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The lady sent me divers presents of fruit, sugar, and rusk. Raleigh. Ku SMA. n. s. A brown and light iron substance, with half as much quicklime steeped in water, the Turkish women make their psilothron, to take off their hair. Grew.

Ru'sSET. adj. [rousset, Fr. russus, Lat.] 1. Reddishly brown. Such is the colour of apples called russetings.

The morn, in russet mantle clad, Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastern hill.

Shakspeare. Our summer such a russet livery wears, As in a garment often dy'd appears. Dryden. 2. Newton seems to use it for gray; but, if the etymology be regarded, impro. perly.

This white spot was immediately encompassed with a dark grey or russet, and that dark grey with the colours of the first Iris. Newton.

3. Coarse; homespun; rustick. It is much used in descriptions of the manners and dresses of the country, I suppose, because it was formerly the colour of rustick dress: in some places, the rusticks still die cloths spun at home with bark, which must make them russet.

Taffata phrases, silken terms precise, Figures pedantical: these summer flies Have blown me full of maggot ostentation: Henceforth my wooing mind shall be exprest In russet yeas, and honest kersey noes. Shaksp. RUSSET. n. s. Country dress. See RusSET, adj.

The Dorick dialect has a sweetness in its clownishness, like a fair shepherdess in her country russet. Dryden. RU'SSET. n. s. A name given to seRUSSETING. veral sorts of pears or apples from their colour.

The russet pearmain is a very pleasant fruit, continuing long on the tree, and in the conservatory partakes both of the russeting and pearmain in colour and taste; the one side being generally russet, and the other streaked like a pearmair. Mortimer.

RUST. n. s. [ɲure, Saxon.]

Hooker.

1. The red desquamation of old iron.
This iron began at length to gather rust.
Rust eaten pikes and swords in time to come,
When crooked plows dig up earth's fertile womb,
The husbandman shall oft discover.

But Pallas came in shape of rust,
And 'twixt the spring and hammer thrust
Her Gorgon shield, which made the cock
Stand stiff, as 'twere transform'd to stock.

May.

Hudibras

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Her fallow leas,

The darnel, hemlock, and rank fumitory
Doth root upon, while that the culter rusts,
That should deracinate such savagery. Shaksp.

Our armours now may rust, our idle scymitars Hang by our sides for ornament, not use. Dryd. 2. To degenerate in idleness.

Must rust in Egypt, never more Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece? Dryden. To RUST. v. a. 1. To make rusty.

Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them. Shakspeare. 2. To impair by time or inactivity. RU'STICAL. adj. [rusticus, Lat.]Rough; savage; boisterous; brutal; rude.

On he brought me to so bare a house, that it was the picture of miserable happiness and rich beggary, served only by a company of rustical villains, full of sweat and dust, not one of them other than a labourer. Sidney.

This is by a rustical severity to banish all urbanity, whose harmless and confined condition is consistent with religion. Brotua.

He confounds the singing and dancing of the satyrs with the rustical entertainment of the first Romans. Dryden. RU'STICALLY. adv. [from rustical.] Savagely; rudely; inelegantly.

My brother Jaques he keeps at school, And report speaks goldenly of his profit; For my part he keeps me rustically at home. Shakspeare.

Quintius here was born, Whose shining ploughshare was in furrows worn, Met by his trembling wife, returning home, And rustically joy'd, as chief of Rome. Dryden. RU'STICALNESS. n. s. [from rustical.]

The quality of being rustical; rude

ness; savageness.

To RUSTICATE. v. n. [rusticor, Latin.] To reside in the country.

My lady Scudamore, from having rusticated in your company too long, pretends to open her eyes for the sake of seeing the sun, and to sleep because it is night. Pepe.

To RU'STICATE. v. a. To banish into the country.

I was deeply in love with a milliner, upor which I was sent away, or, in the university phrase, rusticated for ever. Spectator. RUSTICITY. n. s. [rusticité, Fr. rusticitas, from rusticus, Lat.]

