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who was stationed here. His piety was calm and part of his life, he sastained the offices of Classconsistent; his love to Christ's cause, sincere Leader and Local Preacher, and in the discharge and fervent; and his attachment to religious of those duties was punctual, faithful, and sucordinances, unchanging. When English Me. cessful: he was, also, a cheerful and liberal supthodisın seemed here almost extinet, he still porter of our various institutions. During his persevered in the path of duty; and, amid the last affliction, he manifested entire submission, signs of prosperity with which God has graciously and, when able to converse, expressed strong favoured us during the past year, he greatly confidence that all was right, feeling himself rejoiced. Whilst expecting to see yet greater relying on the atonernent of his Saviour. About things, he was brought by affliction to the gates a quarter of an hour before his departure he said of death, and raised to the glories of heaven. to his sorrowing wife, “God has never forsaken His end was peace.

F. C. H. me; but be you faithful, and keep close to God."

These were the last words that could be disFeb. 28th.-Aged ifty-eight, Mr. Peter Pad- tinctly heard. His happy spirit passed away to field, of Stoke-Lane, near Shepton-Mallet, of

the rest of heaven.

J. B. W. injuries received from the violence of a cow. He was for many years a most exemplary Christian, March 27th.-At Newark, Mr. Samuel Stapleand a useful Leader and Local Preacher. His ford, aged eighty-two; having been for more decease was deeply mourned through the neigh- than half a century a consistent member of the bourhood; the universal conviction being, that Methodist church, and for nearly the same "he was a good man," and one that could ill be length of time an acceptable and useful Local spared either by the church or by general society. Preacher.

J. R. He had for several years experienced much physical debility; but the ardour of his piety April 25th.-At the Water-House, Bollington, and zeal had urged him on, with but little inter

in the Macclesfield Circuit, in the seventieth mission, to the last, in his wonted career of active

year of her age, Mary, the beloved wife of duty. For some time his mind had been much Thomas Oliver, Esq. Under the drawings of the occupied, as if premonished of approaching dis- Father, and with true contrition of heart, she solution, with anticipations of heavenly blessed- was early led to seek an interest in the atonement ness. During the few days that he lingered, his of Christ ; and, while reading the holy Scriptures, mental faculties were unclouded, and his tranquil she was enabled by faith to obtain the knowledge trust in the Saviour was coupled with a joyous of salvation by the reniission of her sins. Subseexpectation of “an abundant entrance into the

quently to her marriage with the late John everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Wheatcroft, Esq., of Cromford, she became a Jesus Christ,"-according to the words of a text

member of the Wesleyan Society, in which she on which he had preached the last Lord's day he found what she had long wished for,--the comspent on earth.

E. B. P.

Inunion of saints. Suddenly bereaved of her first

husband, and left in circumstances of much reMarch 4th.--At Lisle Vila, Cheltenham, Mary sponsibility and care, she evinced a strength of Allen. She had been for several years a good mind and force of character which, combined and faithful domestic in the service of ladies, by with a rare disinterestedness, and a thoroughly whom she was much esteemed. She was useful practical piety, secured for her the sincere affecto her fellow-servants, much beloved by them, tion and undying esteem of the numerous family and regretted by all who knew her. Her end of which she had been left in charge. She was was so sudden, that she could neither fear por united to Mr. Oliver in 1852; a union which, anticipate the event of death. That night she though brief, was eminently happy. In the varihad renewed the covenant of her membership ous duties and relations of this, her last earthly with the church, and she retired for devotion, sphere, she followed after “whatsoever things (as her excellent custom was after the class- are true, honest, just, pure, lovely, and of good meeting, |--when, as is supposed, in the act of report." In ber the poor have lost a counsellor prayer, the Lord received her spirit.

and a friend ; and the church of God, a happy, S. W. intelligent, and consistent member. Her death

was somewhat sudden; but she was found ready, March 5th.--At Davenham, in the North wich waiting for the coming of ber Lord. Circuit, Mr. George Lawrence, aged seventy

T. K. eight. When about seventeen years of age, he was convinced of sin under the ministry of the May 11th.–At Pickering, the Rev. Joseph Baptists; and shortly after, being called to re- Frank. He entered on the ministry in 1808, and move from his native place to Westport, Ireland, continued in the full work until 1840; when finding no Baptists there, he united himself with failing health obliged him to become a Supernuthe Wesleyan Methodists, and, after earnestly merary. He was seized, at length, with severe seeking, found the “ pearl of great price." His illness, and continued to suffer for about a fortconsistent walk, upright conversation, and gene- night. His hope was bright, and his death ral devotedness to God, through a long series of peaceful and happy. He fell asleep in Jesus, years, abundantly testify that he had not received having just entered on his seventy-seventh year. the grace of God in vain. During the greater

G. B.

LONDON :- PRINTED BY JAMES NICHOLS, BUXTON-SQUARE.

