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into legs.

Should a man run over the whole circle of The daily complaisance of gentlemen runs earthly pleasures, he would be forced to com- them into variety of expressions; whereas your

plain that pleasure was not satisfaction. South. scholars are more close, and frugal of their words. 58. To Run out. To be at an end.

Felton. When a lease had run out, he stipulated with '4. To drive with violence. the tenant to resign up twenty acres, without They ran the ship aground.

Acts. lessening his rent, and no great abatement of This proud Turk offered scornfully to pass by the fine.

Swift. without vailing, which the Venetian captains 59. TO RUN out. To spread exuberantiy. not enduring, set upon him with such fury, that Insectile animals, for want of blood, run all out

the Turks were enforced to run both their gale Hammond. lies on shore.

Knolles. The zeal of love runs out into suckers, like a 5. To melt; to fuse. fruittii tree.

Taylor The purest gold must be run and washed. Some papers are written with regularity;

Felton, others run out into the wiidness of essays. Spect. 6. To incur ; to fall into. 60. TO RUN ont. To expatiate.

He runneth end dangers, that he shall not be Nor is it sufficient to run out into beautiful faithfully counselled, and that he shall have hurti digressions, unless they are something of a piece ful counsel given.

Bacer. with the main design of the Georgick. Addison. The tale I tell is only of a cock,

1 On all occasions, she run out extravagantly in Who had not run the hazard of his life, praise of Hocus.

Arvutbrot. Had he believ'd his dream, and not his wife. Tney keep to their text, and run out upon the

Dryden. power of the pope, to the diminution of coun- Consider the hazard I have run to see you cils.


Dryden, He shews his judgment, in not letting his fan- O that I could now prevail with any one to cy run out into long descriptions. Broome. count up what he hath got by his most beloved 61. TO RUN out. To be wasted or ex

sins, what a dreadful danger he runs. Calamy. halisted.

I shall run the danger of being suspected to He hath run out himself, and led forth

have forgot what I am about.

Locke. His desp'rate party with him; blown together 7. To venture; to hazard. Aids of all kinds.

Ben Jonson.

He would himself be in the Highlands to re'Th'estate runs out, and mortgages are made, ceive them, and run his fortune with them. Their fortune ruin'd, and their tame betray'd.

Clarendon. Dryden.

Take bere her reliques and her gods, to run 62. TO RUN out. To grow poor by ex

With them thy fate, with them new walls expence disproportionate to income.



A wretched exil'd crew From growing riches with good cheer,

Resolv'd, and willing under my command, To running oi by starving here. Swift.

To run all hazards both of sea and land. Dryden. So little gets for what she gives, We really wonder how she lives!

8. To import or export without duty. And had her stock been less, no doubt,

Heavy impositions lessen the inport, and are She must have long ago run out. Dryden. a strong temptation of running goods. Swift. TO RUN.U. a.

9. To prosecute in thought. 1. To pierce ; to stab.

To run the world back to its first original, and Poor Romeo is already dead, run through the view nature in its cradle, to trace the outgoings car with a love song.

Sbakspeare. of the ancient of days in the first instance of his Hipparchus, going to marry, consulted Philan- creative power, is a research too great for inortal der upon the occasion; Philander represented enquiry.

South. his mistress in such strong colours, that the next The world hath not stood so long, but we can morning he received a challenge, and before still run it up to artless ages, when mortals lived twelve he was run through the body. Spectator, by plain nature.

Burnet. I have known several instances, where the I would gladly understand the formation of a lungs run through with a sword have been con- soul, and run it up to its punctum saliens. Collier. solidated and healed.

Blankmore. I present you with some peculiar thoughts, 2. To force; to drive.

rather than run a needless treatise upon the subIn nature, it is not convenient to consider ject at length.

Felton, every difference that is in things, and divide them 10. To push. into distinct classes: this will run us into parti- Some English speakers run their hands into culars, and we shall be able to establish no gene- their pockets, others look with great attention ral truth. Locke. on a piece of blank paper.

Addison. Though putting the mind unprepared upon II. To Run down. To chase to weariness. an unusual stress may discourage it, yet this

They ran down a stag, and the ass divided the must not run it, by an overgreat shyness of difficulties, into a lazy sauntering about ordinary

prcy very honestly.

