The Spanish Republic and Civil War
Cambridge University Press, 29 հլս, 2010 թ.
The Spanish Civil War has gone down in history for the horrific violence that it generated. The climate of euphoria and hope that greeted the overthrow of the Spanish monarchy was utterly transformed just five years later by a cruel and destructive civil war. Here Julián Casanova, one of Spain's leading historians, offers a magisterial new account of this critical period in Spanish history. He exposes the ways in which the Republic brought into the open simmering tensions between Catholics and hardline anticlericalists, bosses and workers, Church and State, order and revolution. In 1936 these conflicts tipped over into the sacas, paseos and mass killings which are still passionately debated today. The book also explores the decisive role of the international instability of the 1930s in the duration and outcome of the conflict. Franco's victory was in the end a victory for Hitler and Mussolini and for dictatorship over democracy.
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Acción agrarian Alcalá Zamora anarchist Ángel anticlerical April Aragon arms army Asturias August Barcelona Basque bishops Burgos Carlist Catalan Catalonia Catholic CEDA Church Civil Guard clergy coalition command committees Communists conflict Constituent Cortes coup d’état defeat defend dictatorship elections España Falange Falangists Fascist February forces Francisco Largo Caballero Franco Francoist Frente Popular García Generalitat Gil Robles Gomá Indalecio Prieto José Antonio José Giral Juan Negrín July Junta killed landowners Largo Caballero later leader leftist Lerroux Madrid Manuel Azaña María Miguel military rebels militias mobilisation Mola monarchist Monarchy months National Nationalist non-intervention October officers organisations Partido Radical party political Prime Minister Primo de Rivera prison rebellion reform religious repression Republic Republic’s República republican Requeté revolution revolutionary Rojo Sanjurjo Santos Juliá sector September Seville social socialists Soviet Spain Spanish Civil Spanish Civil War tion trade union troops uprising Valencia victory violence workers Zaragoza