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WESLEYAN-METHODIST MAGAZINE, .

JULY, 1857.

THE CHURCH AND THE ARMY.

All Christians agree that warfare is a great evil, and that every war is a calamity. All may rejoice in the hope of a time when “ nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more:” but when that high triumph of the Gospel over human passions will be consummated, is a question which no mortal can answer. If this is to be accomplished by the ordinary propagation of the Gospel, (a propagation advancing, as we may dare to believe, in a rapidly increasing ratio,) the period may not be so very distant, when, depth of piety being added to the superficial spread of Christianity, Christian nations will spontaneously agree no longer to wage war with one another. In this case, the Gospel, not any particular Society, will be the peace-maker, and the “Prince of Peace” alone will have the glory. Or if, as millenarians dream, a personal manifestation of the Saviour is to overturn existing institutions, merge all churches into one more spiritual communion of saints, and set up a new kingdom of God,-a new and better Christianity,—then it is obvious that the world must be content to wait for that second coming ; and that if all the Christendom that now is were to set about beating swords into ploughshares, and spears into pruning-hooks, the labour would be superfluous. In that case, the pacification of the world, of which the majority is yet beyond the pale of Christianity, would be wrought by such an agency as does not now exist ; and it would be vain to attempt, by combinations of men, what the King of nations must personally come to do. In either case, it is acknowledged that the Lord Jesus Christ is the only peace-maker ; and we who believe that His kingdom will come with power and grace to every heart of man, even as it already comes to every one who is born again by the grace of God, as firmly believe that this general conversion of sinners will lead to a cessation of hostilities throughout the world.

If, then, the universal cessation of war is to be the natural result of a universal establishment of the kingdom of God in the hearts of mankind, the only wise and certain methods which can be taken for the extinction of warfare are those which directly lead to the conversion of sinners.

Further, if armies cannot yet be disbanded, because war cannot yet cease, the military profession remains necessary; and what is necessary for self-preservation cannot be unlawful. And here, as we are not

VOL. III.-FIFTH SERIES.

2 P

pursuing a formal argument with those who maintain the contrary, it is enough to note the fact that all the nations of the civilized world are acting on the understanding that, in their common relation, war is to them what law is to individuals; and that, unless all States could agree to relinquish settlements of their disputes by arms, and erect some international tribunal, with superior sanctions, and superior power to enforce those sanctions, the disarming of any single nation could not safely be attempted. Each national army, indeed, is but a section of a multitude of armed men distributed over the world, of which each division acts in alliance with some, or in hostility against others; while the entire military system saves mankind from the incalculably more grievous curse of interminable struggles after vengeance, or justice, or conquest, such as were common in earlier ages, and still torment and consume the population in savage lands. It is true that, when an actual conflict occurs, it is sharp, perhaps terrible, and humanity mourns over much that is cruel and even criminal. But a comparison of historical evidences will prove that there is less bloodshed in civilized nations now than at any period between the age

of Augustus and the introduction of regular armies into Europe, begun by Charles VIII., in the latter part of the fifteenth century. And even within the present century, (thanks to the spread of Christian influences, especially as regards our own country,) war has risen far above its former barbarism, takes more fully the form of an art, is prosecuted with cooler calculation, with higher science, and, other things being equal, with far less animosity and bloodshed. Unjust aggressions, on the part of England, are less frequent ; and public opinion affords a powerful restraint on any Government that would wage war needlessly.

But what is the duty of British Christians in regard to the British army? Should they endeavour to have it disbanded ? or should they seek to have it brought under the influence of true religion ? The notion of disbanding, which is chimerical, the nation could not possibly entertain. The King of nations has not yet released us from the necessity of self-defence, nor from the duty of alliance with others for that purpose ; and we are therefore compelled to regard the army, both on sea and land, as a necessary institution, whose members must be included among the objects of Christian solicitude. Undoubtedly the army is an integral part of the entire nation, which is to be exalted by righteousness; and every soldier is at once our fellow-subject, our defender, and our brother. Most sincerely do we pray that the advance of personal godliness in camp and barrack may keep pace with its extension in civil society ; and that a universal pacification may rapidly be brought about, not by declaiming against the military profession, not by exciting discontent with the best-intended measures of the responsible advisers of the Crown, but by bringing sinful men under the dominion of the Prince of Peace.

Meanwhile, something should be said as to the relation of Wesleyan Methodism to the army, and the duty consequent on this relation.

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