L'Estrange things.

Locke. 12. TO RUN down. To crush; to overA talkative person runs himself upon great bear. inconveniencies, by blabbing out his ‘own or Though out-number'd, overthrown, others secrets.

Ray. And by the fate of var run down, •3. To force into any way or form.

Their daty never was defeated. Hudibras. Some, used to mathematical figures, give a pre- Some corrupt affectiors in the soul urge him ference to the methods of that science in divinity on with such impetuous fury, that, when we see or politick enquiries; others, accustomed to re- a man overborn and run down by them, we cantired speculations, run natural philosophy into not but pity the person, while we abhor the metashysical notions. Locks. crime.

Soutb. What is raised in the day, setties in the night; It is no such hard matter to convince or run and its cold runs the thin juices into thick sizy down a drunkard, and to answer any prefences substances, Cheyne, he can allege for his sin,


an axis.

The common cry

t. A round; a step of a ladder. Then ran you down for your rank loyalty.

The angels did not fly, but mounted the line Dryden.

der by degrees; we are to consider the several Religion is run down by the license of these

steps and rundles we are to ascend by. Depes tunes.

Berkeley. > This is one of the words which serves

2. A peritrochium ; something pat round for use when other words are wanted,

The third mechanical faculty, stiled axis is and has therefore obtained a great multi- peritrochio, consists of an axis or cylinder, having picity of relations and intentions; but a rundle about it, wherein are fastened diven it may be observed always to retain much spokes, by which the whole may be turudd


Wikius. o! is primitive idea, and to imply progression, and, tor the most part, pro. RU'NDLET. r.s. (perhaps runlet or rounds gressive vivience,

let.) A small barrel. RUN. *. s (trom the verb.]

Set a rundkt of verjuice over against the sun 1. Act of running

in summer, to see whether it will sweeten.

Becon. The ass sets up a hideous bray, and fetches a Rung. The pret. and part. pass. of rig. run at them open-mouthed. L'Estrange. 2. Course ; motion.

The heav'ns and all the constellations nas. Want o motion, whereby the run of humours Ru’NNEL. 11. s. [from run.) A rivulet; a is stayed, furthers putrefaction.

Bacon s. How; cadence.

small brook. He no where uses any softness, or any run of

With murmur loud, down from the mouse

tain's side, verses to please the ear.

Brooke Course ; process.

A little runnsl tumbled ncere the place.

Frifes s. Way; will, uncontrolled course,

RU'NNER. 2. s. [from run.] Talk of some other subject; the thoughts of

1. One that runs, it make me mad; our fanuly must have their

árbasbuc 3. A racer. 6. Long reception ; continued success.

Fore-spent with toil, as runners with a race, It is impossible for detached papers to have a

I lay me down a little while to breathe. Siestipe general run or long continuance, if not diversi

Here those that in the rapid course de gberg hird with humour.


The rival runners without order stand. Dryses. 7. Modish clamour.

3. A messenger You cannot but have observed, what a violent

To Tonson or Linto his lodgings are better www there is among too many weak people against

known than to the readers of the Post-oce. university education. Jariji.

Swift to Poft 8. di idelong Run. In fine; in conclü: 4. A shooting sprig. sion; at the enit.

In every r. or there will be one rent, which Thet produce ill-conditioned ulcers, for the

hath little buds on it, which may be cut into most part mortal ia ibaiek ram of the case.

One of the stones of a mill.
Wickedres may presrer for a while, but it

The mill goes much heavier, by the store the tex lege ruw, he has sets all anaies ar werk, uiil

call the runner being so large.

IR 6. (trythropus. ) A bird. Bizsuerit. Shouwing may serve for a time, but truth will Run T. 2. 3. (genuuner, Saxon, ca. muitainh canvis aiciran l.'

Hath tako prine veel toe te per

gulaced.) A liquor suede by steeping the atralnement of his estate an auth?

ibe stomach of a cali in hot water, and

used to coagulate milk for curds and RU'NAGATE. #. S. [corrupted fro:u 7*

.cheese. It is sometimes written regret. 54. Fr.) A fugitive; ribeli apus:ate.