1. Qualities of one that lives in the country; simplicity, artlessness; rudeness; savageness.

There presented himself a tall, clownish, young man, who falling before the queen of the

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Rural; country.

By Lelius willing missing was the odds of the Iberian side, and continued so in the next by the excellent running of a knight, though fostered so by the muses, as many times the very rustick people left both their delights and profits to hearken to his songs. Sidney.

Rude; untaught; inelegant.

An ignorant clown cannot learn fine language or a courtly behaviour, when his rustick airs have grown up with him till the age of forty. Watts. Brutal; savage.

My soul foreboded I should find the bow'r Of some fell mouster fierce with barb'rous pow'r; Some rustick wretch, who liv'd in heav'n's despight,

Contemning laws, and trampling on the right.

Artless; honest; simple.

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Plain; unadorned.

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2.

Copulation of deer.

The time of going to rut of deer is in September; for that they need the whole summer's feed to make them fit for generation: and if rain come about the middle of September, they go to rut somewhat the sooner. Bacon.

The ground hereof was the observation of this part in deer after immoderate venery, and about the end of their rut. Brown. [route, Fr.] The track of a cart wheel. Ainsworth. From hills raine waters headlong fall, That allways eat huge ruts, which, met in one bed fill a vall

With such a confluence of streames, that on the mountaine grounds

Farre off, in frighted shepherds eares the bustling noise rebounds. Chapman.

RUTH. n. s. [from rue.]

1. Mercy; pity; tenderness; sorrow for the misery of another. Out of use.

O wretch of guests, said he, thy tale hath stirred

Pope.

My mind to much ruth.

Chapman.

An altar stood, rustick, of grassy ford. Milton. With unguents smooth the polish'd marble shone,

Where ancient Neleus sat, a rustick throne.

Pope.

RU'STICK. n. s. A clown; a swain; an inhabitant of the country.

As nothing is so rude and insolent as a wealthy rustick, all this his kindness is overlooked, and his person most unworthily railed at. South. RU'STINESS. . s. [from rusty.] The state of being rusty. o RUSTLE. v. n. [hristlan, Saxon.] To make a low continued rattle; to make a quick succession of small noises. He is coming; I hear the straw rustle. Shaks. This life

Is nobler than attending for a check;
Richer, than doing nothing for a bauble;
Prouder, than rustling in unpaid-for silk.

Shakspeare. Thick swarm'd, both on the ground, and in the air

Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. Milton.

As when we see the winged winds engage, Rustling from ev'ry quarter of the sky, North, cast, and west, in airy swiftness vy. Granville.

All begin the attack; Fans clap, silks rustle, and tough whalebones crack. Pope, Not less their number than the milk-white

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All ruth, compassion, mercy he forgot.

Fairfax.

She fair, he full of bashfulness and truth" Lov'd much, hop'd little, and desired nought; He durst not speak, by suit to purchase ruth. Fairfax.

The better part with Mary and with Ruth Chosen thou hast; and they that overween, And at thy growing virtues fret their spleen, No anger find in thee, but pity and ruth. Milton

2. Misery; sorrow.

The Britons, by Maximilian laid- way With wretched miseries and woful ruth,

Were to those pagans made an open prey. Spenser RUTHFUL. adj. [ruth and full.] Rueful; woful; sorrowful.

The inhabitants seldom take a ruthful and reaving experience of those harms, which infectious diseases carry with them. Carew RUTHFULLY. adv. [from ruthful.] 1. Wofully; sadly.

The flower of horse and foot, lost by the valour of the enemy, ruthfully perished. Knolles. 2. Sorrowfully; mournfully.

Help me, ye baneful birds, whose shrieking
sound

Is sign of dreary death, my deadly cries
Most ruthfully to tune.

3. Wofully. In irony.

Spenser.

By this Minerva's friend bereft Oileades of that rich bowl, and left his lips, nose,

eyes

Ruthfully smear'd. Chapman. RUTHLESS. adj. [from ruth.] Cruel; pitiless; uncompassionate; barbarous. What is Edward but a ruthless sea? What Clarence but a quicksand of deceit ? Shakspeare.

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