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the King's Household, proceeded to an choly event, the reader is referred to the examination of the body. The result public journals, which have reported the was, (according to the Times' report), particulars with great minuteness. One that his Majesty's disorder was an ex- of them describes Windsor Castle as an tensively diseased organization of the immense solitude. “ No person except beart; this was the primary disorder, on special business was admitted within although dropsical symptoms subse- the inner portals ; no public functionaries quently supervened; and, in fact, there were seen without; and the few attenwas a general breaking-up of his Ma- dants who passed in and out were in jesty's constitution. The heart was deep mourning. The royal standard is uncommonly enlarged, but there was lowered half-mast high, and every winno effusion of water in the thoracic ca- dow of this magnificent pile is closed." vity. The valves of the heart had be- Indeed, the terrace and such apartments come partially ossified, and there was as were usually shown to the public, a considerable degree of fatness about were closed some days previous to the that organ generally. The liver was not death of the King; but, to compensate diseased; the lungs were, we under- for the disappointment of visiters, the stand, ulcerated, and there were drop- royal cottage was open to their inspecsical symptoms of the skin in various tion. parts of the body, but not of a nature At this moment, a distant view of necessarily to produce death. They Windsor Castle would sadden the lover appeared rather the eventual conse- of 'meditation, even were he amidst the quence of the impeded circulation of joyous scenes of the surrounding counthe blood, owing to the disorganization try. How deep then will be his melancholy of the functions of the heart. There on approaching the vast pile, and assowere also indications of disease of the ciating its new-sprung glories with the bones, arising from the primary dis- memory of the Monarch at whose fiat order : indeed, the debilitated circula- they rose in all the pride of modern art; tion of the vital fluid had every where till Death left the traces of its long existence.

Came at the last, and with a little pin The torture which the King suffered Bored through his castle wall, and — farewell during the paroxysms of his disorder King! must have been excruciating ; since it is

Mute will be the spectator's woe, and said that his moans were at times even

silent his sorrow; while he will say with heard by the sentinels on duty in the

the poetquadrangle, the stations of two of whom were removed some weeks since to a All fesh is grass, and all its glory fades

Like the fair flower dishevell'd in the wind; greater distance, in consequence of the

Riches have wings, and Grandeur is a dream; soldiers having mentioned the sounds The man we celebrate must find a tomb, which they overheard. Alas! what And we that worship bim ignoble graves. must have been the melancholy of their meditations, in the stilly hour of their

ROYAL FUNERALS. midnight watch, broken only by the moans of a dying monarch ; for WILLIAM THE FIRST was buried at Caen

in Normandy, in a monastery of which he

Never alone
Did the King sigh, but with a general groan.

was the founder ; but a delay was made

by the proprietor of the land, who deFrom the irregular, and at times lan. manded payment it before he would guid circulation which the disorder of suffer the corpse to be interred. the heart had occasioned, his Majesty Henry the First died near Rouen, and has, within the last three months, found was embalmed and brought to England, temporary relief from a regulated use and buried at Reading. of some liqueurs; mixed Curaçoa, Eau Henry the Fifth died of a pleurisy, de Cologne, weak brandy and water, August 31, 1422, at Rouen, and was were (under regimen ) his general brought thence to London, with a magliquids. No hope of recovery is said nificence suitable to the glory of his life. to have been entertained either by His He was buried at Westminster. James Majesty or his physicians, for the last King of Scotland, accompanied the proseven weeks; the struggle of the royal cession as chief mourner; and all the sufferer was hard, but he was daily sink- nobility, princes of the blood, &c. ating under it, until death relieved him at tended the interment of the royal relast by the pure exhaustion of the mains. On the 14th of the following system. For innumerable incidents and changes simile of the Gazette, officially announcing the

* The only record we have copied, is the far. which are consequent upon this melan- mournful event.



November, the infant son of the de- about three years after the king in con« ceased monarch was carried in great finement, at Bermondsey Abbey, and is state from the Tower, through the supposed to have been secretly interred. streets of the city, on his mother's lap, On the sides of this vault were inscribed, in an open chair, to the Parliament then in characters resembling those of the sitting at Westminster, who recognized times, “ Edward IV.,' with several his right to the throne.

names, probably those of the workmen Henry the Sixth was buried at employed at the funeral. The tomb of Chertsey.* In the eleventh volume of this king is fronted with touchstone; the Federa (says Brayley) is a record of over it is a beautiful monument, comhis funeral expenses, which amounted posed of steel, said to have been the but to 331. 6s. Bd., in which sum are in work of Quintin Matsys. cluded the fees of a priest, charges for “ The grave nuites; where ev'n the great find linen cloth of Holland, and spices; fees to the torch-bearers who attended the And blended lie th’oppressor and th’opprest." corpse to St. Paul's, and thence to

P. T. W. Chertsey ; money paid to two soldiers of Calais, who watched the corpse ; and for the hire of barges from London to QUEEN ELIZABETH PROCLAIMChertsey; and 81. 12s. 3d. distributed to

ED, AND HER RECEPTION BY different religious orders.