The mild of the is turib the quality and The wrecch corredd a raragarrire.

to gather cicese. And learn a whai illa miser star wtih

I wisies be blod, s razas TITS ES God bringesh the prisvers out of capital;

The main the sonach cabos kur kezteth inre rasagas oralibue à ses

burtstabesi, is reaza ed awd by the

ซึ่งมิแll. I dedicate modelarver smeer pleasure, RESSING. 2.1. Kept for the race. Mere she can that i abangas and He " no mundo the form of

Dr. the web. 025 ure, the watan Assim, afer he has a bad ser. tr, then be vette a a tenangis, ter shot dose 2- boed cut, er szese.

staciame relatie Inge Ru’NNIOS. 8.5. (323, Fr. scrobbing.) RenaWAY, ..s. ina and stay) One that des tropa Linger; one who de

A painy scurry aretci. paves by stealth; a tipitive.

Two z poc pacte !

Rext. 2.5. (rata, in sice Tecidas For the cost doua pusy the man ver six

drakeets, som ses a bai or cos, and is TV a ZDA downstihedad?

esu ia contempt by us for sesi cattle; Spasmed; whereas than the as tarea, the Weisb term for a borse, is

used for a worthless borse) soy aai. RONI. .. (corrupted from spaudini mal saal beicw obe stars gather


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Th' egg,

Reforming Tweed

of a rose; from the centre of which rises the Hath sent us runts even of her churches breed. pointal, which afterward becomes a fruit or husk,

Cleaveland. which is generally three-cornered, opening into Of tame pigeons, are croppers, carriers, and three parts, and full of roundish seeds: they are

Walton. planted with great care on the banks of the sea This overgrown runt has struck off his heels, in Holland, in order to prevent the water from lowered his foretop, and contracted his figure. washing away the earth; for the roots of these

Addison. rusbes fasten themselves very deep in the ground, Ru'PTION. n. s. (ruptus, Latin.] Breach ; and mat themselves near the surface, so as to solution of continuity.

hold the earth closely together. Miller.

He taught me how to know a man in love; The plenitude of vessels or plethora causes an extravasation of blood, by ruption or apertion.

in which cage of rusbes I am sure you are not Wiseman. prisoner.


Man but a rush against Othello's breast, RU'PTURE. 1.5. (rupture, French ; from

And be retires.

Sbakspeare. ruptus, Latin.)

Is supper ready, the house trimm'd, rusbes 1. The act of breaking ; state of being strew'd, cobwebs swept ?

Sbakspeare broken ; solution of continuity.

Your farm requites your pains;

Though rushes overspread the neighb'ring plains. Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclos'd

Dryden. Their callow young..


2. Any thing proverbially worthless. A lute string will bear a hundred weight with

Not a rusb matter, whether apes go on four out rupture, but at the same time cannot exert

legs or two.

L'Estrange. its elasticity.


John Bull's friendship is not worth a rusb. The diets of infants ought to be extremely

Arbuthnot. thin, such as lengthen the fibres without rupturi.

Arbuthnot. RUSH-CANDLE. n. s. (rusb and candle.) 2. A breach of peace ; open hostility. A small blinking taper, made by strip

When the parties that divide the common- ping a rush, except one small stripe of wealth, come to a rupture, it seems every man's the bark which holds the pith together, duty to chuse a side:


and dipping it in tallow. 3. Burstenness; hernia; preternatural Be it moon or sun, or what you please; eruption of the gut.

And if you please to call it a rusb-candle, The rupture of the groin or scrotum is the Henceforth it shall be so for me. Sbakspears. most common species of hernia. Sbarp.

If your influence be quite dam'd up To Ru'PTURE. v.a. (from the noun.]

With black usurping mists, some gentle taper, To break; to burst ; to suffer disrup

Though a rusb-candle from the wicker hole

Of some clay habitation, visit us. Milton. tion.

The vessels of the brain and membranes, if To Rush.v.9. [hreoran, Saxon.) To ruptured, absorb the extravasated blood. Sharp.

move with violence; to go on with tu. RU'PTUREWORT. n. s. f herniaria, Latin.]

multuous rapidity. A plant.

