
To wage against thy foes. Shakspeare's K. Lear. him.
She shews a body rather than a life,
A statue chan a breather. la lies of such an increase of dominion, it is
Let the waters bring forth abundantly the our business to extend our trade.
moving creature that hath life. Genesis.
The identity of the same man consists in noLIEVE. adv. (See Lier.] Willingly. thing but a participation of the same continued
Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced life, by constantly fleeting particles of matter, in it to you, trippingly on the tongue: but if you succession, vitaliy united to the same organized mouth it, as many of our players do, I had as body.
Locke. licor the town-crier had spoke my lines. Shaksp: Action is death to some sort of people, and
2. Present state; as distinct from other they would as lieve hang as work. L'Estrange.
parts of human existence. LIZUTE'NANCY. n. s. [lieutenance, Fr.
O life, thou nothing's younger brother!
So like, that we may take the one for t'other! from licutenart.)
Dream of a shadow! a reflection made 1. The office of a lieutenant.
From the false glories of the gay reflected bow, If such tricks as these strip you out of your
Is more a solid thing than thou ! lieutenanty, it had been better you had not kissed
Thou verk built isthmus, that dost proudly rise your three fingers so oft.
Slaispeare. Up betwixt two eternities; 2. The body of lieutenants,
Yet canst not wave nor wind sustain, The list of undisputed masters, is hardly so
But, broken and o'erwhelm’d, the ocean meets long as the list of the lieutenancy of our metro
Cowleg. polis. Felton on the Classics.
When I consider life, 'tis all a cheat, LIEUTENANT. n. s. (lieutenant, Fr.]
Yet fool'd by hope men favour the deceit,
Live on, and think to-morrow will repay; 1. A deputy; one who acts by vicarious To-morrow's falser than the former day; authority.
Lies more; and when it says we shall be blest Whither away so fast ?
With some new joy, takes off what we possest. -No farther than the tower.
Strange cozenage! Bone would live past years We'll enter all together,
again, And in good time here the lieutenant comes.
Yet all hope pleasure in what yet remain;
And from the dregs of life think to receive
What the first sprig ly running could not give : 3 and deputy lieutenants, of the counties: their
I'm tir'd of waiting for this chemick gold, proper use is for ordering the military affairs, in
Which fools us young, and beggars us when old. order to oppose an invasion from abroad, or a
Dryden. rebellion or sedition at home.
Houe'er 'tis well that while mankind Killing, as it is considered in itself without all Through life's perverse meanders errs, uadue circumstances, was never prohibited to
He can imagin'd pleasures find, the lawful magistrate, who is the viceregent or
To combat against real carcs.
Prior. lieutenant of God, from whom he derives his So peaceful shalt thou end thy blissful days, power of life and death. Bramhall against Hobbes.
And steal thyself from life by slow decays. Sent by our new lieutenant, who in Rome, And since from me, has heard of your renown: 3. Enjoyment, or possession of existence, I come to offer peace. Pbilip's Briton. as opposed to death.