THE CITIZENS OF LONDON. Queen Mary was buried in Henry the

(For the Mirror.) Seventh's Chapel, with great pomp. When the death of Queen Mary was The Bishop of Westminster preached announced to the parliament by the her funeral sermon, praising the late chancellor, so great was the joy that an reign, and lamented the present state involuntary burst of acclamation perwith such freedom that he was appre- vaded the assembly, and the people hended and confined.

without, as if instinctively, instantly Queen Elizabeth was buried at West- caught the sound, and repeated shouts minster on the 28th of April, 1603. of * Long live Queen Elizabeth.” On " At which time (says Stowe) that citie the same day she was proclaimed at the was surcharged with multitudes of all usual stations in the city, amidst the sorts of people in their streets, houses, loudest acclamations, as if from a prowindows, leads, and gutters, that came phetic feeling of the national prosperity to see the obsequies; and when they be- and glory that would result from a reign held her statue or picture lying upon so auspiciously commenced. Elizabeth the coffin, set forth in royal robes, have was at Hatfield when her sister expired, ing a crown upon the head thereof, and but she arrived in London on the second a ball and sceptre in either hand, there day afterwards, accompanied by a nuwas such a generall syghing, groaning, merous train of lords and ladies. For a and weeping, as the like hath not beene few days she continued at the Charter seene or knowne in the memorie of man, House, then the residence of the Lord neyther doth any historie mention any North. On the 28th of November she people, time, or state, to make the like proceeded to the Tower, the magistracy lamentation for the death of their sove- and the city companies attending the rayne.” This funeral cost 17,4281.

procession; when she entered that forIn a vault, under St. George's Chapel, tress as a sovereign, and amidst the at Windsor, are interred, Henry the heartfelt joy of an immense multitude, Eighth, his Queen Jane Seymour, she could not help adverting to the difCharles the First, and a daughter of ferent circumstances of her situation Queen Anne.

only a few years before, when she had On the 13th of March, 1789, the been sent thither as a prisoner. In the workmen employed in repairing the fervour of her soul (says her biographer) chapel, discovered the vault of King she fell upon her knees and expressed Edward IV. The body, inclosed in a her warmest acknowledgments to Alleaden and wooden coffin, measured six mighty God for the deliverance which seet three inches in length, appeared re- had been afforded her from the most duced to a skeleton. The bottom of the cruel persecution, a deliverance, she coffin was covered with a muddy liquor, said, no less miraculous than that which about three inches deep, of a strong Daniel had received from the den of saline taste. Near this was found lions. On the 5th of December, 1558, wooden coffin, sapposed to have con- she removed to Somerset Place, and tained the body of his queen, who died from thence to her palace at Whitehall. * Afterwards removed to Windsor, and thence

She was crowned on the 15th of January, 1559. “ Three days (says Stowe) be

to Westiniuster,



fore this she was conveyed by water to Charles I. born 1600, died January the Tower, attended by the Lord Maior 30, 1649. of London and his brethren, the Alder- George III. born 1738, died January men in their barges, and all the Craftes 29, 1820. of the Citie in their barges, richly decked with targets and banners of

At Fontevralt. every mysterie.” On the 4th she rode Henry II. born 1133, died July 6, through the City of Westminster in 189. great state, amidst the accustomed dis- Richard I. born 1157, died April 6, play of pageantry and expensive magni- 1199. ficence. In Cheapside the Recorder

At various places. presented her with one thousand marks in gold, in a purse of crimson velvet, Winchester, William II. born 1057, in token of the affectionate loyalty of died August 2, 1100. her faithful citizens, to a sovereign

Caën, William I. born 1027, died Sepwhose prosperity they wished, and whose tember, 9, 1087. protection they implored. The Queen, Reading, Henry I. born 1068, died in a short speech, returned thanks for December 1, 1133. the gift, and told her people that

Feversham, Stephen, born 1105, died should occasion require, she would be October 25, 1154. found ready to spill her blood for their Worcester, John, born 1166, died safety.”

P. T. W. October 19, 1216.

Gloucester, Edward II. born 1284,

died January 25, 1327. Retrospective Oleanings. Canterbury, Henry IV. born 1367,

died March 20, 1413.

Leicester, Richard III. born 1443, died August 22, 1485.