Gorgias removed out of the camp by night, c.

the end he might rusb upon the camp of the RU'RAL. adj. (rural, French ; ruralis, Jews.

1 Maccabees. from rura, Latin.) Country; existing Every one that was a warricr rusbed out upon in the country, not in cities ; suiting them.

Juditb. the country ; resembling the country.

Armies rusb to battle in the clouds. Milton, Lady, reserved to do pastor company honour,

Why wilt thou rusb to certain death, and rage Joining your sweet voice to the rural musick of In rash attempts beyond thy tender age, desert.

Betray'd by pious love?

Here is a rural fellow,

Desperate should he rusb, and lose his life, That will not be deny'd your highness' presence;

With odds oppress'd.

Dryden. He brings you figs.


They will always strive to be good christians, We turn

but never think it to be a part of religion, to To where the silver Thames first rural grows.

rusb into the office of priuces or ministers. Tbomson.

Spratt. RURA’LITY. ?n. s. (from rural.] The

You say, the sea

Does with its waves fall backward to the west, RU'RALNESS. S quality of being rural.

And, thence repell’d, advances to the east; Dict.

While this revolving motion does indure, RUʻRICOLIST. n. s. (ruricola, Latin.] An The deep must reel, and rush from shoar to inhabitant of the country. Dict.


Blackmore. RURI'Genous, adj. (rura and gigno,

With a rushing sound th' assembly bend

Diverse their steps. Latin.] Born in the country,


Now sunk the sun from his aereal height, RUS E. n. s. (French.) Cunning; arti- And o'er the shaded billows rusb'd the night. fice; little stratagem ; trick; wile ;

Popeo fraud ; deceit. A French word neither elegant nor necessary.

RUSH. n. s. [from the verb.] Violent I might here add much concerning the wiles and ruses, which these timid creatures use to

A gentleman of his train spurred up his horse, Save themselves.


and with a violent rusb severed him from the duke.

Wotton. RUSH. n, s. (juncus, Latin; risc, Saxon.) Him while fresh and fragrant time, 1. A plant.

Cherisht in his golden prime, A rusb hath a lower composed of many leaves, The rush of death's unruly wave which are placed orbicularly, and expand in form Swept him off into his grave. Crasbaw.




Cruel Auster thither hy'd him,

My seymitar got some rust by the sea water. And with the rusb of one rude blast,

Gior. Sham'd not spiceiully to cast

2. The tarnished or corroded surface of All his leaves so iresh, so sweet. Crasbaw.

any metal, RU'SHY. adj. (from rush.)

By dint of sword his crown he shall increase, 1. Abounding with rushes.

And scour his armour from the rust of peace. In rusby grounds, springs are found at the first

Dreiro spit.

Mortimer, 3. Loss of power by inactivity. The timid hare to some lone seat

4. Matter bred by corruption or degene. Retird; the rusby fen or rugged furze. Thomson.

ration. 2. Made of rushes.

Let her see thy sacred truths cleared from all What knight like him could toss the rushy

rust and dross of human mixtures, Kirg Cearks. lance?

Ticke. RUSK, 1. s. Hard bread for stores,

To RUST. v. n. (from the noun.j The lady sent mc divers presents of fruit, su

1. To gather rust; to have the surface gar, and risk.


tarnished or corroded. KU'SMA. n. 5. A brown and light iron

Her fallow leas,

The darnel, hemlock, and rank fumitory substance, with half as much quick.

Doch root upon, while that the cuiter rusts, lime steeped in water, the Turkish wo- That should deracinate such savagery. Sbetsp. men make their psilothron, to take off Our armours now may rust, our idle scymitars their hair.

Grew. Hang by our sides for ornament, not use. Dryd. Ru'sset. adj. [rousset, Fr. russus, Lat.]

2. To degenerate in idleness. 3. Reddishly brown. Such is the colour

Must I rust in Egypt, never more of apples called russetings.

Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece ?

Dries The morn, in russet mantle clad,

TO RUST. V. a. Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill.


1. To make rusty. Our summer such a russet livery wears,

Keep up your bright swords, for the dew s] As in a garment often dy'd appears. Dryden.

rust them.

Sbakspeare. 2. Newton seems to use it for gray ; but,

2. To impair by time or inactivity. if the etymology be regarded, impro. RU’STICAL. adj. [rusticus, Lat.jRough; perly.

savage ; boisterous ; brutal ; rude. This white spot was immediately encompassed

On he brought me to so bare a house, that it with a dark grey or russet, and that dark grey

was the picture of miserable happiness and rich with the colours of the first Iris. Newton.

beggary, served only by a company of rustical 3. Coarse; homespun; rustick. It is

villains, full of sweat and dust, nor one of them other than a labourer.

Sidenr. much used in descriptions of the man

This is by a rustical severity to banish all vi. ners and dresses of the country, I sup


banity, whose harmless and confined conditiva pose, because it was formerly the co- is consistent with religion.

Brotos. lour of rustick dress : in some places, He confounds the singing and dancing of the the rusticks still die cloths spun at

satyrs with the rustical entertainment of the home with bark, which must make

firsi Romans.

Drudra. them russet.

RU'STICALLY. adv. [from rustical.] Taffata phrases, silken terms precise,

Savageiy; rudely ; inelegantly. Figures pedantical: these summer flies

My brother Jaques he keeps at school, Have blown me full of maggot ostentation :

And report speaks goldenly of his profit; Henceforth my wooing mind shall he exprest

For my part he keeps me rustically at home. In russet yeas, and honest kersey noes. Shaksp.


Quintius here was born, Ru'sset: n. s. Country dress. See Rus

Whose shining ploughshare was in turrows worn, SET, adj.

Met by his trembling wife, returning hoone, The Dorick dialect has a sweetness in its

And rústically joy'd, as chief of Rome. Drgás. clownishness, like a fair shepherdess in her coun- Ru'sTICALNESS. n. s. [from rastical.) try russet.

Dryden. RO'sset.

The quality of being rustical; rude}^.s. A name given to se. RƯSSETING.] veral sorts of pears or

ness; savageness.

To Ru’STICATE. V. n. (rusticor, Latin.) apples from their colour.

To reside in the country, The russet pearmain is a very pleasant fruit, continuing long on the tree, and in the conser

My lady Scudamore, from having rasticated vatory partakes both of the russeting and pear

in your company too long, pretends to open her main in colour and taste; the one side being

eyes for the sake of seeing the sun, and to sleep because it is night.

Pepc. generally russet, and the other streaked like a pearmain.

Mortimer. To RU'STICATE. v, a. To banish into RUST. n. s. (nust, Saxon.]

the country, 1. The red desquamation of old iron. I was deeply in love with a milliner, upor This iron began at length to gather rust.

which I was sent away, or, in the university Hooker. phrase, rusticated for ever,

Spectator. Rust eaten pikes and swords in time to come, RusticITY. 91. s. (rusticité, Fr. rusticitas, When crooked plows dig up earth's fertile womb,

from rusticus, Lar.] The husbandman shall oft discover. May. But Pallas came in shape of rust,

1. Qualities of one that lives in the counAnd 'rwise the spring and hammer thrust

try; simplicity ; artlessness; rudeness ; Her Gorgon shield, which made the cock

savageness. Stand suitf, as 'tw'ere transform'd to stock.

There presented himself a sall, clownish, Hudibras young man, who falling before the queen of the




fairies, desired that he might have the atchieve. After a long calm of peace, he was left enigagment of any adventure, which, during the feast, ed in a war with a rusty sword and empty purse. might happen; that being granted, he rested him

'Howel. on the floor, unfit for a better place by his rusti- Part scour the rusty shields with seam, and

The sweetness and rusticity of a pastoral can- New grind the blunted ax.

Dryden. not be so well exprest in any other tongue as in 2. Impaired by inactivity. the Greek, when rightly mixt with the Dorick Hector in his dull and long continued trute, dialect.

Is rusty grown.

Sbakspeare This so general expence of their time would To Rur. v. 1. (ruit, French.) To desire curtail the ordinary means of knowledge, as

to come together. Used of deer. 'twould shorten the opportunities of vice; and so accordingly, an universal rusticity presently Rur. n. s. [rut, French.) took place, and stopped not till it had over-run 1. Copulation of deer. the whole stock of mankind. Woodward.