St. Germaine, James II. born 1633, At Westminster.

died September 16, 1692. Henry III. born 1207, died Nov. 16, Hanover, George I. born 1660, died 1272.

June ll, 1727. Edward I. born 1239, died July 7, 1307

Edward III. born 1312, died June THAMES WHERRIES, OR WAGER 21, 1377.

BOATS. Richard II. born 1366, died September 29, 1399.

(To the Editor of the Mirror.) Henry V. born 1389, died August Having witnessed a most spirited con31, 1422.

test a week or two ago at Greenwich, - Henry VI. born 1421, died March 4, between some very able scullers of that 1461.

place (the prize being won by that justly Henry VII. borp 1456, died April celebrated and handsome wager-boat, 22, 1509.

“ The Premier,'') it has since struck Edward VI. born 1537, died July 6, me, that a few observations upon the 1553.

present method of building the wager - Mary I. born 1516, died Nov. 17, 1558 boats, employed upon such occasions,

Elizabeth, born 1533, died March 24, would not be unacceptable to a great 1603.

portion of your readers; and the more .James I. born 1566, died March 27, 30, as the rowing matches above bridge, 16:5.

and the skilful manner in which they Charles II. born 1630, died February

are conducted, have of late induced a 6, 1685.

great number of the young men of the William III. born 1650, died March metropolis to try their skill in rowing, 8; 1702.

to the manifest improvement of their Mary II. born 1662, died Dec. 28, health, and, if the truth were known, 1694.

their morals too. Notwithstanding Ann, born 1665, died Aug. 1, 1714. the reigning passion for “ boating,"

George II. born 1683, died October there are but few whose taste is suffici25, 1760.

ently modernized, sufficiently dovetailed

in the spirit and fashion of the day, to At Windsor.

enable them to appreciate those pecuEdward IV. born 1442, died April 9, liarities which are so essential to what 1483.

is called “ a first-rate wherry.Henry VIII. born 1492, died January The principle upon which wherries 28, 1547.

are built is so difierent now to what it

used to be, that, perhaps, no art has un- sumes a second, it would take him no dergone a greater or more thorough longer, if a nose like unto that of Slawchange. Ten years ago, wherries were kenbergius were attached to it; the built with a twenty feet keel, and six time consumed in the rotation of any feet stem, but the stem was so placed as thing (according to my geometrical in. to add only two feet to the length of the formation) being in all cases regulated boat. Upon this principle Master- by the axis upon which the figure turns, man's famous wherry was built, and and not the vertex or extremity of it. although few have outstripped her in Now, you will perceive by this arguvelocity, yet she never was considered ment, that boats built upon the new much to look at; the abrupt rising of principle, notwithstanding their length, her stem, and the curve that it formed, are by no means less adapted to perimparting to her any thing rather than form their circumvolutions than those the appearance of a wager boat: built upon the old system ; but without her fame lived and died with the mate- troubling your readers with any further rials of which she was formed.

argument, I will leave it to the high reAccording to the present method, the putation which these boats have so dekeel is nearly of the same length, but servedly established, as a sufficient anthe stem is eight or nine feet long, and swer to every objection that may be made this stem is so fixed as to add nearly the to their great length. As to the Prewhole of its length to the boat. The mier, she is so notoriously successful, most eminent boat-builders agree that so transcendently beautiful, that I can this principle is the most likely to give with propriety say, that Bucephalus life and swiftness to the wherry, and was not a faster horse; Argus, a finer render it more susceptible of motion, dog ; or Helen, a handsomer woman, whether it be in a straight line, curve than she is a boat; in saying this, of line, or circle ; as it is sharper forward, course, I demur to the recent discovery and although less sea-worthy, it has of some sagacious philosopher—" that what is technically called a greater rake, Helen had but one eye.” and consequently requires less force to The building of boats is somewhat propel it through the water.

like the building of organs; as it is imTo persons unaccustomed to view

possible to answer for the tone of the these modern-built boats, their long one, so it is impossible, by any watchfulstems or noses appear preposterous, just ness, care or skill, to insure swiftness to as a long waisted coat would appear to a the other. It is not unfrequently the case, gentleman who had been shut out of the when two boats are built by the same fashionable world since the year 1818, hand, from the same model, and with when dandies were distinguished by their the same attention, that one will prove sparrow tails, and the buttons of their

a very fast boat, and the other not ;coats being nearly under their arm-pits; this appears to be the alchemy of boatbut however preposterous such changes building—and thus it is, when a boat may appear to that too frequently, pur- has proved a fast one, that she is hailed blind animal man, those who can disco- with so much enthusiasm. Among the ver a real improvement, will not fail at vast number that are daily to be seen once to see, how much more calculated on the river Thames, perhaps there are for the purposes of wagering these boats none more deservedly admired and praisare than such as were built ten or fifteen ed than the Premier, the Monarch, and years ago.

the Shark. Upon this principle, the “ Premier” Deptford.