The time of going to rut of deer is in Septem2. Rural appearance.

ber; for that they need the whole summer's Ru'stick. adj. (rusticus, Latin ; rustique,

feed to make them fit for generation : and if rain

come about the middle of September, they go to French.)

rut somewhat the sooner.

Bacon. 1. Rural; country.

The ground hereof was the observation of this By Lelius willing missing was the odds of the part in deer after immoderale venery, and about Iberian side, and continued so in the next by the the end of their rut.

Brown, excellent running of a knight, though fostered so 2. [route, Fr.] The track of a cart wheel. by the muses, as many times the very rustick

Ainsworth, people left both their delights and profits to

From hills raine waters headlong fall, hearken to his songs.


That allways eat huge ruts, which, met in one 2. Rude; untaught; inelegant.

bed fill a vall An ignorant clown cannot learn fine language With such a confluence of streames, that on the or a courtly behaviour, when his rustick airs have

mountaine grounds grown up with him till the age of forty, Watts.

Farre off, in frighted shepherds eares the hustling 3. Brutal ; savage.

noise rebounds.

Chapmak. My soul foreboded I should find the bow'r RUTH. 1. s. (from rue.] Of some fell nouster tierce with barb'rous pow'r;

1. Mercy; pity; tenderness ; sorrow for Some rustick wretch, who liv'd in heav'n's de. spight,

the misery of another. Out of use. Contemning laws, and trampling on the right.

O wretch of guests, said he, thy tale hach Pope.


My mind to much rutb. 4. Artless; honest; simple.


All rutb, compassion, mercy he forgot. s. Plain; unadorned.

Fairfax. An altar stood, rustick, of grassy ford. Milton. She fair, he full of bashfulness and truth With unguents smooth the polish'd marble

Lov'd much, hop'd little, and desired nought; shone,

He durst not speak, by suit to purchase ruth. Where ancient Neleus sat, a rustick throne.

Fuirfax, Pope. The better part with Mary and with Ruth RU'STICK. n. S. A clown; a swain; an Chosen thou hast; and they that overween, inhabitant of the country:

And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen, As nothing is so rude and insolent as a wealthy No anger find in thee, but pity and ruth. rustick, all this his kindness is overlooked, and

Milton, his person most unworthily railed at. South. 2. Misery; sorrow. RU'STINESS. n. s. [from rusty.) The The Britons, by Maximilian laid way state of being rusty,

With wretched miseries and woful ruth, TO RU'STLE. V. n. [hristlan, Saxon.)

Were to those pagans made an open prey. To make a low continued rattle; to Ru'THFUL. adj. [rutb and full.] Rúeful ;

Spenser. make a quick succession of small noises. He is coming; I hear the straw rustle. Sbaks.

wotul ; sorrowful. This life

The inhabitants seldom take a ruthful and Is nobler than attending for a check;

reaving experience of those harms, which infecRicher, than doing nothing for a bauble;

tious diseases carry with them. Carewa Prouder, than rustling in unpaid-for silk,

RUʻTAFULLY. adv. (from ruthful.]

1. Wofully; sadly. Thick swarm’d, both on the ground, and in

The Power of horse and foot, lost by the vathe air

lour of the enemy, rutbfully perished. Knolles. Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. Miiton. 2. Sorrowfully ; mournfully.

As when we see the winged winds engage, Help me, ye baneful birds, whose shrieking Rustiing from ev'ry quarter of the sky,

sound North, cast, and west, in airy swiftness vy. Is sign of dreary death, my deadly cries Granville. Most ruthfully to tune.

Spenser. All begin the attack;

3. Wotully: In irony. Fans clap, silks rustle, and tough whalebones

By this Minerva's friend bereft crack.

Popes Oileades of that rich bowl, and left his lips, nose, Not less their number than the milk-white

eyes That o'er the wir.ding of Cyaster's springs,

Ruthfully smear'd.

Clapman. Stretch their long necks, and clap their rustling

Ru’THLESS. adj. [from rutb.) Cruel; wings.


p.tiless ; uncompassionate; barbarous.

What is Edward but a ruthless sca? RU'sty. adj. [from rust.)

What Clarence but a quicksand of deceit? *, Covered with rust; infected with rust,



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