B. C--s. was built- she is about twenty-eight feet long, and many persons suppose, MARRIAGE IN HIGH LIFE. from her great length, that she requires a longer period of time to turn her round

(For the Mirror.) than a shorter boat would : the inference The ridiculous affectation which is now is incorrect : by looking at her keel, becoming prevalent among people of no which is no longer than those of shorter consequence at all, of announcing their boats, it will be observed that her addi- alliances to the public, as “ Marriages tional length is thrown into her stem or in High Life,'' has suggested the folnose ; and consequently can in no way lowing Badinage. retard her motions : for instance, if Mr.

in turning his head round, as it is On Thursday last, in a room fitted up now fixed, with its present nasal pro- in the ball of St. Paul's, Eolus Tempest montory and other appendages, con- Saddler, Esq., son of the late Windus

* This literary Demiculverin, I am informed, Saddler, Esq., the well-known aeronaut, has a very shori nose.

to Breezilia Zephyra, second daughter


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of Hurricanus Greene, also of aerosta- bu !ding was resolved upon in May, tic celebrity.

1812. The work commenced on the 1st The lovely bride looked divinely light of August 1813; the corner stone was and airy.

She was given away by Sir laid on the 25th of October of the same Gustus Boreas. After the ceremony, year; opened for business in 1817. The the happy pair set off in a balloon for amount claimed for the property on the top of Mount Blanc, there to spend which the present building is erected the honey moon.

was £84,878; the amount paid for the Puff SKYSCRAPER. same was £41,700, towards which the

old materials produced £12,400, leaving

the cost of the site £29,300. The 'estiNEW CUSTOM HOUSE AND mate of Mr. Laing, the government POST OFFICE.

architect, for the purpose of the build(To the Editor of the Mirror.) ing, was £228,000, including piling, You inform your readers (at page 400 of by Messrs. Miles and Peto at £165,000,

sleepers, and planking, contracted for your last volume) that “ altogether, the and £2,050 for some extra work. The building expenses of Somerset House amounted to more than half a million (as above) was £452,164—so much for

amount paid in the seven years 1813-19 sterling." As an accompaniment to estimates and contracts. It deserves this somewhat vague piece of information, the following statement of the £452,164 includes also the expense for

to be mentioned, however, that the amount of monies, paid on account of forming the noble quay between the the Custom House and Post Office, will building and the river. The extent of not, I trust, prove unacceptable to your this building is 489 feet in length, by readers :

107 in width; the large room in the Custom House, Post Office. 1813 £60,414

centre is 190 feet in length by upwards 1814 85,731

of 60 in width. Seven years had not 1815 46,404

elapsed before the foundation of the 1816 73,200

building in the centre, gave way, and 1817 96,426

in the four years 1826-9, £196,554 1818 62,513 £ 90,000

(a sum considerably exceeding the 1819 27,476 2,000

amount of the original contract) has

been paid on account of its reparation ! 1820 452,164 9,000

As regards the Post Office, I am not 14,000

sure that in addition to the before stated

amount of £337,494, payments were 2


not made on account of the same in each 3 4


of the years, 1815-1817; but as the 5


charges of the establishment are not 6 25,861 47,589

given in detail for those years, I merely

infer as much, from the aggregate 7

80,843 31,670
63,067.. 27,299

amount therein exceeding that of pre-
26,783 48,351

vious years, by 30 to £50,000 per an

num. I believe also that the Corporation £648,718 337,494

of the City of London bore a large por

tion of the expense for clearing the The above are the amounts represent- ground for the site of the Post Office, ed to have been paid out of the receipts which runs into three parishes, viz. of their respective branches of the re- St. Anne and St. Agnes, St. Leonard, venue, on account of the above build- and St. Michael-le-quern. These three ings, according to accounts presented to parishes in 1801 contained 307 houses, Parliament annually. The Old Custom and 2,174 inhabitants ; and in 1821, House which stood one or two hundred when the ground for the building in feet east of the present edifice, was de question was cleared, only 176 houses stroyed by fire on the night of the 12th and 1,190 inhabitants ; showing that no of February, 1814, and it is supposed less than 131 houses, and nearly 1,000 by many that the present edifice was inhabitants were displaced to make built in consequence of the accident that room for a single edifice. J. M, befel its predecessor; such was not the case; the former edifice had become very inconvenient and inadequate to carry on the business and offices for different

(By a Correspondent.) branches of the service, were held in NUMBERS have troubled themselves various parts of the city. The new

about the " Cat and Fiddle." I am of


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